The Reading / Listening - Sleeping Late - Level 3

A new study says that going to bed late may be bad for our health. It may even shorten our life. The study was carried out in the United Kingdom. Researchers spent six-and-a-half years looking at the lifestyles of 430,000 adults between the ages of 38 and 73. At the end of the study, the researchers compared the deaths of people who went to bed early to those who went to bed late. They found that night owls (people who go to bed late) were 10 per cent more likely to die during the period of the study. The researchers concluded that night owls were at higher risk of an early death than early birds (people who slept early). Night owls were also at a greater risk of poor health compared to early birds.



The researchers said society and working patterns needed to change to reduce the risks of ill health for night owls. Researcher Malcolm van Schantz said: "This is a public health issue that can no longer be ignored." He suggested that night owls should be allowed to start and finish work later in the day so they could sleep longer in the morning. The researchers said that night owls were more likely to suffer from mental problems, diabetes, and stomach and breathing troubles. They were also more likely to smoke, drink alcohol and coffee, and take drugs. Researchers also said different sleeping patterns during the week and at weekends could increase the chances of health problems for night owls.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Sleeping Late - Level 0 Sleeping Late - Level 1   or  Sleeping Late - Level 2

Sources
  • http://abcnews.go.com/Health/bad-news-night-owls-people-bed-higher-risk/story?id=54430501
  • https://www.cbsnews.com/news/bad-news-for-night-owls-late-risers-may-die-sooner-study-finds/
  • https://www.livescience.com/20880-morning-people-happier.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SLEEPING LATE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about sleeping late. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       going to bed / late / life / lifestyles / night owls / risk / sleep early / poor / early birds
       society / working patterns / ill health / finish / morning / mental problems / alcohol
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SLEEPING EARLY: Students A strongly believe it is always better to sleep early; Students B strongly believe it isn't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. HEALTH: What can we do to be healthier? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What you do

What you should do

Sleep

 

 

Exercise

 

 

Food

 

 

Stress

 

 

Friends

 

 

Lifestyle

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. LIFE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "life". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. BENEFITS: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest benefits of sleeping early at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • sleep a lot
  • good body clock
  • get more things done
  • healthier body
  • never tired
  • get up early
  • look younger
  • never late

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. carried out a. Might happen or be true; probable.
      2. lifestyles b. Looked at two or more things to see how they are the same or different.
      3. compared c. The way a person or group of people live.
      4. night owls d. People who like to wake up early in the morning.
      5. likely e. Done; performed an action.
      6. concluded f. People who like to go to bed late.
      7. early birds g. Came to have a final opinion about something after thinking about it or researching it.

    Paragraph 2

      8. society h. Decided not to look at something, not talk to someone or not to take an action.
      9. reduce i. The action of taking air into your body (through your mouth or nose) and then letting it out.
      10. issue j. A disease where too much or not enough sugar in your body can cause problems.
      11. ignored k. Make smaller or make less.
      12. diabetes l. Risks; possibilities something might happen.
      13. breathing m. All of the people living in a country, and the laws, customs, cultures, etc.
      14. chances n. A big or important problem or topic to talk about.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A study into sleeping late was conducted by researchers in the USA.     T / F
  2. The research looked at the lifestyles of people aged from 21 to 70.     T / F
  3. The study said that night owls are people who like to go to bed early.     T / F
  4. Early birds have a better chance of living longer than night owls.     T / F
  5. Researchers said working patterns should change to help people sleep.    T / F
  6. A researcher said night owls should start work earlier.     T / F
  7. Night owls will probably drink alcohol and smoke more than early birds.   T / F
  8. Different sleeping patterns at the weekend could cause problems.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. study
  2. shorten
  3. likely
  4. higher
  5. risk
  6. change
  7. ignored
  8. suffer from
  9. allowed
  10. problems
  1. probable
  2. difficulties
  3. chance
  4. disregarded
  5. adjust
  6. report
  7. experience
  8. greater
  9. reduce
  10. permitted

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. going to bed late may
  2. The study was carried
  3. between the ages
  4. 10 per cent more
  5. at higher risk of
  6. working patterns needed
  7. This is a public health
  8. more likely to suffer
  9. take
  10. different sleeping patterns during
  1. to change
  2. likely to die
  3. the week
  4. an early death
  5. of 38 and 73
  6. from mental problems
  7. be bad for our health
  8. drugs
  9. issue
  10. out in the United Kingdom

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
end
study
those
higher
spent
compared
shorten
likely

