The Reading / Listening - Fossil Fuels - Level 6

The head of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, has given a stark warning to around 50 of the world's top oil company executives about the threat to humanity from fossil fuels. At a private, closed-door meeting in the Vatican on Saturday, the pontiff urged the oil companies to switch to renewable energies for the sake of our planet. He told the executives that fossil fuels were a major driver in climate change and that global warming represented a challenge of "epochal proportions". He said the companies needed to act quickly, saying: "There is no time to lose." He warned that: "With each month that passes, the challenge of energy transition becomes more pressing."



Pope Francis explained how important it was for the world to transition to greener forms of energy. He said: "The energy question has become one of the principal challenges...facing the international community. The way we meet this challenge will determine our overall quality of life." Francis said fossil fuels are a contributor to poverty, war and death around the world as they affect, "the real possibility either of resolving conflicts in different areas of our world or of...providing them with new fuel to destroy social stability and human lives." He added: "Civilization requires energy, but energy use must not destroy civilization....Clean energy is a duty that we owe towards ...generations yet to come."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Fossil Fuels - Level 4  or  Fossil Fuels - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2018/06/pope-francis-did-not-mince-words-with-oil-company-execs/
  • https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/pope-francis-warns-oil-execs-fossil-fuels-destroying-earth_us_5b1c5bbce4b0adfb826a0718
  • https://www.salon.com/2018/06/10/there-is-no-time-to-lose-pope-francis-warns-oil-executives-on-climate-change/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. FOSSIL FUELS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about fossil fuels. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       warning / oil company / executives / humanity / fossil fuels / climate change / time /
       important / energy question / challenges / community / quality of life / fuel / stability
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NO FOSSIL FUELS: Students A strongly believe we can live without fossil fuels; Students B strongly believe we can't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. FUELS: What do you know about these types of fuel? How could they be replaced? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I know

What could replace it

Gasoline / petrol

 

 

Diesel

 

 

Coal

 

 

Natural gas

 

 

Kerosene

 

 

Aviation fuel

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. WARNING: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "warning". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. DISADVANTAGES: Rank these with your partner. Put the biggest disadvantages of fossil fuels at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Global warming
  • Price fluctuations
  • Scars to landscape
  • Accidents
  • Oil spills
  • Non-renewable
  • Pollution
  • Impact on health

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. stark a. Requiring or needing quick or immediate action or attention.
      2. humanity b. Unpleasantly or sharply clear about something negative.
      3. urged c. Major or significant enough to change a great period or time in history.
      4. for the sake of d. The human race; human beings; all the people in the world.
      5. epochal e. In the interest or benefit of.
      6. proportions f. Recommended strongly.
      7. pressing g. Size and effect.

    Paragraph 2

      8. transition h. The process or a period of changing from one state or condition to another.
      9. principal i. All of the people born and living at about the same time, regarded collectively.
      10. determine j. First in order of importance; most important.
      11. overall k. A moral or legal obligation; a responsibility.
      12. resolving l. Specify; find out the effect of the future of something.
      13. duty m. Taking everything into account.
      14. generations n. Settling or finding a solution to a problem, dispute, or controversial matter.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Pope Francis met with executives from 50 top oil companies.     T / F
  2. The meeting between the Pope and the executives was a public one.     T / F
  3. The Pope asked the executives to change to renewable energies.     T / F
  4. The Pope said the transition to renewables wasn't so pressing.     T / F
  5. The Pope said the energy question is one of our biggest challenges.     T / F
  6. The Pope said fossil fuels lead to war and death.     T / F
  7. The Pope said civilization doesn't really need energy.     T / F
  8. The Pope said clean energy was a debt we owed to future generations.    T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. head
  2. stark
  3. threat
  4. proportions
  5. pressing
  6. transition
  7. principal
  8. determine
  9. resolving
  10. duty
  1. size
  2. affect
  3. obligation
  4. depressing
  5. settling
  6. urgent
  7. top
  8. change
  9. main
  10. danger

