The Reading / Listening - Pollution - Level 3

A new study has found that pollution is now the world's biggest killer. One in six deaths worldwide is because of pollution. This is 16 per cent of all global deaths. Most of these deaths were from non-infectious diseases caused by pollution. These include heart disease, lung cancer and stroke. The study was published in the medical journal 'The Lancet'. Researchers said most pollution-related deaths occurred in poorer countries. About 92 per cent of these deaths were in low-income nations, especially countries where there is a lot of economic development, such as India and China. Bangladesh and Somalia were the worst affected countries. Brunei and Sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-related deaths.



Study co-author Karti Sandilya said: "Pollution, poverty, poor health, and social injustice are deeply intertwined." He added: "Pollution threatens fundamental human rights, such as the right to life, health, wellbeing, and safe work." He said air pollution was the biggest killer. Air pollution led to 6.5 million premature deaths. The second biggest killer was water pollution, which caused 1.8 million deaths. The next largest killer was pollution in the workplace, which was linked to 800,000 worldwide deaths. Scientist Dr Penny Woods said: "Air pollution is reaching crisis point." She said the people who pollution hit the hardest are those with breathing and lung problems, children and the elderly.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Pollution - Level 0 Pollution - Level 1   or  Pollution - Level 2

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/health-41678533
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2017/10/20/study-global-pollution-worlds-biggest-killer-and-threat-survival-mankind/783321001/
  • https://www.sciencenews.org/article/pollution-killed-9-million-people-2015


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. POLLUTION: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about pollution. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       study / pollution / killer / diseases / cancer / poorer countries / low-income / worst /
       poverty / poor health / human rights / wellbeing / premature / workplace / crisis point

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. THE FUTURE: Students A strongly believe there will be more pollution in the future; Students B strongly believe there will be less pollution in the future.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. TYPES OF POLLUTION: What causes these types of pollution and how bad are they? How can we reduce these levels? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Causes

How bad?

Reducing levels

Air

 

 

 

Water

 

 

 

Soil

 

 

 

Radioactive

 

 

 

Noise

 

 

 

Light

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. POVERTY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "poverty". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. PROBLEMS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • global warming
  • melting ice caps
  • skin cancer
  • smog
  • poor air in cities
  • acid rain
  • oil spills
  • lung problems

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. One in six deaths worldwide is because of pollution.     T / F
  2. Most deaths from pollution were because of infectious diseases.     T / F
  3. Most pollution-related deaths were in richer countries.     T / F
  4. Bangladesh and Sweden have the lowest pollution-related death rates.    T / F
  5. A researcher said pollution and social injustice are strongly linked.     T / F
  6. The researcher said pollution threatens human rights.     T / F
  7. Water pollution was the biggest killer.     T / F
  8. A scientist said pollution is so bad it is reaching crisis point.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. study
  2. worldwide
  3. occurred
  4. nations
  5. such as
  6. injustice
  7. fundamental
  8. premature
  9. linked
  10. crisis
  1. basic
  2. countries
  3. like
  4. connected
  5. report
  6. untimely
  7. globally
  8. unfairness
  9. emergency
  10. happened

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. One in six
  2. non-infectious
  3. in low-
  4. countries where there is a lot of
  5. Sweden had the lowest numbers
  6. Pollution, poverty, poor health, and social
  7. Pollution threatens fundamental human
  8. 6.5 million premature
  9. Air pollution is reaching crisis
  10. those with breathing and lung
  1. point
  2. of pollution-related deaths
  3. rights
  4. diseases
  5. income nations
  6. deaths
  7. problems
  8. economic development
  9. injustice
  10. deaths worldwide

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
occurred
global
related
journal
study
affected
cancer
nations

A new (1) ____________ has found that pollution is now the world's biggest killer. One in six deaths worldwide is because of pollution. This is 16 per cent of all (2) ____________ deaths. Most of these deaths were from non-infectious diseases caused by pollution. These include heart disease, lung (3) ____________ and stroke. The study was published in the medical (4) ____________ 'The Lancet'. Researchers said most pollution-related deaths (5) ____________ in poorer countries. About 92 per cent of these deaths were in low-income (6) ____________, especially countries where there is a lot of economic development, such as India and China. Bangladesh and Somalia were the worst (7) ____________ countries. Brunei and Sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-(8) ____________ deaths.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
premature
author
water
wellbeing
workplace
elderly
injustice
crisis

