The Reading / Listening - Drawing - Level 3

An early species of humans who lived between 120,000 and 35,000 years ago were not as good at drawing as early modern humans. The species is called Neanderthal man. They became extinct tens of thousands of years ago. They had large brains and made complex tools to hunt, but they never showed the ability to draw recognizable images. This is unlike early modern humans who drew animals and other figures on rocks and cave walls. Professor Richard Coss, an expert on pre-historic drawings, studied ancient photos and video film of early art. He studied charcoal drawings and engravings of animals made by human artists from 28,000 to 32,000 years ago in southern France.



A professor said the difference in artistic skills could be because of the way they hunted. Neanderthal man hunted tamer animals that were easier to kill. However, early modern humans hunted more dangerous animals. This needed better hand-eye coordination. Professor Coss said: "Neanderthals could mentally visualize previously seen animals from working memory, but they were unable to translate those mental images effectively into the coordinated hand-movement patterns required for drawing." Professor Coss said early modern humans used drawings to plan hunts and to focus on and discuss which parts of an animal's body to target.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Drawing - Level 0 Drawing - Level 1   or  Drawing - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.davisenterprise.com/local-news/ucd/neanderthals-were-good-hunters-bad-artists/
  • https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/02/180209100727.htm
  • http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2018/02/why-there-were-no-neanderthal-picassos-a-new-theory-of-evolution.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. DRAWING: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about drawing. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       species / good at drawing / modern / humans / extinct / complex / tools / cave walls /
       difference / artistic skills / hunted / dangerous animals / translate / patterns / body
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. HUNTING: Students A strongly believe more people should hunt for their own food; Students B strongly believe this is silly.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. EARLY HUMANS: How do you think the life of early humans was different to our life today? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good Things

Bad Things

Food

 

 

Exercise

 

 

Stress

 

 

Friends

 

 

Hobbies

 

 

Skills

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. MODERN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "modern". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. ART: Rank these with your partner. Put the best kinds of art at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • modern art
  • graffiti art
  • religious art
  • installation art
  • cave paintings
  • Japanese art
  • African art
  • Aboriginal art

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. species a. Very, very, very old.
      2. extinct b. A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
      3. complex c. Able to be see, know and name someone or something.
      4. ability d. When all of a group of birds, animals, insects, plants, sea life, etc. have died and are no longer on Earth.
      5. recognizable e. Knowing how and having the skill to do something.
      6. figures f. Not easy to analyze or understand; complicated.
      7. ancient g. Shapes made by one or more lines, especially of people or animals.

    Paragraph 2

      8. hunted h. Followed an animal or bird to catch or kill it.
      9. coordination i. Choose something to attack, hit or kill.
      10. visualize j. The ability to use different parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently.
      11. previously k. In a way to get the result you want or to finish something.
      12. translate l. Make a mental image of something in your mind.
      13. effectively m. At a previous or earlier time; before.
      14. target n. Change one language, thought or idea into another.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if a-h below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A species of humans who lived 100,000 years ago were great artists.     T / F
  2. Neanderthal man did not have the ability to make tools.     T / F
  3. The article says early modern humans were able to draw 3D images.     T / F
  4. A professor studied 30,000-year-old charcoal drawings in France.     T / F
  5. The professor said hunting affected people's drawing skills.     T / F
  6. More modern humans killed less dangerous animals.     T / F
  7. Neanderthal man lacked the hand-eye coordination for drawing.     T / F
  8. Early modern humans used drawings to help them hunt better.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. species
  2. extinct
  3. complex
  4. images
  5. ancient
  6. skills
  7. visualize
  8. translate
  9. required
  10. target
  1. needed
  2. complicated
  3. change
  4. very old
  5. type
  6. imagine
  7. aim for
  8. wiped out
  9. talents
  10. pictures

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. An early species
  2. They became
  3. they never showed the ability
  4. humans who drew animals and other figures
  5. an expert on pre-
  6. Neanderthal man hunted
  7. This needed better hand-
  8. patterns required
  9. early modern humans used drawings to
  10. parts of an animal's
  1. to draw
  2. body to target
  3. on rocks and cave walls
  4. for drawing
  5. tamer animals
  6. eye coordination
  7. of humans
  8. plan hunts
  9. extinct
  10. historic drawings

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
extinct
expert
complex
ago
species
engravings
early
figures