A new (1) ____________ says that going to bed late may be bad for our health. It may even (2) ____________ our life. The study was carried out in the United Kingdom. Researchers                    (3) ____________ six-and-a-half years looking at the lifestyles of 430,000 adults between the ages of 38 and 73. At the                   (4) ____________ of the study, the researchers compared the deaths of people who went to bed early to (5) ____________ who went to bed late. They found that night owls (people who go to bed late) were 10 per cent more (6) ____________ to die during the period of the study. The researchers concluded that night owls were at (7) ____________ risk of an early death than early birds (people who slept early). Night owls were also at a greater risk of poor health (8) ____________ to early birds.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
chances
ignored
patterns
take
suffer
ill
breathing
later

The researchers said society and working (9) ____________ needed to change to reduce the risks of (10) ____________ health for night owls. Researcher Malcolm van Schantz said: "This is a public health issue that can no longer be (11) ____________." He suggested that night owls should be allowed to start and finish work (12) ____________ in the day so they could sleep longer in the morning. The researchers said that night owls were more likely to (13) ____________ from mental problems, diabetes, and stomach and (14) ____________ troubles. They were also more likely to smoke, drink alcohol and coffee, and (15) ____________ drugs. Researchers also said different sleeping patterns during the week and at weekends could increase the (16) ____________ of health problems for night owls.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  A new study says that going to bed late may be bad ______
     a.  from our healthy
     b.  for our healthier
     c.  for our health
     d.  of our healthiest
2)  looking at the lifestyles of 430,000 adults between ______ 38 and 73
     a.  the aged of
     b.  the ages of
     c.  the age is of
     d.  the ageist of
3)  night owls (people who go to bed late) were 10 per cent more likely to ______ period
     a.  die during the
     b.  die dueling the
     c.  did during the
     d.  day during the
4)  The researchers concluded that night owls were at higher ______ early death
     a.  risky of an
     b.  riskier of an
     c.  rusk of an
     d.  risk of an
5)  Night owls were also at a greater risk of poor health ______ early birds
     a.  compared too
     b.  compared two
     c.  compared to
     d.  compared thru

6)  society and working patterns needed to change to ______
     a.  deduce the risks
     b.  reduce the risks
     c.  induce the risks
     d.  re-juice the risks
7)  This is a public health issue that can no longer ______
     a.  be ignored
     b.  big snored
     c.  being gored
     d.  big gnawed
8)  night owls should be allowed to start and finish work later in the day so they ______
     a.  could sleeps longing
     b.  could sleep long
     c.  could sleeps longer
     d.  could sleep longer
9) likely to suffer from mental problems, diabetes, and stomach and ______
     a.  breathe in troubles
     b.  breathing troubled
     c.  breathing troubles
     d.  breathe in troubled
10)  Researchers also said different sleeping patterns ______
     a.  during a week
     b.  during the week
     c.  during the weeks
     d.  during the weak

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A new study says that going to (1) ___________________ be bad for our health. It (2) ___________________ our life. The study was carried out in the United Kingdom. Researchers spent six-and-a-half years looking at the lifestyles of 430,000 adults (3) ___________________ of 38 and 73. At the end of the study, the researchers compared the deaths of people who went to bed (4) ___________________ who went to bed late. They found that night owls (people who go to bed late) were 10 per cent more likely to die (5) ___________________ of the study. The researchers concluded that night owls were at higher risk of an early death than early birds (people who slept early). Night owls (6) ___________________ a greater risk of poor health compared to early birds.

The researchers said society and working (7) _____________ change to reduce the risks of ill health for night owls. Researcher Malcolm van Schantz said: "This is a public health issue that (8) _____________ be ignored." He suggested that night owls (9) _____________ to start and finish work later in the day so they could sleep longer in the morning. The researchers said that night owls were more (10) _____________ from mental problems, diabetes, and stomach and breathing troubles. They were also more (11) _____________, drink alcohol and coffee, and take drugs. Researchers also said different sleeping patterns (12) _____________ and at weekends could increase the chances of health problems for night owls.

Comprehension questions

  1. Where was the research conducted?
  2. How many adults did researchers look at?
  3. What were the ages of the people the researchers looked at?
  4. How much likelier to die during the study were night owls?
  5. What is an early bird?
  6. What did researchers say needed to change, besides society?
  7. What kind of issue did a researcher call the risks from sleeping late?
  8. What kind of problems did the researcher say night owls might have?
  9. What two things might night owls drink more of?
  10. What patterns did researchers say was different at weekends?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Where was the research conducted?
a) the USA
b) the UK
c) the UFO
d) the UAE
2) How many adults did researchers look at?
a) 450,000
b) 420,000
c) 440,000
d) 430,000
3) What were the ages of the people the researchers looked at?
a) 38-73
b) 39-72
c) 37-74
d) 38-74
4) How much likelier to die during the study were night owls?
a) 17%
b) 20%
c) 10%
d) 15%
5) What is an early bird?
a) someone who goes to bed early
b) someone who wakes up early
c) someone who hates midnight
d) a pigeon

