The Reading / Listening - Carbon Capture - Level 3

Scientists at the Canadian company Carbon Engineering have said they are close to making carbon capture work. Carbon capture is the process of capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from places like power plants and then storing it so it does not harm the environment. Carbon Engineering says its scientists are close to capturing CO2 from the atmosphere and turning it into carbon-neutral fuel. This could be a big step forward in the fight against global warming. The scientists also said they have greatly reduced the cost of carbon capture, to as low as $94 per ton of CO2 captured. Many scientists believed carbon capture would cost about $1,000 per ton captured.



The technology works by sucking air into special industrial towers. The CO2 is mixed with an alkaline liquid and frozen. It is then heated and combined with hydrogen. This produces liquid fuels like gasoline and jet fuel. The founder of Carbon Engineering, Professor David Keith, was optimistic about the future of this process. He believes his company could help to combat climate change. He said: "After 100 years of practical engineering and cost analysis, we can confidently say that while air capture is not some magical cheap solution, it is a viable and buildable technology for producing carbon-neutral fuels in the immediate future, and for removing carbon in the long run."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Carbon Capture - Level 0 Carbon Capture - Level 1   or  Carbon Capture - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.ecowatch.com/carbon-capture-technology-canada-2576234738.html
  • https://boingboing.net/2018/06/08/its-becoming-much-cheaper-to.html
  • http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/06/cost-plunges-capturing-carbon-dioxide-air


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. CARBON CAPTURE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about carbon capture. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       scientists / carbon / CO2 / the environment / power plants / atmosphere / fight /
       technology / industrial / liquid / hydrogen / gasoline / climate change / in the long run
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. THE LONG RUN: Students A strongly believe scientists will reverse global warming in the long run; Students B strongly believe they won't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ENERGY SOURCES: What do you know about these energy sources? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I know

What I want to know

Hydroelectricity

 

 

Sonoluminescence

 

 

Antimatter

 

 

Biomass

 

 

Fusion power

 

 

Fuel cells

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. ENVIRONMENT: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "environment". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. GLOBAL WARMING: Rank these with your partner. Put the best ways to prevent global warming at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Use less hot water
  • Plant a tree
  • Eat less meat
  • Turn off lights
  • Drive less
  • Go solar
  • Recycle
  • Reduce waste

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. capture a. Something that is not wanted; the things that are unused or left over.
      2. process b. Get or take something to keep and use.
      3. waste c. Keeping things somewhere so they can be used later.
      4. storing d. Damage someone or something.
      5. harm e. The different actions and steps that are needed to do or make something.
      6. fuel f. How much money you need to do something or to buy something.
      7. cost g. Things like coal, gas, or oil that is burned to produce heat or power for our homes, cars, etc.

    Paragraph 2

      8. sucking h. Things like water, oil, milk, etc. that can spread over places, or flow along things.
      9. liquid i. Hopeful and confident about the future.
      10. combined j. Pulling air into your mouth; pulling air or other things into something.
      11. founder k. Joined; mixed.
      12. optimistic l. Fight; take action to reduce, destroy, or stop something or someone.
      13. combat m. The person who first started a company, university, organisation, etc.
      14. in the long run n. Far into the future.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A French company is turning CO2 in the air into fuel.     T / F
  2. Carbon capture is the processing of waste CO2.     T / F
  3. The fuel made from carbon capture could be carbon neutral.     T / F
  4. The new method could cost less than $100 per ton of captured carbon.    T / F
  5. The new carbon capture process sucks air to extract CO2.     T / F
  6. The new technology will not be able to make jet fuel.     T / F
  7. A professor said carbon capture technology is 100 years old.     T / F
  8. The professor said carbon capture was a "magical cheap solution".     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. process
  2. plants
  3. storing
  4. step
  5. greatly
  6. combined
  7. optimistic
  8. analysis
  9. solution
  10. removing
  1. hopeful
  2. advance
  3. eradicating
  4. factories
  5. evaluation
  6. fix
  7. technique
  8. considerably
  9. keeping
  10. amalgamated

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. they are close to making
  2. from places like power
  3. This could be a big
  4. they have greatly
  5. cost about $1,000 per
  6. sucking air into special
  7. It is then heated and combined
  8. optimistic
  9. some magical cheap
  10. removing carbon in the long
  1. run
  2. ton captured
  3. industrial towers
  4. plants
  5. with hydrogen
  6. solution
  7. carbon capture work
  8. reduced the cost
  9. step forward
  10. about the future

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
process
cost
atmosphere
captured
close
low
storing
step

