The Reading / Listening - Bio-terrorism - Level 6

The former head of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has warned that the world could be in great danger from bio-terrorism. He said the world could face a catastrophe from a virus made by terrorists that could kill 30 million people in less than a year. Mr Gates, the richest person in the world, was speaking at the Munich Security Conference in Germany. He said there was a "reasonable" chance that a bio-terrorist could act in the next 10 to 15 years. He added that world leaders are not prepared for such an attack. He expressed his surprise that very few leaders were even aware of it. He asked for global "health security" to become a major part of government discussions and policies.



Mr Gates explained that: "The next epidemic has a good chance of originating on a computer screen." He said a genetically engineered virus was easier to make and could kill more people than nuclear weapons, but no country on Earth is ready for this threat. He asked governments, "to prepare for these epidemics in the same way we prepare for war". Gates asked governments to start "germ games" activities to prepare for a bio-terrorist attack, like many countries engage in war games. He said we needed better monitoring to spot outbreaks early, and systems to quickly develop vaccines - within weeks rather than years. "We need a new arsenal of weapons, anti-viral drugs, antibodies, vaccines and new diagnostics," he said.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Bio-terrorism - Level 4  or  Bio-terrorism - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2017/02/19/bill-gates-warns-of-epidemic-that-will-kill-over-30-million-people/
  • https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2017/02/18/bill-gates-bioterrorism-could-kill-more-than-nuclear-war-but-no-one-is-ready-to-deal-with-it/
  • http://mashable.com/2017/02/18/bill-gates-bio-terrorism/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BIO-TERRORISM: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about bio-terrorism. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       head / Microsoft / danger / bioterrorism / catastrophe / reasonable / chance / security
       epidemic / genetically engineered / nuclear weapon / prepare / terror attack / vaccine

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. VIRUS: Students A strongly believe a bioterrorist attack using a virus is more dangerous than nuclear weapons; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. CATASTROPHE: What would happen in these catastrophes? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What would happen?

How to avoid it?

How to survive it?

Bioterrorism

 

 

 

Nuclear war

 

 

 

Internet meltdown

 

 

 

Rising ocean level

 

 

 

World War III

 

 

 

Overpopulation

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. SECURITY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "security". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. DANGERS: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest dangers to the world at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Overpopulation
  • Water wars
  • Internet meltdown
  • Overconsumption
  • World leaders
  • Viruses
  • Global warming
  • Alien attack

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The ex-boss of Microsoft has said the world is in great danger.     T / F
  2. The ex-boss said an attack could take in the next 10-15 months.     T / F
  3. The ex-boss is happy that world leaders are prepared for an attack.     T / F
  4. The ex-boss wants to be part of government discussions and policies.     T / F
  5. A virus may be created by computer by terrorists.     T / F
  6. The ex-boss said nuclear weapons were still deadlier than a viruses.     T / F
  7. The ex-boss wants countries to take part in germ games.     T / F
  8. The ex-boss says the world needs an arsenal of weapons and vaccines.   T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. former
  2. catastrophe
  3. reasonable
  4. aware
  5. policies
  6. originating
  7. threat
  8. engage
  9. spot
  10. rather than
  1. starting
  2. participate
  3. conscious
  4. disaster
  5. instead of
  6. previous
  7. strategies
  8. see
  9. fairly good
  10. danger

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. The former
  2. the world could face
  3. a "reasonable" chance that
  4. very few leaders were
  5. become a major part
  6. a good chance of originating
  7. prepare for these
  8. many countries engage
  9. quickly develop vaccines - within
  10. anti-viral drugs, antibodies,
  1. a bio-terrorist could act
  2. weeks rather than years
  3. in war games
  4. head of Microsoft
  5. vaccines and new diagnostics
  6. even aware of it
  7. on a computer screen
  8. a catastrophe
  9. of government discussions
  10. epidemics

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
catastrophe
chance
major
former
speaking
aware
great
such

The (1) ____________ head of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has warned that the world could be in (2) ____________ danger from bio-terrorism. He said the world could face a (3) ____________ from a virus made by terrorists that could kill 30 million people in less than a year. Mr Gates, the richest person in the world, was (4) ____________ at the Munich Security Conference in Germany. He said there was a "reasonable" (5) ____________ that a bio-terrorist could act in the next 10 to 15 years. He added that world leaders are not prepared for (6) ____________ an attack. He expressed his surprise that very few leaders were even (7) ____________ of it. He asked for global "health security" to become a (8) ____________ part of government discussions and policies.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
war
originating
outbreaks
virus
vaccines
epidemic
games
threat