An early (1) ____________ of humans who lived between 120,000 and 35,000 years ago were not as good at drawing as (2) ____________ modern humans. The species is called Neanderthal man. They became (3) ____________ tens of thousands of years ago. They had large brains and made (4) ____________ tools to hunt, but they never showed the ability to draw recognizable images. This is unlike early modern humans who drew animals and other (5) ____________ on rocks and cave walls. Professor Richard Coss, an (6) ____________ on pre-historic drawings, studied ancient photos and video film of early art. He studied charcoal drawings and (7) ____________ of animals made by human artists from 28,000 to 32,000 years (8) ____________ in southern France.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
tamer
translate
plan
coordination
target
artistic
patterns
previously

A professor said the difference in (9) ____________ skills could be because of the way they hunted. Neanderthal man hunted (10) ____________ animals that were easier to kill. However, early modern humans hunted more dangerous animals. This needed better hand-eye (11) ____________. Professor Coss said: "Neanderthals could mentally visualize (12) ____________ seen animals from working memory, but they were unable to (13) ____________ those mental images effectively into the coordinated hand-movement (14) ____________ required for drawing. Professor Coss said early modern humans used drawings to (15) ____________ hunts and to focus on and discuss which parts of an animal's body to (17) ____________.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  They had large brains and made ______ to hunt
     a.  complete tools
     b.  convex tools
     c.  contents tools
     d.  complex tools
2)  but they never showed the ability to draw ______
     a.  recognizing images
     b.  recognize a ball images
     c.  recognize ab ball images
     d.  recognizable images
3) early modern humans who drew animals and other figures on rocks ______
     a.  and cave walls
     b.  and cave wall
     c.  and cave wells
     d.  and cave vaults
4)  an expert on pre-historic drawings studied ancient photos and video film ______
     a.  of early art
     b.  off early yard
     c.  off early art
     d.  of early arty
5) made by human artists from 28,000 to 32,000 years ______ France
     a.  ago win southern
     b.  ago in southern
     c.  a go win south earn
     d.  ago win southerner

6)  Neanderthal man hunted tamer animals that were ______
     a.  easy a to kill
     b.  easier two kill
     c.  easier to kill
     d.  easier to killer
7)  However, early modern humans hunted more ______
     a.  dangerous animals
     b.  dangerously animals
     c.  dangers animals
     d.  dangerous animal
8)  Neanderthals could mentally visualize previously seen animals ______
     a.  from working memories
     b.  from working memorize
     c.  from working memorial
     d.  from working memory
9)  they were unable to translate those mental ______
     a.  image is effectively
     b.  images effective
     c.  images effectively
     d.  images affectively
10)  plan hunts and to focus on and discuss which parts of an animal's ______
     a.  bodily to target
     b.  bodice to target
     c.  bodies to target
     d.  body to target

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

An early (1) ___________________ who lived between 120,000 and 35,000 years ago were not as good at drawing (2) ___________________ humans. The species is called Neanderthal man. They became (3) ___________________ thousands of years ago. They had large brains and made complex tools to hunt, but they never showed the ability to draw recognizable images. This is unlike early modern humans (4) ___________________ and other figures on rocks and cave walls. Professor Richard Coss, an expert on pre-historic drawings, (5) ___________________ and video film of early art. He studied charcoal drawings and engravings of animals made by (6) ___________________ 28,000 to 32,000 years ago in southern France.

A professor said the difference (7) ___________________ could be because of the way they hunted. Neanderthal man hunted tamer animals that were (8) ___________________. However, early modern humans hunted more dangerous animals. This needed (9) ___________________ coordination. Professor Coss said: "Neanderthals could mentally visualize previously seen animals from working memory, but they (10) ___________________ translate those mental images effectively into the coordinated hand-movement patterns (11) ___________________. Professor Coss said early modern humans used drawings to plan hunts and to focus on and discuss which parts of an animal's (12) ___________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. When did Neanderthal man become extinct?
  2. What did Neanderthal man make?
  3. What kind of walls did early modern humans draw on?
  4. What is professor Richard Coss an expert in?
  5. In which part of France did a professor study charcoal drawings?
  6. What kind of animals did Neanderthal man hunt?
  7. What kind of animals did early modern humans hunt?
  8. What could Neanderthals see from their working memory?
  9. What were hand-movement patterns needed for?
  10. What did early modern humans use drawings to plan?




