The Reading / Listening - Oldest Leader - Level 6

Malaysia's former leader Mahathir Mohamad has staged a remarkable political comeback to end the six-decade rule of the Barisan Nasional (BN) party. It is still unclear when Mr Mahathir, 92, will be sworn in as Malaysia's next prime minister. When he assumes power, he will be the world's oldest elected leader. Mahathir was Malaysia's prime minister from 1981 to 2003. At that time, he was leader of the BN party, which came to power in 1957 after Malaysia gained independence from British colonial rule. He was instrumental in his country's economic success and in making Malaysia an "Asian tiger". He was also accused of being an authoritarian leader who used security laws to imprison his opponents.



Official polling results show Mahathir's Pakatan Harapan party has won 113 seats. This is sufficient to form a simple majority in the country's 222-seat parliament. Mahathir came out of retirement and joined the opposition party. In an often bitterly-contested election race, he defeated his former protégé Najib Razak. Mr Najib had been beset by allegations of corruption and a multi-billion dollar financial scandal. Mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put Malaysia back on the right track. He said: "What we want to do is to restore the rule of law." When reporters asked about his advancing years, he joked about age. He said his new cabinet would be, "a gathering of men and women, including a young person".

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Oldest Leader - Level 4  or  Oldest Leader - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.scmp.com/week-asia/politics/article/2145438/malaysias-strongman-mahathir-mohamad-back-power-he-ends-barisan
  • http://www.freemalaysiatoday.com/category/nation/2018/05/10/malaysia-looks-to-new-political-dawn/
  • http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44063675


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. LEADERS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about leaders. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       leader / remarkable / comeback / decade / power / elected / independence / security /
       results / party / retirement / opposition / allegations / corruption / scandal / law / age
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. RETIREMENT: Students A strongly believe there should be an age at which all leaders must retire; Students B strongly believe otherwise. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. LEADERS: Who are the best? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

The Best

Why?

Political

 

 

Religious

 

 

Business

 

 

Fashion

 

 

Social media

 

 

Music

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. RULE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "rule". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. LEADERSHIP: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important things for a leader to have at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • charisma
  • qualifications
  • looks
  • nerves of steel
  • youth
  • ideas
  • energy
  • experience

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. former a. A period of ten years.
      2. remarkable b. Having previously filled a particular role or been a particular thing.
      3. decade c. Admitted someone to an official position by getting them to take a formal oath (promise).
      4. sworn in d. Relating to a time when different powers took political control of poorer countries.
      5. colonial e. Worthy of attention; striking.
      6. instrumental f. Rivals; the people you fight against in a competition or election.
      7. opponents g. Being a key part of the process of getting something achieved.

    Paragraph 2

      8. polling h. Enough.
      9. sufficient i. A person who is guided and supported by an older and more experienced or influential person.
      10. majority j. The process of voting in an election.
      11. bitterly k. The greater number of.
      12. protégé l. Of a problem or difficulty that is always there.
      13. beset m. To an extreme, forceful, or particularly harsh degree.
      14. allegations n. Claims that someone has done something illegal or wrong, typically one made without proof.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Malaysia's Barisan Nasional party ruled for around 60 years.     T / F
  2. Mr Mahathir will be sworn in as prime minster on Monday.     T / F
  3. Mr Mahathir was Malaysian prime minister in the 1980s and 90s.     T / F
  4. People have accused Mr Mahathir of putting his opponents in jail.     T / F
  5. Malaysia's parliament has 113 seats.     T / F
  6. Mr Mahathir's opponent was accused of corruption.     T / F
  7. Mr Mahathir said he never joked about his age.     T / F
  8. Mr Mahathir said his cabinet would be full of young people.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. former
  2. remarkable
  3. assumes
  4. instrumental
  5. opponents
  6. sufficient
  7. protégé
  8. beset
  9. restore
  10. gathering
  1. key
  2. reinstate
  3. foes
  4. extraordinary
  5. trainee
  6. ex-
  7. plagued
  8. assembly
  9. takes over
  10. enough

