The Reading / Listening - Pencils - Level 3

A study shows that new technology is reducing children's ability to use a pencil or pen. The study is from the National Health Service in the UK. Researchers said that nowadays, children spend so much time swiping iPads or mobile phone screens that they cannot hold a pencil properly. Children are not using pencils, so they now lack the muscle strength in their hands to be able to write properly. Researcher Dr Sally Payne said: "Children are not coming into school with the hand strength and [ability] they had 10 years ago. Children coming into school are being given a pencil but are increasingly not able to hold it because they don't have the fundamental movement skills."



The researchers said technology is changing the physical way that children write, draw or make things. Children are increasingly using technology to create. Dr Payne explained why. She said: "It's easier to give a child an iPad than encourage them to do muscle-building play such as building blocks, cutting and sticking, or pulling toys and ropes. Because of this, they're not developing the underlying foundation skills they need to grip and hold a pencil." Some experts say technology may be causing bigger problems. One expert said if a child isn't strong enough to hold a pencil, perhaps their whole body is weak. She said it was better for children's physical development to climb trees than to watch YouTube videos.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Pencils - Level 0 Pencils - Level 1   or  Pencils - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.treehugger.com/culture/kids-spend-so-much-time-ipads-they-cant-hold-pencil.html
  • https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/feb/25/children-struggle-to-hold-pencils-due-to-too-much-tech-doctors-say
  • Schwellnus et al https://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?articleid=1851631


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. HOLDING A PENCIL: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about holding a pencil. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       study / technology / pencil / nowadays / screens / muscles / writing properly / skills /
       researchers / draw things / building blocks / toys / expert / body / climb trees / videos
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. PENCILS: Students A strongly believe pencils are more important than iPads; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. CHILDREN: How is technology affecting children? Write down the good and bad effects. Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good effects

Bad effects

Exercise

 

 

Eyesight

 

 

Reading

 

 

Writing

 

 

Friends

 

 

Family time

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. PEN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "pen". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. HANDS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important thing children must be able to use at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • a guitar
  • a joystick
  • chopsticks
  • a saw
  • a pen or pencil
  • scissors
  • a knife and fork
  • a computer keyboard

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. reducing a. At the present time, compared to the past.
      2. nowadays b. Being without or not having enough of something.
      3. swiping c. Correctly; in the right way.
      4. properly d. Move your finger across a touchscreen in order to use it.
      5. lack e. Making smaller or less in amount, degree, or size.
      6. strength f. Basic.
      7. fundamental g. The quality or state of being physically strong.

    Paragraph 2

      8. physical h. A person who has a lot of knowledge or skill in a particular area.
      9. encourage i. Relating to the body, not the mind.
      10. developing j. Hold something tightly in your hand.
      11. foundation k. Use the hands and/or feet to go up a tree, stairs, wall, etc.
      12. grip l. Growing or causing to grow and become more adult.
      13. expert m. The starting point for build from.
      14. climb n. Give support, confidence, or hope to someone.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article describes a study done by health services in the USA.     T / F
  2. Children today do not have the muscle power to hold a pencil properly.    T / F
  3. Children had more muscle strength to hold a pencil 10 years ago.     T / F
  4. The article says schools no longer give pencils to children.     T / F
  5. Technology isn't changing how children draw or make things.     T / F
  6. A researcher said it's easier to give a child an iPad than building blocks.   T / F
  7. A researcher said weak hands might be a sign of a weaker body.     T / F
  8. Children climb trees more often than they look at YouTube videos.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. reducing
  2. nowadays
  3. properly
  4. strength
  5. fundamental
  6. make
  7. encourage
  8. foundation
  9. experts
  10. development
  1. power
  2. create
  3. basic
  4. correctly
  5. starting point
  6. these days
  7. growth
  8. specialists
  9. decreasing
  10. persuade

