The Reading / Listening - Smells - Level 6

Scientists have found out why certain smells recall feelings of nostalgia and can recall distant memories. The scientists say an area of the brain is responsible for assigning memories to smells and for storing them for decades. The area can instantly recall the memories with great clarity years later if a person encounters the smell again. Christina Strauch, from the Ruhr University in Germany, said smells are stored in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory means anything related to the sense of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporarily store olfactory memories. We wanted to know if that applies to long-term memories as well."



There are a multitude of scents that can transport us back to our childhood. Smells from cookies baking in the oven or the perfume of an elderly aunt can bring back surprising recollections of growing up. Professor Strauch said certain scents can take you away to another point in time. Strauch said some odours can make you wish you were actually back in a certain point of time, or make you want to escape. She said it depends on whether or not the smell has a positive or negative association. Aromatherapists partly depend on this for their patients. Smells can even encourage you to buy things in stores. Many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to evoke nostalgic memories to buy things they loved years ago.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Smells - Level 4  or  Smells - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.thehealthsite.com/news/heres-why-some-scents-get-imprinted-in-your-memory-ag1217/
  • https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-athletes-way/201712/how-do-nostalgic-scents-get-woven-long-term-memories
  • http://www.myrepublica.com/news/33193/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SMELLS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about smells. Change partners often and share your findings.

2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?

       scientists / smells / nostalgia / memories / clarity / brain / temporarily / long term /
       transport / childhood / aunt / growing up / positive / negative / shoppers / years ago

Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.

3. SENSE OF SMELL: Students A strongly believe the sense of smell is one of the most important senses; Students B strongly believe it isn't so important.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.

4. MEMORIES: What are your memories of these things? Complete this table and share what you wrote with your partner(s). Change partners often.

Memory

Good or bad?

Why?

Being four

 

 

A first toy

 

 

A first holiday

 

 

A great meal

 

 

A bad day

 

 

A good English lesson

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. BRAIN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "brain". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.

6. SMELLS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best smells at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • vanilla
  • freshly baked bread
  • forests
  • the sea
  • perfume
  • coffee
  • cinnamon
  • cotton candy

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. recall a. Far away in space or time.
      2. nostalgia b. Unexpectedly meets.
      3. distant c. Bring a fact, event, or situation back into one's mind, especially to tell it to others; remember.
      4. assigning d. A sentimental (emotional) longing or affection for the past and the good times in the past.
      5. clarity e. Appointing someone to a particular job, task, or organization.
      6. encounters f. The quality of being clear.
      7. sense g. A physical ability by which the body understands a happening; one of the faculties of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch.

    Paragraph 2

            8. multitude h. A physical or mental connection between things.
            9. scents i. A large number of something.
            10. recollections j. Needs or requires for financial or other support.
            11. depends k. Give support, confidence, or hope to someone.
            12. association l. Distinctive smells, especially nice ones; perfumes.
            13. encourage m. Bring something into one's mind.
            14. evoke n. The action or faculty of remembering something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists know nothing about the link between smells and memories.     T / F
  2. The brain stores memories associated with smells for decades.     T / F
  3. The researcher is from a university in Germany.     T / F
  4. The researcher wants to know how the brain stores long-term memories.   T / F
  5. The article says there are many smells that remind us of our childhood.   T / F
  6. Odours never make you wish you were back in a moment in time.     T / F
  7. Aromatherapists don't rely on smells with their patients.     T / F
  8. The article says stores use fragrances to make shoppers walk faster.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. certain
  2. recall
  3. instantly
  4. encounters
  5. temporarily
  6. multitude
  7. scents
  8. escape
  9. association
  10. evoke
  1. large number
  2. meets
  3. briefly
  4. connection
  5. remember
  6. break free
  7. bring to mind
  8. particular
  9. aromas
  10. immediately

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. certain smells recall feelings
  2. recall distant
  3. storing them
  4. anything related to the sense of
  5. that applies to long-
  6. a multitude of scents that can
  7. Smells from cookies
  8. take you away to another
  9. Aromatherapists partly depend on this
  10. evoke
  1. smell
  2. for decades
  3. for their patients
  4. transport us back
  5. memories
  6. point in time
  7. of nostalgia
  8. nostalgic memories
  9. term memories as well
  10. baking in the oven

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
recall
clarity
term
certain
sense
instantly
assigning
stored

