The Reading / Listening - Pay Cuts - Level 6

Mexico's president-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is leading by example in his country's austerity drive. He said he would accept less than half the salary of his predecessor when he takes office in December. This is part of an austerity drive to get Mexico's economy back on track. Mr Obrador told reporters on Sunday that: "What we want is for the budget to reach everybody." This means he will take home a salary of around $5,700 a month. This is just 40 per cent of the salary currently earned by incumbent President Enrique Peña Nieto. In addition, the president-elect said no public official would be able to earn more than he will. His supporters greatly welcomed his new austerity measures.



Mr Obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even further to play his part in helping the economy. He stopped at a 60 per cent cut because he thought a bigger cut would reduce the quality of people joining his government. Many are leaving well-paid positions in the private sector to take up ministerial posts that have a low salary ceiling. However, he said he would stand firm on his campaign promise to rein in perks given to high-level government officials. He said there would be cutbacks on chauffeurs, bodyguards and health insurance for ministers. Other measures he will introduce are to turn the official presidential residence into a cultural center and to stop pension payments to former presidents.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Pay Cuts - Level 4  or  Pay Cuts - Level 5

Sources
  • http://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-mexico-president-salary-20180716-story.html
  • http://thehill.com/latino/397153-mexican-president-elect-pledges-to-cut-his-own-salary
  • http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/07/15/mexican-president-elect-slashes-his-own-salary.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. PAY CUTS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about pay cuts. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       president / example / half / salary / austerity / budget / incumbent / public official /
       play a part / quality / government / ceiling / perks / bodyguards / residence / pension
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SALARY: Students A strongly believe everyone should take a pay cut to help their country; Students B strongly believe this is silly.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. PAY: What should these people get paid? Why? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How much?

Why?

Country's leader

 

 

Soldier

 

 

Top soccer player

 

 

Builder

 

 

Artist

 

 

English teacher

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. AUSTERITY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "austerity". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. PERKS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best perks of the job at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • company housing
  • travel allowance
  • discounts
  • company car
  • chauffeur
  • free lunch
  • gym membership
  • shares

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. austerity a. Restored something to the same level or direction that it had before.
      2. drive b. The holder of an office or post.
      3. predecessor c. Difficult economic conditions created by government measures to reduce a budget deficit, especially by reducing public expenditure.
      4. back on track d. A plan or course of action taken to achieve a particular purpose.
      5. incumbent e. An organized effort to achieve a particular purpose; campaign.
      6. earn f. A person who held a job or office before the current holder.
      7. measure g. Get money in return for labor or services.

    Paragraph 2

      8. play his part h. The official house of a government minister or other public and official figure.
      9. positions i. Help others fairly and do one's share in something.
      10. take up j. Jobs or roles.
      11. ceiling k. Be strong in your beliefs, positions and opinions.
      12. stand firm l. An upper limit, typically one set on prices, wages, or expenditure.
      13. perks m. Start something new (e.g. a job, project, etc.).
      14. residence n. Money, goods, or other benefits one gets as an employee.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Mexico's new president will teach people how to drive.     T / F
  2. Mexico's new president wants to backtrack on the economy.     T / F
  3. Mr Obrador wants everyone to take a pay cut.     T / F
  4. Mr Obrador said no public official would earn more than him.     T / F
  5. Mr Obrador wanted to take a pay cut that was bigger than 60%.     T / F
  6. Ministerial jobs in Mexico will have a high salary ceiling.     T / F
  7. Mr Obrador will reduce the number of chauffeurs for ministers.     T / F
  8. The presidential residence will be turned into a cultural center.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. drive
  2. take home
  3. incumbent
  4. welcomed
  5. measures
  6. promise
  7. perks
  8. introduce
  9. residence
  10. former
  1. initiate
  2. actions
  3. previous
  4. earn
  5. current
  6. benefits
  7. campaign
  8. home
  9. pledge
  10. greeted

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Lopez Obrador is leading
  2. austerity
  3. less than half the salary
  4. he will take home a salary of
  5. His supporters greatly welcomed his new
  6. play his part
  7. a bigger cut would
  8. stand firm on his campaign
  9. presidential
  10. pension
  1. promise
  2. austerity measures
  3. reduce the quality
  4. payments
  5. of his predecessor
  6. residence
  7. by example
  8. in helping the economy
  9. drive
  10. around $5,700 a month