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. technology is reducing children's ability
  2. children spend so much time swiping
  3. they now lack the muscle
  4. to be able to write
  5. they don't have the fundamental
  6. changing the physical way
  7. building
  8. skills they need to
  9. perhaps their whole
  10. better for children's physical development
  1. that children write
  2. movement skills
  3. grip
  4. to climb trees
  5. strength in their hands
  6. body is weak
  7. to use a pencil
  8. properly
  9. blocks
  10. iPads

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
time
strength
properly
skills
ability
increasingly
nowadays
lack

A study shows that new technology is reducing children's (1) ____________ to use a pencil or pen. The study is from the National Health Service in the UK. Researchers said that (2) ____________, children spend so much (3) ____________ swiping iPads or mobile phone screens that they cannot hold a pencil (4) ____________. Children are not using pencils, so they now (5) ____________ the muscle strength in their hands to be able to write properly. Researcher Dr Sally Payne said: "Children are not coming into school with the hand (6) ____________ and [ability] they had 10 years ago. Children coming into school are being given a pencil but are (7) ____________ not able to hold it because they don't have the fundamental movement (8) ____________."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
things
causing
such
physical
researchers
weak
skills
create

The (9) ____________ said technology is changing the physical way that children write, draw or make (10) ____________. Children are increasingly using technology to (11) ____________. Dr Payne explained why. She said: "It's easier to give a child an iPad than encourage them to do muscle-building play (12) ____________ as building blocks, cutting and sticking, or pulling toys and ropes. Because of this, they're not developing the underlying foundation (13) ____________ they need to grip and hold a pencil." Some experts say technology may be (14) ____________ bigger problems. One expert said if a child isn't strong enough to hold a pencil, perhaps their whole body is (15) ____________. She said it was better for children's (16) ____________ development to climb trees than to watch YouTube videos.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  A study shows that new technology is reducing children's ______ a pencil
     a.  ability to use
     b.  ability to lose
     c.  ability to choose
     d.  ability choose
2)  Researchers said that nowadays, children spend so ______
     a.  much time sweeping
     b.  much time swipe in
     c.  much time swapping
     d.  much time swiping
3)  so they now lack the muscle strength in their hands to be able ______
     a.  to write property
     b.  to write proper
     c.  to write properly
     d.  to write propeller
4) not coming into school with the hand strength and [ability] they had ______
     a.  10 years again
     b.  10 years ago
     c.  10 years ergo
     d.  10 years age
5)  increasingly not able to hold it because they don't have the fundamental ______
     a.  move meant skills
     b.  move mint skills
     c.  moved meant skills
     d.  movement skills

6)  The researchers said technology is changing ______
     a.  the physically way
     b.  the physical weigh
     c.  the physical way
     d.  the physically weigh
7)  Children are increasingly using technology to create. Dr Payne ______
     a.  explain it why
     b.  explanation why
     c.  explains why
     d.  explained why
8)  muscle-building play such as building blocks, cutting and sticking, ______
     a.  or pull in toys
     b.  ore-pull in toys
     c.  ore pulling in toys
     d.  or pulling toys
9)  Because of this, they're not developing the underlying foundation skills they ______
     a.  needs to gripe
     b.  need to grip
     c.  needy to grab
     d.  needed to gripe
10)  She said it was better for children's physical development ______
     a.  to climb trees
     b.  to clamber trees
     c.  to climate trees
     d.  took limb trees

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A study shows that new technology (1) ___________________ ability to use a pencil or pen. The study is from the National Health Service in the UK. Researchers (2) ___________________, children spend so much time swiping iPads or mobile phone screens that (3) ___________________ a pencil properly. Children are not using pencils, so they now lack the muscle strength in their hands to be able (4) ___________________. Researcher Dr Sally Payne said: "Children are not coming into school with the hand strength and [ability] they had 10 years ago. Children (5) ___________________ are being given a pencil but are increasingly not able to hold it because they don't have (6) ___________________ movement skills."