Mr Gates explained that: "The next (9) ____________ has a good chance of (10) ____________ on a computer screen." He said a genetically engineered (11) ____________ was easier to make and could kill more people than nuclear weapons, but no country on Earth is ready for this (12) ____________. He asked governments, "to prepare for these epidemics in the same way we prepare for (13) ____________". Gates asked governments to start "germ (14) ____________" activities to prepare for a bio-terrorist attack, like many countries engage in war games. He said we needed better monitoring to spot (15) ____________ early, and systems to quickly develop vaccines - within weeks rather than years. "We need a new arsenal of weapons, anti-viral drugs, antibodies, (16) ____________ and new diagnostics," he said.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  be in great danger from bio-terrorism. He said the world could ______
     a.  facer  catastrophe
     b.  faze a catastrophe
     c.  phase a catastrophe
     d.  face a catastrophe

2) there was a "reasonable" chance that a bio-terrorist could ______ 10 to 15 years
     a.  acting the next
     b.  act in the next
     c.  acting in the next
     d.  acted in the next

3)  He added that world leaders are not prepared for ______
     a.  such the attack
     b.  such and attack
     c.  such an attack
     d.  such any attack

4)  He expressed his surprise that very few leaders were even ______
     a.  beware off it
     b.  a where of it
     c.  aware of it
     d.  a wear off it

5)  become a major part of government discussions ______
     a.  and policies
     b.  and police's
     c.  and poll ices
     d.  and Polly sees

6)  The next epidemic has a good chance of ______ computer screen
     a.  origination on a
     b.  originating on a
     c.  originated on a
     d.  originates in on a

7) better monitoring to spot outbreaks early, and systems to quickly ______
     a.  develop back scenes
     b.  developed vaccines
     c.  develops fact scenes
     d.  develop vaccines

8)  kill more people than nuclear weapons, but no country on Earth is ______
     a.  ready for this thread
     b.  readily for this threat
     c.  ready for this threat
     d.  readily for this thread

9)  prepare for a bio-terrorist attack, like many countries ______ games
     a.  engage on war
     b.  engage in war
     c.  engage to war
     d.  engage at war

10)  We need a new arsenal of weapons, anti-viral drugs, antibodies, vaccines and ______
     a.  new diagnosis
     b.  new diagnostic
     c.  new die agnostics
     d.  new diagnostics

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The former head of Microsoft, Bill Gates, (1) ___________________ the world could (2) ___________________ from bio-terrorism. He said the world could face a catastrophe (3) ___________________ by terrorists that could kill 30 million people in less than a year. Mr Gates, the richest person in the world, was speaking at the Munich Security Conference in Germany. He said there (4) ___________________ chance that a bio-terrorist could act in the next 10 to 15 years. He added that world leaders are not (5) ___________________ an attack. He expressed his surprise that very few leaders were even aware of it. He asked for global "health security" to become (6) ___________________ government discussions and policies.

Mr Gates explained that: "The next epidemic (7) ___________________ of originating on a computer screen." He said a (8) ___________________ virus was easier to make and could kill more people than nuclear weapons, but no country on Earth is ready (9) ___________________. He asked governments, "to prepare for these epidemics in the same way we prepare for war". Gates asked governments to start (10) ___________________ to prepare for a bio-terrorist attack, like many countries engage in war games. He said we needed better monitoring (11) ___________________ early, and systems to quickly develop vaccines - within weeks rather than years. "We need (12) ___________________ weapons, anti-viral drugs, antibodies, vaccines and new diagnostics," he said.

Comprehension questions

  1. Who warned the world about the threat from bio-terrorism?
  2. In which country was the security conference?
  3. Within how many years could a bio-terrorism act take place?
  4. Who is not prepared for a bio-terrorist attack?
  5. What did a man want to be a major part of government discussions?
  6. Where might the next epidemic originate?
  7. What could a genetically engineered virus be deadlier than?
  8. What kind of games did a man suggest governments start engaging in?
  9. What do governments need to spot outbreaks earlier?
  10. Within what timeframe did the man say we needed to develop vaccines?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Who warned the world about the threat from bio-terrorism?
a) a bio-terrorist
b) Bill Gates
c) a global security expert
d) the head of the UN

2) In which country was the security conference?
a) India
b) Ecuador
c) Iraq
d) Germany

3) Within how many years could a bio-terrorism act take place?
a) 10-15 years
b) 2-3 years
c) 1-5 years
d) 5-10 years

4) Who is not prepared for a bio-terrorist attack?
a) Bill Gates
b) the USA
c) world leaders
d) army generals

5) What did a man want to be a major part of government discussions?
a) the United Nations
b) global health security
c) armies and navies
d) hospitals