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Mohamad has staged a remarkable
  2. end the six-
  3. Malaysia gained independence from British
  4. accused of being an authoritarian
  5. imprison his
  6. This is sufficient to form
  7. Mahathir came out
  8. an often bitterly-
  9. put Malaysia back
  10. reporters asked about his advancing
  1. colonial rule
  2. opponents
  3. years
  4. decade rule
  5. of retirement
  6. contested election race
  7. leader
  8. political comeback
  9. a simple majority
  10. on the right track

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
rule
colonial
elected
opponents
former
accused
sworn
power

Malaysia's (1) ____________ leader Mahathir Mohamad has staged a remarkable political comeback to end the six-decade (2) ____________ of the Barisan Nasional (BN) party. It is still unclear when Mr Mahathir, 92, will be (3) ____________ in as Malaysia's next prime minister. When he assumes power, he will be the world's oldest (4) ____________ leader. Mahathir was Malaysia's prime minister from 1981 to 2003. At that time, he was leader of the BN party, which came to (5) ____________ in 1957 after Malaysia gained independence from British (6) ____________ rule. He was instrumental in his country's economic success and in making Malaysia an "Asian tiger". He was also (7) ____________ of being an authoritarian leader who used security laws to imprison his (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
majority
scandal
advancing
results
bitterly
restore
allegations
track

Official polling (9) ____________ show Mahathir's Pakatan Harapan party has won 113 seats. This is sufficient to form a simple (10) ____________ in the country's 222-seat parliament. Mahathir came out of retirement and joined the opposition party. In an often (11) ____________ -contested election race, he defeated his former protégé Najib Razak. Mr Najib had been beset by (12) ____________ of corruption and a multi-billion-dollar financial (13) ____________. Mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put Malaysia back on the right (14) ____________. He said: "What we want to do is to (15) ____________ the rule of law." When reporters asked about his (16) ____________ years, he joked about age. He said his new cabinet would be, "a gathering of men and women, including a young person".

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Mahathir Mohamad has staged a remarkable ______
     a.  politically comeback
     b.  political comeback
     c.  political came back
     d.  politically came back
2)  It is still unclear when Mr Mahathir, 92, will be ______
     a.  sworn in
     b.  swore nine
     c.  swarm in
     d.  swarming
3)  came to power in 1957 after Malaysia gained independence from British ______
     a.  colonial ruler
     b.  colonial rules
     c.  colonial ruled
     d.  colonial rule
4)  instrumental in his country's economic success and in making Malaysia ______
     a.  an "Asian lion"
     b.  an "Asian puma"
     c.  an "Asian leopard"
     d.  an "Asian tiger"
5)  an authoritarian leader who used security laws to ______ opponents
     a.  in prison his
     b.  imprisoned his
     c.  imprison his
     d.  imp prison his

6)  Official polling results show Mahathir's Pakatan Harapan party has won ______
     a.  113 chairs
     b.  113 seats
     c.  113 sofas
     d.  113 settees
7)  This is sufficient to form a ______
     a.  simply majority
     b.  simply minority
     c.  simple minority
     d.  simple majority
8)  In an often bitterly-contested election race, he defeated his ______
     a.  former protected
     b.  former protection
     c.  former protecting
     d.  former protégé
9)  Mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put Malaysia back on ______
     a.  the right track
     b.  the light track
     c.  the bright track
     d.  the trite track
10)  When reporters asked about his ______
     a.  advance sin ears
     b.  advance sing years
     c.  advancing years
     d.  advance in years

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Malaysia's former leader Mahathir Mohamad (1) ___________________ remarkable political comeback to end the (2) ___________________ of the Barisan Nasional (BN) party. It is still unclear when Mr Mahathir, 92, will be sworn in as Malaysia's next prime minister. When (3) ___________________, he will be the world's oldest elected leader. Mahathir was Malaysia's prime minister from 1981 to 2003. At that time, he was leader of the BN party, which (4) ___________________ in 1957 after Malaysia gained independence from British colonial rule. He (5) ___________________ his country's economic success and in making Malaysia an "Asian tiger". He was also accused of being an authoritarian leader who (6) ___________________ to imprison his opponents.

