The Reading / Listening - Smells - Level 5

Scientists have found why smells recall feelings of nostalgia and distant memories. The scientists say an area of the brain assigns memories to smells and stores them for decades. The area can recall the memories with great clarity years later if a person smells the odour again. Professor Christina Strauch said smells are stored in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory means anything related to our sense of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporarily store olfactory memories. We wanted to know if that applies to long-term memories as well."



There are many smells that can take us back to our childhood. Smells from cookies in the oven or the perfume of an elderly aunt can bring back memories of growing up. Professor Strauch said some smells can take you away to another point in time. Some odours can make you wish you were back in the past, or make you want to escape. Some smells have a positive or a negative association. Smells can even encourage you to buy things in stores. Many stores spray fragrances in stores to evoke nostalgic memories. This can make people buy things they loved years ago.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Smells - Level 4 or  Smells - Level 6

Sources
  • http://www.thehealthsite.com/news/heres-why-some-scents-get-imprinted-in-your-memory-ag1217/
  • https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-athletes-way/201712/how-do-nostalgic-scents-get-woven-long-term-memories
  • http://www.myrepublica.com/news/33193/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. recall feelings of
  2. the brain assigns memories to
  3. stores them for
  4. recall the memories with great
  5. if a person smells the odour
  6. anything related to our sense
  7. We wanted to
  8. that applies to long-term
  1. of smell
  2. know
  3. nostalgia
  4. memories as well
  5. decades
  6. again
  7. smells
  8. clarity

Paragraph 2

  1. Smells from cookies
  2. take you away to another
  3. make you wish you were
  4. make you want
  5. a positive or a negative
  6. spray
  7. evoke nostalgic
  8. buy things they loved
  1. association
  2. memories
  3. point in time
  4. years ago
  5. back in the past
  6. to escape
  7. in the oven
  8. fragrances

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have found why smells (1) ___________________ of nostalgia and distant memories. The scientists say an area of the brain (2) ___________________ to smells and stores them for decades. The area can recall the memories with (3) ___________________ years later if a person smells the odour again. Professor Christina Strauch said smells are stored in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory means (4) ___________________ to our sense of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to (5) ___________________ olfactory memories. We wanted to know if that applies to (6) ___________________ as well."

There are many smells that can take us back (7) ___________________. Smells from cookies in the oven or (8) ___________________ an elderly aunt can bring back memories of growing up. Professor Strauch said some smells can take you away to another (9) ___________________. Some odours can make you wish you were back in the past, or make you (10) ___________________. Some smells have a positive or a negative association. Smells can even encourage you to buy things in stores. Many stores spray fragrances in stores to (11) ___________________ memories. This can make people buy things they (12) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Scientistshavefoundwhysmellsrecallfeelingsofnostalgiaanddistant
memories.Thescientistssayanareaofthebrainassignsmemoriestosm
ellsandstoresthemfordecades.Theareacanrecallthememorieswithgr
eatclarityyearslaterifapersonsmellstheodouragain.ProfessorChristi
naStrauchsaidsmellsarestoredintheolfactorybrain.Thewordolfactor
ymeansanythingrelatedtooursenseofsmell.Shesaid:"Itisknownthat
thepiriformcortexisabletotemporarilystoreolfactorymemories.Wew
antedtoknowifthatappliestolong-termmemoriesaswell."Therearem
anysmellsthatcantakeusbacktoourchildhood.Smellsfromcookiesint
heovenortheperfumeofanelderlyauntcanbringbackmemoriesofgrow
ingup.ProfessorStrauchsaidsomesmellscantakeyouawaytoanother
pointintime.Someodourscanmakeyouwishyouwerebackinthepast,o
rmakeyouwanttoescape.Somesmellshaveapositiveoranegativeasso
ciation.Smellscanevenencourageyoutobuythingsinstores.Manystor
essprayfragrancesinstorestoevokenostalgicmemories.Thiscanmak
epeoplebuythingstheylovedyearsago.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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