6) Where might the next epidemic originate?
a) on an airplane
b) Europe
c) on a computer screen
d) in a city

7) What could a genetically engineered virus be deadlier than?
a) WWII
b) the Ebola virus
c) 100 hurricanes
d) nuclear bombs

8) What kind of games did a man suggest governments start engaging in?
a) germ games
b) vaccine games
c) war games
d) computer games

9) What do governments need to spot outbreaks earlier?
a) better monitoring
b) more money
c) better brains
d) diagnostics

10) Within what timeframe did the man say we needed to develop vaccines?
a) days
b) weeks
c) as soon as possible
d) months

Role play

Role A — World Leaders

You think world leaders are the biggest danger to the world. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers aren't as dangerous. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): viruses, alien attacks or water wars.

Role B — Viruses

You think viruses are the biggest danger to the world. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers aren't as dangerous. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): world leaders, alien attacks or water wars.

Role C — Alien Attacks

You think alien attacks are the biggest danger to the world. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers aren't as dangerous. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): viruses, world leaders or water wars.

Role D — Water Wars

You think water wars are the biggest danger to the world. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers aren't as dangerous. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): viruses, alien attacks or world leaders.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'virus'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'danger'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • next
    • easier
    • same
    • engage
    • within
    • arsenal
    • former
    • face
    • chance
    • such
    • aware
    • major




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Bio-terrorism could kill 30 million in a year

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What springs to mind when you hear the word 'bio-terrorism'?
    3. How much of what you read do you believe?
    4. What do you think are the biggest dangers to this world?
    5. What would happen to the world if what Bill Gates said comes true?
    6. How can we stop bio-terrorist attacks?
    7. Why aren't world leaders prepared for such an attack?
    8. How big a threat is terrorism in your country?
    9. How much do you worry about terrorism?
    10. What do you understand by the term "global health security"

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'virus'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How much are you worried about genetic engineering?
    5. Are viruses more dangerous than nuclear weapons?
    6. What do you know about past epidemics?
    7. What might happen during 'germ games' activities?
    8. What happens when agencies spot a viral outbreak?
    9. Will world leaders ever spend the money on combatting viruses?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Bill Gates?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The (1) ____ head of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has warned that the world could be in great danger from bio-terrorism. He said the world could (2) ____ a catastrophe from a virus made by terrorists that could kill 30 million people in less than a year. Mr Gates, the richest person in the world, was speaking at the Munich Security Conference in Germany. He said there was a "(3) ____" chance that a bio-terrorist could (4) ____ in the next 10 to 15 years. He added that world leaders are not prepared for (5) ____ an attack. He expressed his surprise that very few leaders were even aware (6) ____ it. He asked for global "health security" to become a major part of government discussions and policies.

    Mr Gates explained that: "The next epidemic has a good chance (7) ____ originating on a computer screen." He said a genetically engineered virus was easier to make and could kill more people than nuclear weapons, but no country on Earth is ready for this (8) ____. He asked governments, "to prepare for these epidemics in the (9) ____ way we prepare for war". Gates asked governments to start "germ games" activities to prepare for a bio-terrorist attack, like many countries engage (10) ____ war games. He said we needed better monitoring to (11) ____ outbreaks early, and systems to quickly develop vaccines - within weeks rather than years. "We need a new (12) ____ of weapons, anti-viral drugs, antibodies, vaccines and new diagnostics," he said.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     former     (b)     firmer     (c)     farmer     (d)     framer    
    2. (a)     head     (b)     neck     (c)     face     (d)     skull    
    3. (a)     reason     (b)     reasons     (c)     reasonable     (d)     reasonably    
    4. (a)     suicide     (b)     terror     (c)     do     (d)     act    
    5. (a)     such     (b)     much     (c)     touch     (d)     hutch    
    6. (a)     on     (b)     of     (c)     as     (d)     at    
    7. (a)     as     (b)     at     (c)     by     (d)     of    
    8. (a)     treat     (b)     threat     (c)     thrust     (d)     throat    
    9. (a)     similarly     (b)     exactly     (c)     same     (d)     like    
    10. (a)     of     (b)     at     (c)     on     (d)     in    
    11. (a)     tops     (b)     spat     (c)     pot     (d)     spot    
    12. (a)     hull     (b)     arsenal     (c)     stoke     (d)     spurs

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. face a ocatstephra
    2. there was a senleaarob chance
    3. He sdepxseer his surprise
    4. few leaders were even wraea of it
    5. global health sueiytrc
    6. government discussions and osicplie

    Paragraph 2

    1. The next cideemip
    2. a ctnielgeyal engineered virus
    3. eulranc weapons
    4. spot obrskeuat early
    5. quickly develop cscvneai
    6. new ntodsaiiscg

    Put the text back together

    (    )     said there was a "reasonable" chance that a bio-terrorist could act in the next 10 to 15 years. He added that world leaders

    (    )     bio-terrorism. He said the world could face a catastrophe from a virus made by terrorists that could kill 30 million people in

    (    )     for these epidemics in the same way we prepare for war". Gates asked governments to start "germ games"

    1  )     The former head of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has warned that the world could be in great danger from

    (    )     a major part of government discussions and policies.

