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My 1,000
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Date: Jun 26, 2005

Level: Easier (Try the harder lesson.)

Downloads: Word Doc | PDF Doc | Listening

Audio: (2:10 - 254.8 KB - 16kbps)

THE ARTICLE

In Iran, Tehran’s mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has won a landslide victory in the presidential election. The new president was almost unknown outside of the capital city two weeks ago. Few people thought he could win this election. However, he was voted into power with 61 per cent of the votes. Voter turnout was around 60 per cent. The key to his victory was the poor and working class people. He promised to share Iran’s oil wealth with them, which made him very popular. His presidency will start after his inauguration ceremony in August.

Mr. Ahmadinejad has asked Iranians to forget their differences and unite. He wants to make Iran a “modern, advanced and Islamic” nation. He said: “Today is a day when we have to forget all our rivalries and turn them into friendships.” He will certainly add new tensions on the world’s political stage. He strongly believes Iran has the right to develop nuclear weapons. This is sure to upset the United States. George W. Bush famously said Iran was part of an axis of evil. That was when Iran’s leader was the moderate Mohammad Khatami. Mr. Ahmadinejad is certain to steer Iran into the unknown.

WARM-UPS

1. DIFFERENCES: Iran’s new leader Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has asked his people to forget their differences and join together. In pairs / groups, talk about the differences among people in your country. The following table might help:

  • North / South divide
  • Religious differences
  • Racial differences
  • Class differences
  • Language differences
  • Other
  • Haves and have-nots
  • Ethnic backgrounds
  • Educational differences
  • Class differences
  • Differences between men and women

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, decide which of these topics or words are most interesting and which are most boring.

Iran / Tehran / elections / Mahmoud Ahmadinejad / voting / Islamic laws / putting aside differences / rivalries / nuclear weapons / axis of evil / the unknown

Have a chat about the topics you liked. For more conversation, change topics and partners frequently.

3. IRAN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with Iran. Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

4. IRAN OPINIONS: To what degree do you agree or disagree with these opinions? Change the statements so they match your own opinions and provide support for any changes you make.

  1. Iran is a truly democratic country.
  2. There is no reason why Iran should not develop nuclear weapons.
  3. Iran belongs to the axis of evil.
  4. Iran has a lot to offer the world.
  5. The recent election result will make the region unstable.
  6. President George W. Bush should immediately invite Mr. Ahmadinejad to his Texas ranch.
  7. Sharing a nation’s oil revenues among its poor people should be copied by all oil-producing countries.
  8. The world is a more uncertain place after Mr. Ahmadinejad’s election victory.
  9. Mr. Ahmadinejad will turn Iran’s international rivalries into friendships.

 
 

BEFORE READING / LISTENING

1. TRUE / FALSE: Look at the article’s headline and guess whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F):

a.

The Iranian election was very close.

T / F

b.

The election winner is very well known across the globe.

T / F

c.

The poor and working class voted Mr. Ahmadinejad to power.

T / F

d.

Mr. Ahmadinejad will give oil money to poor people.

T / F

e.

Mr. Ahmadinejad asked Iranians to forget their differences.

T / F

f.

Mr. Ahmadinejad wants to modernize Iran.

T / F

g.

Mr. Ahmadinejad wants to stop Iran’s nuclear programs.

T / F

h.

Iran is about to embark on a journey into the unknown.

T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article:

a.

landslide

join together

b.

unknown

riches

c.

key

middle-of-the-road

d.

promised

hostilities

e.

wealth

vowed

f.

unite

overwhelming

g.

rivalries

guide

h.

tensions

secret

i.

moderate

struggles

j.

steer

obscure

3. PHRASE MATCH: Match the following phrases from the article (sometimes more than one combination is possible):

a.

won a landslide

class people

b.

presidential

ceremony

c.

voter

evil

d.

poor and working

develop nuclear weapons

e.

inauguration

the world’s political stage

f.

forget their differences

victory

g.

add new tensions on

turnout

h.

Iran has the right to

the unknown

i.

axis of

and unite

j.

steer Iran into

election

WHILE READING / LISTENING

GAP FILL: Put the words in the column on the right into the correct spaces.

Ahmadinejad wins Iranian presidency

In Iran, Tehran’s mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has won a ________ victory in the presidential election. The new president was almost ________ outside of the capital city two weeks ago. Few people thought he could ________ this election. However, he was voted into ________ with 61 per cent of the votes. Voter ________ was around 60 per cent. The ________ to his victory was the poor and working class people. He promised to share Iran’s oil ________ with them, which made him very ________. His presidency will start after his inauguration ceremony in August.

 

 

unknown
wealth
power
landslide
key
win
popular
turnout

Mr. Ahmadinejad has asked Iranians to ________ their differences and ________. He wants to make Iran a “modern, ________ and Islamic” nation. He said: “Today is a day when we have to forget all our ________ and turn them into friendships.” He will certainly add new ________ on the world’s political stage. He strongly believes Iran has the right to develop nuclear weapons. This is sure to ________ the United States. George W. Bush famously said Iran was part of an axis of evil. That was when Iran’s leader was the ________ Mohammad Khatami. Mr. Ahmadinejad is certain to ________ Iran into the unknown.
 

 

upset
unite
steer
rivalries
moderate
forget
tensions
advanced


 
 

AFTER READING / LISTENING

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionaries / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words ‘land’ and ‘slide’.

  • Share your findings with your partners.
  • Make questions using the words you found.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

  • Share your questions with other classmates / groups.
  • Ask your partner / group your questions.

3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the gap fill. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

5. STUDENT IRAN SURVEY: In pairs / groups, write down questions about Iran, the Middle East and relations with the U.S.

  • Ask other classmates your questions and note down their answers.
  • Go back to your original partner / group and compare your findings.
  • Make mini-presentations to other groups on your findings.

6. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall exactly how these were used in the text:

  • landslide
  • unknown
  • few
  • turnout
  • key
  • popular
  • differences
  • advanced
  • rivalries
  • tensions
  • upset
  • steer

 DISCUSSION

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

  1. What was your initial reaction to this headline?
  2. Did the headline make you want to read the story?
  3. Are you interested in Iranian politics?
  4. What do you know about Iran?
  5. Would you like to know more about Iran?
  6. Do you think Iran is a part of the “axis of evil”?
  7. What do you think about Iran having stricter Islamic laws?
  8. Do you think Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and George W. Bush will be good friends?
  9. Would it have been better if Mr. Rafsanjani had won the election?
  10. What unknown places will Iran go to?

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

  1. Did you like reading this article?
  2. What did you think about what you read?
  3. What is your opinion on Mr. Ahmadinejad’s election victory?
  4. Do you think Mr. Ahmadinejad will modernize Iran?
  5. What do you think of his promise to share Iran’s oil money with the poor?
  6. Should Iran be allowed to develop nuclear weapons?
  7. How would an Iran with nuclear weapons affect the region?
  8. What should George W. Bush do if Iran goes ahead with its nuclear weapons program?
  9. Is Iran a good model of democracy for other Islamic nations?
  10. Did you like this discussion?

AFTER DISCUSSION: Join another partner / group and tell them what you talked about.

  1. What question would you like to ask about this topic?
  2. What was the most interesting thing you heard?
  3. Was there a question you didn’t like?
  4. Was there something you totally disagreed with?
  5. What did you like talking about?
  6. Do you want to know how anyone else answered the questions?
  7. Which was the most difficult question?

SPEAKING

FORGETTING DIFFERENCES: In pairs / groups, decide how the problems of the world can be solved if nations forget their differences. What needs to be done to turn rivalries into friendships. Talk about the likelihood of this happening. Walk around the class and interview many students to add to the information in your table.

WORLD RIVALRIES

WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE?

LIKELIHOOD OF FRIENDSHIP

 

Iran / USA
 

 

 

N.Korea / S. Korea
 

 

 

Israel / Palestine
 

 

 

India / Pakistan
 

 

 

Your idea
 

 

 

Return to your original partners and compare your findings. Which of the rivalries is most dangerous? Which rivalry will turn into friendship the quickest?

LISTENING

Listen and fill in the spaces.

Ahmadinejad wins Iranian presidency

In Iran, Tehran’s mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has
___ __ __________ victory in the presidential election. The new president was ______ _______ outside of the capital city two weeks ago. Few people thought he could win this election. However, he was _____ ____ _____ with 61 per cent of the votes. Voter turnout was around 60 per cent. The ___ __ ___ _______ was the poor and _______ _____ ______. He promised to share Iran’s
___ ______ with them, which made him very popular. His presidency will start after his ____________ _________ in August.

Mr. Ahmadinejad has asked Iranians to ______ _____ _________ and unite. He wants to make Iran a “modern, advanced and Islamic” nation. He said: “Today is a day when we have to ______ ___ ___ ________ and turn them into friendships.” He will certainly ___ ___ ________ on the world’s political stage. He strongly believes Iran ___ ___ _____ to develop nuclear weapons. This is ____ __ ______ the United States. George W. Bush famously said Iran was part of an axis of evil. That was when Iran’s leader ___ ___ ________ Mohammad Khatami. Mr. Ahmadinejad is ________ __ ______ Iran into the unknown.

HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find more information on Iran’s president-elect Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Share your findings with your class in the next lesson.

3. RIVALRIES: Write an essay explaining the rivalries your country has. What needs to be done to turn the rivalries into greater friendship? Explain these rivalries to your classmates in your next lesson. Did everyone write about similar things?

4. LETTER: Write a letter to Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Congratulate him on his election victory. Give him advice on what he should do during his presidency. Read your letter to your classmates in your next lesson. Did you all give similar advice?

ANSWERS

TRUE / FALSE:

a. F

b. F

c. T

d. T

e. T

f. T

g. F

h. T

SYNONYM MATCH:

a.

landslide

overwhelming

b.

unknown

obscure

c.

key

secret

d.

promised

vowed

e.

wealth

riches

f.

unite

join together

g.

rivalries

struggles

h.

tensions

hostilities

i.

moderate

middle-of-the-road

j.

steer guide

PHRASE MATCH:

a.

won a landslide

victory

b.

presidential

election

c.

voter

turnout

d.

poor and working

class people

e.

inauguration

ceremony

f.

forget their differences

and unite

g.

add new tensions on

the world’s political stage

h.

Iran has the right to

develop nuclear weapons

i.

axis of

evil

j.

steer Iran into

the unknown

GAP FILL:

Ahmadinejad wins Iranian presidency

In Iran, Tehran’s mayor Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has won a landslide victory in the presidential election. The new president was almost unknown outside of the capital city two weeks ago. Few people thought he could win this election. However, he was voted into power with 61 per cent of the votes. Voter turnout was around 60 per cent. The key to his victory was the poor and working class people. He promised to share Iran’s oil wealth with them, which made him very popular. His presidency will start after his inauguration ceremony in August.

Mr. Ahmadinejad has asked Iranians to forget their differences and unite. He wants to make Iran a “modern, advanced and Islamic” nation. He said: “Today is a day when we have to forget all our rivalries and turn them into friendships.” He will certainly add new tensions on the world’s political stage. He strongly believes Iran has the right to develop nuclear weapons. This is sure to upset the United States. George W. Bush famously said Iran was part of an axis of evil. That was when Iran’s leader was the moderate Mohammad Khatami. Mr. Ahmadinejad is certain to steer Iran into the unknown.

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