The Reading / Listening - Malaria Test - Level 6

Scientists have developed a breathalyzer to test people for malaria. The device could help detect the deadly disease much earlier than other methods and thus help millions of people around the world. The researchers, from Washington University in St Louis, USA, say that people with malaria give off a distinctive "breath print". The breathalyzer detects the chemicals that malaria creates as the person breathes into the device. One of the odours the device detects is identical to a natural smell that attracts malaria-spreading insects such as mosquitos. The device is still in its early stages of development. The researchers say it could lead to a new, cheap and easy way to help diagnose malaria.



The prototype breathalyzer detects six different odours or chemical compounds to spot instances of malaria. The researchers did tests on 35 children in Malawi. They took breath samples using the breathalyzer to test the accuracy of the machine. It accurately identified 29 of the children as having malaria. This was a success rate of 83 per cent. Lead researcher Audrey Odom John said: "It's clear that if we had fast, easy-to-use, reliable diagnostic devices…we could reduce unnecessary antibiotic use. This would have a major impact on the control of malaria, because all current diagnostic methods require blood sampling." Malaria currently kills around 430,000 a year around the world.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Malaria Test - Level 4  or  Malaria Test - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/health-41820346
  • http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/health/malaria-breathalyzer-test-millions-affected-disease-article-1.3617328
  • http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/malariadetecting-breathalyzer-could-be-an-early-diagnosis-breakthrough/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. MALARIA TEST: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about malaria test. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       scientists / breathalyzer / deadly / disease / malaria / device / insects / early / cheap
       prototype / chemical / instances / accuracy / success rate / reliable / impact / blood

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. DISEASE: Students A strongly believe all diseases will be cured by the end of the century; Students B strongly believe this is impossible.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. DEADLY DISEASES: What do you know about these deadly diseases? How can they be prevented or cured? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I know about it

How to prevent / cure it

Malaria

 

 

Cholera

 

 

Heart attack

 

 

Stroke

 

 

Tuberculosis

 

 

Typhoid

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. BREATH: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "breath". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. DEVICES: Rank these with your partner. Put the best health devices at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • stethoscope
  • X-ray machine
  • pacemaker
  • pregnancy tester
  • malaria tester
  • blood pressure monitor
  • thermometer
  • weighing scales

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. device a. Discover or identify the presence or existence of something.
      2. detect b. Easy to recognize smells, especially unpleasant ones.
      3. distinctive c. A thing made or adapted for a particular purpose, especially a piece of mechanical or electronic equipment.
      4. odours d. Similar in every detail; exactly alike.
      5. attracts e. Causes someone or something to have a liking for or interest in something or someone else.
      6. identical f. Identify the nature of an illness or other problem by examination of the symptoms.
      7. diagnose g. Characteristic of one person or thing to make it obvious that it is different from others.

    Paragraph 2

      8. prototype h. The effect or influence of one person, thing, or action, on another.
      9. compounds i. Small parts or quantities intended to show what the whole is like.
      10. instances j. The quality or state of being totally correct or precise.
      11. samples k. A first or typical model of something, esp. a machine, from which other forms are developed or copied.
      12. accuracy l. Things that are composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.
      13. reliable m. Consistently good in quality or performance.
      14. impact n. Examples or single occurrences of something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Building engineers developed a breathalyzer to test for malaria.     T / F
  2. The breathalyzer could help detect malaria earlier than other methods.    T / F
  3. The device detects unnatural smells in malaria-carrying insects.     T / F
  4. The researchers say the breathalyzer will be very expensive.     T / F
  5. Researchers did tests for malaria on 350 children.     T / F
  6. The breathalyzer detected 29 children as having malaria.     T / F
  7. The breathalyzer could reduce the use of antibiotics.     T / F
  8. Malaria kills over 400,000 people globally each year.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. device
  2. detect
  3. distinctive
  4. odours
  5. diagnose
  6. instances
  7. samples
  8. accuracy
  9. reliable
  10. current
  1. particular
  2. precision
  3. smells
  4. cases
  5. notice
  6. specimens
  7. dependable
  8. gadget
  9. present
  10. identify