Scientists at the Canadian company Carbon Engineering have said they are (1) ____________ to making carbon capture work. Carbon capture is the (2) ____________ of capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from places like power plants and then (3) ____________ it so it does not harm the environment. Carbon Engineering say its scientists are close to capturing CO2 from the (4) ____________ and turning it into carbon-neutral fuel. This could be a big (5) ____________ forward in the fight against global warming. The scientists also said they have greatly reduced the (6) ____________ of carbon capture, to as (7) ____________ as $94 per ton of CO2 captured. Many scientists believed carbon capture would cost about $1,000 per ton (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
optimistic
liquid
solution
combat
like
run
sucking
confidently

The technology works by (9) ____________ air into special industrial towers. The CO2 is mixed with an alkaline (10) ____________ and frozen. It is then heated and combined with hydrogen. This produces liquid fuels (11) ____________ gasoline and jet fuel. The founder of Carbon Engineering, Professor David Keith, was (12) ____________ about the future of this process. He believes his company could help to (13) ____________ climate change. He said: "After 100 years of practical engineering and cost analysis, we can (14) ____________ say that while air capture is not some magical cheap (15) ____________, it is a viable and buildable technology for producing carbon-neutral fuels in the immediate future, and for removing carbon in the long (16) ____________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Carbon Engineering have said they are close to making carbon ______
     a.  captures works
     b.  capture work
     c.  captures work
     d.  capture works
2)  Carbon capture is the process of capturing ______ dioxide
     a.  wasted carbon
     b.  wastes carbon
     c.  wastage carbon
     d.  waste carbon
3)  close to capturing CO2 from the atmosphere and turning it into ______
     a.  carbon-new-trail fuel
     b.  carbon-nutrient fuel
     c.  carbon-natural fuel
     d.  carbon-neutral fuel
4)  scientists also said they have greatly reduced the cost of carbon capture, ______ $94
     a.  tours lowers
     b.  to as lowers
     c.  to as low as
     d.  to us allows
5)  Many scientists believed carbon capture would cost about $1,000 ______
     a.  per ton captured
     b.  par ton captured
     c.  pre ton captured
     d.  pro ton captured

6)  The technology works by sucking air into ______ towers
     a.  specially industrial
     b.  special industrial
     c.  special industrially
     d.  specially industrially
7)  He believes his company could help to ______ change
     a.  combative climate
     b.  combat climate
     c.  combating climate
     d.  combated climate
8)  After 100 years of practical engineering and cost analysis, we can ______ that
     a.  confident and say
     b.  confident to say
     c.  confidently say
     d.  confidence to say
9)  while air capture is not some magical ______
     a.  chip solution
     b.  cheap solution
     c.  sheet solution
     d.  cheat solution
10)  producing carbon-neutral fuels in the immediate future, and for removing carbon ____
     a.  in the long runner
     b.  in the long run
     c.  in the long runs
     d.  in the long running

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists at the Canadian company Carbon Engineering have said they are (1) ___________________ carbon capture work. Carbon capture is the process of capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from (2) ___________________ plants and then storing it so it does not harm the environment. Carbon Engineering say its scientists (3) ___________________ capturing CO2 from the atmosphere and turning it into carbon-neutral fuel. This could be a big (4) ___________________ the fight against global warming. The scientists also said they have greatly (5) ___________________ of carbon capture, to as low as $94 per ton of CO2 captured. Many scientists believed carbon capture would cost about $1,000 (6) ___________________.

The technology (7) ___________________ air into special industrial towers. The CO2 is mixed with an alkaline (8) ___________________. It is then heated and combined with hydrogen. This produces (9) ___________________ gasoline and jet fuel. The founder of Carbon Engineering, Professor David Keith, was optimistic about the future of this process. He believes his company could (10) ___________________ climate change. He said: "After 100 years of practical engineering and cost analysis, we can confidently say that while air capture is not (11) ___________________ solution, it is a viable and buildable technology for producing carbon-neutral fuels in the immediate future, and for removing carbon (12) ___________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. Where is the carbon capture company from?
  2. Where is CO2 usually captured from?
  3. What could this technology help in the fight against?
  4. How much do scientists think they can capture a ton of carbon for?
  5. How much did scientists used to think a ton of captured CO2 cost?
  6. What is air sucked into?
  7. What is the CO2 mixed with?
  8. What fuels can the process produce?
  9. What kind of solution did a professor say carbon change was not?
  10. When did the professor say carbon-neutral fuels could be produced?