Scientists have found out why (1) ____________ smells recall feelings of nostalgia and can (2) ____________ distant memories. The scientists say an area of the brain is responsible for (3) ____________ memories to smells and for storing them for decades. The area can (4) ____________ recall the memories with great (5) ____________ years later if a person encounters the smell again. Christina Strauch, from the Ruhr University in Germany, said smells are (6) ____________ in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory means anything related to the (7) ____________ of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporarily store olfactory memories. We wanted to know if that applies to long-(8) ____________ memories as well."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
scents
association
point
nostalgic
multitude
encourage
perfume
escape

There are a (9) ____________ of scents that can transport us back to our childhood. Smells from cookies baking in the oven or the (10) ____________ of an elderly aunt can bring back surprising recollections of growing up. Professor Strauch said certain (11) ____________ can take you away to another (12) ____________ in time. Strauch said some odours can make you wish you were actually back in a certain point of time, or make you want to (13) ____________. She said it depends on whether or not the smell has a positive or negative (14) ____________. Aromatherapists partly depend on this for their patients. Smells can even (15) ____________ you to buy things in stores. Many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to evoke (16) ____________ memories to buy things they loved years ago.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Scientists have found out why certain smells recall feelings ______
     a.  of nostalgic
     b.  off nostalgia
     c.  off nostalgic
     d.  of nostalgia

2)  responsible for assigning memories to smells and for storing ______
     a.  them for decadence
     b.  them for decants
     c.  them for decades
     d.  them for deck aids

3)  The area can instantly recall the memories with great ______ later
     a.  charity years
     b.  clarity years
     c.  clarify years
     d.  chastity years

4)  The word olfactory means anything related to the ______
     a.  scents of smell
     b.  cents of smell
     c.  sense of smell
     d.  seance of smell

5)  We wanted to know if that applies to long-term ______
     a.  memorise as well
     b.  memories as well
     c.  memory sass well
     d.  memories sass well

6)  There are a multitude of scents that can transport us back ______
     a.  to your childhood
     b.  to hour childhood
     c.  tour childhood
     d.  to our childhood

7)  Smells from cookies baking in the oven ______
     a.  or the perfumed
     b.  or the perfumery
     c.  or the perfume
     d.  or the purr fume

8)  Professor Strauch said certain scents can take you away to another ______
     a.  point tin time
     b.  pointing time
     c.  point timing
     d.  point in time

9)  She said it depends on whether or not the smell has a positive or ______
     a.  negative association
     b.  negatively association
     c.  negatives association
     d.  negative associations

10)  Many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to ______ memories
     a.  revoke nostalgic
     b.  invoke nostalgic
     c.  evoke nostalgic
     d.  folk nostalgic

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have found out why (1) ___________________ feelings of nostalgia and can recall distant memories. The scientists say an area of the brain is responsible (2) ___________________ memories to smells and for storing them for decades. The (3) ___________________ recall the memories with (4) ___________________ later if a person encounters the smell again. Christina Strauch, from the Ruhr University in Germany, said smells are stored in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory (5) ___________________ to the sense of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporarily store olfactory memories. We wanted to know if that applies to long-term (6) ___________________."

There (7) ___________________ of scents that can transport us back to our childhood. Smells from cookies baking in the oven or the perfume of an (8) ___________________ bring back surprising recollections of growing up. Professor Strauch said certain scents can take you (9) ___________________ point in time. Strauch said some odours can make you wish you were actually back in a certain (10) ___________________, or make you want to escape. She said it depends on whether or not the smell has a positive or negative association. Aromatherapists (11) ___________________ this for their patients. Smells can even encourage you to buy things in stores. Many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to (12) ___________________ memories to buy things they loved years ago.

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of feelings did the article say smells could recall?
  2. For how long could the brain store memories associated with smells?
  3. What part of the brain did the researchers look at regarding smells?
  4. For how long can the piriform cortex store memories of smell?
  5. What kind of memories did a researcher say she wanted to know about?
  6. Where did the article say smells could transport us back to?
  7. Whose perfume did the article say could remind us of growing up?
  8. What did the article say some smells make you want to do?
  9. Who relies on smells for their patients?
  10. Who do stores introduce fragrances to?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What kind of feelings did the article say smells could recall?
a) nostalgic feelings
b) boredom
c) bad feelings
d) cold feelings

2) For how long could the brain store memories associated with smells?
a) years
b) generations
c) decades
d) months

3) What part of the brain did the researchers look at regarding smells?
a) the hidden brain
b) the olfactory brain
c) the left side
d) the hippocampus

