The Reading / Listening - Space Objects - Level 6

Scientists believe there is a possibility that aliens are listening to us on Earth. Astronomers from a program called Breakthrough Listen are excited about a giant, mysterious space object that has passed close to our planet. Breakthrough Listen scientists search for evidence of civilizations beyond Earth. The scientists work at the University of Hawaii. They described the object as an 800-meter-long, 80-meter-wide, cigar-shaped rock. Some scientists believe the rock has too many straight lines on it for it to be formed naturally. This suggests it could have been designed by some form of extra-terrestrial life. The scientists have dubbed the rock Oumuamua, which means 'first messenger' in the Hawaiian language.



The astronomers first spotted Oumuamua in October. It was travelling at great speed through the solar system and passed Earth at about 85 times the distance to the Moon. This is just a hair's breadth relative to the vast expanses of the universe. Oumuamua is the first object spotted in the solar system that appears to originate from another star system. The astronomers say its high speed of over 300,000 kph suggests it is outside the gravitational pull of the Sun and is instead travelling on its own path that originated in another galaxy. The scientists said it was highly unlikely that Oumuamua was a sign that aliens exist, but the huge rock and its journey was a unique event that possibly offered new secrets.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Space Objects - Level 4  or  Space Objects - Level 5

Sources
  • http://breakthroughinitiatives.org/news/14
  • http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2017/12/scientists_are_watching_oumuamua_an_asteroid_they_think_could_be_an_alien.html
  • https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/alien-probe-or-galactic-driftwood-seti-tunes-in-to-oumuamua/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SPACE OBJECTS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about space objects. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       scientists / aliens / astronomers / mysterious / planet / evidence / rock / language /
       at great speed / solar system / distance / universe / gravitational / galaxy / secrets

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. FRIENDS: Students A strongly believe aliens would be friends rather than enemies; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. ALIENS: What do we need to think about if aliens wanted to land? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What we should do

Why?

Planetary safety

 

 

Disease

 

 

Who they should see

 

 

Discussion agenda

 

 

Cooperation

 

 

Our cultures

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. LISTEN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "listen". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. ALIEN DANGERS: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest dangers of aliens visiting Earth at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • inter-galactic war
  • an invasion of Earth
  • Armageddon
  • something unknown
  • strange diseases
  • radioactivity
  • global panic
  • they want our resources

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. astronomers a. A type or variety of something.
      2. mysterious b. All of the facts or information to show whether a belief or opinion is true or valid.
      3. evidence c. Difficult or impossible to understand, explain, or identify.
      4. civilizations d. Gave an unofficial name or nickname to someone or something.
      5. form e. Students or experts in the branch of science that deals with space and the universe.
      6. extra-terrestrial f. Society, culture, and way of life of a particular area.
      7. dubbed g. Of or from outside the earth or its atmosphere; alien life.

    Paragraph 2

      8. solar system h. Of very great extent or quantity.
      9. distance i. Create or initiate something.
      10. a hair's breadth j. Areas of something, typically land or sea, with a wide continuous surface.
      11. vast k. The amount of space between two things or people.
      12. expanses l. Being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else.
      13. originate m. The collection of eight planets and their moons in orbit around the sun, together with the asteroids, comets and other space objects.
      14. unique n. A very, very small distance or measurement of the width of something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A group of scientists called Breakthrough Listen found the space object.   T / F
  2. The scientists work at a university in Hawaii.     T / F
  3. The rock has no straight lines and is totally curved.     T / F
  4. The rock was given a nickname that means 'Solar Friend'.     T / F
  5. Scientists say the rock is the size of 85 moons.     T / F
  6. The rock is the first object in our solar system from another system.    T / F
  7. The rock was travelling at a speed of over 300,000 kph.     T / F
  8. The scientists said the rock was a sign that aliens existed.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. possibility
  2. mysterious
  3. evidence
  4. formed
  5. dubbed
  6. spotted
  7. relative
  8. vast
  9. originated
  10. unique
  1. proof
  2. comparable
  3. made
  4. noticed
  5. emerged
  6. chance
  7. singular
  8. puzzling
  9. huge
  10. nicknamed