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. a stark
  2. At a private, closed-
  3. for the sake
  4. There is no time
  5. the challenge of energy transition
  6. transition to
  7. one of the principal
  8. determine our overall
  9. resolving
  10. generations yet
  1. greener forms of energy
  2. quality of life
  3. to lose
  4. challenges
  5. warning
  6. of our planet
  7. conflicts
  8. becomes more pressing
  9. to come
  10. door meeting

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
head
challenge
urged
transition
major
time
sake
threat

The (1) ____________ of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, has given a stark warning to around 50 of the world's top oil company executives about the (2) ____________ to humanity from fossil fuels. At a private, closed-door meeting in the Vatican on Saturday, the pontiff (3) ____________ the oil companies to switch to renewable energies for the (4) ____________ of our planet. He told the executives that fossil fuels were a (5) ____________ driver in climate change and that global warming represented a (6) ____________ of "epochal proportions". He said the companies needed to act quickly, saying: "There is no (7) ____________ to lose." He warned that: "With each month that passes, the challenge of energy (8) ____________ becomes more pressing."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
forms
overall
conflicts
owe
facing
stability
important
poverty

Pope Francis explained how (9) ____________ it was for the world to transition to greener (10) ____________ of energy. He said: "The energy question has become one of the principal challenges... (11) ____________ the international community. The way we meet this challenge will determine our (12) ____________ quality of life." Francis said fossil fuels are a contributor to (13) ____________, war and death around the world as they affect, "the real possibility either of resolving (14) ____________ in different areas of our world or of...providing them with new fuel to destroy social (15) ____________ and human lives." He added: "Civilization requires energy, but energy use must not destroy civilization....Clean energy is a duty that we (16) ____________ towards ...generations yet to come."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  The head of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, has ______ warning
     a.  given a shark
     b.  given a stark
     c.  given a snack
     d.  given a stack
2) urged the oil companies to switch to renewable energies for ______ our planet
     a.  the sake of
     b.  the sakes of
     c.  the forsake of
     d.  this ache of
3)  global warming represented a challenge ______ proportions
     a.  off e-pock all
     b.  of Pokemon
     c.  of epoch all
     d.  of epochal
4)  He said the companies needed to act quickly, saying: "There is ______ lose."
     a.  no timed to
     b.  no time to
     c.  no time too
     d.  non time to
5)  With each month that passes, the challenge of energy transition becomes ______
     a.  more pleasing
     b.  more pressing
     c.  more blessing
     d.  more praising

6) Francis explained how important it was for the world to transition to ______ of energy
     a.  green are forms
     b.  greener form
     c.  greener forms
     d.  greener farms
7)  The energy question has become one of the ______
     a.  principle challenges
     b.  principal challenge is
     c.  principal challengers
     d.  principal challenges
8)  The way we meet this challenge will determine our ______
     a.  over all quality
     b.  overall qualify
     c.  overall quality
     d.  overalls quality
9)  providing them with new fuel to destroy ______
     a.  so shall stability
     b.  sow shall stability
     c.  social stability
     d.  shows all stability
10)  energy use must not destroy civilization....Clean energy is a duty ______
     a.  that they owe
     b.  that we owe
     c.  that twee owe
     d.  that twee owl

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The head of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, has (1) ___________________ warning to around 50 of the world's top oil company executives about the (2) ___________________ from fossil fuels. At a private, closed-door meeting in the Vatican on Saturday, the pontiff urged the oil companies (3) ___________________ renewable energies for (4) ___________________ our planet. He told the executives that fossil fuels were a major driver in climate change and that global warming represented a challenge (5) ___________________. He said the companies needed to act quickly, saying: "There is no time to lose." He warned that: "With each month that passes, the (6) ___________________ transition becomes more pressing."