4) For how long can the piriform cortex store memories of smell?
a) indefinitely
b) for two shakes of a lamb's tail
c) for a little while
d) temporarily

5) What kind of memories did a researcher say she wanted to know about?
a) long-term memories
b) childhood memories
c) scary memories
d) memories of school

6) Where did the article say smells could transport us back to?
a) a galaxy far, far away
b) our birth place
c) our inner being
d) our childhood

7) Whose perfume did the article say could remind us of growing up?
a) a big sister's
b) an elderly aunt
c) a teacher's
d) Chanel's

8) What did the article say some smells make you want to do?
a) eat
b) dance
c) sleep
d) escape

9) Who relies on smells for their patients?
a) dentists
b) neurologists
c) aromatherapists
d) nutritionists

10) Who do stores introduce fragrances to?
a) Chanel
b) shoppers
c) children
d) store managers

Role play

Role  A – Freshly Baked Bread

You think freshly baked bread is the best smell. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their smells aren't as nice. Also, tell the others which is the least nice of these (and why): perfume, coffee or the countryside.

Role  B – Perfume

You think perfume is the best smell. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their smells aren't as nice. Also, tell the others which is the least nice of these (and why): freshly baked bread, coffee or the countryside.

Role  C – Coffee

You think coffee is the best smell. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their smells aren't as nice. Also, tell the others which is the least nice of these (and why): perfume, freshly baked bread or the countryside.

Role  D – The Countryside

You think the countryside is the best smell. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their smells aren't as nice. Also, tell the others which is the least nice of these (and why): perfume, coffee or freshly baked bread.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'smell'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'memory'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • back
    • surprising
    • another
    • positive
    • depend
    • ago
    • feelings
    • area
    • clarity
    • stored
    • sense
    • well




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Certain smells take you back to your childhood

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'smell'?
    3. What are your favourite smells, and why?
    4. What do you think of perfume?
    5. What smells can you recollect from your childhood?
    6. How often do you get nostalgic about the past?
    7. What smells can you remember of your elementary school?
    8. Why is the sense of smell important?
    9. Do you have a good memory?
    10. What's your earliest memory?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'memory'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Which is better - the smell of baking bread or brewing coffee?
    5. What's the worst smell in the world?
    6. Which is worse – body odour or bad breath?
    7. What point in time would you like to go back to?
    8. What do you think of aromatherapy?
    9. What smell would people associate with you?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists have found out why (1) ____ smells recall feelings of nostalgia and can recall (2) ____ memories. The scientists say an area of the brain is responsible for (3) ____ memories to smells and for storing them for decades. The area can instantly recall the memories with great (4) ____ years later if a person encounters the smell again. Christina Strauch, from the Ruhr University in Germany, said smells are stored in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory means anything (5) ____ to the sense of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporarily store olfactory memories. We wanted to know if that (6) ____ to long-term memories as well."

    There are a (7) ____ of scents that can (8) ____ us back to our childhood. Smells from cookies baking in the oven or the perfume of an elderly aunt can bring back surprising recollections of growing up. Professor Strauch said certain scents can take you away to another (9) ____ in time. Strauch said some odours can make you wish you were actually back in a certain point of time, or make you want to escape. She said it depends (10) ____ whether or not the smell has a positive or negative (11) ____. Aromatherapists partly depend on this for their patients. Smells can even encourage you to buy things in stores. Many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to (12) ____ nostalgic memories to buy things they loved years ago.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     cretin     (b)     curtain     (c)     certain     (d)     curtail    
    2. (a)     distant     (b)     distantly     (c)     distance     (d)     distanced    
    3. (a)     assigning     (b)     resigning     (c)     insignia     (d)     signature    
    4. (a)     clarity     (b)     clear     (c)     gravity     (d)     grave    
    5. (a)     relates     (b)     related     (c)     relation     (d)     relationship    
    6. (a)     complies     (b)     supplies     (c)     replies     (d)     applies    
    7. (a)     multiplex     (b)     multiply     (c)     multitude     (d)     multifarious    
    8. (a)     conveyance     (b)     mode     (c)     vehicle     (d)     transport    
    9. (a)     point     (b)     print     (c)     pant     (d)     punt    
    10. (a)     in     (b)     on     (c)     of     (d)     by    
    11. (a)     associates     (b)     association     (c)     associating     (d)     associate    
    12. (a)     revoke     (b)     rebuke     (c)     evoke     (d)     avow

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. feelings of tlnasogai
    2. storing them for aesdced
    3. tslitnayn recall the memories
    4. if a person neectounrs the smell again
    5. rleamptiory store olfactory memories
    6. We wanted to know if that elisppa