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. there is a possibility
  2. a giant, mysterious
  3. passed close to
  4. Some scientists believe the rock
  5. designed by some form
  6. It was travelling at great speed
  7. just a hair's breadth relative
  8. it is outside the gravitational
  9. travelling on its own path that
  10. a unique event that possibly
  1. our planet
  2. through the solar system
  3. of extra-terrestrial life
  4. originated in another galaxy
  5. space object
  6. pull of the Sun
  7. that aliens are listening to us
  8. offered new secrets
  9. has too many straight lines
  10. to the vast expanses

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
object
naturally
giant
messenger'
possibility
evidence
form
straight

Scientists believe there is a (1) ____________ that aliens are listening to us on Earth. Astronomers from a program called Breakthrough Listen are excited about a (2) ____________, mysterious space object that has passed close to our planet. Breakthrough Listen scientists search for (3) ____________ of civilizations beyond Earth. The scientists work at the University of Hawaii. They described the (4) ____________ as an 800-meter-long, 80-meter-wide, cigar-shaped rock. Some scientists believe the rock has too many (5) ____________ lines on it for it to be formed (6) ____________. This suggests it could have been designed by some (7) ____________ of extra-terrestrial life. The scientists have dubbed the rock Oumuamua, which means 'first (8) ____________' in the Hawaiian language.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
expanses
pull
unique
speed
originate
sign
spotted
path

The astronomers first (9) ____________ Oumuamua in October. It was travelling at great (10) ____________ through the solar system and passed Earth at about 85 times the distance to the Moon. This is just a hair's breadth relative to the vast (11) ____________ of the universe. Oumuamua is the first object spotted in the solar system that appears to (12) ____________ from another star system. The astronomers say its high speed of over 300,000 kph suggests it is outside the gravitational (13) ____________ of the Sun and is instead travelling on its own (14) ____________ that originated in another galaxy. The scientists said it was highly unlikely that Oumuamua was a (15) ____________ that aliens exist, but the huge rock and its journey was a (16) ____________ event that possibly offered new secrets.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Scientists believe there is a possibility that aliens are ______
     a.  listening twos
     b.  listening 'twas
     c.  listening tours
     d.  listening to us

2) Breakthrough Listen are excited about a giant, ______ object
     a.  mysteries space
     b.  mystical space
     c.  mysterious space
     d.  miss teary us space

3)  Breakthrough Listen scientists search for evidence of civilizations ______
     a.  beyond Earth
     b.  behind Earth
     c.  be bond Earth
     d.  bee yonder Earth

4)  scientists believe the rock has too many straight lines on it for it ______ naturally
     a.  to being formed
     b.  to be formed
     c.  to be farmed
     d.  too be formed

5)  The scientists have ______ Oumuamua
     a.  daubed the rock
     b.  dubbed the rock
     c.  dabbed the rock
     d.  doubled the rock

6)  It was travelling at great speed through the solar ______ Earth
     a.  system and parsed
     b.  system and passed
     c.  system and past
     d.  system and psst

7)  This is just a hair's breadth relative to the vast ______ universe
     a.  expanse is of the
     b.  expands of the
     c.  expanses of the
     d.  expands is of the

8)  its high speed of over 300,000 kph suggests it is outside the ______ the Sun
     a.  gravitational pull off
     b.  gravitational push of
     c.  gravitation all pull of
     d.  gravitational pull off

9)  The scientists said it was highly unlikely that Oumuamua was ______ aliens
     a.  a sign that
     b.  assign that
     c.  ass sign that
     d.  as sign that

10)  the huge rock and its journey was a unique event that ______ new secrets
     a.  possibly offer it
     b.  possible offered
     c.  possibly offering
     d.  possibly offered

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists believe there is a possibility (1) ___________________ listening to us on Earth. Astronomers from a program called Breakthrough Listen are excited (2) ___________________, mysterious space object that has passed close to our planet. Breakthrough Listen scientists search (3) ___________________ civilizations beyond Earth. The scientists work at the University of Hawaii. They described (4) ___________________ an 800-meter-long, 80-meter-wide, cigar-shaped rock. Some scientists believe the rock has too many (5) ___________________ it for it to be formed naturally. This suggests it could have been designed by some form of extra-terrestrial life. The scientists (6) ___________________ rock Oumuamua, which means 'first messenger' in the Hawaiian language.