Study co-(9) ____________ Karti Sandilya said: "Pollution, poverty, poor health, and social (10) ____________ are deeply intertwined." He added: "Pollution threatens fundamental human rights, such as the right to life, health, (11) ____________, and safe work." He said air pollution was the biggest killer. Air pollution led to 6.5 million (12) ____________ deaths. The second biggest killer was (13) ____________ pollution, which caused 1.8 million deaths. The next largest killer was pollution in the (14) ____________, which was linked to 800,000 worldwide deaths. Scientist Dr Penny Woods said: "Air pollution is reaching (15) ____________ point." She said the people who pollution hit the hardest are those with breathing and lung problems, children and the (16) ____________.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  One in six deaths worldwide is ______
     a.  because for pollution
     b.  because from pollution
     c.  because as pollution
     d.  because of pollution

2)  This is 16 per cent of all ______
     a.  globally deaths
     b.  globe all deaths
     c.  global deaths
     d.  globalize deaths

3)  Researchers said most pollution-related deaths ______ countries
     a.  recurred in poorer
     b.  concurred in poorer
     c.  occurrence in poorer
     d.  occurred in poorer

4)  Bangladesh and Somalia were the worst ______
     a.  affected countries
     b.  affecting countries
     c.  affection countries
     d.  affect it countries

5)  Brunei and Sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-______
     a.  related deaths
     b.  relate it deaths
     c.  relayed deaths
     d.  inflated deaths

6)  Pollution, poverty, poor health, and social injustice are ______
     a.  deeply in two twined
     b.  deeply inter twinned
     c.  deeply in tart wined
     d.  deeply intertwined

7) fundamental human rights, such as the right to life, health, wellbeing, ______
     a.  and safety work
     b.  and safe work
     c.  and safes work
     d.  and unsafe work

8)  The second biggest killer was ______
     a.  water pollution
     b.  watery pollution
     c.  waters pollution
     d.  watered pollution

9)  pollution in the workplace, which was linked to 800,000 ______
     a.  worldly wide deaths
     b.  worldly width deaths
     c.  world widen deaths
     d.  worldwide deaths

10)  those with breathing and lung problems, children ______
     a.  and them elderly
     b.  and all elderly
     c.  and an elderly
     d.  and the elderly

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A new study (1) ___________________ pollution is now the world's biggest killer. One in six deaths worldwide is because of pollution. This is 16 per cent of all global deaths. Most of (2) ___________________ from non-infectious diseases caused by pollution. These include heart disease, lung cancer and stroke. The study was published in (3) ___________________ 'The Lancet'. Researchers said most pollution-related deaths occurred in poorer countries. About 92 per cent of these deaths were in (4) ___________________, especially countries where there is a lot of (5) ___________________, such as India and China. Bangladesh and Somalia were the worst affected countries. Brunei and Sweden had (6) ___________________ of pollution-related deaths.

Study co-author Karti Sandilya said: "Pollution, poverty, (7) ___________________ social injustice are deeply intertwined." He added: "Pollution threatens fundamental human rights, such (8) ___________________ to life, health, wellbeing, and safe work." He said air pollution was the biggest killer. Air pollution led to 6.5 million (9) ___________________. The second biggest killer was water pollution, which caused 1.8 million deaths. (10) ___________________ killer was pollution in the workplace, which was linked to 800,000 worldwide deaths. Scientist Dr Penny Woods said: "Air pollution is (11) ___________________." She said the people who pollution hit the hardest are those with breathing and lung problems, children (12) ___________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. How many deaths worldwide are caused by pollution?
  2. What kind of cancer was mentioned?
  3. What percent of pollution-related deaths were in low-income nations?
  4. What were the worst-affected countries?
  5. What were the least-affected countries?
  6. What kind of injustice is mentioned in the article?
  7. What kind of pollution was the biggest killer?
  8. How many people did water pollution kill?
  9. What kind of pollution killed 800,000 people?
  10. What kind of point did a scientist say air pollution is reaching?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  How many deaths worldwide are caused by pollution?
a) one in six
b) six in one
c) one in sixty
d) 61

2)  What kind of cancer was mentioned?
a) skin cancer
b) liver cancer
c) lung cancer
d) bladder cancer

3)  What percent of pollution-related deaths were in low-income nations?
a) 75%
b) 29%
c) 19%
d) 92%

4)  What were the worst-affected countries?
a) Bangladesh and Brunei
b) Bangladesh and Somalia
c) Bangladesh and Sweden
d) Sweden and Somalia

5)  What were the least-affected countries?
a) Brunei and Sweden
b) Bangladesh and Brunei
c) Brunei and Somalia
d) Bangladesh and Sweden

6)  What kind of injustice is mentioned in the article?
a) sexual injustice
b) racial injustice
c) class injustice
d) social injustice

7)  What kind of pollution was the biggest killer?
a) radioactive pollution
b) water pollution
c) air pollution
d) noise pollution

8)  How many people did water pollution kill?
a) 18 million
b) 1.8 million
c) 180 million
d) 180,000

9)  What kind of pollution killed 800,000 people?
a) light pollution
b) noise pollution
c) workplace pollution
d) soil pollution

10)  What kind of point did a scientist say air pollution is reaching?
a) melting point
b) crisis point
c) turning point
d) main point

Role play

Role  A – Poor Air

You think poor air is the worst effect of pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their effects aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least problematic of these (and why): melting ice caps, skin cancer or acid rain.

