The Reading / Listening - Corruption - Level 6

Brazil's former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is in jail after surrendering to authorities on Saturday night. He was sentenced to spend 12 years behind bars after being found guilty of money laundering and corruption. It is a huge fall from grace for the still-popular ex-leader. Mr da Silva still has massive support and just hours before turning himself in to the police, his supporters were trying to stop him from going into custody. Hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' union blocked a gate where a car carrying da Silva was trying to leave to meet police officers. It was only with the help of his bodyguards that he could get through the crowds. This meant possible clashes with armed police were avoided.



Mr da Silva is affectionately known as Lula by his supporters. He was born in poverty and rose through the ranks of workers' unions to become leader of South America's largest country. He ran for the presidency several times before being elected to office in 2002. He governed from 2003 to 2010. During his two administrations, he initiated several social welfare programs and resurrected the economy. This helped tens of millions out of extreme poverty, which made him very popular. Former U.S. President Barack Obama once called da Silva, "the most popular politician on Earth". When he left office, his approval rating was an impressive 83 per cent. He hopes to overturn his conviction and run for president again.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Corruption - Level 4  or  Corruption - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/04/08/once-wildly-popular-brazils-da-silva-is-jailed-for-graft.html
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/apr/07/crowds-in-sao-paulo-block-lula-from-handing-himself-in
  • https://www.voanews.com/a/thousands-gather-in-support-of-former-brazilian-president-as-he-defies-prison-order/4336887.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. CORRUPTION: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about corruption. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       jail / authorities / behind bars / money laundering / corruption / union / police officers
       supporters / poverty / presidency / social welfare / economy / politician / approval
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. CORRUPT: Students A strongly believe everyone can be corrupted; Students B strongly believe many can never be corrupted.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. LEADER: What qualities are needed to be the leader of a country? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What's Best?

What's Your Leader Like?

Experience

 

 

Qualifications

 

 

Personality

 

 

Age

 

 

Looks

 

 

Diplomatic Skills

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. JAIL: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "jail". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. POLICIES: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important policies for a president at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • reducing inflation
  • housing
  • foreign relations
  • building houses
  • reducing poverty
  • creating jobs
  • strengthening the army
  • free healthcare

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. former a. Giving yourself up to the police; stopping fighting in a war and accepting your enemy now has control over you.
      2. surrendering b. In prison / jail.
      3. sentenced c. Having previously filled a particular role or been a particular thing.
      4. behind bars d. Huge; enormous; very, very big.
      5. money laundering e. Changing illegally gotten money into "clean" money or assets.
      6. massive f. Violent fights.
      7. clashes g. Given a punishment in court after being found guilty of a crime or offense.

    Paragraph 2

      8. affectionately h. A formal statement made by the verdict of a jury that someone is guilty of a crime.
      9. poverty i. Caused a process or action to begin.
      10. governed j. Brought someone or something back to life.
      11. initiated k. In a way that shows love or tenderness.
      12. resurrected l. The state of being very, very, very poor.
      13. extreme m. Very severe or serious.
      14. conviction n. Conducted the policy, actions, and affairs of a state, organization, or people.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Brazil's president surrendered to the police on Saturday night.     T / F
  2. Lula da Silva was sentenced to 20 years in prison.     T / F
  3. Lula's supporters tried to block him from going to the police.     T / F
  4. There were many clashes between Lula's supporters and the police.     T / F
  5. Lula da Silva was born into a rich family.     T / F
  6. Lula da Silva became president the first time he ran for office.     T / F
  7. Barack Obama called Lula da Silva the most popular politician on Earth.   T / F
  8. Lula da Silva doesn't want to run for office again.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. jail
  2. surrender
  3. huge
  4. supporters
  5. clashes
  6. affectionately
  7. several
  8. initiated
  9. extreme
  10. overturn
  1. a number of
  2. enormous
  3. confrontations
  4. reverse
  5. give up
  6. began
  7. prison
  8. severe
  9. fans
  10. warmly