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
austerity
official
back
greatly
elect
salary
office
incumbent

Mexico's president-(1) ____________ Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is leading by example in his country's (2) ____________ drive. He said he would accept less than half the salary of his predecessor when he takes (3) ____________ in December. This is part of an austerity drive to get Mexico's economy (4) ____________ on track. Mr Obrador told reporters on Sunday that: "What we want is for the budget to reach everybody." This means he will take home a (5) ____________ of around $5,700 a month. This is just 40 per cent of the salary currently earned by (6) ____________ President Enrique Peña Nieto. In addition, the president-elect said no public (7) ____________ would be able to earn more than he will. His supporters (8) ____________ welcomed his new austerity measures.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
ceiling
quality
residence
sector
rein
former
further
cutbacks

Mr Obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even (9) ____________ to play his part in helping the economy. He stopped at a 60 per cent cut because he thought a bigger cut would reduce the (10) ____________ of people joining his government. Many are leaving well-paid positions in the private (11) ____________ to take up ministerial posts that have a low salary (12) ____________. However, he said he would stand firm on his campaign promise to (13) ____________ in perks given to high-level government officials. He said there would be (14) ____________ on chauffeurs, bodyguards and health insurance for ministers. Other measures he will introduce are to turn the official presidential (15) ____________ into a cultural center and to stop pension payments to (16) ____________ presidents.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Mexico's president-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is ______
     a.  lead in by example
     b.  leading by exemplar
     c.  leading by example
     d.  leading by egg sample
2)  He said he would accept less than half the salary ______
     a.  of his processor
     b.  of his professor
     c.  of his pre-dresser
     d.  of his predecessor
3)  This is part of an austerity drive to get Mexico's economy ______
     a.  black in track
     b.  back on track
     c.  back in tack
     d.  back on tack
4)  just 40 per cent of the salary currently earned ______ President Enrique Peña Nieto
     a.  bye incumbent
     b.  buy incumbent
     c.  buoy incumbent
     d.  by incumbent
5)  In addition, the president-elect said no public official would be able ______
     a.  to earned more
     b.  to earns more
     c.  to earning more
     d.  to earn more

6)  Mr Obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even further to ______
     a.  play this part
     b.  play his part
     c.  play is part
     d.  players part
7)  he thought a bigger cut would reduce the ______
     a.  qualify of people
     b.  quality off people
     c.  qualify off people
     d.  quality of people
8)  take up ministerial posts that have a low ______
     a.  salary sealing
     b.  salary seal in
     c.  salary ceiling
     d.  salary seeing
9)  However, he said he would stand firm on his campaign promise to ______
     a.  reign in perks
     b.  rein in perks
     c.  raining perks
     d.  rain in perks
10)  a cultural center and to stop pension payments ______ presidents
     a.  two former
     b.  too former
     c.  to former
     d.  thru former

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Mexico's president-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is (1) ___________________ in his country's austerity drive. He said he would accept less than half the salary of his predecessor when (2) ___________________ in December. This is part of an austerity drive to get Mexico's economy (3) ___________________. Mr Obrador told reporters on Sunday that: "What we want is for the budget to reach everybody." This means he will take (4) ___________________ of around $5,700 a month. This is just 40 per cent of the salary currently (5) ___________________ President Enrique Peña Nieto. In addition, the president-elect said no public official would be (6) ___________________ more than he will. His supporters greatly welcomed his new austerity measures.

Mr Obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even further to (7) ___________________ in helping the economy. He stopped at a 60 per cent cut because he thought a bigger cut would (8) ___________________ of people joining his government. Many are leaving well-paid positions in the private sector to take up ministerial posts that have a (9) ___________________. However, he said he would stand firm on his campaign promise to (10) ___________________ given to high-level government officials. He said there would (11) ___________________ chauffeurs, bodyguards and health insurance for ministers. Other measures he will introduce are to turn the official presidential residence into a cultural center and (12) ___________________ payments to former presidents.