Multiple choice quiz

1) When did Neanderthal man become extinct?
a) 1932
b) 1066
c) millions of years ago
d) tens of thousands of years ago
2) What did Neanderthal man make?
a) 3D drawings
b) tools
c) pizza
d) stone wheels
3) What kind of walls did early modern humans draw on?
a) school walls
b) high walls
c) cave walls
d) brick walls
4) What is professor Richard Coss an expert in?
a) pre-historic drawings
b) France
c) Neanderthal man
d) the Stone Age
5) In which part of France did a professor study charcoal drawings?
a) Paris
b) the Atlantic coast
c) southern France
d) the Alps

6) What kind of animals did Neanderthal man hunt?
a) rabbits
b) tamer animals
c) elephants
d) slow ones
7) What kind of animals did early modern humans hunt?
a) sheep
b) foxes
c) bears
d) more dangerous animals
8) What could Neanderthals see from their working memory?
a) animals
b) dreams
c) colours
d) pizza
9) What were hand-movement patterns needed for?
a) farming
b) communication
c) drawing
d) driving
10) What did early modern humans use drawings to plan?
a) new farms
b) hunts
c) parties
d) trips

Role play

Role  A – Cave Paintings
You think cave paintings is the best kid of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): African art, graffiti art or religious art.

Role  B – African Art
You think African art is the best kid of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): cave paintings, graffiti art or religious art.

Role  C – Graffiti Art
You think graffiti art is the best kid of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): African art, cave paintings or religious art.

Role  D – Religious Art
You think religious art is the best kid of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why):  African art, graffiti art or cave paintings.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'drawing'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'human'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • skills
    • easier
    • needed
    • memory
    • patterns
    • target
    • good
    • tens
    • large
    • drew
    • expert
    • southern




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Early humans were bad at drawing

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'drawing'?
    3. What do you know about early humans?
    4. What was life like 100,000 years ago?
    5. How good are you at drawing?
    6. How important is cave art and the drawings of early modern man?
    7. Do you prefer cave art or modern art?
    8. What do know about Neanderthal man?
    9. How important is the ability to draw?
    10. Why can some people draw well and others can't?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'humans'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Is a 50,000-year-old cave painting more important than the Mona Lisa?
    5. What artistic skills do you have?
    6. What would it be like to hunt for your food every day?
    7. How good is your hand-eye coordination?
    8. What would you do if you went back 50,000 years in time?
    9. What is your favourite drawing, and why?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the professor?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    An early species of humans who lived between 120,000 and 35,000 years ago were not as (1) ____ at drawing as early modern humans. The (2) ____ is called Neanderthal man. They became extinct (3) ____ of thousands of years ago. They had large brains and made complex tools to hunt, but they never showed the ability to draw recognizable images. This is (4) ____ early modern humans who drew animals and other figures on rocks and cave walls. Professor Richard Coss, an expert on pre-historic drawings, studied (5) ____ photos and video film of early art. He studied charcoal (6) ____ and engravings of animals made by human artists from 28,000 to 32,000 years ago in southern France.

    A professor said the (7) ____ in artistic skills could be because of the way they hunted. Neanderthal man hunted tamer animals that were easier to kill. However, early modern humans (8) ____ more dangerous animals. This needed better hand-eye (9) ____. Professor Coss said: "Neanderthals could mentally visualize previously seen animals from working memory, but they were unable to translate (10) ____ mental images effectively into the coordinated hand-movement patterns required (11) ____ drawing. Professor Coss said early modern humans used drawings to plan hunts and to focus on and discuss which parts of an animal's body to (12) ____.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     good     (b)     well     (c)     nice     (d)     art    
    2. (a)     specials     (b)     specialties     (c)     species     (d)     specs    
    3. (a)     fifties     (b)     thirties     (c)     twenties     (d)     tens    
    4. (a)     likely     (b)     unlike     (c)     likable     (d)     likelihood    
    5. (a)     anchor     (b)     anchovy     (c)     ancestor     (d)     ancient    
    6. (a)     withdrawals     (b)     drawers     (c)     drawings     (d)     draws    
    7. (a)     different     (b)     difference     (c)     differing     (d)     differential    
    8. (a)     hunted     (b)     haunted     (c)     hounded     (d)     hinted    
    9. (a)     coordination     (b)     combined     (c)     combed     (d)     coordinates    
    10. (a)     they     (b)     them     (c)     those     (d)     that    
    11. (a)     by     (b)     from     (c)     of     (d)     for    
    12. (a)     aim     (b)     target     (c)     focus     (d)     goal

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. An early esiceps of humans
    2. They became ttxenic
    3. tens of nsohtsuda of years ago
    4. humans who drew animals and other esrifgu
    5. an tperxe on pre-historic drawings
    6. 32,000 years ago in rshtuone France

    Paragraph 2

    1. the difference in iisattcr skills
    2. hunted more dsraenoug animals
    3. better hand-eye odicoiaotnnr
    4. mentally visualize esuroypilv seen animals
    5. hand-movement nstaeprt
    6. deqerriu for drawing