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. in jail after surrendering
  2. He was sentenced to spend 12 years
  3. It is a huge fall
  4. trying to stop him from going into
  5. possible clashes with armed
  6. He ran
  7. social
  8. helped tens of millions out of
  9. approval
  10. He hopes to overturn
  1. from grace
  2. rating
  3. extreme poverty
  4. to authorities
  5. his conviction
  6. behind bars
  7. custody
  8. welfare programs
  9. police
  10. for the presidency

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
bodyguards
bars
massive
avoided
jail
clashes
union
grace

Brazil's former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is in (1) ____________ after surrendering to authorities on Saturday night. He was sentenced to spend 12 years behind (2) ____________ after being found guilty of money laundering and corruption. It is a huge fall from (3) ____________ for the still-popular ex-leader. Mr da Silva still has (4) ____________ support and just hours before turning himself in to the police, his supporters were trying to stop him from going into custody. Hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' (5) ____________ blocked a gate where a car carrying da Silva was trying to leave to meet police officers. It was only with the help of his (6) ____________ that he could get through the crowds. This meant possible (7) ____________ with armed police were (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
ranks
extreme
poverty
overturn
governed
approval
several
resurrected

Mr da Silva is affectionately known as Lula by his supporters. He was born in (9) ____________ and rose through the (10) ____________ of workers' unions to become leader of South America's largest country. He ran for the presidency (11) ____________ times before being elected to office in 2002. He (12) ____________ from 2003 to 2010. During his two administrations, he initiated several social welfare programs and (13) ____________ the economy. This helped tens of millions out of (14) ____________ poverty, which made him very popular. Former U.S. President Barack Obama once called da Silva, "the most popular politician on Earth". When he left office, his (15) ____________ rating was an impressive 83 per cent. He hopes to (16) ____________ his conviction and run for president again.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) sentenced to spend 12 years behind bars after being found guilty of ______
     a.  money laundry
     b.  money loan daring
     c.  money launder ring
     d.  money laundering
2) It is a huge fall from grace for the still-______
     a.  populace ex-leader
     b.  popular ex-leader
     c.  populate ex-leader
     d.  poplar ex-leader
3)  Hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' union ______
     a.  blacked a gate
     b.  blocked a gate
     c.  bricked a gate
     d.  baked a gate
4)  It was only with the help of his bodyguards that he could ______
     a.  get thorough
     b. get though
     c.  get through
     d.  get threw
5)  This meant possible clashes with armed police ______
     a.  were avoid it
     b.  were avoidance
     c.  were avid it
     d.  were avoided

6)  He was born in poverty and rose through ______
     a.  the ranks
     b.  them ranks
     c.  then ranks
     d.  their ranks
7)  During his two administrations, he initiated several social ______
     a.  warfare programs
     b.  well fair programs
     c.  well fare programs
     d.  welfare programs
8)  This helped tens of millions out of ______
     a.  extremist poverty
     b.  extreme property
     c.  extreme poverty
     d.  extremes posterity
9)  When he left office, his approval rating was an ______
     a.  impassive 83 per cent
     b.  in press sieve 83 per cent
     c.  compressive 83 per cent
     d.  impressive 83 per cent
10)  He hopes to overturn his conviction and run ______
     a.  for president again
     b.  four presidents again
     c.  for presidency again
     d.  form president again

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Brazil's former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is in (1) ___________________ to authorities on Saturday night. He was sentenced to spend 12 years behind bars after (2) ___________________ of money laundering and corruption. It is a huge fall from grace for the still-popular ex-leader. Mr da Silva still (3) ___________________ and just hours before turning himself in to the police, his supporters were trying to stop him from (4) ___________________. Hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' union blocked a gate where a car carrying da Silva was trying to leave to meet police officers. It was only with the help (5) ___________________ that he could get through the crowds. This meant (6) ___________________ armed police were avoided.