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. The device could help detect the
  2. The breathalyzer detects the
  3. a natural smell that attracts malaria-
  4. The device is still in its early stages
  5. a new, cheap and easy way to help
  6. spot
  7. test the accuracy
  8. fast, easy-to-use, reliable diagnostic
  9. This would have a major
  10. all current diagnostic methods require blood
  1. devices
  2. of development
  3. impact
  4. chemicals
  5. of the machine
  6. spreading insects
  7. sampling
  8. instances of malaria
  9. diagnose malaria
  10. deadly disease

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
identical
detect
distinctive
diagnose
developed
early
breathes
millions

Scientists have (1) ____________ a breathalyzer to test people for malaria. The device could help (2) ____________ the deadly disease much earlier than other methods and thus help (3) ____________ of people around the world. The researchers, from Washington University in St Louis, USA, say that people with malaria give off a (4) ____________ "breath print". The breathalyzer detects the chemicals that malaria creates as the person (5) ____________ into the device. One of the odours the device detects is (6) ____________ to a natural smell that attracts malaria-spreading insects such as mosquitos. The device is still in its (7) ____________ stages of development. The researchers say it could lead to a new, cheap and easy way to help (8) ____________ malaria.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
samples
impact
clear
detects
current
instances
accurately
antibiotic

The prototype breathalyzer (9) ____________ six different odours or chemical compounds to spot (10) ____________ of malaria. The researchers did tests on 35 children in Malawi. They took breath (11) ____________ using the breathalyzer to test the accuracy of the machine. It (12) ____________ identified 29 of the children as having malaria. This was a success rate of 83 per cent. Lead researcher Audrey Odom John said: "It's (13) ____________ that if we had fast, easy-to-use, reliable diagnostic devices…we could reduce unnecessary (14) ____________ use. This would have a major (15) ____________ on the control of malaria, because all (16) ____________ diagnostic methods require blood sampling." Malaria currently kills around 430,000 a year around the world.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  The device could help detect the deadly disease much earlier ______ methods
     a.  that another
     b.  than other
     c.  than others
     d.  that other

2)  people with malaria give off a distinctive "______"
     a.  breathe print
     b.  breathy print
     c.  breathed print
     d.  breath print

3)  the chemicals that malaria creates as the person ______ device
     a.  breathes into the
     b.  breathing the
     c.  breathy the
     d.  breather the

4)  One of the odours the device detects is identical to ______
     a.  a naturally smell
     b.  a natural smelly
     c.  a natural smell
     d.  a naturally smelly

5)  it could lead to a new, cheap and easy way to help ______
     a.  diagnostic malaria
     b.  diagnosis malaria
     c.  diagnose malaria
     d.  diagnoses malaria

6) detects six different odours or chemical compounds to spot ______ malaria
     a.  in stance is of
     b.  instances off
     c.  instances of
     d.  in stances off

7)  They took breath samples using the breathalyzer to test the ______ machine
     a.  accurate sea of the
     b.  accuracy off the
     c.  accuracies of the
     d.  accuracy of the

8)  if we had fast, easy-to-use, reliable diagnostic devices, we could ______ antibiotic use
     a.  reduces unnecessary
     b.  reduced unnecessary
     c.  reducing unnecessary
     d.  reduce unnecessary

9)  This would have a major impact on the ______ malaria
     a.  controller of
     b.  control of
     c.  controls of
     d.  controlled of

10)  all current diagnostic methods require ______
     a.  bloody sampling
     b.  bloody sample in
     c.  blooded sampling
     d.  blood sampling

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have developed a breathalyzer to (1) ___________________ malaria. The device could help detect the deadly disease much earlier than other methods and (2) ___________________ of people around the world. The researchers, from Washington University in St Louis, USA, say that people with malaria give off a (3) ___________________. The breathalyzer detects the chemicals that malaria creates as the person breathes into the device. One of the odours the (4) ___________________ identical to a natural smell that attracts malaria-spreading insects such as mosquitos. The device is still in (5) ___________________ of development. The researchers say it could lead to a new, cheap and easy way (6) ___________________ malaria.