Comprehension questions

  1. What is Mr Obrador doing by example?
  2. What does Mr Obrador want to get back on track?
  3. How much will Mr Obrador's salary be?
  4. Who would not be able to earn more than Mr Obrador?
  5. Who welcomed Mr Obrador's austerity measures?
  6. What did Mr Obrador want to play his part in helping?
  7. Where might new government ministers be coming from?
  8. What did Mr Obrador say he would rein in?
  9. What kind of insurance will Mr Obrador cut back on for ministers?
  10. Who will no longer receive pension payments in Mexico?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What is Mr Obrador doing by example?
a) fishing
b) leading
c) mentoring
d) teaching
2) What does Mr Obrador want to get back on track?
a) a show
b) his life
c) a train
d) the economy
3) How much will Mr Obrador's salary be?
a) just over $5,700
b) exactly $5,700
c) around $5,700
d) just under $5,700
4) Who would not be able to earn more than Mr Obrador?
a) public officials
b) private workers
c) rock stars
d) soccer stars
5) Who welcomed Mr Obrador's austerity measures?
a) civil servants
b) his supporters
c) his wife
d) the current president

6) What did Mr Obrador want to play his part in helping?
a) the economy
b) the low-paid
c) the middle classes
d) the banking system
7) Where might new government ministers be coming from?
a) middle management
b) the south
c) the private sector
d) the USA
8) What did Mr Obrador say he would rein in?
a) perks
b) parks
c) berks
d) barks
9) What kind of insurance will Mr Obrador cut back on for ministers?
a) car insurance
b) home insurance
c) travel insurance
d) health insurance
10) Who will no longer receive pension payments in Mexico?
a) ministers
b) retired people
c) former presidents
d) rich people

Role play

Role  A – Free Lunches
You think free lunches are the best perks of the job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what isn't as good with their perks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these perks (and why): gym membership, a company car or shares.

Role  B – Gym Membership
You think gym membership is the best perk of the job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what isn't as good with their perks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these perks (and why): free lunches, a company car or shares.

Role  C – Company Car
You think a company car is the best perk of the job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what isn't as good with their perks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these perks (and why): gym membership, free lunches or shares.

Role  D – Shares
You think shares are the best perks of the job. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what isn't as good with their perks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these perks (and why): gym membership, a company car or free lunches.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'pay'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'cut'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • part
    • quality
    • positions
    • promise
    • health
    • stop
    • example
    • drive
    • track
    • month
    • just
    • earn




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - New Mexico President takes 60% pay cut

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'pay'?
    3. What do you think of Mr Obrador's pay cut?
    4. How much should a country's president earn?
    5. Should business leaders earn more than national leaders?
    6. Should we all take a pay cut to help the government?
    7. What should leaders do to lead by example?
    8. How can we all help in austerity drives?
    9. What is the most money anyone should be allowed to earn?
    10. What do you think of your country's leader?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'cut'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. When have you led by example?
    5. What makes a good national leader?
    6. Is it better to work in the private or public sector?
    7. Do government ministers get too many perks?
    8. Why do government ministers need a chauffeur?
    9. Should former presidents still get pension payments?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Mr Obrador?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Mexico's president-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is (1) ____ by example in his country's austerity drive. He said he would accept less than half the salary of his (2) ____ when he takes office in December. This is part of an austerity drive to get Mexico's economy back on (3) ____. Mr Obrador told reporters on Sunday that: "What we want is for the budget to reach everybody." This means he will take home a salary of around $5,700 a month. This is just 40 per cent of salary (4) ____ earned by incumbent President Enrique Peña Nieto. In addition, the president-elect said no public official would be able to (5) ____ more than he will. His supporters greatly (6) ____ his new austerity measures.

    Mr Obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even further to (7) ____ his part in helping the economy. He stopped at a 60 per cent cut because he thought a bigger cut would (8) ____ the quality of people joining his government. Many are leaving well-paid positions in the private sector to take up ministerial posts that have a low salary (9) ____. However, he said he would stand firm on his campaign promise to rein in (10) ____ given to high-level government officials. He said there would be cutbacks on chauffeurs, bodyguards and health insurance for ministers. Other measures he will introduce are to (11) ____ the official presidential residence into a cultural center and to stop pension payments to (12) ____ presidents.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     lead     (b)     led     (c)     leading     (d)     leader    
    2. (a)     predecessor     (b)     precedent     (c)     prediction     (d)     predicates    
    3. (a)     track     (b)     tack     (c)     tacky     (d)     tactless    
    4. (a)     currently     (b)     currency     (c)     currant     (d)     concurrently    
    5. (a)     urn     (b)     earn     (c)     yearn     (d)     own    
    6. (a)     waved     (b)     pleased     (c)     hugged     (d)     welcomed    
    7. (a)     have     (b)     make     (c)     play     (d)     turn    
    8. (a)     conduce     (b)     induce     (c)     deduce     (d)     reduce    
    9. (a)     ceiling     (b)     roof     (c)     floor     (d)     ground    
    10. (a)     perks     (b)     parks     (c)     packs     (d)     pucks    
    11. (a)     tame     (b)     turn     (c)     digest     (d)     take    
    12. (a)     framer     (b)     firmer     (c)     former     (d)     farmer