Mr da Silva is affectionately known as Lula (7) ___________________. He was born in poverty and rose through the (8) ___________________ unions to become leader of South America's largest country. He ran for the presidency several times before being (9) ___________________ in 2002. He governed from 2003 to 2010. During his two administrations, he initiated (10) ___________________ programs and resurrected the economy. This helped tens of millions out of extreme poverty, which made him very popular. Former U.S. President Barack Obama once called da Silva, "the most popular politician on Earth". When he left office, (11) ___________________ was an impressive 83 per cent. He hopes to (12) ___________________ and run for president again.

Comprehension questions

  1. How long must Lula da Silva spend behind bars?
  2. What was Lula da Silva guilty of laundering?
  3. What union were supporters from who tried to help Lula da Silva?
  4. Who helped Lula da Silva to get through the crowds?
  5. What did Lula da Silva's surrender help to avoid?
  6. What was Lula da Silva's financial situation like when he was born?
  7. How many times did Lula run for presidency before he won?
  8. What did Lula da Silva help to resurrect?
  9. Who called Lula da Silva the most popular politician on Earth?
  10. What was Lula da Silva's approval rating when he left office?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How long must Lula da Silva spend behind bars?
a) 10 years
b) 18 years
c) 12 years
d) 20 years
2) What was Lula da Silva guilty of laundering?
a) money
b) oil
c) washing
d) crypto-currency
3) What union were supporters from who tried to help Lula da Silva?
a) teachers
b) bankers
c) farmers
d) metal workers
4) Who helped Lula da Silva to get through the crowds?
a) his family
b) his bodyguards
c) reporters
d) the police
5) What did Lula da Silva's surrender help to avoid?
a) a recession
b) bloodshed
c) clashes with armed police
d) another election

6) What was Lula da Silva's financial situation like when he was born?
a) average
b) he was born into poverty
c) his parents were millionaires
d) he inherited a lot of money
7) How many times did Lula run for presidency before he won?
a) seven times
b) once
c) never
d) several times
8) What did Lula da Silva help to resurrect?
a) a republic
b) the economy
c) hope
d) his career
9) Who called Lula da Silva the most popular politician on Earth?
a) Barack Obama
b) Donald Trump
c) his wife
d) his party
10) What was Lula da Silva's approval rating when he left office?
a) 82%
b) 85%
c) 88%
d) 83%

Role play

Role  A – Reducing Poverty
You think reducing poverty is a leader's top priority. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): free healthcare, housing or foreign relations.

Role  B – Free Healthcare
You think free healthcare is a leader's top priority. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): reducing poverty, housing or foreign relations.

Role  C – Housing
You think housing is a leader's top priority. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): free healthcare, reducing poverty or foreign relations.

Role  D – Foreign Relations
You think foreign relations is a leader's top priority. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why):  free healthcare, housing or reducing poverty.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'guilty'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'corruption'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • born
    • ran
    • two
    • tens
    • once
    • again
    • jail
    • found
    • fall
    • stop
    • help
    • armed




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Former Brazilian president in jail

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'corruption'?
    3. What do you know about Brazil's Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva?
    4. Why do people become corrupt?
    5. What is money laundering?
    6. Do we all have the potential to take part in corruption?
    7. Who is the most honest leader you know?
    8. What would it be like to spend time behind bars?
    9. Is Lula's 12-year sentence fair?
    10. Why did his supporters try to stop his arrest?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'jail'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How many rags-to-riches stories do you know?
    5. What does it take to become a country's president?
    6. What are the worst kinds of corruption?
    7. Do you think "power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely"?
    8. How well-liked is your country's leader?
    9. Should Lula be allowed to run for president again?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Lula?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Brazil's former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is (1) ____ jail after surrendering to authorities on Saturday night. He was (2) ____ to spend 12 years behind bars after being found guilty of money laundering and corruption. It is a huge fall from (3) ____ for the still-popular ex-leader. Mr da Silva still has massive support and just hours before (4) ____ himself in to the police, his supporters were trying to stop him from going into (5) ____. Hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' union blocked a gate where a car carrying da Silva was trying to leave to meet police officers. It was (6) ____ with the help of his bodyguards that he could get through the crowds. This meant possible clashes with armed police were avoided.