The prototype breathalyzer (7) ___________________ odours or chemical compounds to spot instances of malaria. The researchers did tests on 35 children in Malawi. They took (8) ___________________ the breathalyzer to test the accuracy of the machine. It (9) ___________________ 29 of the children as having malaria. This was a success rate of 83 per cent. Lead researcher Audrey Odom John said: "It's clear that if we had fast, easy-to-use, (10) ___________________ …we could reduce unnecessary antibiotic use. This would have a (11) ___________________ the control of malaria, because all current diagnostic methods require (12) ___________________." Malaria currently kills around 430,000 a year around the world.

Comprehension questions

  1. How many people could the breathalyzer help?
  2. What city are the researchers from?
  3. What distinctive thing does the breathalyzer detect?
  4. What does a natural smell attract?
  5. What stage of development is the breathalyzer in?
  6. How many different odours does the breathalyzer detect?
  7. How many children did the researchers do tests on?
  8. What success rate did the breathalyzer have?
  9. What could the breathalyzer reduce the use of?
  10. How many people die from malaria each year around the world?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How many people could the breathalyzer help?
a) hundreds of millions
b) millions
c) billions
d) hundreds of thousands

2)  What city are the researchers from?
a) St Petersburg
b) Louisville
c) Saint Paul
d) St Louis

3) What distinctive thing does the breathalyzer detect?
a) a breath print
b) air
c) mosquitos
d) antidotes

4) What does a natural smell attract?
a) people
b) other smells
c) malaria-carrying insects
d) devices

5) What stage of development is the breathalyzer in?
a) stage one
b) the early stages
c) exciting stages
d) the final stages

6) How many different odours does the breathalyzer detect?
a) 6
b) 5
c) 7
d) 4

7) How many children did the researchers do tests on?
a) 83
b) 29
c) 35
d) 849

8) What success rate did the breathalyzer have?
a) 83
b) 29
c) 35
d) 84

9) What could the breathalyzer reduce the use of?
a) antibiotics
b) syringes
c) mosquito nets
d) insect repellent

10) How many people die from malaria each year around the world?
a) 304,000
b) 403,000
c) 340,000
d) 430,000

Role play

Role  A – Malaria Tester

You think a malaria tester is the most important health device. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their devices. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a thermometer, weighing scales or a blood pressure monitor.

Role  B – Thermometer

You think a thermometer is the most important health device. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their devices. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a malaria tester, weighing scales or a blood pressure monitor.

Role  C – Weighing Scales

You think weighing scales are the most important health device. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their devices. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a thermometer, a malaria tester or a blood pressure monitor.

Role  D – Blood Pressure Monitor

You think a blood pressure monitor is the most important health device. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their devices. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why):  a thermometer, weighing scales or a malaria tester.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'deadly'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'disease'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • six
    • 35
    • 29
    • 83
    • all
    • 430,000
    • developed
    • deadly
    • give
    • person
    • insects
    • way




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Malaria breathalyzer test could help millions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'malaria'?
    3. What do you know about malaria?
    4. Why is malaria still such a big problem in the world?
    5. What do you think of the new breathalyzer?
    6. What is a 'breath print'?
    7. What do you think of mosquitos?
    8. What's the best way to keep mosquitos away?
    9. How might global warming affect malaria?
    10. Could this technology be used for any other diseases?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'disease'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Do you think malaria will be totally eradicated one day?
    5. What is wrong with antibiotics?
    6. What would happen if all the world's mosquitos disappeared?
    7. Do you do anything to avoid mosquitos?
    8. What are the signs and symptoms of malaria?
    9. What would a doctor do if you had malaria?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists have developed a breathalyzer to test people (1) ____ malaria. The device could help detect the (2) ____ disease much earlier than other methods and thus help millions of people around the world. The researchers, from Washington University in St Louis, USA, say that people with malaria give (3) ____ a distinctive "breath print". The breathalyzer detects the chemicals that malaria creates (4) ____ the person breathes into the device. One of the odours the device detects is identical to a natural smell (5) ____ attracts malaria-spreading insects such as mosquitos. The device is still in its early stages of development. The researchers say it could lead to a new, cheap and easy way to help (6) ____ malaria.