The researchers said technology is changing (7) ___________________ that children write, draw or make things. Children are increasingly using (8) ___________________. Dr Payne explained why. She said: "It's easier to give a child an iPad than encourage them to do (9) ___________________ such as building blocks, cutting and sticking, or pulling toys and ropes. Because of this, they're not developing (10) ___________________ foundation skills they need to grip and hold a pencil." Some experts say technology may be causing bigger problems. One expert said if a child (11) ___________________ to hold a pencil, perhaps their whole body is weak. She said it was better for children's physical development to (12) ___________________ to watch YouTube videos.

Comprehension questions

    1. Which organization carried out the study?
    2. What do children spend a lot of time swiping these days?
    3. What do children lack in their hands?
    4. When did children have more ability in their hands?
    5. What are children given in schools that they increasingly cannot use?
    6. What are children using more of to create things?
    7. What did a researcher say children aren't pulling these days?
    8. What did some experts say technology is causing?
    9. What could be weak because of an inability to hold a pencil?
    10. What did the article say was better for children's development?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Which organization carried out the study?
a) The World Writes
b) the Pencil Association
c) the National Health Service
d) a children's charity
2) What do children spend a lot of time swiping these days?
a) iPads
b) things from shops
c) table tops
d) keyboards
3) What do children lack in their hands?
a) vitamin B12
b) energy
c) bones
d) muscle strength
4) When did children have more ability in their hands?
a) 1786
b) 10 years ago
c) at 2:45pm
d) last week
5) What are children given in schools that they increasingly cannot use?
a) books
b) balls
c) pencils
d) calculators

6) What are children using more of to create things?
a) pens
b) technology
c) clay
d) their brain
7) What did a researcher say children aren't pulling these days?
a) teeth
b) other children's legs
c) their weight
d) toys and ropes
8) What did some experts say technology is causing?
a) better education
b) bigger problems
c) poor eyesight
d) progress
9) What could be weak because of an inability to hold a pencil?
a) a child's whole body
b) brain power
c) willpower
d) a child's left knee
10) What did the article say was better for children's development?
a) family life
b) museums
c) chocolate
d) climbing trees

Role play

Role  A – Pencil
You think a pencil is the most important thing for children to learn to use. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): chopsticks, scissors or computer keyboard.

Role  B – Chopsticks
You think chopsticks are the most important things for children to learn to use. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): pencil, scissors or computer keyboard.

Role  C – Scissors
You think scissors are the most important thing for children to learn to use. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): chopsticks, pencil or computer keyboard.

Role  D – Computer Keyboard
You think a computer keyboard is the most important thing for children to learn to use. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why):  chopsticks, scissors or pencil.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'pen'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'pencil'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • way
    • create
    • play
    • toys
    • bigger
    • better
    • reducing
    • spend
    • lack
    • ago
    • school
    • movement




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Children lack skill in holding pencils due to iPads

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'pen'?
    3. How good is technology for children?
    4. What is wrong with children using smartphones and tablets?
    5. Is using a pen and pencil still an important skill?
    6. In what other ways does the body change when children use iPads?
    7. What problems will children have if they cannot use a pencil?
    8. How useful are pencils?
    9. Which is more useful, a pencil or iPad?
    10. What would happen if pens and pencils disappeared?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'pencil'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What are the dangers of children using technology?
    5. Are children more creative using iPads?
    6. Why should children play with building blocks?
    7. Does it matter that iPads are making children's bodies weaker?
    8. How much do you like mobile devices?
    9. What do you think of climbing trees?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A study shows that new technology is (1) ____ children's ability to use a pencil or pen. The study is from the National Health Service in the UK. Researchers said that nowadays, children (2) ____ so much time swiping iPads or mobile phone screens that they cannot hold a pencil properly. Children are not using pencils, (3) ____ they now lack the muscle strength (4) ____ their hands to be able to write properly. Researcher Dr Sally Payne said: "Children are not coming (5) ____ school with the hand strength and [ability] they had 10 years ago. Children coming into school are being given a pencil but are (6) ____ not able to hold it because they don't have the fundamental movement skills."