    Mr da Silva is (7) ____ known as Lula by his supporters. He was born in poverty and rose through the ranks of workers' unions to become leader of South America's largest country. He (8) ____ for the presidency several times before being elected to office in 2002. He governed from 2003 to 2010. During his two administrations, he (9) ____ several social welfare programs and resurrected the economy. This helped tens of millions out (10) ____ extreme poverty, which made him very popular. Former U.S. President Barack Obama once called da Silva, "the most popular politician on Earth". When he left (11) ____, his approval rating was an impressive 83 per cent. He hopes to (12) ____ his conviction and run for president again.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     at     (b)     by     (c)     in     (d)     on    
    2. (a)     sentenced     (b)     sentence     (c)     sentences     (d)     sentencing    
    3. (a)     grail     (b)     grace     (c)     face     (d)     farce    
    4. (a)     spinning     (b)     twisting     (c)     revolving     (d)     turning    
    5. (a)     jealousy     (b)     tragedy     (c)     custody     (d)     fantasy    
    6. (a)     already     (b)     only     (c)     about     (d)     around    
    7. (a)     affectionately     (b)     affection     (c)     affected     (d)     affectation    
    8. (a)     sprinted     (b)     leapt     (c)     jumped     (d)     ran    
    9. (a)     ingratiated     (b)     infiltrated     (c)     initiated     (d)     intimidated    
    10. (a)     on     (b)     by     (c)     at     (d)     of    
    11. (a)     building     (b)     office     (c)     department     (d)     presidency    
    12. (a)     overturn     (b)     overtake     (c)     overdo     (d)     overrun

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. in jail after eudrsnirgnre to authorities
    2. He was sntceeend to spend 12 years behind bars
    3. after being found lgytui
    4. money eundarinlg
    5. siavsem support
    6. going into soycudt

    Paragraph 2

    1. iftlcfeoayatne known as Lula
    2. born in opyrtev
    3. he iintidate several social welfare programs
    4. vppaloar rating
    5. an ipsesivemr 83 per cent
    6. overturn his ntiocivnoc

    Put the text back together

    (...)  U.S. President Barack Obama once called da Silva, "the most popular politician on Earth". When he left office, his approval
    (...)  through the ranks of workers' unions to become leader of South America's largest country. He ran
    (...)  corruption. It is a huge fall from grace for the still-popular ex-leader. Mr da Silva still has massive support and just hours
    (...)  his two administrations, he initiated several social welfare programs and resurrected the
    (...)  Mr da Silva is affectionately known as Lula by his supporters. He was born in poverty and rose
    (...)  to leave to meet police officers. It was only with the help of his bodyguards
    (...)  rating was an impressive 83 per cent. He hopes to overturn his conviction and run for president again.
    (...)  economy. This helped tens of millions out of extreme poverty, which made him very popular. Former
    (...)  before turning himself in to the police, his supporters were trying to stop him from going into
    (...)  for the presidency several times before being elected to office in 2002. He governed from 2003 to 2010. During
    1  ) Brazil's former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is in jail after surrendering to authorities on Saturday night. He was
    (...)  custody. Hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' union blocked a gate where a car carrying da Silva was trying
    (...)  sentenced to spend 12 years behind bars after being found guilty of money laundering and
    (...)  that he could get through the crowds. This meant possible clashes with armed police were avoided.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. after   Lula   in   authorities   is   to   surrendering   jail
    2. sentenced   He   was   12   spend   bars   .   behind   years   to
    3. into   him   stop   Trying   custody   .   from   going   to
    4. bodyguards   .   was   only   the   of   help   his   with   It
    5. were   avoided   .   police   Possible   with   clashes   armed
    6. the   presidency   for   times   .   several   ran   He
    7. initiated  During  social   welfare  his   he   programs  .  administrations,
    8. Helped   of   extreme   of   tens   millions   out   poverty   .
    9. 83   approval   was   an   per   His   impressive   rating   cent   .
    10. president   Overturn   for   again   .   his   run   and   conviction

