The Reading / Listening - Food & Mental Health - Level 6

Scientists have cast new light on the effects our diet has on our mental health. Researchers say what we eat affects and alters our brain chemistry up until the age of 30. They say this explains why older adults are more emotionally stable and resilient than under-30s. The research was conducted by a team led by Lina Begdache, a professor of health and wellness studies. Researchers said that while the link between our diet and diabetes, heart disease and obesity is well established, there is a paucity of research on the influence our dietary intake has on mental health. The researchers also suggested that mental well-being stimulated healthy eating, healthy practices, and exercising.



The research was carried out via an anonymous internet-based survey. It was sent through social media platforms to different professional and social group networks. Professor Begdache found that adults under 30 who ate fast food more than three times a week scored higher on levels of mental distress, anxiety and depression. She said that for adults over 30, the study found that eating less carbohydrates and more fruit reduced anxiety and depression. Begdache pointed to research showing how a Mediterranean diet was as good for our brain as for our body. She said: "It has all the components that are important for the healthy structure of the brain."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Food & Mental Health - Level 4  or  Food & Mental Health - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1028415X.2017.1411875
  • https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/dec/18/can-food-change-your-mood-mental-wellbeing
  • http://www.centralvalleybusinesstimes.com/stories/001/?ID=33817


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. FOOD AND MENTAL HEALTH: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about food and mental health. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       light / mental health / brain / chemistry / stable / team / obesity / influence / research
       anonymous / survey / professional / fast food / anxiety / carbohydrates / diet

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. WE ARE WHAT WE EAT: Students A strongly believe we are what we eat; Students B strongly believe that's not true.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. DIET: How would these diets affect our physical and mental health? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

Diet

Physical Health

Mental Health

Vegetarian

 

 

Fast food

 

 

Spicy food

 

 

Japanese food

 

 

Meat only

 

 

Fruit only

 

 

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ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
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5. BRAIN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "brain". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. FOOD: Rank these with your partner. Put the best food for our health at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • beef
  • fish
  • chocolate
  • rice
  • tofu
  • nuts
  • garlic
  • spinach

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

1.

cast

a.

Sane and sensible; not easily upset or disturbed.

2.

diet

b.

Able to withstand, cope with or recover quickly from difficult conditions.

3.

alters

c.

Thrown or put something somewhere.

4.

stable

d.

Encouraged the development of or increased activity in something.

5.

resilient

e.

The kinds of food that a person, animal, or community usually eats.

6.

paucity

f.

Changes or causes to change in character or form.

7.

stimulated

g.

The presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts.

    Paragraph 2

8.

via

h.

Smaller parts of a larger whole.

9.

anonymous

i.

By way of; through.

10.

distress

j.

Of a person not identified by name; of unknown name.

11.

anxiety

k.

Great sadness, usually felt over a period of time and accompanied by feelings of hopelessness and of not feeling good enough.

12.

depression

l.

A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, usually about an upcoming event.

13.

carbohydrates

m.

Extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.

14.

components

n.

A food group that includes sugars and starch. They are in food like rice, potatoes and pasta and give us energy.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists shone a light on people's diets.     T / F
  2. Researchers say the food under-30s eat changes their brain.     T / F
  3. A researcher said there is little research on our diet and mental health.    T / F
  4. The researcher suggested that being healthy encourages healthy eating. T / F
  5. The research was done on people the researchers never met.     T / F
  6. A survey was send via just one social network.     T / F
  7. The article said that people who ate faster were more depressed.     T / F
  8. A professor said the Mediterranean Diet was not good for mental health.  T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. cast
  2. alters
  3. stable
  4. paucity
  5. stimulated
  6. carried out
  7. survey
  8. anxiety
  9. components
  10. structure
  1. conducted
  2. well-balanced
  3. parts
  4. encouraged
  5. study
  6. spread
  7. formation
  8. shortage
  9. worry
  10. changes

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Scientists have cast new
  2. what we eat affects and alters
  3. adults are more
  4. diabetes, heart disease
  5. mental well-
  6. carried out via an anonymous
  7. It was sent through
  8. mental
  9. eating less
  10. as good for our brain
  1. emotionally stable
  2. carbohydrates
  3. being
  4. our brain chemistry
  5. internet-based survey
  6. distress
  7. light on the effects
  8. as for our body
  9. and obesity
  10. social media platforms

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
wellness
alters
practices
obesity
cast
intake
stable
paucity