    Put the text back together

    (...)  on and discuss which parts of an animal's body to target.
    (...)  modern humans. The species is called Neanderthal man. They became extinct tens of thousands
    1  ) An early species of humans who lived between 120,000 and 35,000 years ago were not as good at drawing as early
    (...)  animals that were easier to kill. However, early modern humans hunted more dangerous animals. This needed better hand-
    (...)  by human artists from 28,000 to 32,000 years ago in southern France.
    (...)  A professor said the difference in artistic skills could be because of the way they hunted. Neanderthal man hunted tamer
    (...)  from working memory, but they were unable to translate those mental images effectively into
    (...)  of years ago. They had large brains and made complex tools to hunt, but they never showed the ability
    (...)  the coordinated hand-movement patterns required for drawing." Professor Coss
    (...)  eye coordination. Professor Coss said: "Neanderthals could mentally visualize previously seen animals
    (...)  said early modern humans used drawings to plan hunts and to focus
    (...)  walls. Professor Richard Coss, an expert on pre-historic drawings, studied ancient photos
    (...)  to draw recognizable images. This is unlike early modern humans who drew animals and other figures on rocks and cave
    (...)  and video film of early art. He studied charcoal drawings and engravings of animals made

    Put the words in the right order

    1. good   as   early   at   drawing   as   humans   .   Not
    2. became   of   extinct   tens   They   years   thousands   of   ago   .
    3. the   ability   Showed   draw   recognizable   images   .   to
    4. humans   who   modern   Unlike   early   drew   animals   .
    5. by   Drawings   human   artists   .   of   animals   made
    6. hunted   Early   dangerous   more   modern   humans   animals   .
    7. coordination   .   This   hand-eye   better   needed
    8. to   translate   images   .   They   mental   those   were   unable
    9. drawings   used   to   plan   humans   hunts   .   Modern
    10. an   to   target   .   Which   parts   animal's   of   body

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    An early species / specials of humans who lived between 120,000 and 35,000 years ago were not as well / good at drawing as early modern humans. The species is called Neanderthal man. They became extinction / extinct tens of thousands of years ago. They had / have large brains and made complex tool / tools to hunt, but they never showed the ability to draw recognizable images. This is unlike early modern humans who draw / drew animals and other figures / figure on rocks and cave walls. Professor Richard Coss, an expert on pre-historic drawings, studied ancestor / ancient photos and video film of early art. He studied charcoal / character drawings and engravings on / of animals made by human artists from 28,000 to 32,000 years ago in southern France.

    A professor said the different / difference in artistic skills could be because of the way they hunt / hunted. Neanderthal man hunted tamer / timer animals that were easier to kill. However, early modern humans hunted more dangerously / dangerous animals. This needed / needing better hand-eye coordination. Professor Coss said: "Neanderthals could mentally visualize previously seen / scene animals from working memory, but they were unable to translate them / those mental images effectively into the coordinated hand-movement patterns required from / for drawing. Professor Coss said early modern humans used drawings to plan hunts and to focus in / on and discuss which parts of an animal's body to target / aim.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A n  __ r l y   s p_c__ s  _f   h_m_n s   w h_  l_v_d   b_t w__ n   1 2 0 , 0 0 0  _n d   3 5 , 0 0 0   y__ r s  _g_  w_r_  n_t  _s   g__ d  _t   d r_w_n g  _s  __ r l y   m_d_r n   h_m_n s .   T h_  s p_c__ s  _s   c_l l_d   N__ n d_r t h_l   m_n .   T h_y   b_c_m_ _x t_n c t   t_n s  _f   t h__ s_n d s  _f   y__ r s  _g_.   T h_y   h_d   l_r g_  b r__ n s  _n d   m_d_  c_m p l_x   t__ l s   t_  h_n t ,   b_t   t h_y   n_v_r   s h_w_d   t h_ _b_l_t y   t_  d r_w   r_c_g n_z_b l_ _m_g_s .   T h_s  _s  _n l_k_ __ r l y   m_d_r n   h_m_n s   w h_  d r_w  _n_m_l s  _n d  _t h_r   f_g_r_s  _n   r_c k s  _n d   c_v_  w_l l s .   P r_f_s s_r   R_c h_r d   C_s s ,  _n  _x p_r t  _n   p r_- h_s t_r_c   d r_w_n g s ,   s t_d__ d  _n c__ n t   p h_t_s  _n d   v_d__   f_l m  _f  __ r l y  _r t .   H_  s t_d__ d   c h_r c__ l   d r_w_n g s  _n d  _n g r_v_n g s  _f  _n_m_l s   m_d_  b y   h_m_n  _r t_s t s   f r_m   2 8 , 0 0 0   t_  3 2 , 0 0 0   y__ r s  _g_ _n   s__ t h_r n   F r_n c_.