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Brazil's former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva is in jail before / after surrendering to authorities on Saturday night. He was sentencing / sentenced to spend 12 years behind bars / bar after being found / fond guilty of money laundering and corrupted / corruption. It is a huge fall from grace for the still-popular ex-leader. Mr da Silva still has massive support and just hours before turning / tuning himself in to the police, his supporters were trying to stop him from going into custodial / custody. Hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' union blocked a gate where a car carried / carrying da Silva was trying to leave to meet police officers. It was only with the help for / of his bodyguards that he could get through the crowds. This meant possible clashes with legged / armed police were avoided.

    Mr da Silva is affectionately / affection known as Lula by his supporters. He was born in / on poverty and rose through the ranks / rinks of workers' unions to become leader of South America's largest country. He ran for the presidency severance / several times before being elected to office in 2002. He governed from 2003 to 2010. During his two administers / administrations, he initiated several social welfare programs and resurrected the economical / economy. This helped tens of / for millions out of extreme poverty, which made him very popular / populace. Former U.S. President Barack Obama once called da Silva, "the most popular politician in / on Earth". When he left office, his approval rating was an impressive 83 per cent. He hopes to overturn / overtake his conviction and run for president again.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    B r_z_l ' s   f_r m_r   P r_s_d_n t   L__ z   I n_c__   L_l_  d_  S_l v_ _s  _n   j__ l  _f t_r   s_r r_n d_r_n g   t_ __ t h_r_t__ s  _n   S_t_r d_y   n_g h t .   H_  w_s   s_n t_n c_d   t_  s p_n d   1 2   y__ r s   b_h_n d   b_r s  _f t_r   b__ n g   f__ n d   g__ l t y  _f   m_n_y   l__ n d_r_n g  _n d   c_r r_p t__ n .   I t  _s  _  h_g_  f_l l   f r_m   g r_c_  f_r   t h_  s t_l l - p_p_l_r  _x - l__ d_r .   M r   d_  S_l v_  s t_l l   h_s   m_s s_v_  s_p p_r t  _n d   j_s t   h__ r s   b_f_r_  t_r n_n g   h_m s_l f  _n   t_  t h_  p_l_c_,   h_s   s_p p_r t_r s   w_r_  t r y_n g   t_  s t_p   h_m   f r_m   g__ n g  _n t_  c_s t_d y .   H_n d r_d s  _f   s_p p_r t_r s   f r_m  _  m_t_l   w_r k_r s '  _n__ n   b l_c k_d  _  g_t_  w h_r_ _  c_r   c_r r y_n g   d_  S_l v_  w_s   t r y_n g   t_  l__ v_  t_  m__ t   p_l_c_ _f f_c_r s .   I t   w_s  _n l y   w_t h   t h_  h_l p  _f   h_s   b_d y g__ r d s   t h_t   h_  c__ l d   g_t   t h r__ g h   t h_  c r_w d s .   T h_s   m__ n t   p_s s_b l_  c l_s h_s   w_t h  _r m_d   p_l_c_  w_r_ _v__ d_d .