Pope Francis explained how important it was for the world to transition to (7) ___________________ energy. He said: "The energy question has become one of (8) ___________________...facing the international community. The way we meet this challenge will determine (9) ___________________ of life." Francis said fossil fuels are a contributor to poverty, war and death around the world as they affect, "the real possibility (10) ___________________ conflicts in different areas of our world or of...providing them with new fuel to destroy (11) ___________________ human lives." He added: "Civilization requires energy, but energy use must not destroy civilization....Clean energy is a duty that (12) ___________________...generations yet to come."

Comprehension questions

  1. How many oil company executives did pope Francis talk to?
  2. Where did the meeting take place?
  3. What did Pope Francis say we need renewable energies for the sake of?
  4. What kind of proportions did Pope Francis talk about?
  5. What did the Pope say was becoming more pressing?
  6. What did the Pope say was one of our principal challenges?
  7. What did the Pope say fossil fuels contributed to around the world?
  8. What did the Pope say civilization needs?
  9. What did the Pope say we must not destroy?
  10. To whom do we owe the debt of clean energy?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How many oil company executives did pope Francis talk to?
a) around 50
b) exactly 50
c) less than 50
d) more than 50
2) Where did the meeting take place?
a) Saudi Arabia
b) Singapore
c) the Vatican
d) New York
3) What did Pope Francis say we need renewable energies for the sake of?
a) investment
b) our planet
c) the grass
d) greenhouse gasses
4) What kind of proportions did Pope Francis talk about?
a) greener proportions
b) epic proportions
c) unfair proportions
d) epochal proportions
5) What did the Pope say was becoming more pressing?
a) the challenge of energy transition
b) clean washing
c) the soil
d) the oil

6) What did the Pope say was one of our principal challenges?
a) environmentalists
b) finding more oil
c) sonoluminescence
d) the energy question
7) What did the Pope say fossil fuels contributed to around the world?
a) oil, gas and coal
b) poverty, war and death
c) pollution, oil spills and grime
d) profits, wealth and jobs
8) What did the Pope say civilization needs?
a) more grass
b) more oil
c) a shot in the arm
d) energy
9) What did the Pope say we must not destroy?
a) gas pipelines
b) oil rigs
c) civilization
d) coal fields
10) To whom do we owe the debt of clean energy?
a) Donald Trump
b) future generations
c) Exxon Mobil
d) Brazil's rainforests

Role play

Role  A – Oil Spills
You think oil spills is the biggest disadvantage of fossil fuels. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their disadvantages aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least disadvantageous of these (and why): non-renewable, impact on our health or price fluctuations.

Role  B – Non-Renewable
You think their being non-renewable is the biggest disadvantage of fossil fuels. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their disadvantages aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least disadvantageous of these (and why): oil spills, impact on our health or price fluctuations.

Role  C – Impact on Health
You think their impact on our health is the biggest disadvantage of fossil fuels. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their disadvantages aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least disadvantageous of these (and why): non-renewable, oil spills or price fluctuations.

Role  D – Price Fluctuations
You think price fluctuations is the biggest disadvantage of fossil fuels. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their disadvantages aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the least disadvantageous of these (and why): non-renewable, impact on our health or oil spills.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'fossil'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'fuel'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • important
    • principal
    • quality
    • real
    • social
    • yet
    • head
    • threat
    • door
    • major
    • act
    • pressing




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Pope warns fossil fuels threaten humanity