Multiple choice quiz

1) Where is the carbon capture company from?
a) France
b) Canada
c) Brazil
d) New Zealand
2) Where is CO2 usually captured from?
a) car engines
b) the stratosphere
c) the sea
d) power plants
3) What could this technology help in the fight against?
a) companies
b) costs
c) global warming
d) government regulations
4) How much do scientists think they can capture a ton of carbon for?
a) $94
b) $104
c) $114
d) $124
5) How much did scientists used to think a ton of captured CO2 cost?
a) $10,000
b) $1,000
c) $100
d) $1,100

6) What is air sucked into?
a) special industrial towers
b) the atmosphere
c) the stratosphere
d) cooling machines
7) What is the CO2 mixed with?
a) nitrogen
b) salt
c) alkaline
d) acid
8) What fuels can the process produce?
a) gasoline and jet fuel
b) kerosene and rocket fuel
c) diesel and kerosene
d) oil and coal
9) What kind of solution did a professor say carbon change was not?
a) a practical solution
b) a quick-fix solution
c) an easy solution
d) a magical, cheap solution
10) When did the professor say carbon-neutral fuels could be produced?
a) the long run
b) any time soon
c) the immediate future
d) once in a blue moon

Role play

Role  A – Go Solar
You think going solar is the best way to stop global warming. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): reducing waste, planting trees or eating less meat.

Role  B – Reduce Waste
You think reducing waste is the best way to stop global warming. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): going solar, planting trees or eating less meat.

Role  C – Plant Trees
You think planting trees is the best way to stop global warming. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): reducing waste, going solar or eating less meat.

Role  D – Eat Less Meat
You think eating less meat is the best way to stop global warming. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their ways. Also, tell the others which is the least effective of these (and why): reducing waste, planting trees or going solar.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'carbon'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'capture'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • special
    • frozen
    • founder
    • combat
    • 100
    • run
    • making
    • places
    • harm
    • step
    • greatly
    • believed




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Scientists close to turning air into fuel

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'carbon'?
    3. What is carbon?
    4. How exciting is carbon capture?
    5. What does your country do to cut CO2?
    6. What things produce CO2?
    7. What can we do to fight global warming?
    8. What is a carbon-neutral fuel?
    9. How useful is a carbon-neutral fuel?
    10. What will happen when fossil fuels run out?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'capture'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What harm does carbon dioxide do the environment?
    5. What do you do to cut CO2?
    6. How useful do you think this process could be?
    7. How optimistic are you about our planet's future?
    8. What other carbon-neutral energy sources are there?
    9. Will Earth ever recover from human activity?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Scientists at the Canadian company Carbon Engineering have said they are (1) ____ to making carbon capture work. Carbon capture is the process (2) ____ capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from places like power plants and then storing it (3) ____ it does not harm the environment. Carbon Engineering say its scientists are close to capturing CO2 from the atmosphere and (4) ____ it into carbon-neutral fuel. This could be a big step forward in the fight against global warming. The scientists also said they have (5) ____ reduced the cost of carbon capture, to as (6) ____ as $94 per ton of CO2 captured. Many scientists believed carbon capture would cost about $1,000 per ton captured.

    The technology works (7) ____ sucking air into special industrial towers. The CO2 is mixed with an alkaline liquid and frozen. It (8) ____ then heated and combined with hydrogen. This produces liquid fuels (9) ____ gasoline and jet fuel. The founder of Carbon Engineering, Professor David Keith, was optimistic about the future of this process. He believes his company could (10) ____ to combat climate change. He said: "After 100 years of practical engineering and cost analysis, we can confidently say that (11) ____ air capture is not some magical cheap solution, it is a viable and buildable technology for producing carbon-neutral fuels in the immediate future, and for removing carbon in the long (12) ____."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     close     (b)     closing     (c)     closet     (d)     closed    
    2. (a)     by     (b)     in     (c)     of     (d)     at    
    3. (a)     such     (b)     to     (c)     so     (d)     that    
    4. (a)     turn     (b)     turned     (c)     turns     (d)     turning    
    5. (a)     grated     (b)     grate     (c)     greatly     (d)     grateful    
    6. (a)     small     (b)     low     (c)     reduce     (d)     cut    
    7. (a)     of     (b)     by     (c)     for     (d)     from    
    8. (a)     be     (b)     is     (c)     does     (d)     has    
    9. (a)     such     (b)     similar     (c)     like     (d)     as    
    10. (a)     helps     (b)     helper     (c)     helping     (d)     help    
    11. (a)     whenever     (b)     which     (c)     was     (d)     while    
    12. (a)     marathon     (b)     jog     (c)     sprint     (d)     run

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Carbon capture is the erpssco
    2. sweta carbon dioxide
    3. harm the nmitnnvreoe
    4. its nsicteisst are close
    5. This could be a big step oafrdrw
    6. greatly cddueer the cost