The astronomers first spotted Oumuamua in October. It was travelling at (7) ___________________ the solar system and passed Earth at about 85 times the distance to the Moon. This is (8) ___________________ breadth relative to the vast expanses of the universe. Oumuamua is the first object spotted in the solar system that appears (9) ___________________ another star system. The astronomers say its high speed of over 300,000 kph suggests it (10) ___________________ gravitational pull of the Sun and is instead travelling on (11) ___________________ that originated in another galaxy. The scientists said it was highly unlikely that Oumuamua was a sign that aliens exist, but the huge rock and its journey was (12) ___________________ that possibly offered new secrets.

Comprehension questions

  1. What is the name of the program the scientists are on?
  2. What are the astronomers searching for?
  3. How wide is the rock from space?
  4. What did scientists say the rock contains too many of?
  5. What does 'Oumuamua' mean?
  6. When did astronomers first spot the rock?
  7. How many times the distance to the Moon was the rock to Earth?
  8. How fast was Oumuamua travelling?
  9. What is Oumuamua not travelling under the gravitational pull of?
  10. What did scientists say Oumuamua might offer?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What is the name of the program the scientists are on?
a) Breakthrough Alien
b) Breakthrough Listen
c) Breakthrough Earth
d) Breakthrough Space

2)  What are the astronomers searching for?
a) radio waves
b) space dust
c) a planet we can live on
d) civilizations in space

3) How wide is the space rock?
a) 80 metres
b) 800 metres
c) 88 metres
d) 880 metres

4) What did scientists say the rock contains too many of?
a) aliens
b) chemicals
c) straight lines
d) radio waves

5) What does 'Oumuamua' mean?
a) welcome rock
b) first messenger
c) hello Hawaii
d) cosmic traveller

6) When did astronomers first spot the rock?
a) October
b) 1907
c) 3 days ago
d) in the times of Galileo

7) How many times the distance to the Moon was the rock to Earth?
a) 70
b) 80
c) 85
d) 800

8) How fast was Oumuamua travelling?
a) over 300,000 kph
b) 301,000 kph
c) just under 300,000 kph
d) exactly 300,000 kph

9) What is Oumuamua not travelling under the gravitational pull of?
a) the Sun
b) the Moon
c) the sea
d) Mars

10) What did scientists say Oumuamua might offer?
a) a place to live
b) aliens
c) minerals
d) secrets

Role play

Role  A – Armageddon

You think Armageddon would be the biggest danger of aliens visiting Earth. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers wouldn't be as likely. Also, tell the others which is the least likely of these (and why): global panic, disease or the colonization of Earth.

Role  B – Global Panic

You think global panic would be the biggest danger of aliens visiting Earth. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers wouldn't be as likely. Also, tell the others which is the least likely of these (and why): Armageddon, disease or the colonization of Earth.

Role  C – Disease

You think disease would be the biggest danger of aliens visiting Earth. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers wouldn't be as likely. Also, tell the others which is the least likely of these (and why): global panic, Armageddon or the colonization of Earth.

Role  D – The Colonization of Earth

You think the colonization of Earth would be the biggest danger of aliens visiting Earth. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their dangers wouldn't be as likely. Also, tell the others which is the least likely of these (and why):  global panic, disease or Armageddon.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'space'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'object'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • first
    • great
    • vast
    • pull
    • unlikely
    • secrets
    • possibility
    • giant
    • search
    • 80
    • lines
    • dubbed




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Mysterious space object could be monitoring us