    Paragraph 2

    1. a eulidumtt of scents
    2. the perfume of an eyerldl aunt
    3. back in a rtaniec point of time
    4. a positive or negative onaicistsoa
    5. depend on this for their etpsaitn
    6. stores introduce feaagsrrcn to shoppers

    Put the text back together

    (    )     memories. The scientists say an area of the brain is responsible for assigning memories to smells and for storing

    1  )     Scientists have found out why certain smells recall feelings of nostalgia and can recall distant

    (    )     up. Professor Strauch said certain scents can take you away to another point

    (    )     them for decades. The area can instantly recall the memories with great clarity years later if a person

    (    )     you want to escape. She said it depends on whether or not the smell has a positive or negative

    (    )     of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporarily store olfactory

    (    )     stores. Many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to evoke nostalgic memories to buy things they loved years ago.

    (    )     encounters the smell again. Christina Strauch, from the Ruhr University in Germany, said smells are

    (    )     in time. Strauch said some odours can make you wish you were actually back in a certain point of time, or make

    (    )     stored in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory means anything related to the sense

    (    )     association. Aromatherapists partly depend on this for their patients. Smells can even encourage you to buy things in

    (    )     There are a multitude of scents that can transport us back to our childhood. Smells from cookies baking

    (    )     memories. We wanted to know if that applies to long-term memories as well."

    (    )     in the oven or the perfume of an elderly aunt can bring back surprising recollections of growing

    Put the words in the right order

    1. feelings   nostalgia   certain   recall   of   Why   smells   .
    2. of   Scientists   the   say   brain   an   is   area   responsible   .
    3. clarity   recall   memories   great   Instantly   the   with   .
    4. Anything   to   sense   smell   related   the   of   .
    5. That   applies   memories   to   as   long-term   well   .
    6. transport   childhood   us   Scents   back   that   to   can   our   .
    7. oven   from   baking   the   Smells   cookies   in   .
    8. point   Scents   you   another   time   take   to   in   can   away   .
    9. patients   their   for   this   on   depend   partly   Aromatherapists   .
    10. can   Smells   things   buy   to   you   encourage   even   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists have found out why / what certain smells recall feelings of nostalgia and can recall distance / distant memories. The scientists say an area of the brain is responsibility / responsible for assigning memories to smells and for storage / storing them for decades. The area can instantly / instance recall the memories with great clear / clarity years later if a person encounters the smell again. Christina Strauch, from the Ruhr University in Germany, said smells are / be stored in the olfactory brain. The word olfactory means anything related / relation to the sense of smell. She said: "It is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporary / temporarily store olfactory memories. We wanted to know if that applicable / applies to long-term memories as well."

    There are a multiple / multitude of scents that can transport us back / forward to our childhood. Smells from cookies baking in / on the oven or the perfume of an elderly aunt can bring back surprising recollections of growing / grown up. Professor Strauch said certain scents can take you away to another point at / in time. Strauch said some odours can make you wish you were actually back in a certain point of time, or make you want to evade / escape. She said it depends on / in whether or not the smell has a positive or negative association. Aromatherapists partly depending / depend on this for their patients. Smells can even / ever encourage you to buy things in stores. Many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to evoke nostalgic memories to buy things they loved years passed / ago.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    Sc__nt_sts h_v_ f__nd __t why c_rt__n sm_lls r_c_ll f__l_ngs _f n_st_lg__ _nd c_n r_c_ll d_st_nt m_m_r__s. Th_ sc__nt_sts s_y _n _r__ _f th_ br__n _s r_sp_ns_bl_ f_r _ss_gn_ng m_m_r__s t_ sm_lls _nd f_r st_r_ng th_m f_r d_c_d_s. Th_ _r__ c_n _nst_ntly r_c_ll th_ m_m_r__s w_th gr__t cl_r_ty y__rs l_t_r _f _ p_rs_n _nc__nt_rs th_ sm_ll _g__n. Chr_st_n_ Str__ch, fr_m th_ R_hr _n_v_rs_ty _n G_rm_ny, s__d sm_lls _r_ st_r_d _n th_ _lf_ct_ry br__n. Th_ w_rd _lf_ct_ry m__ns _nyth_ng r_l_t_d t_ th_ s_ns_ _f sm_ll. Sh_ s__d: "_t _s kn_wn th_t th_ p_r_f_rm c_rt_x _s _bl_ t_ t_mp_r_r_ly st_r_ _lf_ct_ry m_m_r__s. W_ w_nt_d t_ kn_w _f th_t _ppl__s t_ l_ng-t_rm m_m_r__s _s w_ll."