Scientists have (1) ____________ new light on the effects our diet has on our mental health. Researchers say what we eat affects and (2) ____________ our brain chemistry up until the age of 30. They say this explains why older adults are more emotionally (3) ____________ and resilient than under-30s. The research was conducted by a team led by Lina Begdache, a professor of health and (4) ____________ studies. Researchers said that while the link between our diet and diabetes, heart disease and (5) ____________ is well established, there is a (6) ____________ of research on the influence our dietary (7) ____________ has on mental health. The researchers also suggested that mental well-being stimulated healthy eating, healthy (8) ____________, and exercising.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
pointed
scored
structure
anonymous
brain
anxiety
platforms
adults

The research was carried out via an (9) ____________ internet-based survey. It was sent through social media (10) ____________ to different professional and social group networks. Professor Begdache found that adults under 30 who ate fast food more than three times a week (11) ____________ higher on levels of mental distress, (12) ____________ and depression. She said that for (13) ____________ over 30, the study found that eating less carbohydrates and more fruit reduced anxiety and depression. Begdache (14) ____________ to research showing how a Mediterranean diet was as good for our (15) ____________ as for our body. She said: "It has all the components that are important for the healthy (16) ____________ of the brain."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Scientists have cast new light on the effects our diet has on ______
     a.  our mentally health
     b.  our meant all health
     c.  our meant all healthy
     d.  our mental health

2)  Researchers say what we eat affects and ______ chemistry
     a.  alters hour brains
     b.  alters our brain
     c.  alters our brainy
     d.  alters hour brain

3)  conducted by a team led by Lina Begdache, a professor of health and ______
     a.  wellness studies
     b.  well nest studious
     c.  wellness stud is
     d.  well nest studies

4)  diabetes, heart disease and obesity is well established, there is ______ research
     a.  a poor city of
     b.  a paucity of
     c.  a paw city of
     d.  a pore city of

5)  The researchers also suggested that mental well-being ______ eating
     a.  stimulated healthy
     b.  stimulates healthy
     c.  stimulating healthy
     d.  stimulation healthy

6)  The research was carried out via an anonymous ______ survey
     a.  internet-basted
     b.  internet-biased
     c.  internet-based
     d.  internet-braised

7)  sent through social media platforms to different professional and ______ networks
     a.  socially group
     b.  socialize group
     c.  socials group
     d.  social group

8)  scored higher on levels of mental distress, ______ depression
     a.  anxious tea and
     b.  and city end
     c.  and zoo city end
     d.  anxiety and

9)  eating less carbohydrates and more fruit reduced anxiety ______
     a.  end depression
     b.  and deep ration
     c.  and deep ration
     d.  and dip passion

10)  It has all the components that are important for the healthy ______ brain
     a.  structures of the
     b.  structural of the
     c.  structure of the
     d.  structured of the

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have cast new light (1) ___________________ our diet has on our mental health. Researchers say what we eat affects (2) ___________________ brain chemistry up until the age of 30. They say this explains why older adults are more emotionally stable (3) ___________________ under-30s. The research was conducted by a team led by Lina Begdache, a professor of health and wellness studies. Researchers said that (4) ___________________ between our diet and diabetes, heart disease and obesity is well established, there is a paucity of research on the influence our (5) ___________________ on mental health. The researchers also suggested that mental well-being stimulated healthy eating, (6) ___________________, and exercising.

The research was carried (7) ___________________ anonymous internet-based survey. It was sent through social (8) ___________________ to different professional and social group networks. Professor Begdache found that adults under 30 (9) ___________________ food more than three times a week scored higher on levels (10) ___________________, anxiety and depression. She said that for adults over 30, the study found that eating less carbohydrates and (11) ___________________ anxiety and depression. Begdache pointed to research showing how a Mediterranean diet was as good for our brain as for our body. She said: "It has all the components that are important for the healthy (12) ___________________ brain."