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'fossil'?
    3. Will the oil companies listen to Pope Francis?
    4. What is the threat from fossil fuels?
    5. Why do we still use fossil fuels?
    6. What part do fossil fuels play in climate change?
    7. How dependent is your country on fossil fuels?
    8. What did Pope Francis mean by "epochal proportions"?
    9. What do oil companies need to do in acting quickly?
    10. What is the most pressing concern with climate change?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'fuel'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do oil company executives think of fossil fuels?
    5. How would life change if we used nothing but renewables?
    6. How can fuel destroy social stability?
    7. What form of green energy do you think is best?
    8. What advice do you have for the oil company execs?
    9. What will future generations think of our use of fossil fuels?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the oil company execs?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The (1) ____ of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, has given a stark warning to around 50 of the world's top oil company executives about the threat to humanity from fossil fuels. At a private, closed-(2) ____ meeting in the Vatican on Saturday, the pontiff (3) ____ the oil companies to switch to renewable energies for the sake of our planet. He told the executives that fossil fuels were a (4) ____ driver in climate change and that global warning represented a challenge of "epochal proportions". He said the companies needed to (5) ____ quickly, saying: "There is no time to lose." He warned that: "With each month that passes, the challenge of energy transition becomes more (6) ____."

    Pope Francis explained how important it was for the world to (7) ____ to greener forms of energy. He said: "The energy question has become one of the principal challenges... (8) ____ the international community. The way we meet this challenge will (9) ____ our overall quality of life." Francis said fossil fuels are a contributor to poverty, war and death around the world as they affect, "the real possibility either of (10) ____ conflicts in different areas of our world or of...providing them with new fuel to destroy social stability and human lives." He added: "Civilization requires energy, but energy use must not (11) ____ civilization....Clean energy is a duty that we owe towards ...generations (12) ____ to come."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     face     (b)     head     (c)     arm     (d)     back    
    2. (a)     window     (b)     door     (c)     curtain     (d)     lock    
    3. (a)     merged     (b)     charged     (c)     purged     (d)     urged    
    4. (a)     spread     (b)     major     (c)     scale     (d)     theme    
    5. (a)     play     (b)     act     (c)     steps     (d)     behave    
    6. (a)     dressing     (b)     wrestling     (c)     pressing     (d)     blessing    
    7. (a)     petition     (b)     tradition     (c)     transition     (d)     addition    
    8. (a)     heading     (b)     mouthing     (c)     facing     (d)     nosing    
    9. (a)     inject     (b)     reflect     (c)     infect     (d)     affect    
    10. (a)     resolving     (b)     dissolving     (c)     absolving     (d)     revolving    
    11. (a)     destroy     (b)     respire     (c)     comply     (d)     function    
    12. (a)     yay     (b)     may     (c)     yet     (d)     met

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. given a kastr warning
    2. the pontiff ruged the oil companies to switch
    3. lenwaeebr energies
    4. a major evrdri in climate change
    5. a challenge of "epochal ootisrnppor"
    6. the challenge of energy onniastrit

    Paragraph 2

    1. one of the prlcipina challenges
    2. eeimrtnde our overall quality of life
    3. a contributor to ovypter
    4. rogvnisel conflicts
    5. destroy social tiatsylib
    6. destroy lacvoizniiit

    Put the text back together

    (...)  oil company executives about the threat to humanity from fossil fuels. At a private, closed-
    (...)  represented a challenge of "epochal proportions". He said the companies needed to
    (...)  affect, "the real possibility either of resolving conflicts in different areas of our world or of...
    (...)  act quickly, saying: "There is no time to lose." He warned that: "With each
    (...)  Pope Francis explained how important it was for the world to transition to greener
    (...)  door meeting in the Vatican on Saturday, the pontiff urged the oil companies to switch to renewable energies for the sake
    (...)  providing them with new fuel to destroy social stability and human lives." He added: "Civilization requires energy, but energy
    1  ) The head of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, has given a stark warning to around 50 of the world's top
    (...)  forms of energy. He said: "The energy question has become one of the principal challenges...facing
    (...)  of life." Francis said fossil fuels are a contributor to poverty, war and death around the world as they
    (...)  use must not destroy civilization....Clean energy is a duty that we owe towards ...generations yet to come."
    (...)  of our planet. He told the executives that fossil fuels were a major driver in climate change and that global warming
    (...)  the international community. The way we meet this challenge will determine our overall quality
    (...)  month that passes, the challenge of energy transition becomes more pressing."