    Th_r_ _r_ _ m_lt_t_d_ _f sc_nts th_t c_n tr_nsp_rt _s b_ck t_ __r ch_ldh__d. Sm_lls fr_m c__k__s b_k_ng _n th_ _v_n _r th_ p_rf_m_ _f _n _ld_rly __nt c_n br_ng b_ck s_rpr_s_ng r_c_ll_ct__ns _f gr_w_ng _p. Pr_f_ss_r Str__ch s__d c_rt__n sc_nts c_n t_k_ y__ _w_y t_ _n_th_r p__nt _n t_m_. Str__ch s__d s_m_ _d__rs c_n m_k_ y__ w_sh y__ w_r_ _ct__lly b_ck _n _ c_rt__n p__nt _f t_m_, _r m_k_ y__ w_nt t_ _sc_p_. Sh_ s__d _t d_p_nds _n wh_th_r _r n_t th_ sm_ll h_s _ p_s_t_v_ _r n_g_t_v_ _ss_c__t__n. _r_m_th_r_p_sts p_rtly d_p_nd _n th_s f_r th__r p_t__nts. Sm_lls c_n _v_n _nc__r_g_ y__ t_ b_y th_ngs _n st_r_s. M_ny st_r_s _ntr_d_c_ fr_gr_nc_s t_ sh_pp_rs t_ _v_k_ n_st_lg_c m_m_r__s t_ b_y th_ngs th_y l_v_d y__rs _g_.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists have found out why certain smells recall feelings of nostalgia and can recall distant memories the scientists say an area of the brain is responsible for assigning memories to smells and for storing them for decades the area can instantly recall the memories with great clarity years later if a person encounters the smell again christina strauch from the ruhr university in germany said smells are stored in the olfactory brain the word olfactory means anything related to the sense of smell she said "it is known that the piriform cortex is able to temporarily store olfactory memories we wanted to know if that applies to long-term memories as well"

    there are a multitude of scents that can transport us back to our childhood smells from cookies baking in the oven or the perfume of an elderly aunt can bring back surprising recollections of growing up professor strauch said certain scents can take you away to another point in time strauch said some odours can make you wish you were actually back in a certain point of time or make you want to escape she said it depends on whether or not the smell has a positive or negative association aromatherapists partly depend on this for their patients smells can even encourage you to buy things in stores many stores introduce fragrances to shoppers to evoke nostalgic memories to buy things they loved years ago

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Scientistshavefoundoutwhycertainsmellsrecallfeelingsofnostalgiaa
    ndcanrecalldistantmemories.Thescientistssayanareaofthebrainisre
    sponsibleforassigningmemoriestosmellsandforstoringthemfordeca
    des.Theareacaninstantlyrecallthememorieswithgreatclarityyearslat
    erifapersonencountersthesmellagain.ChristinaStrauch,fromtheRuh
    rUniversityinGermany,saidsmellsarestoredintheolfactorybrain.The
    wordolfactorymeansanythingrelatedtothesenseofsmell.Shesaid:"It
    isknownthatthepiriformcortexisabletotemporarilystoreolfactoryme
    mories.Wewantedtoknowifthatappliestolong-termmemoriesaswe
    ll."Thereareamultitudeofscentsthatcantransportusbacktoourchildh
    ood.Smellsfromcookiesbakingintheovenortheperfumeofanelderlya
    untcanbringbacksurprisingrecollectionsofgrowingup.ProfessorStra
    uchsaidcertainscentscantakeyouawaytoanotherpointintime.Strauc
    hsaidsomeodourscanmakeyouwishyouwereactuallybackinacertain
    pointoftime,ormakeyouwanttoescape.Shesaiditdependsonwhether
    ornotthesmellhasapositiveornegativeassociation.Aromatherapistsp
    artlydependonthisfortheirpatients.Smellscanevenencourageyoutob
    uythingsinstores.Manystoresintroducefragrancestoshopperstoevok
    enostalgicmemoriestobuythingstheylovedyearsago.

    Free writing

    Write about smells for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    The sense of smell is one of the most important senses. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

    3. SMELLS: Make a poster about smells. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?

    4. AROMATHERAPY: Write a magazine article about aromatherapy being used more in hospitals. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.

    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).

    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on smells. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on what we should research about smells. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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