    The prototype breathalyzer detects six different odours or chemical compounds to (7) ____ instances of malaria. The researchers did tests on 35 children in Malawi. They took breath (8) ____ using the breathalyzer to test the accuracy of the machine. It accurately identified 29 of the children as having malaria. This was a success rate of 83 per cent. Lead researcher Audrey Odom John said: "It's clear that if we had fast, easy-to-use, (9) ____ diagnostic devices…we could reduce unnecessary antibiotic (10) ____. This would have a major impact (11) ____ the control of malaria, because all current diagnostic methods require (12) ____ sampling." Malaria currently kills around 430,000 a year around the world.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     on     (b)     of     (c)     by     (d)     for    
    2. (a)     dies     (b)     dying     (c)     death     (d)     deadly    
    3. (a)     on     (b)     off     (c)     in     (d)     up    
    4. (a)     has     (b)     was     (c)     as     (d)     is    
    5. (a)     this     (b)     those     (c)     that     (d)     what    
    6. (a)     diagnose     (b)     diagnostics     (c)     diagnosis     (d)     diagnoses    
    7. (a)     ink     (b)     spot     (c)     mark     (d)     place    
    8. (a)     samples     (b)     simples     (c)     supplies     (d)     staples    
    9. (a)     reliability     (b)     reliable     (c)     reliance     (d)     reliably    
    10. (a)     fuse     (b)     hues     (c)     use     (d)     ruse    
    11. (a)     in     (b)     of     (c)     on     (d)     to    
    12. (a)     bloodied     (b)     bloods     (c)     bloody     (d)     blood

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. help dettec the deadly disease
    2. give off a tisvniietcd "breath print"
    3. iactnidel to a natural smell
    4. sracattt malaria-spreading insects
    5. The edveic is still in its early stages
    6. help sdoaenig malaria

    Paragraph 2

    1. The oreptpoyt breathalyzer
    2. spot isesannct of malaria
    3. test the ycucaacr of the machine
    4. eeddifitin 29 of the children
    5. reduce unnecessary ttnoibiaic use
    6. blood gspaimln

    Put the text back together

    (    )     of malaria. The researchers did tests on 35 children in Malawi. They took breath samples using the

    (    )     as mosquitos. The device is still in its early stages of development. The researchers say it could

    (    )     print". The breathalyzer detects the chemicals that malaria creates as the person breathes into the

    (    )     use. This would have a major impact on the control of malaria, because all current diagnostic methods require

    (    )     lead to a new, cheap and easy way to help diagnose malaria.

    (    )     Washington University in St Louis, USA, say that people with malaria give off a distinctive "breath

    (    )     breathalyzer to test the accuracy of the machine. It accurately identified 29 of the children

    (    )     disease much earlier than other methods and thus help millions of people around the world. The researchers, from

    (    )     as having malaria. This was a success rate of 83 per cent. Lead researcher Audrey Odom John said: "It's clear

    1  )     Scientists have developed a breathalyzer to test people for malaria. The device could help detect the deadly

    (    )     The prototype breathalyzer detects six different odours or chemical compounds to spot instances

    (    )     that if we had fast, easy-to-use, reliable diagnostic devices…we could reduce unnecessary antibiotic

    (    )     blood sampling." Malaria currently kills around 430,000 a year around the world.