    Put the words in the right order

    1. a   in   closed-door   private,   the   Vatican   .   At   meeting
    2. planet   .   of   energies   Renewable   for   our   sake   the
    3. driver   in   fuels   Fossil   were   a   climate   change   .
    4. said   to   companies   the   needed   act   quickly   .   He
    5. of   pressing   .   transition   more   becomes   challenge   The   energy
    6. the   was   important   how   Explained   world   .   for   it
    7. challenges   facing   international   the   principal   community   .   The
    8. quality   our   determine   challenge   life   .   of   This   will
    9. our   in   different   Resolving   world   .   of   conflicts   areas
    10. we   is   Clean   a   that   duty   owe   .   energy

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The head / heading of the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Francis, has given a stark / spark warning to around 50 of the world's top oil company executives about the treat / threat to humanity from fossil fuels. At a private, closed-door meeting in the Vatican on Saturday, the pontiff purged / urged the oil companies to switch to renewable energies for the sake off / of our planet. He told the executives that fossil fuels were a majority / major driver in climate change and that global warming represented / represent a challenge of "epochal proportions". He said the companies needed to act quick / quickly, saying: "There is no time to lose." He warned that: "With each month that passes / pass, the challenge of energy transition becomes more pressing / pleasing."

    Pope Francis explained how important it was for the world to transition to greener forms / form of energy. He said: "The energy question has become one of the principal / principality challenges...facing the international community / commune. The way we meet this challenge will determine our overalls / overall quality of life." Francis said fossil fuels are a contributor to poverty, war and death around the world as they effect / affect, "the real possibility either of revolving / resolving conflicts in different areas of our world or of...providing / provision them with new fuel to destroy social stability and human lives." He added: "Civilization requires / requiring energy, but energy use must not destroy civilization....Clean energy is a duty that we owe / own towards ...generations met / yet to come."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    T h_ h__ d _f t h_ R_m_n C_t h_l_c C h_r c h , P_p_ F r_n c_s , h_s g_v_n _ s t_r k w_r n_n g t_ _r__ n d 5 0 _f t h_ w_r l d ' s t_p __ l c_m p_n y _x_c_t_v_s _b__ t t h_ t h r__ t t_ h_m_n_t y f r_m f_s s_l f__ l s . A t _ p r_v_t_, c l_s_d - d__ r m__ t_n g _n t h_ V_t_c_n _n S_t_r d_y , t h_ p_n t_f f _r g_d t h_ __ l c_m p_n__ s t_ s w_t c h t_ r_n_w_b l_ _n_r g__ s f_r t h_ s_k_ _f __ r p l_n_t . H_ t_l d t h_ _x_c_t_v_s t h_t f_s s_l f__ l s w_r_ _ m_j_r d r_v_r _n c l_m_t_ c h_n g_ _n d t h_t g l_b_l w_r n_n g r_p r_s_n t_d _ c h_l l_n g_ _f "_p_c h_l p r_p_r t__ n s " . H_ s__ d t h_ c_m p_n__ s n__ d_d t_ _c t q__ c k l y , s_y_n g : " T h_r_ _s n_ t_m_ t_ l_s_. " H_ w_r n_d t h_t : " W_t h __ c h m_n t h t h_t p_s s_s , t h_ c h_l l_n g_ _f _n_r g y t r_n s_t__ n b_c_m_s m_r_ p r_s s_n g . "