Comprehension questions

  1. What have researchers cast on the effects of our diet on mental health?
  2. Who did the article say was more emotionally stable and resilient?
  3. What is Lina Begdache a professor of besides health?
  4. What did the professor say about the link between diet and obesity?
  5. What did the researchers say stimulated healthy practices?
  6. How was the survey conducted?
  7. How often did adults eat fast food to increase levels of mental distress?
  8. What did over-30s eat less of to reduce depression?
  9. What diet did the professor suggest eating?
  10. What is a diet mentioned in the article important for?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What have researchers cast on the effects of our diet on mental health?
a) a net
b) the truth
c) a fishing line
d) new light

2) Who did the article say was more emotionally stable and resilient?
a) people under 30
b) people over 30
c) people over 60
d) teenagers

3) What is Lina Begdache a professor of besides health?
a) depression
b) nutrition
c) wellness
d) diet

4) What did the professor say about the link between diet and obesity?
a) it is well established
b) it was strong
c) it was breaking
d) it was tenuous

5) What did the researchers say stimulated healthy practices?
a) free time
b) food
c) mental well-being
d) anonymity

6) How was the survey conducted?
a) well
b) anonymously and online
c) quickly
d) on paper

7) How often did adults eat fast food to increase levels of mental distress?
a) once a month
b) every day
c) often
d) three times a week

8) What did over-30s eat less of to reduce depression?
a) carbohydrates
b) protein
c) meat
d) vegetables

9) What diet did the professor suggest eating?
a) a vegan diet
b) a carbohydrate diet
c) a Mediterranean diet
d) a vegetarian diet

10) What is a diet mentioned in the article important for?
a) babies
b) a healthy brain
c) physical fitness
d) food waste

Role play

Role  A – Chocolate

You think chocolate is the best food for our health. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their foods. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): garlic, chicken or spinach.

Role  B – Garlic

You think garlic is the best food for our health. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their foods. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): chocolate, chicken or spinach.

Role  C – Chicken

You think chicken is the best food for our health. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their foods. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): garlic, chocolate or spinach.

Role  D – Spinach

You think spinach is the best food for our health. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their foods. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why):  garlic, chicken or chocolate.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'diet'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'health'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • via
    • group
    • fast
    • less
    • pointed
    • important
    • cast
    • until
    • under
    • led
    • while
    • practices




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - You are what you eat, say scientists

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'diet'?
    3. How healthy is your diet?
    4. Do you eat any food to keep your brain healthy?
    5. What do you know about the brain?
    6. Are the under-30s less emotionally stable than the over-30s?
    7. How does lots of cola and coffee affect our brain and mood?
    8. Why is their so little research on diet and mental health?
    9. Do mentally-well people have healthier lives?
    10. Will you change what you eat from now on?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'health'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Are you what you eat?
    5. What do you eat that might affect your mental health?
    6. How might fast food affect out mental well-being?
    7. What could you eat less or more of to reduce depression?
    8. What do you know about the Mediterranean diet?
    9. What kind of diet is best for our mental health?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists have (1) ____ new light on the effects our diet has on our mental health. Researchers say what we eat affects and (2) ____ our brain chemistry up until the age of 30. They say this explains why older adults are more (3) ____ stable and resilient than under-30s. The research was conducted by a team (4) ____ by Lina Begdache, a professor of health and wellness studies. Researchers said that while the link between our diet and diabetes, heart disease and obesity is (5) ____ established, there is a paucity (6) ____ research on the influence our dietary intake has on mental health. The researchers also suggested that mental well-being stimulated healthy eating, healthy practices, and exercising.

    The research was carried out (7) ____ an anonymous internet-based survey. It was sent through social media platforms to different professional and social group networks. Professor Begdache found that adults under 30 (8) ____ ate fast food more than three times a week scored higher on levels of mental distress, anxiety and (9) ____. She said that for adults over 30, the study found that eating less carbohydrates and more fruit (10) ____ anxiety and depression. Begdache pointed to research showing how a Mediterranean diet was as good for our brain (11) ____ for our body. She said: "It has all the (12) ____ that are important for the healthy structure of the brain."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     caste     (b)     cast     (c)     aghast     (d)     crates    
    2. (a)     altars     (b)     alters     (c)     altos     (d)     antlers    
    3. (a)     emotive     (b)     emotion     (c)     emotions     (d)     emotionally    
    4. (a)     fed     (b)     led     (c)     wed     (d)     bed    
    5. (a)     many     (b)     nice     (c)     good     (d)     well    
    6. (a)     at     (b)     to     (c)     of     (d)     by    
    7. (a)     via     (b)     viva     (c)     vial     (d)     visa    
    8. (a)     whom     (b)     whoever     (c)     who     (d)     whosoever    
    9. (a)     depressing     (b)     depressed     (c)     depressive     (d)     depression    
    10. (a)     reduced     (b)     less     (c)     smaller     (d)     lower    
    11. (a)     as     (b)     is     (c)     has     (d)     was    
    12. (a)     components     (b)     competence     (c)     complaints     (d)     compartments

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. affects and alters our brain shtemriyc
    2. emotionally stable and resltneii
    3. diabetes, heart disease and yoesbti
    4. a paucity of research on the eleifcunn
    5. our tyrdiea intake
    6. iaedlmtust healthy eating

    Paragraph 2

    1. via an smonynoau internet-based survey
    2. social media rlmsatfop
    3. mental distress, aixenty and depression
    4. eating less basoeydrtcrha
    5. the noemspncot that are important
    6. the healthy rruutstec of the brain

    Put the text back together

    (    )     intake has on mental health. The researchers also suggested that mental well-

    (    )     being stimulated healthy eating, healthy practices, and exercising.