    (    )     better monitoring to spot outbreaks early, and systems to quickly develop vaccines - within weeks rather than

    (    )     computer screen." He said a genetically engineered virus was easier to make and could kill more people

    (    )     activities to prepare for a bio-terrorist attack, like many countries engage in war games. He said we needed

    (    )     Mr Gates explained that: "The next epidemic has a good chance of originating on a

    (    )     less than a year. Mr Gates, the richest person in the world, was speaking at the Munich Security Conference in Germany. He

    (    )     than nuclear weapons, but no country on Earth is ready for this threat. He asked governments, "to prepare

    (    )     few leaders were even aware of it. He asked for global "health security" to become

    (    )     years. "We need a new arsenal of weapons, anti-viral drugs, antibodies, vaccines and new diagnostics," he said.

    (    )     are not prepared for such an attack. He expressed his surprise that very

    Put the words in the right order

    1. in   could   -   great   terrorism   danger   The   from   world   bio   be   .
    2. by   terrorists  that   could   kill   30  million   people   A   virus  made   .
    3. "reasonable"   A   act   could   terrorist   -   bio   a   that   chance   .
    4. such  for  prepared  not  are  leaders  world  that  added  He  attack  an  .
    5. major   and   part   policies  of   Become   government  a   discussions  .
    6. a   chance   computer   of   screen   originating   A   on   good   .
    7. genetically   A   make   to   easier   was   virus   engineered   .
    8. for   on   this   Earth   threat   is   No   ready   country   .
    9. war for  prepare  we  way  same the  in epidemics  these  for  Prepare  .
    10. needed  to   early   we  monitoring   outbreaks  said  better  spot  He   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The former / firmer head of Microsoft, Bill Gates, has warned that the world could be on / in great danger from bio-terrorism. He said the world could face / head a catastrophe from a virus made by terrorists that could kill 30 million people in less / fewer than a year. Mr Gates, the richest person in the world, was speaking at the Munich Security Conference in Germany. He said there was a "reasonably / reasonable" chance that a bio-terrorist could act / action in the next 10 to 15 years. He added that world leaders are not prepared / prepares for such an attack. He expressed his / this surprise that very few leaders were even awareness / aware of it. He asked for global "health security" to become a major / majority part of government discussions and policies.

    Mr Gates explained that: "The next epidermis / epidemic has a good chance of originating / origins on a computer screen." He said a genetically engineering / engineered virus was easier / easily to make and could kill more people than nuclear weapons, but no country on Earth is ready / already for this threat. He asked governments, "to prepare for these epidemics in the same way we prepare / preparation for war". Gates asked governments to start "germ games" activities to prepare for a bio-terrorist attack, such / like many countries engage in war games. He said we needed better monitoring for / to spot outbreaks early, and systems to quickly develop vaccines – within / with weeks rather than years. "We need anew / a new arsenal of weapons, anti-viral drugs, antibodies, vaccines and new diagnostics," he said.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Th_ f_rm_r h__d _f M_cr_s_ft, B_ll G_t_s, h_s w_rn_d th_t th_ w_rld c__ld b_ _n gr__t d_ng_r fr_m b__-t_rr_r_sm. H_ s__d th_ w_rld c__ld f_c_ _ c_t_str_ph_ fr_m _ v_r_s m_d_ by t_rr_r_sts th_t c__ld k_ll 30 m_ll__n p__pl_ _n l_ss th_n _ y__r. Mr G_t_s, th_ r_ch_st p_rs_n _n th_ w_rld, w_s sp__k_ng _t th_ M_n_ch S_c_r_ty C_nf_r_nc_ _n G_rm_ny. H_ s__d th_r_ w_s _ "r__s_n_bl_" ch_nc_ th_t _ b__-t_rr_r_st c__ld _ct _n th_ n_xt 10 t_ 15 y__rs. H_ _dd_d th_t w_rld l__d_rs _r_ n_t pr_p_r_d f_r s_ch _n _tt_ck. H_ _xpr_ss_d h_s s_rpr_s_ th_t v_ry f_w l__d_rs w_r_ _v_n _w_r_ _f _t. H_ _sk_d f_r gl_b_l "h__lth s_c_r_ty" t_ b_c_m_ _ m_j_r p_rt _f g_v_rnm_nt d_sc_ss__ns _nd p_l_c__s.

