The Reading / Listening - Food & Mental Health - Level 4

Scientists have looked at how our diet changes our mental health. What we eat affects our brain until we are 30. This explains why older adults are more emotionally stable. The lead researcher was a professor of health and wellness studies. She said people knew that diet affected diabetes, heart disease and obesity, but not that it affected our mental health. She suggested that mental well-being led to healthy eating and exercising.



The research was carried out anonymously. A survey was sent via professional and social networks. Researchers found that adults under 30 who ate fast food more than three times a week had higher levels of anxiety and depression. For adults over 30, eating less carbohydrates and more fruit reduced these conditions. The researchers said a Mediterranean diet was as good for our brain as for our body. It has things that are important for a healthy brain.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Food & Mental Health - Level 5 or  Food & Mental Health - Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1028415X.2017.1411875
  • https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/dec/18/can-food-change-your-mood-mental-wellbeing
  • http://www.centralvalleybusinesstimes.com/stories/001/?ID=33817


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. how our diet changes our
  2. What we eat affects our brain
  3. older adults are more
  4. health and wellness
  5. people knew that diet affected
  6. heart disease
  7. mental well-
  8. healthy eating and
  1. being
  2. studies
  3. and obesity
  4. exercising
  5. emotionally stable
  6. mental health
  7. diabetes
  8. until we are 30

Paragraph 2

  1. The research was carried
  2. professional and
  3. adults under 30 who
  4. more than three
  5. higher levels of anxiety
  6. eating less
  7. as good for our brain
  8. important for a healthy
  1. ate fast food
  2. carbohydrates
  3. and depression
  4. social networks
  5. as for our body
  6. out anonymously
  7. brain
  8. times a week

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have looked (1) ___________________ diet changes our mental health. What we eat affects our brain (2) ___________________ 30. This (3) ___________________ adults are more emotionally stable. The lead researcher (4) ___________________ of health and wellness studies. She said people (5) ___________________ affected diabetes, heart disease and obesity, but not that it affected our mental health. She suggested that mental well-being (6) ___________________ eating and exercising.

The research (7) ___________________ anonymously. A survey was sent via professional and social networks. Researchers (8) __________________ under 30 (9) ___________________ food more than three times a week had higher levels (10) ___________________ depression. For adults over 30, eating less carbohydrates and more (11) ___________________ conditions. The researchers said a Mediterranean diet was as good for our brain as for our body. It has (12) ___________________ important for a healthy brain.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Scientistshavelookedathowourdietchangesourmentalhealth.Whatw
eeataffectsourbrainuntilweare30.Thisexplainswhyolderadultsarem
oreemotionallystable.Theleadresearcherwasaprofessorofhealthand
wellnessstudies.Shesaidpeopleknewthatdietaffecteddiabetes,heart
diseaseandobesity,butnotthatitaffectedourmentalhealth.Shesugge
stedthatmentalwell-beingledtohealthyeatingandexercising.Therese
archwascarriedoutanonymously.Asurveywassentviaprofessionalan
dsocialnetworks.Researchersfoundthatadultsunder30whoatefastfo
odmorethanthreetimesaweekhadhigherlevelsofanxietyanddepressi
on.Foradultsover30,eatinglesscarbohydratesandmorefruitreducedt
heseconditions.TheresearcherssaidaMediterraneandietwasasgoodf
orourbrainasforourbody.Ithasthingsthatareimportantforahealthybr
ain.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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