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'space'?
    3. What do you think of astronomy?
    4. What would you think if aliens are listening to us?
    5. How much is today's life like science fiction?
    6. Do you hope this mysterious rock is from aliens?
    7. What kind of civilizations might exist in space?
    8. What would you want to know from an alien?
    9. How would you feel about aliens arriving on Earth?
    10. What might extra-terrestrial life look like?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'object'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Who should aliens talk to first if they came to Earth?
    5. Would aliens be friends or enemies to people on Earth?
    6. What would you do if you found an alien in your bathroom?
    7. Will wars in space happen one day?
    8. How would you feel about visiting an alien civilization?
    9. What secrets could the rock have?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the astronomers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists believe there is a (1) ____ that aliens are listening to us on Earth. Astronomers from a program called Breakthrough Listen are (2) ____ about a giant, mysterious space object that has passed (3) ____ to our plant. Breakthrough Listen scientists search for evidence of civilizations beyond Earth. The scientists work at the University of Hawaii. They described the object (4) ____ an 800-meter-long, 80-meter-wide, cigar-shaped rock. Some scientists believe the rock has too many straight lines on it for it to be (5) ____ naturally. This suggests it could have been designed by some form of extra-terrestrial life. The scientists have (6) ____ the rock Oumuamua, which means 'first messenger' in the Hawaiian language.

    The astronomers first spotted Oumuamua in October. It was travelling at great (7) ____ through the solar system and passed Earth at about 85 times the distance to the Moon. This is just a hair's (8) ____ relative to the vast expanses of the universe. Oumuamua is the first object spotted in the solar system that appears to (9) ____ from another star system. The astronomers say its high speed of over 300,000 kph suggests it is outside the gravitational (10) ____ of the Sun and is instead travelling on its own (11) ____ that originated in another galaxy. The scientists said it was highly unlikely that Oumuamua was a sign that aliens exist, but the huge rock and its journey was a (12) ____ event that possibly offered new secrets.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     possible     (b)     possibility     (c)     possibles     (d)     possibilities    
    2. (a)     excitement     (b)     excited     (c)     excites     (d)     exciting    
    3. (a)     closed     (b)     closes     (c)     closeness     (d)     close    
    4. (a)     is     (b)     as     (c)     has     (d)     was    
    5. (a)     forms     (b)     formation     (c)     former     (d)     formed    
    6. (a)     dibbed     (b)     dabbed     (c)     dubbed     (d)     dabbled    
    7. (a)     speed     (b)     speedy     (c)     sped     (d)     speedway    
    8. (a)     broth     (b)     hearth     (c)     breadth     (d)     dearth    
    9. (a)     originally     (b)     origins     (c)     origin     (d)     originate    
    10. (a)     pull     (b)     push     (c)     drag     (d)     draw    
    11. (a)     path     (b)     alley     (c)     trail     (d)     avenue    
    12. (a)     unique     (b)     unify     (c)     union     (d)     unit

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. eranormsost from a program
    2. a giant, umtseysiro space object
    3. scientists search for ideneecv
    4. be formed aanutrlyl
    5. some form of extra-littersraer life
    6. scientists have bbdeud the rock Oumuamua

    Paragraph 2

    1. through the ralos system
    2. 85 times the icedtsan to the Moon
    3. relative to the vast eesxspna of the universe
    4. outside the itaaalrvntogi pull of the Sun
    5. its own path that aongeiidtr in another galaxy
    6. its journey was a unieuq event

    Put the text back together

    (    )     at the University of Hawaii. They described the object as an 800-meter-long, 80-meter-wide, cigar-shaped

    (    )     The astronomers first spotted Oumuamua in October. It was travelling at great speed through the solar

    (    )     exist, but the huge rock and its journey was a unique event that possibly offered new secrets.

    (    )     to our planet. Breakthrough Listen scientists search for evidence of civilizations beyond Earth. The scientists work

    (    )     rock. Some scientists believe the rock has too many straight lines on it for it to be formed

    1  )     Scientists believe there is a possibility that aliens are listening to us on Earth. Astronomers from a

    (    )     naturally. This suggests it could have been designed by some form of extra-terrestrial life. The scientists have

    (    )     dubbed the rock Oumuamua, which means 'first messenger' in the Hawaiian language.