    P_p_ F r_n c_s _x p l__ n_d h_w _m p_r t_n t _t w_s f_r t h_ w_r l d t_ t r_n s_t__ n t_ g r__ n_r f_r m s _f _n_r g y . H_ s__ d : " T h_ _n_r g y q__ s t__ n h_s b_c_m_ _n_ _f t h_ p r_n c_p_l c h_l l_n g_s . . . f_c_n g t h_ _n t_r n_t__ n_l c_m m_n_t y . T h_ w_y w_ m__ t t h_s c h_l l_n g_ w_l l d_t_r m_n_ __ r _v_r_l l q__ l_t y _f l_f_. " F r_n c_s s__ d f_s s_l f__ l s _r_ _ c_n t r_b_t_r t_ p_v_r t y , w_r _n d d__ t h _r__ n d t h_ w_r l d _s t h_y _f f_c t , " t h_ r__ l p_s s_b_l_t y __ t h_r _f r_s_l v_n g c_n f l_c t s _n d_f f_r_n t _r__ s _f __ r w_r l d _r _f . . . p r_v_d_n g t h_m w_t h n_w f__ l t_ d_s t r_y s_c__ l s t_b_l_t y _n d h_m_n l_v_s . " H_ _d d_d : " C_v_l_z_t__ n r_q__ r_s _n_r g y , b_t _n_r g y _s_ m_s t n_t d_s t r_y c_v_l_z_t__ n . . . . C l__ n _n_r g y _s _ d_t y t h_t w_ _w_ t_w_r d s . . . g_n_r_t__ n s y_t t_ c_m_. "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the head of the roman catholic church pope francis has given a stark warning to around 50 of the worlds top oil company executives about the threat to humanity from fossil fuels at a private closed door meeting in the vatican on saturday the pontiff urged the oil companies to switch to renewable energies for the sake of our planet he told the executives that fossil fuels were a major driver in climate change and that global warming represented a challenge of epochal proportions he said the companies needed to act quickly saying there is no time to lose he warned that with each month that passes the challenge of energy transition becomes more pressing

    pope francis explained how important it was for the world to transition to greener forms of energy he said the energy question has become one of the principal challenges facing the international community the way we meet this challenge will determine our overall quality of life francis said fossil fuels are a contributor to poverty war and death around the world as they affect the real possibility either of resolving conflicts in different areas of our world or of providing them with new fuel to destroy social stability and human lives he added civilization requires energy but energy use must not destroy civilization clean energy is a duty that we owe towards generations yet to come"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    TheheadoftheRomanCatholicChurch,PopeFrancis,hasgivenastarkw
    arningtoaround50oftheworld'stopoilcompanyexecutivesabouttheth
    reattohumanityfromfossilfuels.Ataprivate,closed-doormeetinginth
    eVaticanonSaturday,thepontiffurgedtheoilcompaniestoswitchtoren
    ewableenergiesforthesakeofourplanet.Hetoldtheexecutivesthatfoss
    ilfuelswereamajordriverinclimatechangeandthatglobalwarningrepr
    esentedachallengeof"epochalproportions".Hesaidthecompaniesnee
    dedtoactquickly,saying:"Thereisnotimetolose."Hewarnedthat:"Wit
    heachmonththatpasses,thechallengeofenergytransitionbecomesm
    orepressing."PopeFrancisexplainedhowimportantitwasfortheworldt
    otransitiontogreenerformsofenergy.Hesaid:"Theenergyquestionha
    sbecomeoneoftheprincipalchallenges...facingtheinternationalcom
    munity.Thewaywemeetthischallengewilldetermineouroverallqualit
    yoflife."Francissaidfossilfuelsareacontributortopoverty,waranddeat
    haroundtheworldastheyaffect,"therealpossibilityeitherofresolvingc
    onflictsindifferentareasofourworldorof...providingthemwithnewfuel
    todestroysocialstabilityandhumanlives."Headded:"Civilizationrequi
    resenergy,butenergyusemustnotdestroycivilization....Cleanenergyi
    sadutythatweowetowards...generationsyettocome."

    Free writing

    Write about fossil fuels for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    The world can survive without fossil fuels. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. FOSSIL FUELS: Make a poster about fossil fuels. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. TRANSITION: Write a magazine article about setting a limit of 20 years for the transition from fossil fuels to renewables. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on fossil fuels. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can move away from fossil fuels. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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