Word Pairs


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The words
An early [species / specials] of humans who lived between 120,000 and 35,000 years ago were not as [well / good] at drawing as early modern humans. The species is called Neanderthal man. They became [extinction / extinct] tens of thousands of years ago. They [had / have] large brains and made complex [tool / tools] to hunt, but they never showed the ability to draw recognizable images. This is unlike early modern humans who [draw / drew] animals and other [figures / figure] on rocks and cave walls. Professor Richard Coss, an expert on pre-historic drawings, studied [ancestor / ancient] photos and video film of early art. He studied [charcoal / character] drawings and engravings [on / of] animals made by human artists from 28,000 to 32,000 years ago in southern France.

A professor said the [different / difference] in artistic skills could be because of the way they [hunt / hunted] . Neanderthal man hunted [tamer / timer] animals that were easier to kill. However, early modern humans hunted more [dangerously / dangerous] animals. This [needed / needing] better hand-eye coordination. Professor Coss said: "Neanderthals could mentally visualize previously [seen / scene] animals from working memory, but they were unable to translate [them / those] mental images effectively into the coordinated hand-movement patterns required [from / for] drawing." Professor Coss said early modern humans used drawings to plan hunts and to focus [in / on] and discuss which parts of an animal's body to [target / aim] .

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