    The researchers said technology is changing the (7) ____ way that children write, draw or make things. Children are increasingly using technology to create. Dr Payne explained why. She said: "It's (8) ____ to give a child an iPad than encourage them to do muscle-building play such as building blocks, cutting and sticking, (9) ____ pulling toys and ropes. Because of this, they're not developing the underlying foundation skills they need to (10) ____ and hold a pencil." Some experts say technology may be causing bigger problems. One expert said if a child isn't strong (11) ____ to hold a pencil, perhaps their whole body is weak. She said it was better for children's physical development to (12) ____ trees than to watch YouTube videos.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     reduced     (b)     reduction     (c)     reducing     (d)     reduces    
    2. (a)     spend     (b)     purchase     (c)     buy     (d)     while    
    3. (a)     so     (b)     such     (c)     that     (d)     this    
    4. (a)     in     (b)     at     (c)     to     (d)     as    
    5. (a)     onto     (b)     into     (c)     as to     (d)     up to    
    6. (a)     increase     (b)     increases     (c)     increased     (d)     increasingly    
    7. (a)     physique     (b)     physics     (c)     physical     (d)     psychic    
    8. (a)     easily     (b)     eased     (c)     eases     (d)     easier    
    9. (a)     or     (b)     nor     (c)     not     (d)     as    
    10. (a)     grip     (b)     grip     (c)     grapple     (d)     grab    
    11. (a)     plenty     (b)     enough     (c)     amount     (d)     ample    
    12. (a)     clamber     (b)     crimp     (c)     climb     (d)     clamp

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. reducing children's yltiiab to use a pencil
    2. spend so much time wingpis iPads
    3. mobile phone csrnese
    4. be able to write pelroryp
    5. hand hrttgens
    6. fundamental venemtom skills

    Paragraph 2

    1. the plcsaiyh way that children write
    2. using tcyhoonegl to create
    3. guncroeea them
    4. some petxres
    5. if a child isn't strong ngeuoh
    6. bcilm trees

    Put the text back together

    (...)  pencils, so they now lack the muscle strength in their hands to be able to write
    (...)  things. Children are increasingly using technology to create. Dr Payne explained
    1  ) A study shows that new technology is reducing children's ability to use a pencil or pen. The study is from
    (...)  the National Health Service in the UK. Researchers said that nowadays, children spend so
    (...)  developing the underlying foundation skills they need to grip and hold a pencil." Some experts
    (...)  strength and [ability] they had 10 years ago. Children coming into school are being
    (...)  whole body is weak. She said it was better for children's physical development to climb trees than to watch YouTube videos.
    (...)  much time swiping iPads or mobile phone screens that they cannot hold a pencil properly. Children are not using
    (...)  properly. Researcher Dr Sally Payne said: "Children are not coming into school with the hand
    (...)  as building blocks, cutting and sticking, or pulling toys and ropes. Because of this, they're not
    (...)  given a pencil but are increasingly not able to hold it because they don't have the fundamental movement skills."
    (...)  say technology may be causing bigger problems. One expert said if a child isn't strong enough to hold a pencil, perhaps their
    (...)  The researchers said technology is changing the physical way that children write, draw or make
    (...)  why. She said: "It's easier to give a child an iPad than encourage them to do muscle-building play such

    Put the words in the right order

    1. children's   to   use   Technology   reducing   is   pencils   .   ability
    2. iPads   .   much   swiping   time   spend   Children   so
    3. the   lack   in   strength   muscle   hands   .   They   their
    4. hand   10   years   they   strength   The   had   ago   .
    5. fundamental   They   don't   movement   have   skills   .   the
    6. physical   that   write   .   Changing   way   children   the
    7. are   to   using   Children   technology   create   .   increasingly
    8. iPad   .   child   easier   an   a   give   It's   to
    9. be   may   technology   problems   .   causing   bigger   say   Experts
    10. to   climb   development   trees   .   for   Better   children's   physical