Official (7) ___________________ Mahathir's Pakatan Harapan party has won 113 seats. This is sufficient to form a (8) ___________________ the country's 222-seat parliament. Mahathir came out of retirement and joined the opposition party. In an (9) ___________________ election race, he defeated his former protégé Najib Razak. Mr Najib had been beset by allegations of corruption and a multi-billion-(10) ___________________. Mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put Malaysia back on the right track. He said: "What we want to do is to (11) ___________________ of law." When reporters asked about his advancing years, he joked about age. He said his new cabinet would be, "a (12) ___________________ and women, including a young person".

Comprehension questions

  1. What did the article say Mahathir Mohamad staged?
  2. How long had the Barisan Nasional party been in power?
  3. When was Mahathir Mohamad prime minister before?
  4. When did Malaysia get independence from Britain?
  5. What do people say Mahathir Mohamad did to his opponents?
  6. How many seats did Mahathir Mohamad win?
  7. How many seats are there in Malaysia's parliament?
  8. What was Mahathir Mohamad's opponent accused of?
  9. What rule does Mahathir Mohamad want to restore?
  10. What will Mahathir Mohamad's new cabinet include?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What did the article say Mahathir Mohamad staged?
a) a charity event
b) a political comeback
c) a cover-up
d) a musical
2) How long had the Barisan Nasional party been in power?
a) 12 years and two months
b) 50 years
c) 80 years
d) 60 years
3) When was Mahathir Mohamad prime minister before?
a) 1982 to 2001
b) 1983 to 2002
c) 1981 to 2003
d) 1980 to 2004
4) When did Malaysia get independence from Britain?
a) 1957
b) 1958
c) 1959
d) 1956
5) What do people say Mahathir Mohamad did to his opponents?
a) gave them jobs
b) imprisoned them
c) followed them
d) fought them

6) How many seats did Mahathir Mohamad win?
a) 113
b) 114
c) 115
d) 116
7) How many seats are there in Malaysia's parliament?
a) 220
b) 221
c) 222
d) 223
8) What was Mahathir Mohamad's opponent accused of?
a) corruption
b) voter fraud
c) cyber-bullying
d) cheating
9) What rule does Mahathir Mohamad want to restore?
a) the rule of survival
b) the one that says no one can cheat
c) rule #82
d) the rule of law
10) What will Mahathir Mohamad's new cabinet include?
a) a robot
b) an opponent
c) a young person
d) a vase

Role play

Role  A – Youth
You think youth is most important for a leader. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): experience, qualifications or looks.

Role  B – Experience
You think experience is most important for a leader. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): youth, qualifications or looks.

Role  C – Qualifications
You think qualifications are most important for a leader. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): experience, youth or looks.

Role  D – Looks
You think looks are most important for a leader. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why):  experience, qualifications or youth.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'old'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'leader'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • 113
    • 222
    • often
    • multi
    • law
    • men
    • staged
    • decade
    • still
    • 1957
    • success
    • laws




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Malaysia to have 92-year-old leader

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'old'?
    3. What do you know about Mahathir Mohamad?
    4. What do you think of the leader of your country?
    5. Why is Mahathir Mohamad's comeback so remarkable?
    6. What is the biggest comeback you know of?
    7. Would you be a good leader?
    8. Do you think you can be too old to be a leader?
    9. What would you do if you were prime minister?
    10. In what ways are older leaders better leaders?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'leader'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How interested are you in election results?
    5. Would you come out of retirement to work again?
    6. What makes a good leader?
    7. What corruption stories are there in your country?
    8. Why is the rule of law so important?
    9. Who are the world's best leaders?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Mahathir Mohamad?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Malaysia's (1) ____ leader Mahathir Mohamad has staged a remarkable political comeback to end the six-decade (2) ____ of the Barisan Nasional (BN) party. It is still unclear when Mr Mahathir, 92, will be (3) ____ in as Malaysia's next prime minister. When he assumes power, he will be the world's oldest elected leader. Mahathir was Malaysia's prime minister from 1981 to 2003. At that time, he was leader of the BN party, which came (4) ____ power in 1957 after Malaysia gained independence from British colonial rule. He was (5) ____ in his country's economic success and in making Malaysia an "Asian tiger". He was also accused of being an authoritarian leader who used security laws to (6) ____ his opponents.