    Mr G_t_s _xpl__n_d th_t: "Th_ n_xt _p_d_m_c h_s _ g__d ch_nc_ _f _r_g_n_t_ng _n _ c_mp_t_r scr__n." H_ s__d _ g_n_t_c_lly _ng_n__r_d v_r_s w_s __s__r t_ m_k_ _nd c__ld k_ll m_r_ p__pl_ th_n n_cl__r w__p_ns, b_t n_ c__ntry _n __rth _s r__dy f_r th_s thr__t. H_ _sk_d g_v_rnm_nts, "t_ pr_p_r_ f_r th_s_ _p_d_m_cs _n th_ s_m_ w_y w_ pr_p_r_ f_r w_r". G_t_s _sk_d g_v_rnm_nts t_ st_rt "g_rm g_m_s" _ct_v_t__s t_ pr_p_r_ f_r _ b__-t_rr_r_st _tt_ck, l_k_ m_ny c__ntr__s _ng_g_ _n w_r g_m_s. H_ s__d w_ n__d_d b_tt_r m_n_t_r_ng t_ sp_t __tbr__ks __rly, _nd syst_ms t_ q__ckly d_v_l_p v_cc_n_s - w_th_n w__ks r_th_r th_n y__rs. "W_ n__d _ n_w _rs_n_l _f w__p_ns, _nt_-v_r_l dr_gs, _nt_b_d__s, v_cc_n_s _nd n_w d__gn_st_cs," h_ s__d.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the former head of microsoft bill gates has warned that the world could be in great danger from bio-terrorism he said the world could face a catastrophe from a virus made by terrorists that could kill 30 million people in less than a year mr gates the richest person in the world was speaking at the munich security conference in germany he said there was a "reasonable" chance that a bio-terrorist could act in the next 10 to 15 years he added that world leaders are not prepared for such an attack he expressed his surprise that very few leaders were even aware of it he asked for global "health security" to become a major part of government discussions and policies

    mr gates explained that "the next epidemic has a good chance of originating on a computer screen" he said a genetically engineered virus was easier to make and could kill more people than nuclear weapons but no country on earth is ready for this threat he asked governments "to prepare for these epidemics in the same way we prepare for war" gates asked governments to start "germ games" activities to prepare for a bio-terrorist attack like many countries engage in war games he said we needed better monitoring to spot outbreaks early and systems to quickly develop vaccines - within weeks rather than years "we need a new arsenal of weapons anti-viral drugs antibodies vaccines and new diagnostics" he said

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    beingreatdangerfrombio-terrorism.Hesaidtheworldcouldfaceacata
    strophefromavirusmadebyterroriststhatcouldkill30millionpeopleinl
    essthanayear.MrGates,therichestpersonintheworld,wasspeakingatt
    heMunichSecurityConferenceinGermany.Hesaidtherewasa"reasona
    ble"chancethatabio-terroristcouldactinthenext10to15years.Headd
    edthatworldleadersarenotpreparedforsuchanattack.Heexpressedhi
    ssurprisethatveryfewleaderswereevenawareofit.Heaskedforglobal"
    healthsecurity"tobecomeamajorpartofgovernmentdiscussionsandp
    olicies.MrGatesexplainedthat:"Thenextepidemichasagoodchanceof
    originatingonacomputerscreen."Hesaidageneticallyengineeredviru
    swaseasiertomakeandcouldkillmorepeoplethannuclearweapons,bu
    tnocountryonEarthisreadyforthisthreat.Heaskedgovernments,"topr
    eparefortheseepidemicsinthesamewayweprepareforwar".Gatesask
    edgovernmentstostart"germgames"activitiestoprepareforabio-ter
    roristattack,likemanycountriesengageinwargames.Hesaidweneede
    dbettermonitoringtospotoutbreaksearly,andsystemstoquicklydevel
    opvaccines-withinweeksratherthanyears."Weneedanewarsenalofw
    eapons,anti-viraldrugs,antibodies,vaccinesandnewdiagnostics,"he
    said.

    Free writing

    Write about bio-terrorism for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Bio-terrorism is a bigger threat than nuclear weapons. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about the Munich Security Conference. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. BIO-TERRORISM: Make a poster about bio-terrorism. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. GERM GAMES: Write a magazine article about germ games. What are they? State that all countries in the world should engage in them, just as they do war games. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on bio-terrorism. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can prevent it. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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