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A study shows that new technology is reducing children's able / ability to use a pencil or pen. The study / studied is from the National Health Service in the UK. Researchers said that today's / nowadays, children spend so much time sweeping / swiping iPads or mobile phone screens that they cannot hold a pencil property / properly. Children are not using pencils, so they now lack the muscle strength / strong in their hands to be able to write properly. Researcher Dr Sally Payne said: "Children are not come / coming into school with the hand strength and [ability] they have / had 10 years ago. Children coming into school are being given a pencil but are increasingly / increased not able to hold it because they don't have the fundamental movement skillful / skills."

    The researchers said technology is changing / changed the physical way that children write, drew / draw or make things. Children are increasingly using / uses technology to create. Dr Payne explained what / why. She said: "It's easier to give a child / children an iPad than encourage them to do muscle-building play such as building blocks, cutting and sticking, or pulling toys and ropes. Because of this, they're not developing / development the underlying foundation skills they need to gripe / grip and hold a pencil." Some experts / expertise say technology may be causing bigger problems. One expert said if a child isn't strong plenty / enough to hold a pencil, perhaps their whole body is weak / week. She said it was better for children's physical development to climb trees than / that to watch YouTube videos.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A   s t_d y   s h_w s   t h_t   n_w   t_c h n_l_g y  _s   r_d_c_n g   c h_l d r_n ' s  _b_l_t y   t_ _s_ _  p_n c_l  _r   p_n .   T h_  s t_d y  _s   f r_m   t h_  N_t__ n_l   H__ l t h   S_r v_c_ _n   t h_  U K .   R_s__ r c h_r s   s__ d   t h_t   n_w_d_y s ,   c h_l d r_n   s p_n d   s_  m_c h   t_m_  s w_p_n g  _P_d s  _r   m_b_l_  p h_n_  s c r__ n s   t h_t   t h_y   c_n n_t   h_l d  _  p_n c_l   p r_p_r l y .   C h_l d r_n  _r_  n_t  _s_n g   p_n c_l s ,   s_  t h_y   n_w   l_c k   t h_  m_s c l_  s t r_n g t h  _n   t h__ r   h_n d s   t_  b_ _b l_  t_  w r_t_  p r_p_r l y .   R_s__ r c h_r   D r   S_l l y   P_y n_  s__ d :   " C h_l d r_n  _r_  n_t   c_m_n g  _n t_  s c h__ l   w_t h   t h_  h_n d   s t r_n g t h  _n d   [_b_l_t y ]   t h_y   h_d   1 0   y__ r s  _g_.   C h_l d r_n   c_m_n g  _n t_  s c h__ l  _r_  b__ n g   g_v_n  _  p_n c_l   b_t  _r_ _n c r__ s_n g l y   n_t  _b l_  t_  h_l d  _t   b_c__ s_  t h_y   d_n ' t   h_v_  t h_  f_n d_m_n t_l   m_v_m_n t   s k_l l s . "