    Official (7) ____ results show Mahathir's Pakatan Harapan party has won 113 seats. This is sufficient to (8) ____ a simple majority in the country's 222-seat parliament. Mahathir came out of retirement and joined the opposition party. In an often bitterly-contested election race, he (9) ____ his former protégé Najib Razak. Mr Najib had been beset by allegations of corruption and a multi-billion-dollar financial scandal. Mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put Malaysia back on the (10) ____ track. He said: "What we want to do is to restore the rule of law." When reporters asked about his (11) ____ years, he joked about age. He said his new cabinet would be, "a gathering of men and women, (12) ____ a young person".

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     former     (b)     firmer     (c)     farmer     (d)     framer    
    2. (a)     ruler     (b)     rules     (c)     rule     (d)     ruling    
    3. (a)     swarm     (b)     swear     (c)     sworn     (d)     swearing    
    4. (a)     in     (b)     on     (c)     up     (d)     to    
    5. (a)     instrumental     (b)     instrument     (c)     instrumentally     (d)     instruction    
    6. (a)     prison     (b)     imprison     (c)     in prison     (d)     prisoner    
    7. (a)     holing     (b)     rolling     (c)     bowling     (d)     polling    
    8. (a)     do     (b)     form     (c)     frame     (d)     take    
    9. (a)     won     (b)     beaten     (c)     defeated     (d)     secured    
    10. (a)     fight     (b)     light     (c)     night     (d)     right    
    11. (a)     advanced     (b)     advance     (c)     advances     (d)     advancing    
    12. (a)     includes     (b)     including     (c)     included     (d)     inclusion

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. a remarkable laitolcpi comeback
    2. end the six-cdeaed rule
    3. nowsr in as Malaysia's next prime minister
    4. British oloinlca rule
    5. He was inttlanusmer in his country's...
    6. imprison his eponotpsn

    Paragraph 2

    1. This is ifuiensftc
    2. form a simple tomjyrai
    3. Mahathir came out of tmntreerei
    4. Najib had been beset by oglsietlana
    5. a multi-billion-dollar naiancfli scandal
    6. his new bciaetn

    Put the text back together

    (...)  leader. Mahathir was Malaysia's prime minister from 1981 to 2003. At that time, he was leader of the BN party, which came
    (...)  instrumental in his country's economic success and in making Malaysia an "Asian tiger". He was also accused
    (...)  protégé Najib Razak. Mr Najib had been beset by allegations of corruption and a multi-billion-dollar financial
    (...)  scandal. Mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put Malaysia back on the right
    (...)  to power in 1957 after Malaysia gained independence from British colonial rule. He was
    (...)  rule of the Barisan Nasional (BN) party. It is still unclear when Mr Mahathir, 92, will be sworn
    (...)  Official polling results show Mahathir's Pakatan Harapan party has won 113 seats. This is sufficient
    (...)  track. He said: "What we want to do is to restore the rule of law." When reporters asked about his advancing
    (...)  opposition party. In an often bitterly-contested election race, he defeated his former
    (...)  of being an authoritarian leader who used security laws to imprison his opponents.
    (...)  in as Malaysia's next prime minister. When he assumes power, he will be the world's oldest elected
    1  ) Malaysia's former leader Mahathir Mohamad has staged a remarkable political comeback to end the six-decade
    (...)  to form a simple majority in the country's 222-seat parliament. Mahathir came out of retirement and joined the
    (...)  years, he joked about age. He said his new cabinet would be, "a gathering of men and women, including a young person".