    (    )     alters our brain chemistry up until the age of 30. They say this explains why older adults are more emotionally

    (    )     of health and wellness studies. Researchers said that while the link between our diet and diabetes, heart disease

    (    )     the components that are important for the healthy structure of the brain."

    (    )     carbohydrates and more fruit reduced anxiety and depression. Begdache pointed to research showing

    (    )     under 30 who ate fast food more than three times a week scored higher on levels of mental distress, anxiety

    1  )     Scientists have cast new light on the effects our diet has on our mental health. Researchers say what we eat affects and

    (    )     and depression. She said that for adults over 30, the study found that eating less

    (    )     stable and resilient than under-30s. The research was conducted by a team led by Lina Begdache, a professor

    (    )     how a Mediterranean diet was as good for our brain as for our body. She said: "It has all

    (    )     The research was carried out via an anonymous internet-based survey. It was sent through social media

    (    )     and obesity is well established, there is a paucity of research on the influence our dietary

    (    )     platforms to different professional and social group networks. Professor Begdache found that adults

    Put the words in the right order

    1. effects   new   cast   have   Scientists   on   light   the   .
    2. eat   our   chemistry   we   alters   brain   What   .
    3. are   emotionally   Why   adults   more   stable   older   .
    4. dietary   health   intake   The   has   influence   on   our   mental   .
    5. healthy   stimulated   Suggested   mental   that   well-being   eating   .
    6. an   out   survey   anonymous   via   Carried   based   internet-   .
    7. who   under   often   food   ate   30   Adults   more   fast   .
    8. anxiety   carbohydrates   more   reduced   Less   and   fruit   .
    9. how   as   a   good   Mediterranean   Research   diet   showing   was   .
    10. structure   healthy   the   for   Important   brain   the   of   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists have cast / caste new light on the effects our diet has on our mental health. Researchers say what we eat effects / affects and alters our brain chemistry up until / by the age of 30. They say this explains why older adults are more emotionally stable / stability and resilient than under-30s. The research was conducted by a team leader / led by Lina Begdache, a professor of health and wellness studies / studious. Researchers said that while the link among / between our diet and diabetes, heart disease and obesity is well established, there is a publicity / paucity of research on the influence our dietary intake has on mentally / mental health. The researchers also suggested that mental well-being stimulated healthy eating, healthy practices, and exercising / exercised.

    The research was carried in / out via an anonymous internet-based survey. It was sent though / through social media platforms to different / difference professional and social group networks. Professor Begdache found that adults under 30 who ate faster / fast food more than three times a week scored higher on / to levels of mental distress, anxiety / anxious and depression. She said that for adults over / higher 30, the study found that eating less carbohydrates and more fruit reduced anxiety and depression. Begdache pointed / pointing to research showing how a Mediterranean diet was as well / good for our brain as for our body. She said: "It has all the components / competence that are important for the healthy structure of the brain."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sc__nt_sts h_v_ c_st n_w l_ght _n th_ _ff_cts __r d__t h_s _n __r m_nt_l h__lth. R_s__rch_rs s_y wh_t w_ __t _ff_cts _nd _lt_rs __r br__n ch_m_stry _p _nt_l th_ _g_ _f 30. Th_y s_y th_s _xpl__ns why _ld_r _d_lts _r_ m_r_ _m_t__n_lly st_bl_ _nd r_s_l__nt th_n _nd_r-30s. Th_ r_s__rch w_s c_nd_ct_d by _ t__m l_d by L_n_ B_gd_ch_, _ pr_f_ss_r _f h__lth _nd w_lln_ss st_d__s. R_s__rch_rs s__d th_t wh_l_ th_ l_nk b_tw__n __r d__t _nd d__b_t_s, h__rt d_s__s_ _nd _b_s_ty _s w_ll _st_bl_sh_d, th_r_ _s _ p__c_ty _f r_s__rch _n th_ _nfl__nc_ __r d__t_ry _nt_k_ h_s _n m_nt_l h__lth. Th_ r_s__rch_rs _ls_ s_gg_st_d th_t m_nt_l w_ll-b__ng st_m_l_t_d h__lthy __t_ng, h__lthy pr_ct_c_s, _nd _x_rc_s_ng.