6) What did researchers say needed to change, besides society?
a) working patterns
b) beds
c) alarm clocks
d) all of us
7) What kind of issue did a researcher call the risks from sleeping late?
a) a big issue
b) an important issue
c) a public health issue
d) a sleep issue
8) What kind of problems did the researcher say night owls might have?
a) mental problems
b) pillow problems
c) noise problems
d) hair loss
9) What two things might night owls drink more of?
a) alcohol and coffee
b) alcohol and water
c) tea and coffee
d) water and tea
10) What patterns did researchers say was different at weekends?
a) colourful patterns
b) thinking patterns
c) material patterns
d) sleeping patterns

Role play

Role  A – Never Tired
You think never being tired is the biggest benefit of sleeping early. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): looking younger, getting more things done or having a healthier body.

Role  B – Look Younger
You think looking younger is the biggest benefit of sleeping early. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): never being tired, getting more things done or having a healthier body.

Role  C – Get More Things Done
You think getting more things done is the biggest benefit of sleeping early. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): looking younger, never being tired or having a healthier body.

Role  D – Healthier Body
You think having a healthier body is the biggest benefit of sleeping early. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least beneficial of these (and why): looking younger, getting more things done or never being tired.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'sleep'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'late'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • change
    • issue
    • finish
    • stomach
    • take
    • chances
    • new
    • looking
    • end
    • found
    • 10
    • poor




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Going to bed late shortens our life, says study

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'sleep'?
    3. What is the best time to go to bed?
    4. Why is i good to go to bed early?
    5. Do you sleep at different times during the week?
    6. How do you feel when you wake up?
    7. How unhealthy is going to bed late?
    8. Why do people like going to bed late?
    9. Are you a night owl or an early bird?
    10. Will you change your sleeping pattern after reading this?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'late'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Should we be able to choose the time we start work?
    5. How do you feel if you don't sleep enough?
    6. Why are night owls more likely to smoke?
    7. Do you agree that, "the early bird catches the worm"?
    8. Why do some people think sleeping is a waste of time?
    9. What advice do you have for people with sleeping problems?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A new study says that going to bed late may be (1) ____ for our health. It may even shorten our life. The study was carried (2) ____ in the United Kingdom. Researchers spent six-and-a-half years looking at the lifestyles of 430,000 adults (3) ____ the ages of 38 and 73. At the end of the study, the researchers compared the deaths of people who went to bed early to (4) ____ who went to bed late. They found that night owls (people who go to bed late) were 10 per cent more likely to die during the period of the study. The researchers (5) ____ that night owls were at higher risk of an early death than early birds (people who slept early). Night owls were also at a greater (6) ____ of poor health compared to early birds.

    The researchers said society and working patterns needed to (7) ____ to reduce the risks of ill health for night owls. Researcher Malcolm van Schantz said: "This is a public health issue that can (8) ____ longer be ignored." He suggested that night owls should be allowed to start and finish work later in the day (9) ____ they could sleep longer in the morning. The researchers said that night owls were more likely to suffer (10) ____ mental problems, diabetes, and stomach and breathing troubles. They were also more likely to smoke, drink alcohol and coffee, and (11) ____ drugs. Researchers also said different sleeping patterns (12) ____ the week and at weekends could increase the chances of health problems for night owls.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     badly     (b)     bad     (c)     baddest     (d)     badness    
    2. (a)     in     (b)     out     (c)     up     (d)     over    
    3. (a)     up     (b)     next     (c)     among     (d)     between    
    4. (a)     their     (b)     those     (c)     them     (d)     they    
    5. (a)     concludes     (b)     concluded     (c)     conclusion     (d)     concluding    
    6. (a)     risky     (b)     risked     (c)     risk     (d)     risqué    
    7. (a)     chance     (b)     charge     (c)     change     (d)     challenge    
    8. (a)     now     (b)     none     (c)     no     (d)     not    
    9. (a)     soon     (b)     that     (c)     much     (d)     so    
    10. (a)     to     (b)     as     (c)     for     (d)     from    
    11. (a)     take     (b)     eat     (c)     munch     (d)     swallow    
    12. (a)     along     (b)     between     (c)     during     (d)     among

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. The study was icrraed out in the UK
    2. the leytsiesfl of 430,000 adults
    3. researchers omcrdaep the deaths
    4. 10 per cent more elkliy to die
    5. during the eipord of the study
    6. a greater risk of poor ehlath