    (    )     device. One of the odours the device detects is identical to a natural smell that attracts malaria-spreading insects such

    Put the words in the right order

    1. could   device   The   disease   deadly   the   detect   help   .
    2. off   People   a   with   print'   distinctive   malaria   'breath   give   .
    3. the   detects   breathalyzer   The   creates   malaria   that   chemicals   .
    4. still   early   development   is   its   of   device   in   stages   The   .
    5. diagnose   malaria   A   new   ,   cheap   and   easy   way   to   help   .
    6. detects   different   The   breathalyzer   six   odours   prototype   .
    7. the   They   breath   using   breathalyzer   took   samples   .
    8. malaria   identified  the   having   accurately  of   as   It   29   children  .
    9. would   major   control   This   a   on   malaria   have   impact   of   .
    10. 430,000   year   Malaria   around   currently   a   kills   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists have developed a breathalyzer to / for test people for malaria. The device could help detect / defect the deadly disease much earlier than other methods and this / thus help millions of people around the world. The researchers, from Washington University in St Louis, USA, say what / that people with malaria give off a distinctive "breath / breathe print". The breathalyzer detects the chemicals that malaria creates has / as the person breathes into the device. One of the odours the device detects is identity / identical to a natural smell that attracts / attractive malaria-spreading insects such as / was mosquitos. The device is still in its early stages of development. The researchers say it could lead to a new, cheap and easy way to help diagnostics / diagnose malaria.

    The prototype breathalyzer detects six different odours or / nor chemical compounds to spot instances / instance of malaria. The researchers did tests on 35 children in Malawi. They took breath samples uses / using the breathalyzer to test the accuracy / accurate of the machine. It accurately identified 29 of the children as having / had malaria. This was a success rate of 83 per cent. Lead researcher Audrey Odom John said: "It's clearly / clear that if we had fast, easy-to-use, reliable / reliably diagnostic devices…we could reduce unnecessary antibiotic use. This would have a majority / major impact on / in control of malaria, because all current diagnostic methods require blood sampling / sample." Malaria currently kills around 430,000 a year around the world.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sc__nt_sts h_v_ d_v_l_p_d _ br__th_lyz_r t_ t_st p__pl_ f_r m_l_r__. Th_ d_v_c_ c__ld h_lp d_t_ct th_ d__dly d_s__s_ m_ch __rl__r th_n _th_r m_th_ds _nd th_s h_lp m_ll__ns _f p__pl_ _r__nd th_ w_rld. Th_ r_s__rch_rs, fr_m W_sh_ngt_n _n_v_rs_ty _n St L___s, _S_, s_y th_t p__pl_ w_th m_l_r__ g_v_ _ff _ d_st_nct_v_ "br__th pr_nt". Th_ br__th_lyz_r d_t_cts th_ ch_m_c_ls th_t m_l_r__ cr__t_s _s th_ p_rs_n br__th_s _nt_ th_ d_v_c_. _n_ _f th_ _d__rs th_ d_v_c_ d_t_cts _s _d_nt_c_l t_ _ n_t_r_l sm_ll th_t _ttr_cts m_l_r__-spr__d_ng _ns_cts s_ch _s m_sq__t_s. Th_ d_v_c_ _s st_ll _n _ts __rly st_g_s _f d_v_l_pm_nt. Th_ r_s__rch_rs s_y _t c__ld l__d t_ _ n_w, ch__p _nd __sy w_y t_ h_lp d__gn_s_ m_l_r__.