    Th_ r_s__rch w_s c_rr__d __t v__ _n _n_nym__s _nt_rn_t-b_s_d s_rv_y. _t w_s s_nt thr__gh s_c__l m_d__ pl_tf_rms t_ d_ff_r_nt pr_f_ss__n_l _nd s_c__l gr__p n_tw_rks. Pr_f_ss_r B_gd_ch_ f__nd th_t _d_lts _nd_r 30 wh_ _t_ f_st f__d m_r_ th_n thr__ t_m_s _ w__k sc_r_d h_gh_r _n l_v_ls _f m_nt_l d_str_ss, _nx__ty _nd d_pr_ss__n. Sh_ s__d th_t f_r _d_lts _v_r 30, th_ st_dy f__nd th_t __t_ng l_ss c_rb_hydr_t_s _nd m_r_ fr__t r_d_c_d _nx__ty _nd d_pr_ss__n. B_gd_ch_ p__nt_d t_ r_s__rch sh_w_ng h_w _ M_d_t_rr_n__n d__t w_s _s g__d f_r __r br__n _s f_r __r b_dy. Sh_ s__d: "_t h_s _ll th_ c_mp_n_nts th_t _r_ _mp_rt_nt f_r th_ h__lthy str_ct_r_ _f th_ br__n."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists have cast new light on the effects our diet has on our mental health. researchers say what we eat affects and alters our brain chemistry up until the age of 30. they say this explains why older adults are more emotionally stable and resilient than under-30s. the research was conducted by a team led by lina begdache, a professor of health and wellness studies. researchers said that while the link between our diet and diabetes, heart disease and obesity is well established, there is a paucity of research on the influence our dietary intake has on mental health. the researchers also suggested that mental well-being stimulated healthy eating, healthy practices, and exercising.

    the research was carried out via an anonymous internet-based survey. it was sent through social media platforms to different professional and social group networks. professor begdache found that adults under 30 who ate fast food more than three times a week scored higher on levels of mental distress, anxiety and depression. she said that for adults over 30, the study found that eating less carbohydrates and more fruit reduced anxiety and depression. begdache pointed to research showing how a mediterranean diet was as good for our brain as for our body. she said: "it has all the components that are important for the healthy structure of the brain."

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistshavecastnewlightontheeffectsourdiethasonourmentalhea
    lth.Researcherssaywhatweeataffectsandaltersourbrainchemistryup
    untiltheageof30.Theysaythisexplainswhyolderadultsaremoreemoti
    onallystableandresilientthanunder-30s.Theresearchwasconducte
    dbyateamledbyLinaBegdache,aprofessorofhealthandwellnessstudi
    es.Researcherssaidthatwhilethelinkbetweenourdietanddiabetes,he
    artdiseaseandobesityiswellestablished,thereisapaucityofresearcho
    ntheinfluenceourdietaryintakehasonmentalhealth.Theresearchersa
    lsosuggestedthatmentalwell-beingstimulatedhealthyeating,healt
    hypractices,andexercising.Theresearchwascarriedoutviaananonym
    ousinternet-basedsurvey.Itwassentthroughsocialmediaplatformst
    odifferentprofessionalandsocialgroupnetworks.ProfessorBegdachef
    oundthatadultsunder30whoatefastfoodmorethanthreetimesaweek
    scoredhigheronlevelsofmentaldistress,anxietyanddepression.Shes
    aidthatforadultsover30,thestudyfoundthateatinglesscarbohydrates
    andmorefruitreducedanxietyanddepression.Begdachepointedtores
    earchshowinghowaMediterraneandietwasasgoodforourbrainasforo
    urbody.Shesaid:"Ithasallthecomponentsthatareimportantforthehe
    althystructureofthebrain."

    Free writing

    Write about food for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Scientists say we are what we eat. Do you agree or disagree? Why?

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. FOOD AND MENTAL HEALTH: Make a poster about food and mental health. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. WE ARE WHAT WE EAT: Write a magazine article about food and mental health. Include imaginary interviews with people who believe this and with people who do not believe it.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on food and mental health. Ask him/her three questions about food and mental health. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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