Role  B – Melting Ice Caps

You think melting ice caps is the worst effect of pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their effects aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least problematic of these (and why): poor air, skin cancer or acid rain.

Role  C – Skin Cancer

You think skin cancer is the worst effect of pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their effects aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least problematic of these (and why): melting ice caps, poor air or acid rain.

Role  D – Acid Rain

You think acid rain is the worst effect of pollution. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their effects aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least problematic of these (and why):  melting ice caps, skin cancer or poor air.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'pollution'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'crisis'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • social
    • such
    • 6.5
    • 1.8
    • 800,000
    • those
    • six
    • 16
    • caused
    • journal
    • 92
    • lowest




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Pollution is the world's biggest killer

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'crisis'?
    3. What is pollution like where you live?
    4. How affected are you by pollution?
    5. How did pollution get to be this bad?
    6. How much do you worry about pollution?
    7. How can we reduce the amount of pollution?
    8. Why are most deaths in poorer countries?
    9. What do you think when you see pollution?
    10. What will happen if pollution gets worse?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'pollution'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Why is pollution called a silent killer?
    5. How can pollution affect human rights?
    6. What causes air and water pollution?
    7. What kind of pollution is there in the workplace?
    8. What is 'crisis point'?
    9. Do international agreements on pollution work?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A new study has found that pollution is (1) ____ the world's biggest killer. One in six deaths (2) ____ is because of pollution. This is 16 per cent of all global deaths. Most of these deaths were from non-infectious diseases (3) ____ by pollution. These include heart disease, lung cancer and stroke. The study was published (4) ____ the medical journal 'The Lancet'. Researchers said most pollution-related deaths occurred in poorer countries. About 92 per cent of these deaths were in low-income nations, (5) ____ countries where there is a lot of economic development, such as India and China. Bangladesh and Somalia were the worst affected countries. Brunei and Sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-related (6) ____.

    Study co-author Karti Sandilya said: "Pollution, poverty, poor health, and social injustice are (7) ____ intertwined." He added: "Pollution threatens fundamental human rights, such as the (8) ____ to life, health, wellbeing, and safe work." He said air pollution was the biggest killer. Air pollution led to 6.5 million premature deaths. The second biggest killer was (9) ____ pollution, which caused 1.8 million deaths. The next largest killer was pollution in the workplace, which was (10) ____ to 800,000 worldwide deaths. Scientist Dr Penny Woods said: "Air pollution is reaching (11) ____ point." She said the people who pollution hit the hardest are those with breathing and lung problems, children and the (12) ____.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     now     (b)     know     (c)     known     (d)     knows    
    2. (a)     world-beater     (b)     world-famous     (c)     worldwide     (d)     worldly    
    3. (a)     cased     (b)     encased     (c)     caused     (d)     cared    
    4. (a)     by     (b)     of     (c)     on     (d)     in    
    5. (a)     special     (b)     specialize     (c)     especially     (d)     specialist    
    6. (a)     deadens     (b)     deaths     (c)     dies     (d)     dying    
    7. (a)     deep     (b)     deeply     (c)     deepens     (d)     depth    
    8. (a)     bright     (b)     right     (c)     blight     (d)     light    
    9. (a)     watered     (b)     watery     (c)     water     (d)     waters    
    10. (a)     linking     (b)     linkage     (c)     links     (d)     linked    
    11. (a)     dialysis     (b)     analysis     (c)     paralysis     (d)     crisis    
    12. (a)     oldster     (b)     elder     (c)     olden     (d)     elderly

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. non-uncistieof diseases
    2. lung anrcce
    3. medical aunolrj
    4. oomeicnc development
    5. the worst deeacfft countries
    6. pollution-aterdle deaths

    Paragraph 2

    1. social ijcnsitue
    2. Pollution tntehrsae fundamental human rights
    3. 6.5 million remuetapr deaths
    4. pollution in the lcowpaekr
    5. reaching iisrcs point
    6. children and the ldleeyr

    Put the text back together

    (    )     said: "Air pollution is reaching crisis point." She said the people

    (    )     92 per cent of these deaths were in low-income nations, especially countries

    (    )     affected countries. Brunei and Sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-related deaths.