    Paragraph 2

    1. ociesty and working patterns
    2. eudrce the risks
    3. can no longer be ongried
    4. ufsefr from mental problems
    5. ebhtairng troubles
    6. could increase the hancces

    Put the text back together

    1  ) A new study says that going to bed late may be bad for our health. It may even shorten our life. The study was
    (...)  of people who went to bed early to those who went to bed late. They found that night
    (...)  study. The researchers concluded that night owls were at higher risk of an early death than early birds
    (...)  longer in the morning. The researchers said that night owls were more likely to suffer from mental problems,
    (...)  diabetes, and stomach and breathing troubles. They were also more likely to smoke, drink
    (...)  (people who slept early). Night owls were also at a greater risk of poor health compared to early birds.
    (...)  carried out in the United Kingdom. Researchers spent six-and-a-half years looking at the lifestyles
    (...)  the week and at weekends could increase the chances of health problems for night owls.
    (...)  The researchers said society and working patterns needed to change to reduce the risks of ill
    (...)  owls (people who go to bed late) were 10 per cent more likely to die during the period of the
    (...)  of 430,000 adults between the ages of 38 and 73. At the end of the study, the researchers compared the deaths
    (...)  health for night owls. Researcher Malcolm van Schantz said: "This is a public health issue that can no longer
    (...)  be ignored." He suggested that night owls should be allowed to start and finish work later in the day so they could sleep
    (...)  alcohol and coffee, and take drugs. Researchers also said different sleeping patterns during

    Put the words in the right order

    1. late   bed   Going   bad   .   may   to   be
    2. carried   was   UK   .   the   in   out   The   study
    3. between   73   .   the   of   38   and   Adults   ages
    4. to   10%   owls   more   die   .   Night   likely   were
    5. owls   risk   .   Night   also   at   were   a   greater
    6. change   to   Patterns   the   to   risks   .   needed   reduce
    7. day   .   Start   finish   work   later   the   in   and
    8. problems   .   More   to   likely   suffer   mental   from
    9. to   more   also   They   smoke   .   were   likely
    10. sleeping   week   .   the   Different   during   patterns

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A new study says / saying that going to bed late may be bad for our health. It may even shorter / shorten our life. The study was carried out / up in the United Kingdom. Researchers spent six-and-a-half years looking for / at the lifestyles of 430,000 adults between the aged / ages of 38 and 73. At the end of the study / studied, the researchers compared the deaths of people who went to bed early to those / them who went to bed late. They found that night owls (people who go to bed late) were 10 per cent much / more likely to die during the period of the study. The researchers concluded that night owls were at higher risky / risk of an early death than early birds (people who slept early). Night owls were also at a greater risk of poor health / healthy compared to early birds.

    The researchers said society and working pattern / patterns needed to change to reduce the risks of all / ill health for night owls. Researcher Malcolm van Schantz said: "This is a public health tissue / issue that can no longer be / is ignored." He suggested that night owls should be / can allowed to start and finish work later in the day so they could sleep longer / longing in the morning. The researchers said that night owls were more likely to suffer as / from mental problems, diabetes, and stomach and breathing troubles. They were also more likely to smoke, drinking / drink alcohol and coffee, and take drugs. Researchers also said different / difference sleeping patterns during the week and at / in weekends could increase the chances of health problems for night owls.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A n_w s t_d y s_y s t h_t g__ n g t_ b_d l_t_ m_y b_ b_d f_r __ r h__ l t h . I t m_y _v_n s h_r t_n __ r l_f_. T h_ s t_d y w_s c_r r__ d __ t _n t h_ U n_t_d K_n g d_m . R_s__ r c h_r s s p_n t s_x -_n d -_- h_l f y__ r s l__ k_n g _t t h_ l_f_s t y l_s _f 4 3 0 , 0 0 0 _d_l t s b_t w__ n t h_ _g_s _f 3 8 _n d 7 3 . A t t h_ _n d _f t h_ s t_d y , t h_ r_s__ r c h_r s c_m p_r_d t h_ d__ t h s _f p__ p l_ w h_ w_n t t_ b_d __ r l y t_ t h_s_ w h_ w_n t t_ b_d l_t_. T h_y f__ n d t h_t n_g h t _w l s ( p__ p l_ w h_ g_ t_ b_d l_t_) w_r_ 1 0 p_r c_n t m_r_ l_k_l y t_ d__ d_r_n g t h_ p_r__ d _f t h_ s t_d y . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s c_n c l_d_d t h_t n_g h t _w l s w_r_ _t h_g h_r r_s k _f _n __ r l y d__ t h t h_n __ r l y b_r d s ( p__ p l_ w h_ s l_p t __ r l y ) . N_g h t _w l s w_r_ _l s_ _t _ g r__ t_r r_s k _f p__ r h__ l t h c_m p_r_d t_ __ r l y b_r d s .