    Paragraph 2

    1. special iulrntasdi towers
    2. mixed with an alkaline uqilid
    3. fuels like oailsgen and jet fuel
    4. Professor David Keith was ittoiscipm
    5. 100 years of paatrccil engineering
    6. not some magical cheap soilonut

    Put the text back together

    (...)  to capturing CO2 from the atmosphere and turning it into carbon-neutral fuel. This could be a big step
    (...)  then storing it so it does not harm the environment. Carbon Engineering say its scientists are close
    1  ) Scientists at the Canadian company Carbon Engineering have said they are close to making carbon capture
    (...)  for producing carbon-neutral fuels in the immediate future, and for removing carbon in the long run."
    (...)  100 years of practical engineering and cost analysis, we can confidently
    (...)  say that while air capture is not some magical cheap solution, it is a viable and buildable technology
    (...)  forward in the fight against global warming. The scientists also said they have greatly
    (...)  The technology works by sucking air into special industrial towers. The CO2 is mixed with an
    (...)  of this process. He believes his company could help to combat climate change. He said: "After
    (...)  and jet fuel. The founder of Carbon Engineering, Professor David Keith, was optimistic about the future
    (...)  scientists believed carbon capture would cost about $1,000 per ton captured.
    (...)  reduced the cost of carbon capture, to as low as $94 per ton of CO2 captured. Many
    (...)  work. Carbon capture is the process of capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from places like power plants and
    (...)  alkaline liquid and frozen. It is then heated and combined with hydrogen. This produces liquid fuels like gasoline

    Put the words in the right order

    1. making   carbon   are   work   .   to   capture   close   They
    2. it   doesn't   it   environment   .   harm   Storing   the   so
    3. close   are   to   scientists   Its   CO2   .   capturing
    4. the   greatly   cost   .   reduced   have   they   Scientists   said
    5. capture   ton   .   about   would   per   cost   $1,000   Carbon
    6. an   alkaline   with   The   is   mixed   liquid   .   CO2
    7. this   of   process   .   Optimistic   future   the   about
    8. company   could   climate   combat   to   help   change   .   His
    9. capture   cheap   solution   .   is   not   magical   Air   some
    10. future   .   in   fuels   Producing   immediate   carbon-neutral   the

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Scientists at the Canadian company Carbon Engineering have said they are close / closing to making carbon capture work. Carbon capture is the process of / by capturing waste carbon dioxide (CO2) from place / places like power plants and then storing it so it does not harm / harmful the environment. Carbon Engineering say its scientists are close for / to capturing CO2 from the atmosphere and turning / tuning it into carbon-neutral fuel. This could be a big walk / step forward in the fight against global warming. The scientists also said they have greatly / grated reduced the cost of carbon capture, to as lower / low as $94 per ton of CO2 captured. Many scientists believed / belief carbon capture would cost about $1,000 per ton captured.

    The technology works by soaking / sucking air into special industrial towers. The CO2 is mixed of / with an alkaline liquid and frozen. It is then hated / heated and combined with hydrogen. This produces liquid fuels such / like gasoline and jet fuel. The founder of Carbon Engineering, Professor David Keith, was optimistic / optimism about the future of this process. He believes his company could help to combat / combative climate change. He said: "After 100 years of / off practical engineering and cost analysis, we can confidently say that while air capture is not same / some magical cheap solution, it is a viable / fable and buildable technology for producing carbon-neutral fuels in the immediate future, and for removing carbon in the long walk / run."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    S c__ n t_s t s _t t h_ C_n_d__ n c_m p_n y C_r b_n E n g_n__ r_n g h_v_ s__ d t h_y _r_ c l_s_ t_ m_k_n g c_r b_n c_p t_r_ w_r k . C_r b_n c_p t_r_ _s t h_ p r_c_s s _f c_p t_r_n g w_s t_ c_r b_n d__ x_d_ ( C O 2 ) f r_m p l_c_s l_k_ p_w_r p l_n t s _n d t h_n s t_r_n g _t s_ _t d__ s n_t h_r m t h_ _n v_r_n m_n t . C_r b_n E n g_n__ r_n g s_y _t s s c__ n t_s t s _r_ c l_s_ t_ c_p t_r_n g C O 2 f r_m t h_ _t m_s p h_r_ _n d t_r n_n g _t _n t_ c_r b_n - n__ t r_l f__ l . T h_s c__ l d b_ _ b_g s t_p f_r w_r d _n t h_ f_g h t _g__ n s t g l_b_l w_r m_n g . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s _l s_ s__ d t h_y h_v_ g r__ t l y r_d_c_d t h_ c_s t _f c_r b_n c_p t_r_, t_ _s l_w _s $ 9 4 p_r t_n _f C O 2 c_p t_r_d . M_n y s c__ n t_s t s b_l__ v_d c_r b_n c_p t_r_ w__ l d c_s t _b__ t $ 1 , 0 0 0 p_r t_n c_p t_r_d .