    M r   d_  S_l v_ _s  _f f_c t__ n_t_l y   k n_w n  _s   L_l_  b y   h_s   s_p p_r t_r s .   H_  w_s   b_r n  _n   p_v_r t y  _n d   r_s_  t h r__ g h   t h_  r_n k s  _f   w_r k_r s '  _n__ n s   t_  b_c_m_  l__ d_r  _f   S__ t h   A m_r_c_' s   l_r g_s t   c__ n t r y .   H_  r_n   f_r   t h_  p r_s_d_n c y   s_v_r_l   t_m_s   b_f_r_  b__ n g  _l_c t_d   t_ _f f_c_ _n   2 0 0 2 .   H_  g_v_r n_d   f r_m   2 0 0 3   t_  2 0 1 0 .   D_r_n g   h_s   t w_ _d m_n_s t r_t__ n s ,   h_ _n_t__ t_d   s_v_r_l   s_c__ l   w_l f_r_  p r_g r_m s  _n d   r_s_r r_c t_d   t h_ _c_n_m y .   T h_s   h_l p_d   t_n s  _f   m_l l__ n s  __ t  _f  _x t r_m_  p_v_r t y ,   w h_c h   m_d_  h_m   v_r y   p_p_l_r .   F_r m_r   U . S .   P r_s_d_n t   B_r_c k   O b_m_ _n c_  c_l l_d   d_  S_l v_,   " t h_  m_s t   p_p_l_r   p_l_t_c__ n  _n   E_r t h " .   W h_n   h_  l_f t  _f f_c_,   h_s  _p p r_v_l   r_t_n g   w_s  _n  _m p r_s s_v_  8 3   p_r   c_n t .   H_  h_p_s   t_ _v_r t_r n   h_s   c_n v_c t__ n  _n d   r_n   f_r   p r_s_d_n t  _g__ n .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    brazil's former president luiz inacio lula da silva is in jail after surrendering to authorities on saturday night. he was sentenced to spend 12 years behind bars after being found guilty of money laundering and corruption. it is a huge fall from grace for the still-popular ex-leader. mr da silva still has massive support and just hours before turning himself in to the police, his supporters were trying to stop him from going into custody. hundreds of supporters from a metal workers' union blocked a gate where a car carrying da silva was trying to leave to meet police officers. it was only with the help of his bodyguards that he could get through the crowds. this meant possible clashes with armed police were avoided.

    mr da silva is affectionately known as lula by his supporters. he was born in poverty and rose through the ranks of workers' unions to become leader of south america's largest country. he ran for the presidency several times before being elected to office in 2002. he governed from 2003 to 2010. during his two administrations, he initiated several social welfare programs and resurrected the economy. this helped tens of millions out of extreme poverty, which made him very popular. former u.s. president barack obama once called da silva, "the most popular politician on earth". when he left office, his approval rating was an impressive 83 per cent. he hopes to overturn his conviction and run for president again.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Brazil'sformerPresidentLuizInacioLuladaSilvaisinjailaftersurrenderi
    ngtoauthoritiesonSaturdaynight.Hewassentencedtospend12yearsb
    ehindbarsafterbeingfoundguiltyofmoneylaunderingandcorruption.I
    tisahugefallfromgraceforthestill-popularex-leader.MrdaSilvastillha
    smassivesupportandjusthoursbeforeturninghimselfintothepolice,hi
    ssupportersweretryingtostophimfromgoingintocustody.Hundredsof
    supportersfromametalworkers'unionblockedagatewhereacarcarryi
    ngdaSilvawastryingtoleavetomeetpoliceofficers.Itwasonlywiththeh
    elpofhisbodyguardsthathecouldgetthroughthecrowds.Thismeantpo
    ssibleclasheswitharmedpolicewereavoided.MrdaSilvaisaffectionatel
    yknownasLulabyhissupporters.Hewasborninpovertyandrosethroug
    htheranksofworkers'unionstobecomeleaderofSouthAmerica'slarges
    tcountry.Heranforthepresidencyseveraltimesbeforebeingelectedto
    officein2002.Hegovernedfrom2003to2010.Duringhistwoadministra
    tions,heinitiatedseveralsocialwelfareprogramsandresurrectedtheec
    onomy.Thishelpedtensofmillionsoutofextremepoverty,whichmadeh
    imverypopular.FormerU.S.PresidentBarackObamaoncecalleddaSilv
    a,"themostpopularpoliticianonEarth".Whenheleftoffice,hisapproval
    ratingwasanimpressive83percent.Hehopestooverturnhisconviction
    andrunforpresidentagain.

    Free writing

    Write about corruption for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It is difficult to avoid corrupt practices when in positions of high power. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. CORRUPTION: Make a poster about corruption. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. LEADERS: Write a magazine article about stronger sentences being needed for corrupt leaders. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on corruption. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can reduce levels of corruption in governments. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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