    Th_ pr_t_typ_ br__th_lyz_r d_t_cts s_x d_ff_r_nt _d__rs _r ch_m_c_l c_mp__nds t_ sp_t _nst_nc_s _f m_l_r__. Th_ r_s__rch_rs d_d t_sts _n 35 ch_ldr_n _n M_l_w_. Th_y t__k br__th s_mpl_s _s_ng th_ br__th_lyz_r t_ t_st th_ _cc_r_cy _f th_ m_ch_n_. _t _cc_r_t_ly _d_nt_f__d 29 _f th_ ch_ldr_n _s h_v_ng m_l_r__. Th_s w_s _ s_cc_ss r_t_ _f 83 p_r c_nt. L__d r_s__rch_r __dr_y _d_m J_hn s__d: "_t's cl__r th_t _f w_ h_d f_st, __sy-t_-_s_, r_l__bl_ d__gn_st_c d_v_c_s…w_ c__ld r_d_c_ _nn_c_ss_ry _nt_b__t_c _s_. Th_s w__ld h_v_ _ m_j_r _mp_ct _n c_ntr_l _f m_l_r__, b_c__s_ _ll c_rr_nt d__gn_st_c m_th_ds r_q__r_ bl__d s_mpl_ng." M_l_r__ c_rr_ntly k_lls _r__nd 430,000 _ y__r _r__nd th_ w_rld.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists have developed a breathalyzer to test people for malaria the device could help detect the deadly disease much earlier than other methods and thus help millions of people around the world the researchers from washington university in st louis usa say that people with malaria give off a distinctive "breath print" the breathalyzer detects the chemicals that malaria creates as the person breathes into the device one of the odours the device detects is identical to a natural smell that attracts malaria-spreading insects such as mosquitos the device is still in its early stages of development the researchers say it could lead to a new cheap and easy way to help diagnose malaria

    the prototype breathalyzer detects six different odours or chemical compounds to spot instances of malaria the researchers did tests on 35 children in malawi they took breath samples using the breathalyzer to test the accuracy of the machine it accurately identified 29 of the children as having malaria this was a success rate of 83 per cent lead researcher audrey odom john said "it's clear that if we had fast easy-to-use reliable diagnostic devices…we could reduce unnecessary antibiotic use this would have a major impact on the control of malaria because all current diagnostic methods require blood sampling" malaria currently kills around 430000 a year around the world

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistshavedevelopedabreathalyzertotestpeopleformalaria.The
    devicecouldhelpdetectthedeadlydiseasemuchearlierthanothermeth
    odsandthushelpmillionsofpeoplearoundtheworld.Theresearchers,fr
    omWashingtonUniversityinStLouis,USA,saythatpeoplewithmalaria
    giveoffadistinctive"breathprint".Thebreathalyzerdetectsthechemic
    alsthatmalariacreatesasthepersonbreathesintothedevice.Oneofthe
    odoursthedevicedetectsisidenticaltoanaturalsmellthatattractsmalar
    ia-spreadinginsectssuchasmosquitos.Thedeviceisstillinitsearlystag
    esofdevelopment.Theresearcherssayitcouldleadtoanew,cheapande
    asywaytohelpdiagnosemalaria.Theprototypebreathalyzerdetectssi
    xdifferentodoursorchemicalcompoundstospotinstancesofmalaria.T
    heresearchersdidtestson35childreninMalawi.Theytookbreathsampl
    esusingthebreathalyzertotesttheaccuracyofthemachine.Itaccuratel
    yidentified29ofthechildrenashavingmalaria.Thiswasasuccessrateof
    83percent.LeadresearcherAudreyOdomJohnsaid:"It'sclearthatifwe
    hadfast,easy-to-use,reliablediagnosticdevices…wecouldreduceunn
    ecessaryantibioticuse.Thiswouldhaveamajorimpactonthecontrolof
    malaria,becauseallcurrentdiagnosticmethodsrequirebloodsampling
    ."Malariacurrentlykillsaround430,000ayeararoundtheworld.

    Free writing

    Write about malaria test for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Academic writing

    There will be no more diseases within 100 years. Discuss.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. MALARIA TEST: Make a poster about malaria test. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. NO DISEASE: Write a magazine article about there being no disease one day. Include imaginary interviews with people who think this will happen and with those who don't think this will happen.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on malaria. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on why so many people die from malaria and other diseases in the 21st century. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Help Support This Web Site

    • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

    Sean Banville's Book

    Thank You