    T h_  r_s__ r c h_r s   s__ d   t_c h n_l_g y  _s   c h_n g_n g   t h_  p h y s_c_l   w_y   t h_t   c h_l d r_n   w r_t_,   d r_w  _r   m_k_  t h_n g s .   C h_l d r_n  _r_ _n c r__ s_n g l y  _s_n g   t_c h n_l_g y   t_  c r__ t_.   D r   P_y n_ _x p l__ n_d   w h y .   S h_  s__ d :   " I t ' s  __ s__ r   t_  g_v_ _  c h_l d  _n  _P_d   t h_n  _n c__ r_g_  t h_m   t_  d_  m_s c l_- b__ l d_n g   p l_y   s_c h  _s   b__ l d_n g   b l_c k s ,   c_t t_n g  _n d   s t_c k_n g ,  _r   p_l l_n g   t_y s  _n d   r_p_s .   B_c__ s_ _f   t h_s ,   t h_y ' r_  n_t   d_v_l_p_n g   t h_ _n d_r l y_n g   f__ n d_t__ n   s k_l l s   t h_y   n__ d   t_  g r_p  _n d   h_l d  _  p_n c_l . "   S_m_ _x p_r t s   s_y   t_c h n_l_g y   m_y   b_  c__ s_n g   b_g g_r   p r_b l_m s .   O n_ _x p_r t   s__ d  _f  _  c h_l d  _s n ' t   s t r_n g  _n__ g h   t_  h_l d  _  p_n c_l ,   p_r h_p s   t h__ r   w h_l_  b_d y  _s   w__ k .   S h_  s__ d  _t   w_s   b_t t_r   f_r   c h_l d r_n ' s   p h y s_c_l   d_v_l_p m_n t   t_  c l_m b   t r__ s   t h_n   t_  w_t c h   Y__ T_b_  v_d__ s .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a study shows that new technology is reducing childrens ability to use a pencil or pen the study is from the national health service in the uk researchers said that nowadays children spend so much time swiping ipads or mobile phone screens that they cannot hold a pencil properly children are not using pencils so they now lack the muscle strength in their hands to be able to write properly researcher dr sally payne said children are not coming into school with the hand strength and ability they had 10 years ago children coming into school are being given a pencil but are increasingly not able to hold it because they dont have the fundamental movement skills

    the researchers said technology is changing the physical way that children write draw or make things children are increasingly using technology to create dr payne explained why she said its easier to give a child an ipad than encourage them to do musclebuilding play such as building blocks cutting and sticking or pulling toys and ropes because of this theyre not developing the underlying foundation skills they need to grip and hold a pencil some experts say technology may be causing bigger problems one expert said if a child isnt strong enough to hold a pencil perhaps their whole body is weak she said it was better for childrens physical development to climb trees than to watch youtube videos

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Astudyshowsthatnewtechnologyisreducingchildren'sabilitytouseap
    encilorpen.ThestudyisfromtheNationalHealthServiceintheUK.Resea
    rcherssaidthatnowadays,childrenspendsomuchtimeswipingiPadsor
    mobilephonescreensthattheycannotholdapencilproperly.Childrenar
    enotusingpencils,sotheynowlackthemusclestrengthintheirhandstob
    eabletowriteproperly.ResearcherDrSallyPaynesaid:"Childrenarenot
    comingintoschoolwiththehandstrengthand[ability]theyhad10years
    ago.Childrencomingintoschoolarebeinggivenapencilbutareincreasin
    glynotabletoholditbecausetheydon'thavethefundamentalmovemen
    tskills."Theresearcherssaidtechnologyischangingthephysicalwayth
    atchildrenwrite,drawormakethings.Childrenareincreasinglyusingte
    chnologytocreate.DrPayneexplainedwhy.Shesaid:"It'seasiertogive
    achildaniPadthanencouragethemtodomuscle-buildingplaysuchasb
    uildingblocks,cuttingandsticking,orpullingtoysandropes.Becauseoft
    his,they'renotdevelopingtheunderlyingfoundationskillstheyneedtog
    ripandholdapencil."Someexpertssaytechnologymaybecausingbigge
    rproblems.Oneexpertsaidifachildisn'tstrongenoughtoholdapencil,p
    erhapstheirwholebodyisweak.Shesaiditwasbetterforchildren'sphysi
    caldevelopmenttoclimbtreesthantowatchYouTubevideos.

    Free writing

    Write about pencils for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Academic writing

    Pencils are better than tablets and smartphones. Discuss.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. HOLDING A PENCIL: Make a poster about holding a pencil. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. TECHNOLOGY: Write a magazine article about children not using technology until they are eight years old. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against it.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on holding a pencil. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to get children to use pencils more often. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Help Support This Web Site

    • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

    Sean Banville's Book

    Thank You