    T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s__ d s_c__ t y _n d w_r k_n g p_t t_r n s n__ d_d t_ c h_n g_ t_ r_d_c_ t h_ r_s k s _f _l l h__ l t h f_r n_g h t _w l s . R_s__ r c h_r M_l c_l m v_n S c h_n t z s__ d : " T h_s _s _ p_b l_c h__ l t h _s s__ t h_t c_n n_ l_n g_r b_ _g n_r_d . " H_ s_g g_s t_d t h_t n_g h t _w l s s h__ l d b_ _l l_w_d t_ s t_r t _n d f_n_s h w_r k l_t_r _n t h_ d_y s_ t h_y c__ l d s l__ p l_n g_r _n t h_ m_r n_n g . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s__ d t h_t n_g h t _w l s w_r_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ s_f f_r f r_m m_n t_l p r_b l_m s , d__ b_t_s , _n d s t_m_c h _n d b r__ t h_n g t r__ b l_s . T h_y w_r_ _l s_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ s m_k_, d r_n k _l c_h_l _n d c_f f__ , _n d t_k_ d r_g s . R_s__ r c h_r s _l s_ s__ d d_f f_r_n t s l__ p_n g p_t t_r n s d_r_n g t h_ w__ k _n d _t w__ k_n d s c__ l d _n c r__ s_ t h_ c h_n c_s _f h__ l t h p r_b l_m s f_r n_g h t _w l s .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a new study says that going to bed late may be bad for our health it may even shorten our life the study was carried out in the united kingdom researchers spent sixandahalf years looking at the lifestyles of 430000 adults between the ages of 38 and 73 at the end of the study the researchers compared the deaths of people who went to bed early to those who went to bed late they found that night owls people who go to bed late were 10 per cent more likely to die during the period of the study the researchers concluded that night owls were at higher risk of an early death than early birds people who slept early night owls were also at a greater risk of poor health compared to early birds

    the researchers said society and working patterns needed to change to reduce the risks of ill health for night owls researcher malcolm van schantz said this is a public health issue that can no longer be ignored he suggested that night owls should be allowed to start and finish work later in the day so they could sleep longer in the morning the researchers said that night owls were more likely to suffer from mental problems diabetes and stomach and breathing troubles they were also more likely to smoke drink alcohol and coffee and take drugs researchers also said different sleeping patterns during the week and at weekends could increase the chances of health problems for night owls.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Anewstudysaysthatgoingtobedlatemaybebadforourhealth.Itmayev
    enshortenourlife.ThestudywascarriedoutintheUnitedKingdom.Rese
    archersspentsix-and-a-halfyearslookingatthelifestylesof430,000ad
    ultsbetweentheagesof38and73.Attheendofthestudy,theresearcher
    scomparedthedeathsofpeoplewhowenttobedearlytothosewhowentt
    obedlate.Theyfoundthatnightowls(peoplewhogotobedlate)were10p
    ercentmorelikelytodieduringtheperiodofthestudy.Theresearchersco
    ncludedthatnightowlswereathigherriskofanearlydeaththanearlybird
    s(peoplewhosleptearly).Nightowlswerealsoatagreaterriskofpoorhe
    althcomparedtoearlybirds.Theresearcherssaidsocietyandworkingp
    atternsneededtochangetoreducetherisksofillhealthfornightowls.Re
    searcherMalcolmvanSchantzsaid:"Thisisapublichealthissuethatcan
    nolongerbeignored."Hesuggestedthatnightowlsshouldbeallowedtos
    tartandfinishworklaterinthedaysotheycouldsleeplongerinthemornin
    g.Theresearcherssaidthatnightowlsweremorelikelytosufferfromme
    ntalproblems,diabetes,andstomachandbreathingtroubles.Theywer
    ealsomorelikelytosmoke,drinkalcoholandcoffee,andtakedrugs.Rese
    archersalsosaiddifferentsleepingpatternsduringtheweekandatweek
    endscouldincreasethechancesofhealthproblemsfornightowls.

    Free writing

    Write about sleeping late for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    People should be allowed to choose at what time to start work / school. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SLEEPING LATE: Make a poster about sleeping late. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. BODY CLOCK: Write a magazine article about being choosing their own work / study times and patterns to help their body clock. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on sleeping late. Ask him/her three questions about sleeping. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to get the best quality sleep. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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