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Obrador is leaignd by example
    2. in his country's rtstaeyui drive
    3. half the salary of his opedcsresre
    4. for the tebgud to reach everybody
    5. earned by ncuenmitb President Enrique
    6. His rsoertppsu greatly welcomed...

    Paragraph 2

    1. take up aiestlmrnii posts
    2. stand firm on his gacianpm promise
    3. there would be cutbacks on uacuferfsh
    4. health scurnenia
    5. the official presidential cisenedre
    6. stop nosienp payments

    Put the text back together

    (...)  government. Many are leaving well-paid positions in the private sector to take up ministerial
    (...)  posts that have a low salary ceiling. However, he said he would stand firm on his campaign promise to rein
    (...)  track. Mr Obrador told reporters on Sunday that: "What we want is for the budget to reach
    (...)  everybody." This means he will take home a salary of around $5,700 a month. This is just 40 per cent of the salary currently
    (...)  official would be able to earn more than he will. His supporters greatly welcomed his new austerity measures.
    (...)  in perks given to high-level government officials. He said there would be cutbacks
    (...)  Mr Obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even further to play his part in helping the economy. He stopped
    (...)  earned by incumbent President Enrique Peña Nieto. In addition, the president-elect said no public
    (...)  at a 60 per cent cut because he thought a bigger cut would reduce the quality of people joining his
    (...)  drive. He said he would accept less than half the salary of his predecessor when he takes
    1  ) Mexico's president-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is leading by example in his country's austerity
    (...)  the official presidential residence into a cultural center and to stop pension payments to former presidents.
    (...)  office in December. This is part of an austerity drive to get Mexico's economy back on
    (...)  on chauffeurs, bodyguards and health insurance for ministers. Other measures he will introduce are to turn

    Put the words in the right order

    1. drive   .   country's   example   his   Leading   austerity   by   in
    2. salary   predecessor   .   of   the   Less   half   his   than
    3. an   of   part   is   drive   .   austerity   This
    4. is   per   just   of   cent   This   40   the   salary   .
    5. austerity   welcomed   greatly   measures  .   supporters   new   His  his
    6. even   He   further   .   salary   to   cut   wanted   his
    7. people   the   Reduce   of   joining   government   .   quality   his
    8. to   in   high-level   officials   .   government   Rein   perks   given
    9. would   said   there   on   cutbacks   He   chauffeurs   .   be
    10. pension   to   payments   To   former   presidents   .   stop

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Mexico's president-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is led / leading by example in his country's austerity drive. He said he would accept less / lesser than half the salary of his predecessor / precursor when he takes office in December. This is part of an austerity drive to get Mexico's economy back in / on track. Mr Obrador told reporters on Sunday that: "What we want is for / from the budget to reach everybody." This means he will take home a salary off / of around $5,700 a month. This is just 40 per cent of the salary currently earned by / for incumbent President Enrique Peña Nieto. In addition / additionally, the president-elect said no public officially / official would be able to earn more than he will. His supporters greatly welcomed his new austerity / posterity measures.