    (    )     the vast expanses of the universe. Oumuamua is the first object spotted in the solar system that appears to originate

    (    )     program called Breakthrough Listen are excited about a giant, mysterious space object that has passed close

    (    )     in another galaxy. The scientists said it was highly unlikely that Oumuamua was a sign that aliens

    (    )     system and passed Earth at about 85 times the distance to the Moon. This is just a hair's breadth relative to

    (    )     from another star system. The astronomers say its high speed of over 300,000 kph suggests it is outside

    (    )     the gravitational pull of the Sun and is instead travelling on its own path that originated

    Put the words in the right order

    1. to   that   are   possibility   aliens   listening   A   us   .
    2. a   about   object   Excited   mysterious   space   ,   giant   .
    3. it   many   The   straight   rock   lines   has   on   too   .
    4. form   life   of   Designed   extra-   by   some   terrestrial   .
    5. rock   The   have   the   Oumuamua   scientists   dubbed   .
    6. through   speed   great   at   Travelling   system   solar   the   .
    7. About   Moon   the   to   distance   the   times   85   .
    8. of   expanses   vast   the   to   Relative   universe   the   .
    9. gravitational   It   pull   is   of   outside   the   the   Sun   .
    10. A   secrets   new   offered   possibly   that   event   unique   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists believe / belief there is a possibility that aliens are listening to us on Earth. Astronomers from a program called Breakthrough Listen are exciting / excited about a giant, mysterious space object that has past / passed close to our planet. Breakthrough Listen scientists searching / search for evidence of civilizations beneath / beyond Earth. The scientists work at the University of Hawaii. They described the / an object as an 800-meter-long, 80-meter-wide / width, cigar-shaped rock. Some scientists believe the rock has too many straight lines / line on it for it to be formed naturally. This suggests it could have been designed of / by some form of extra-terrestrial life. The scientists have dabbed / dubbed the rock Oumuamua, which means 'first messenger' in the Hawaiian language.

    The astronomers first spots / spotted Oumuamua in October. It was travelling at / on great speed through the solar system and passed Earth at about 85 times the / a distance to the Moon. This is just a hair's breadth / breed relative to the vast expanses of the universe. Oumuamua is the first object spotted in the polar / solar system that appears to originate from another star system. The astronomers say its high speed of over 300,000 kph suggests it is outside the gravitational push / pull of the Sun and is instead travelling / travel on its own path that originated in another galaxy. The scientists said it was highly / high unlikely that Oumuamua was a sign that aliens exist, but the huge rock and its journey was a uniquely / unique event that possibly offered new secrecy / secrets.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sc__nt_sts b_l__v_ th_r_ _s _ p_ss_b_l_ty th_t _l__ns _r_ l_st_n_ng t_ _s _n __rth. _str_n_m_rs fr_m _ pr_gr_m c_ll_d Br__kthr__gh L_st_n _r_ _xc_t_d _b__t _ g__nt, myst_r___s sp_c_ _bj_ct th_t h_s p_ss_d cl_s_ t_ __r pl_nt. Br__kthr__gh L_st_n sc__nt_sts s__rch f_r _v_d_nc_ _f c_v_l_z_t__ns b_y_nd __rth. Th_ sc__nt_sts w_rk _t th_ _n_v_rs_ty _f H_w___. Th_y d_scr_b_d th_ _bj_ct _s _n 800-m_t_r-l_ng, 80-m_t_r-w_d_, c_g_r-sh_p_d r_ck. S_m_ sc__nt_sts b_l__v_ th_ r_ck h_s t__ m_ny str__ght l_n_s _n _t f_r _t t_ b_ f_rm_d n_t_r_lly. Th_s s_gg_sts _t c__ld h_v_ b__n d_s_gn_d by s_m_ f_rm _f _xtr_-t_rr_str__l l_f_. Th_ sc__nt_sts h_v_ d_bb_d th_ r_ck __m__m__, wh_ch m__ns 'f_rst m_ss_ng_r' _n th_ H_w____n l_ng__g_.