    (    )     wellbeing, and safe work." He said air pollution was the biggest killer. Air pollution led to 6.5 million

    1  )     A new study has found that pollution is now the world's biggest killer. One in six deaths worldwide is because

    (    )     killer was pollution in the workplace, which was linked to 800,000 worldwide deaths. Scientist Dr Penny Woods

    (    )     of pollution. This is 16 per cent of all global deaths. Most of these deaths were from non-infectious diseases caused

    (    )     Study co-author Karti Sandilya said: "Pollution, poverty, poor health, and social injustice are deeply

    (    )     intertwined." He added: "Pollution threatens fundamental human rights, such as the right to life, health,

    (    )     who pollution hit the hardest are those with breathing and lung problems, children and the elderly.

    (    )     premature deaths. The second biggest killer was water pollution, which caused 1.8 million deaths. The next largest

    (    )     in the medical journal 'The Lancet'. Researchers said most pollution-related deaths occurred in poorer countries. About

    (    )     by pollution. These include heart disease, lung cancer and stroke. The study was published

    (    )     where there is a lot of economic development, such as India and China. Bangladesh and Somalia were the worst

    Put the words in the right order

    1. deaths   pollution   worldwide   One   is   in   because   six   of   .
    2. of   were   Most   deaths   non-   diseases   these   from   infectious   .
    3. deaths   these   of   92%   About   nations   income   low-   in   were   .
    4. there   economic   is   development   a   Countries   lot   where   of   .
    5. numbers  Sweden   lowest  pollution-   deaths   the   of   related  had   .
    6. that   added  He   rights   human  fundamental   threatens   pollution   .
    7. He   killer   biggest   the   was   pollution   air   said   .
    8. second   killer   water   The   biggest   was   pollution   .
    9. reaching   said   crisis   air   point   pollution   Dr   is   Woods   .
    10. hardest   people   pollution   the   The   who   hit   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A new study / studying has found that pollution is now the world's biggest killer. One in six deaths worldwide is because for / of pollution. This is 16 per cent of all global deaths. Most of these deaths were from not-infectious / non-infectious diseases caused by pollution. These including / include heart disease, lung cancer and strike / stroke. The study was published in the medical journal 'The Lancet'. Researchers said most pollution-related deathly / deaths occurred in poorer / poverty countries. About 92 per cent of these deaths were in low-income nations, especial / especially countries where there is a lot of economic development, such as / was India and China. Bangladesh and Somalia were the worst affected / affection countries. Brunei and Sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-related deaths.

    Study co-author Karti Sandilya said: "Pollution, poverty, poor health, and social injustice are deep / deeply intertwined." He added: "Pollution threatens fundamental / fundamentally human rights, such as the light / right to life, health, wellbeing, and safety / safe work." He said air pollution was the biggest killer. Air pollution led to 6.5 million prematurely / premature deaths. The second biggest killer was water pollution, which caused / causing 1.8 million deaths. The next largest killer was / were pollution in the workplace, which was linked to / at 800,000 worldwide deaths. Scientist Dr Penny Woods said: "Air pollution is reaching crisis paint / point." She said the people who pollution hit the hardest are those with breathing and lung problems / problematic, children and the elderly.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _ n_w st_dy h_s f__nd th_t p_ll_t__n _s n_w th_ w_rld's b_gg_st k_ll_r. _n_ _n s_x d__ths w_rldw_d_ _s b_c__s_ _f p_ll_t__n. Th_s _s 16 p_r c_nt _f _ll gl_b_l d__ths. M_st _f th_s_ d__ths w_r_ fr_m n_n-_nf_ct___s d_s__s_s c__s_d by p_ll_t__n. Th_s_ _ncl_d_ h__rt d_s__s_, l_ng c_nc_r _nd str_k_. Th_ st_dy w_s p_bl_sh_d _n th_ m_d_c_l j__rn_l 'Th_ L_nc_t'. R_s__rch_rs s__d m_st p_ll_t__n-r_l_t_d d__ths _cc_rr_d _n p__r_r c__ntr__s. _b__t 92 p_r c_nt _f th_s_ d__ths w_r_ _n l_w-_nc_m_ n_t__ns, _sp_c__lly c__ntr__s wh_r_ th_r_ _s _ l_t _f _c_n_m_c d_v_l_pm_nt, s_ch _s _nd__ _nd Ch_n_. B_ngl_d_sh _nd S_m_l__ w_r_ th_ w_rst _ff_ct_d c__ntr__s. Br_n__ _nd Sw_d_n h_d th_ l_w_st n_mb_rs _f p_ll_t__n-r_l_t_d d__ths.