    A   p r_f_s s_r   s__ d   t h_  d_f f_r_n c_ _n  _r t_s t_c   s k_l l s   c__ l d   b_  b_c__ s_ _f   t h_  w_y   t h_y   h_n t_d .   N__ n d_r t h_l   m_n   h_n t_d   t_m_r  _n_m_l s   t h_t   w_r_ __ s__ r   t_  k_l l .   H_w_v_r ,  __ r l y   m_d_r n   h_m_n s   h_n t_d   m_r_  d_n g_r__ s  _n_m_l s .   T h_s   n__ d_d   b_t t_r   h_n d -_y_  c__ r d_n_t__ n .   P r_f_s s_r   C_s s   s__ d :   " N__ n d_r t h_l s   c__ l d   m_n t_l l y   v_s__ l_z_  p r_v___s l y   s__ n  _n_m_l s   f r_m   w_r k_n g   m_m_r y ,   b_t   t h_y   w_r_ _n_b l_  t_  t r_n s l_t_  t h_s_  m_n t_l  _m_g_s  _f f_c t_v_l y  _n t_  t h_  c__ r d_n_t_d   h_n d - m_v_m_n t   p_t t_r n s   r_q__ r_d   f_r   d r_w_n g .   P r_f_s s_r   C_s s   s__ d  __ r l y   m_d_r n   h_m_n s  _s_d   d r_w_n g s   t_  p l_n   h_n t s  _n d   t_  f_c_s  _n  _n d   d_s c_s s   w h_c h   p_r t s  _f  _n  _n_m_l ' s   b_d y   t_  t_r g_t .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    an early species of humans who lived between 120000 and 35000 years ago were not as good at drawing as early modern humans the species is called neanderthal man they became extinct tens of thousands of years ago they had large brains and made complex tools to hunt but they never showed the ability to draw recognizable images this is unlike early modern humans who drew animals and other figures on rocks and cave walls professor richard coss an expert on prehistoric drawings studied ancient photos and video film of early art he studied charcoal drawings and engravings of animals made by human artists from 28000 to 32000 years ago in southern france

    a professor said the difference in artistic skills could be because of the way they hunted neanderthal man hunted tamer animals that were easier to kill however early modern humans hunted more dangerous animals this needed better handeye coordination professor coss said neanderthals could mentally visualize previously seen animals from working memory but they were unable to translate those mental images effectively into the coordinated handmovement patterns required for drawing professor coss said early modern humans used drawings to plan hunts and to focus on and discuss which parts of an animals body to target.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Anearlyspeciesofhumanswholivedbetween120,000and35,000years
    agowerenotasgoodatdrawingasearlymodernhumans.Thespeciesisc
    alledNeanderthalman.Theybecameextincttensofthousandsofyearsa
    go.Theyhadlargebrainsandmadecomplextoolstohunt,buttheynever
    showedtheabilitytodrawrecognizableimages.Thisisunlikeearlymode
    rnhumanswhodrewanimalsandotherfiguresonrocksandcavewalls.Pr
    ofessorRichardCoss,anexpertonpre-historicdrawings,studiedancie
    ntphotosandvideofilmofearlyart.Hestudiedcharcoaldrawingsanden
    gravingsofanimalsmadebyhumanartistsfrom28,000to32,000years
    agoinsouthernFrance.Aprofessorsaidthedifferenceinartisticskillscou
    ldbebecauseofthewaytheyhunted.Neanderthalmanhuntedtamerani
    malsthatwereeasiertokill.However,earlymodernhumanshuntedmor
    edangerousanimals.Thisneededbetterhand-eyecoordination.Profe
    ssorCosssaid:"Neanderthalscouldmentallyvisualizepreviouslyseena
    nimalsfromworkingmemory,buttheywereunabletotranslatethosem
    entalimageseffectivelyintothecoordinatedhand-movementpatterns
    requiredfordrawing.ProfessorCosssaidearlymodernhumansuseddra
    wingstoplanhuntsandtofocusonanddiscusswhichpartsofananimal'sb
    odytotarget.

    Free writing

    Write about drawing for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Drawing is a very important skill we must all use in our life. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. ART: Make a poster about ancient art. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. DRAWING: Write a magazine article about drawing and how we should all draw as often as we can. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on drawing. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how drawing can help us. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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