    T h_ t_c h n_l_g y w_r k s b y s_c k_n g __ r _n t_ s p_c__ l _n d_s t r__ l t_w_r s . T h_ C O 2 _s m_x_d w_t h _n _l k_l_n_ l_q__ d _n d f r_z_n . I t _s t h_n h__ t_d _n d c_m b_n_d w_t h h y d r_g_n . T h_s p r_d_c_s l_q__ d f__ l s l_k_ g_s_l_n_ _n d j_t f__ l . T h_ f__ n d_r _f C_r b_n E n g_n__ r_n g , P r_f_s s_r D_v_d K__ t h , w_s _p t_m_s t_c _b__ t t h_ f_t_r_ _f t h_s p r_c_s s . H_ b_l__ v_s h_s c_m p_n y c__ l d h_l p t_ c_m b_t c l_m_t_ c h_n g_. H_ s__ d : " A f t_r 1 0 0 y__ r s _f p r_c t_c_l _n g_n__ r_n g _n d c_s t _n_l y s_s , w_ c_n c_n f_d_n t l y s_y t h_t w h_l_ __ r c_p t_r_ _s n_t s_m_ m_g_c_l c h__ p s_l_t__ n , _t _s _ v__ b l_ _n d b__ l d_b l_ t_c h n_l_g y f_r p r_d_c_n g c_r b_n - n__ t r_l f__ l s _n t h_ _m m_d__ t_ f_t_r_, _n d f_r r_m_v_n g c_r b_n _n t h_ l_n g r_n . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    scientists at the canadian company carbon engineering have said they are close to making carbon capture work carbon capture is the process of capturing waste carbon dioxide co2 from places like power plants and then storing it so it does not harm the environment carbon engineering say its scientists are close to capturing co2 from the atmosphere and turning it into carbonneutral fuel this could be a big step forward in the fight against global warming the scientists also said they have greatly reduced the cost of carbon capture to as low as 94 per ton of co2 captured many scientists believed carbon capture would cost about 1000 per ton captured

    the technology works by sucking air into special industrial towers the co2 is mixed with an alkaline liquid and frozen it is then heated and combined with hydrogen this produces liquid fuels like gasoline and jet fuel the founder of carbon engineering professor david keith was optimistic about the future of this process he believes his company could help to combat climate change he said after 100 years of practical engineering and cost analysis we can confidently say that while air capture is not some magical cheap solution it is a viable and buildable technology for producing carbonneutral fuels in the immediate future and for removing carbon in the long run"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    ScientistsattheCanadiancompanyCarbonEngineeringhavesaidtheya
    reclosetomakingcarboncapturework.Carboncaptureistheprocessofc
    apturingwastecarbondioxide(CO2)fromplaceslikepowerplantsandth
    enstoringitsoitdoesnotharmtheenvironment.CarbonEngineeringsay
    sitsscientistsareclosetocapturingCO2fromtheatmosphereandturnin
    gitintocarbon-neutralfuel.Thiscouldbeabigstepforwardinthefighta
    gainstglobalwarming.Thescientistsalsosaidtheyhavegreatlyreduce
    dthecostofcarboncapture,toaslowas$94pertonofCO2captured.Man
    yscientistsbelievedcarboncapturewouldcostabout$1,000pertoncap
    tured.Thetechnologyworksbysuckingairintospecialindustrialtowers.
    TheCO2ismixedwithanalkalineliquidandfrozen.Itisthenheatedandco
    mbinedwithhydrogen.Thisproducesliquidfuelslikegasolineandjetfue
    l.ThefounderofCarbonEngineering,ProfessorDavidKeith,wasoptimis
    ticaboutthefutureofthisprocess.Hebelieveshiscompanycouldhelptoc
    ombatclimatechange.Hesaid:"After100yearsofpracticalengineering
    andcostanalysis,wecanconfidentlysaythatwhileaircaptureisnotsom
    emagicalcheapsolution,itisaviableandbuildabletechnologyforprodu
    cingcarbon-neutralfuelsintheimmediatefuture,andforremovingcar
    boninthelongrun."

    Free writing

    Write about carbon capture for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Scientists will reverse global warming. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. CARBON CAPTURE: Make a poster about carbon capture. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. NO FOSSIL FUELS: Write a magazine article about ending the use of fossil fuels. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on carbon capture. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to help fight climate change. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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