    St_dy c_-__th_r K_rt_ S_nd_ly_ s__d: "P_ll_t__n, p_v_rty, p__r h__lth, _nd s_c__l _nj_st_c_ _r_ d__ply _nt_rtw_n_d." H_ _dd_d: "P_ll_t__n thr__t_ns f_nd_m_nt_l h_m_n r_ghts, s_ch _s th_ r_ght t_ l_f_, h__lth, w_llb__ng, _nd s_f_ w_rk." H_ s__d __r p_ll_t__n w_s th_ b_gg_st k_ll_r. __r p_ll_t__n l_d t_ 6.5 m_ll__n pr_m_t_r_ d__ths. Th_ s_c_nd b_gg_st k_ll_r w_s w_t_r p_ll_t__n, wh_ch c__s_d 1.8 m_ll__n d__ths. Th_ n_xt l_rg_st k_ll_r w_s p_ll_t__n _n th_ w_rkpl_c_, wh_ch w_s l_nk_d t_ 800,000 w_rldw_d_ d__ths. Sc__nt_st Dr P_nny W__ds s__d: "__r p_ll_t__n _s r__ch_ng cr_s_s p__nt." Sh_ s__d th_ p__pl_ wh_ p_ll_t__n h_t th_ h_rd_st _r_ th_s_ w_th br__th_ng _nd l_ng pr_bl_ms, ch_ldr_n _nd th_ _ld_rly.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    one in six deaths worldwide is because of pollution this is 16 per cent of all global deaths most of these deaths were from non-infectious diseases caused by pollution these include heart disease lung cancer and stroke the study was published in the medical journal 'the lancet' researchers said most pollution-related deaths occurred in poorer countries about 92 per cent of these deaths were in low-income nations especially countries where there is a lot of economic development such as india and china bangladesh and somalia were the worst affected countries brunei and sweden had the lowest numbers of pollution-related deaths

    study co-author karti sandilya said "pollution poverty poor health and social injustice are deeply intertwined" he added "pollution threatens fundamental human rights such as the right to life health wellbeing and safe work" he said air pollution was the biggest killer air pollution led to 65 million premature deaths the second biggest killer was water pollution which caused 18 million deaths the next largest killer was pollution in the workplace which was linked to 800000 worldwide deaths scientist dr penny woods said "air pollution is reaching crisis point" she said the people who pollution hit the hardest are those with breathing and lung problems children and the elderly

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Anewstudyhasfoundthatpollutionisnowtheworld'sbiggestkiller.Onei
    nsixdeathsworldwideisbecauseofpollution.Thisis16percentofallglob
    aldeaths.Mostofthesedeathswerefromnon-infectiousdiseasescause
    dbypollution.Theseincludeheartdisease,lungcancerandstroke.Thest
    udywaspublishedinthemedicaljournal'TheLancet'.Researcherssaid
    mostpollution-relateddeathsoccurredinpoorercountries.About92pe
    rcentofthesedeathswereinlow-incomenations,especiallycountriesw
    herethereisalotofeconomicdevelopment,suchasIndiaandChina.Ban
    gladeshandSomaliaweretheworstaffectedcountries.BruneiandSwed
    enhadthelowestnumbersofpollution-relateddeaths.Studyco-autho
    rKartiSandilyasaid:"Pollution,poverty,poorhealth,andsocialinjustic
    earedeeplyintertwined."Headded:"Pollutionthreatensfundamentalh
    umanrights,suchastherighttolife,health,wellbeing,andsafework."H
    esaidairpollutionwasthebiggestkiller.Airpollutionledto6.5millionpre
    maturedeaths.Thesecondbiggestkillerwaswaterpollution,whichcaus
    ed1.8milliondeaths.Thenextlargestkillerwaspollutionintheworkplac
    e,whichwaslinkedto800,000worldwidedeaths.ScientistDrPennyWo
    odssaid:"Airpollutionisreachingcrisispoint."Shesaidthepeoplewhop
    ollutionhitthehardestarethosewithbreathingandlungproblems,child
    renandtheelderly.

    Free writing

    Write about pollution for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Pollution will always be a huge danger to the world. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. POLLUTION: Make a poster about pollution. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. SILENT KILLER: Write a magazine article about pollution being a huge silent killer. Talk about how moving out of cities would help reduce pollution. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on pollution. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to cut pollution. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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