    Put the words in the right order

    1. remarkable   political   a   comeback   .   Mohamad   staged   has
    2. He   leader   .   will   the   be   oldest   elected   world's
    3. gained   rule   .  colonial   independence  After   Malaysia   from   British
    4. being   accused   He   of   was   also   authoritarian   .
    5. imprison   security   to   laws   Used   opponents   .   his
    6. a   sufficient   This   form   to   is   majority   .   simple
    7. Mr   out   joined   .   of   came   and   Mahathir   retirement
    8. of   Najib   by   beset   been   had   corruption   .   allegations
    9. right   on   Malaysia   Put   the   back   track   .
    10. to   want   law   .   rule   We   restore   of   the

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Malaysia's former / firmer leader Mahathir Mohamad has staged / staggered a remarkable political comeback to end the six-decade ruler / rule of the Barisan Nasional (BN) party. It is still unclear when Mr Mahathir, 92, will be sworn / swear in as Malaysia's next prime minister. When he assumes  / assumptions power, he will be the world's oldest elected leader. Mahathir was Malaysia's prime minister from 1981 to 2003. At that / what time, he was leader of the BN party, which came to / of power in 1957 after Malaysia gained independence from British colony / colonial rule. He was instrumental in his country's economically / economic success and in making Malaysia an "Asian tiger". He was also accused of being an authoritarian leader who used security laws to prison / imprison his opponents.

    Official appalling / polling results show Mahathir's Pakatan Harapan party has won 113 seats. This is suffice / sufficient to form a simple majority in the country's 222-seat / seating parliament. Mahathir came out of retirement and joined / jointed the opposition party. In an often bitterly-contested election race, he defeated / defected his former protégé Najib Razak. Mr Najib had been beset / beast by allegations of corruption and a multi-billion-dollar financial sandal / scandal. Mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put Malaysia back on the right  / light track. He said: "What we want to do is to restore the rule of law." When reporters asked about his advancing / advance years, he joked about age. He said his new cabinet would be, "a gathering of men and women, inclusion / including a young person".

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    M_l_y s__ ' s   f_r m_r   l__ d_r   M_h_t h_r   M_h_m_d   h_s   s t_g_d  _  r_m_r k_b l_  p_l_t_c_l   c_m_b_c k   t_ _n d   t h_  s_x - d_c_d_  r_l_ _f   t h_  B_r_s_n   N_s__ n_l   ( B N )   p_r t y .   I t  _s   s t_l l  _n c l__ r   w h_n   M r   M_h_t h_r ,   9 2 ,   w_l l   b_  s w_r n  _n  _s   M_l_y s__ ' s   n_x t   p r_m_  m_n_s t_r .   W h_n   h_ _s s_m_s   p_w_r ,   h_  w_l l   b_  t h_  w_r l d ' s  _l d_s t  _l_c t_d   l__ d_r .   M_h_t h_r   w_s   M_l_y s__ ' s   p r_m_  m_n_s t_r   f r_m   1 9 8 1   t_  2 0 0 3 .   A t   t h_t   t_m_,   h_  w_s   l__ d_r  _f   t h_  B N   p_r t y ,   w h_c h   c_m_  t_  p_w_r  _n   1 9 5 7  _f t_r   M_l_y s__   g__ n_d  _n d_p_n d_n c_  f r_m   B r_t_s h   c_l_n__ l   r_l_.   H_  w_s  _n s t r_m_n t_l  _n   h_s   c__ n t r y ' s  _c_n_m_c   s_c c_s s  _n d  _n   m_k_n g   M_l_y s__  _n   " A s__ n   t_g_r " .   H_  w_s  _l s_ _c c_s_d  _f   b__ n g  _n  __ t h_r_t_r__ n   l__ d_r   w h_ _s_d   s_c_r_t y   l_w s   t_ _m p r_s_n   h_s  _p p_n_n t s .