    Th_ _str_n_m_rs f_rst sp_tt_d __m__m__ _n _ct_b_r. _t w_s tr_v_ll_ng _t gr__t sp__d thr__gh th_ s_l_r syst_m _nd p_ss_d __rth _t _b__t 85 t_m_s th_ d_st_nc_ t_ th_ M__n. Th_s _s j_st _ h__r's br__dth r_l_t_v_ t_ th_ v_st _xp_ns_s _f th_ _n_v_rs_. __m__m__ _s th_ f_rst _bj_ct sp_tt_d _n th_ s_l_r syst_m th_t _pp__rs t_ _r_g_n_t_ fr_m _n_th_r st_r syst_m. Th_ _str_n_m_rs s_y _ts h_gh sp__d _f _v_r 300,000 kph s_gg_sts _t _s __ts_d_ th_ gr_v_t_t__n_l p_ll _f th_ S_n _nd _s _nst__d tr_v_ll_ng _n _ts _wn p_th th_t _r_g_n_t_d _n _n_th_r g_l_xy. Th_ sc__nt_sts s__d _t w_s h_ghly _nl_k_ly th_t __m__m__ w_s _ s_gn th_t _l__ns _x_st, b_t th_ h_g_ r_ck _nd _ts j__rn_y w_s _ _n_q__ _v_nt th_t p_ss_bly _ff_r_d n_w s_cr_ts.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists believe there is a possibility that aliens are listening to us on earth astronomers from a program called breakthrough listen are excited about a giant mysterious space object that has passed close to our planet breakthrough listen scientists search for evidence of civilizations beyond earth the scientists work at the university of hawaii they described the object as an 800-meter-long 80-meter-wide cigar-shaped rock some scientists believe the rock has too many straight lines on it for it to be formed naturally this suggests it could have been designed by some form of extra-terrestrial life the scientists have dubbed the rock oumuamua which means 'first messenger' in the hawaiian language

    the astronomers first spotted oumuamua in october it was travelling at great speed through the solar system and passed earth at about 85 times the distance to the moon this is just a hair's breadth relative to the vast expanses of the universe oumuamua is the first object spotted in the solar system that appears to originate from another star system the astronomers say its high speed of over 300000 kph suggests it is outside the gravitational pull of the sun and is instead travelling on its own path that originated in another galaxy the scientists said it was highly unlikely that oumuamua was a sign that aliens exist but the huge rock and its journey was a unique event that possibly offered new secrets

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ScientistsbelievethereisapossibilitythataliensarelisteningtousonEar
    th.AstronomersfromaprogramcalledBreakthroughListenareexcited
    aboutagiant,mysteriousspaceobjectthathaspassedclosetoourplanet.
    BreakthroughListenscientistssearchforevidenceofcivilizationsbeyon
    dEarth.ThescientistsworkattheUniversityofHawaii.Theydescribedth
    eobjectasan800-meter-long,80-meter-wide,cigar-shapedrock.So
    mescientistsbelievetherockhastoomanystraightlinesonitforittobefo
    rmednaturally.Thissuggestsitcouldhavebeendesignedbysomeform
    ofextra-terrestriallife.ThescientistshavedubbedtherockOumuamua,
    whichmeans'firstmessenger'intheHawaiianlanguage.Theastronome
    rsfirstspottedOumuamuainOctober.Itwastravellingatgreatspeedthr
    oughthesolarsystemandpassedEarthatabout85timesthedistancetot
    heMoon.Thisisjustahair'sbreadthrelativetothevastexpansesoftheun
    iverse.Oumuamuaisthefirstobjectspottedinthesolarsystemthatapp
    earstooriginatefromanotherstarsystem.Theastronomerssayitshigh
    speedofover300,000kphsuggestsitisoutsidethegravitationalpullofth
    eSunandisinsteadtravellingonitsownpaththatoriginatedinanotherga
    laxy.ThescientistssaiditwashighlyunlikelythatOumuamuawasasignt
    hataliensexist,butthehugerockanditsjourneywasauniqueeventthat
    possiblyofferednewsecrets.

    Free writing

    Write about space object for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    How would our life change if aliens visited us? Would it be good or bad? Why?

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. SPACE OBJECTS: Make a poster about space objects. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. ALIENS: Write a magazine article about spending lots of money on research into alien life. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on aliens. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on what we should do if aliens visited us on Earth. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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