    O f f_c__ l   p_l l_n g   r_s_l t s   s h_w   M_h_t h_r ' s   P_k_t_n   H_r_p_n   p_r t y   h_s   w_n   1 1 3   s__ t s .   T h_s  _s   s_f f_c__ n t   t_  f_r m  _  s_m p l_  m_j_r_t y  _n   t h_  c__ n t r y ' s   2 2 2 - s__ t   p_r l__ m_n t .   M_h_t h_r   c_m_ __ t  _f   r_t_r_m_n t  _n d   j__ n_d   t h_ _p p_s_t__ n   p_r t y .   I n  _n  _f t_n   b_t t_r l y - c_n t_s t_d  _l_c t__ n   r_c_,   h_  d_f__ t_d   h_s   f_r m_r   p r_t é g é   N_j_b   R_z_k .   M r   N_j_b   h_d   b__ n   b_s_t   b y  _l l_g_t__ n s  _f   c_r r_p t__ n  _n d  _  m_l t_- b_l l__ n - d_l l_r   f_n_n c__ l   s c_n d_l .   M_h_t h_r   t_l d   r_p_r t_r s   t h_t   h_  w_n t_d   t_  p_t   M_l_y s__   b_c k  _n   t h_  r_g h t   t r_c k .   H_  s__ d :   " W h_t   w_  w_n t   t_  d_ _s   t_  r_s t_r_  t h_  r_l_ _f   l_w . "   W h_n   r_p_r t_r s  _s k_d  _b__ t   h_s  _d v_n c_n g   y__ r s ,   h_  j_k_d  _b__ t  _g_.   H_  s__ d   h_s   n_w   c_b_n_t   w__ l d   b_,   "_  g_t h_r_n g  _f   m_n  _n d   w_m_n ,  _n c l_d_n g  _  y__ n g   p_r s_n " .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    malaysias former leader mahathir mohamad has staged a remarkable political comeback to end the sixdecade rule of the barisan nasional bn party it is still unclear when mr mahathir 92 will be sworn in as malaysias next prime minister when he assumes power he will be the worlds oldest elected leader mahathir was malaysias prime minister from 1981 to 2003 at that time he was leader of the bn party which came to power in 1957 after malaysia gained independence from british colonial rule he was instrumental in his countrys economic success and in making malaysia an asian tiger he was also accused of being an authoritarian leader who used security laws to imprison his opponents

    official polling results show mahathirs pakatan harapan party has won 113 seats this is sufficient to form a simple majority in the countrys 222seat parliament mahathir came out of retirement and joined the opposition party in an often bitterlycontested election race he defeated his former protg najib razak mr najib had been beset by allegations of corruption and a multibilliondollar financial scandal mahathir told reporters that he wanted to put malaysia back on the right track he said what we want to do is to restore the rule of law when reporters asked about his advancing years he joked about age he said his new cabinet would be a gathering of men and women including a young person

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Malaysia'sformerleaderMahathirMohamadhasstagedaremarkablep
    oliticalcomebacktoendthesix-decaderuleoftheBarisanNasional(BN
    )party.ItisstillunclearwhenMrMahathir,92,willbesworninasMalaysia'
    snextprimeminister.Whenheassumespower,hewillbetheworld'solde
    stelectedleader.MahathirwasMalaysia'sprimeministerfrom1981to2
    003.Atthattime,hewasleaderoftheBNparty,whichcametopowerin19
    57afterMalaysiagainedindependencefromBritishcolonialrule.Hewas
    instrumentalinhiscountry'seconomicsuccessandinmakingMalaysiaa
    n"Asiantiger".Hewasalsoaccusedofbeinganauthoritarianleaderwho
    usedsecuritylawstoimprisonhisopponents.Officialpollingresultssho
    wMahathir'sPakatanHarapanpartyhaswon113seats.Thisissufficientt
    oformasimplemajorityinthecountry's222-seatparliament.Mahathi
    rcameoutofretirementandjoinedtheoppositionparty.Inanoftenbitter
    ly-contestedelectionrace,hedefeatedhisformerprotégéNajibRaza
    k.MrNajibhadbeenbesetbyallegationsofcorruptionandamulti-billi
    ondollarfinancialscandal.Mahathirtoldreportersthathewantedtoput
    Malaysiabackontherighttrack.Hesaid:"Whatwewanttodoistorestore
    theruleoflaw."Whenreportersaskedabouthisadvancingyears,hejoke
    daboutage.Hesaidhisnewcabinetwouldbe,"agatheringofmenandwo
    men,includingayoungperson".

    Free writing

    Write about oldest leader for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Older leaders are better leaders. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. LEADERS: Make a poster about leaders. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. OLDER LEADERS: Write a magazine article about world leaders having to retire before they are 75. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on leaders. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on what makes a good leader. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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