    Mr Obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even farther / further to play his part on / in helping the economy. He stopped at a 60 per cent cut because he thought a bigger cut would reduce the quality of people joint / joining his government. Many are leaving well-paid position / positions in the private sector to take up ministerial posts that have a low / law salary ceiling. However, he said he would stand farm / firm on his campaign promise to rein in perks given to high-level government officials. He said there would be cutbacks / cuttings on chauffeurs, bodyguards and health insurance for ministers. Other measurements / measures he will introduce are to turn the official presidential residence into / onto a cultural center and to stop pension payments to former / firmer presidents.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    M_x_c_' s p r_s_d_n t -_l_c t A n d r_s M_n__ l L_p_z O b r_d_r _s l__ d_n g b y _x_m p l_ _n h_s c__ n t r y ' s __ s t_r_t y d r_v_. H_ s__ d h_ w__ l d _c c_p t l_s s t h_n h_l f t h_ s_l_r y _f h_s p r_d_c_s s_r w h_n h_ t_k_s _f f_c_ _n D_c_m b_r . T h_s _s p_r t _f _n __ s t_r_t y d r_v_ t_ g_t M_x_c_' s _c_n_m y b_c k _n t r_c k . M r O b r_d_r t_l d r_p_r t_r s _n S_n d_y t h_t : " W h_t w_ w_n t _s f_r t h_ b_d g_t t_ r__ c h _v_r y b_d y . " T h_s m__ n s h_ w_l l t_k_ h_m_ _ s_l_r y _f _r__ n d $ 5 , 7 0 0 _ m_n t h . T h_s _s j_s t 4 0 p_r c_n t _f s_l_r y c_r r_n t l y __ r n_d b y _n c_m b_n t P r_s_d_n t E n r_q__ P_ñ_ N__ t_. I n _d d_t__ n , t h_ p r_s_d_n t -_l_c t s__ d n_ p_b l_c _f f_c__ l w__ l d b_ _b l_ t_ __ r n m_r_ t h_n h_ w_l l . H_s s_p p_r t_r s g r__ t l y w_l c_m_d h_s n_w __ s t_r_t y m__ s_r_s .

    M r O b r_d_r s__ d h_ w_n t_d t_ c_t h_s s_l_r y _v_n f_r t h_r t_ p l_y h_s p_r t _n h_l p_n g t h_ _c_n_m y . H_ s t_p p_d _t _ 6 0 p_r c_n t c_t b_c__ s_ h_ t h__ g h t _ b_g g_r c_t w__ l d r_d_c_ t h_ q__ l_t y _f p__ p l_ j__ n_n g h_s g_v_r n m_n t . M_n y _r_ l__ v_n g w_l l - p__ d p_s_t__ n s _n t h_ p r_v_t_ s_c t_r t_ t_k_ _p m_n_s t_r__ l p_s t s t h_t h_v_ _ l_w s_l_r y c__ l_n g . H_w_v_r , h_ s__ d h_ w__ l d s t_n d f_r m _n h_s c_m p__ g n p r_m_s_ t_ r__ n _n p_r k s g_v_n t_ h_g h - l_v_l g_v_r n m_n t _f f_c__ l s . H_ s__ d t h_r_ w__ l d b_ c_t b_c k s _n c h__ f f__ r s , b_d y g__ r d s _n d h__ l t h _n s_r_n c_ f_r m_n_s t_r s . O t h_r m__ s_r_s h_ w_l l _n t r_d_c_ _r_ t_ t_r n t h_ _f f_c__ l p r_s_d_n t__ l r_s_d_n c_ _n t_ _ c_l t_r_l c_n t_r _n d t_ s t_p p_n s__ n p_y m_n t s t_ f_r m_r p r_s_d_n t s .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    mexicos president elect andres manuel lopez obrador is leading by example in his countrys austerity drive he said he would accept less than half the salary of his predecessor when he takes office in december this is part of an austerity drive to get mexicos economy back on track mr obrador told reporters on sunday that what we want is for the budget to reach everybody this means he will take home a salary of around 5700 a month this is just 40 per cent of the salary currently earned by incumbent president enrique pea nieto in addition the president elect said no public official would be able to earn more than he will his supporters greatly welcomed his new austerity measures

    mr obrador said he wanted to cut his salary even further to play his part in helping the economy he stopped at a 60 per cent cut because he thought a bigger cut would reduce the quality of people joining his government many are leaving well paid positions in the private sector to take up ministerial posts that have a low salary ceiling however he said he would stand firm on his campaign promise to rein in perks given to high level government officials he said there would be cutbacks on chauffeurs bodyguards and health insurance for ministers other measures he will introduce are to turn the official presidential residence into a cultural center and to stop pension payments to former presidents.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Mexico'spresident-electAndresManuelLopezObradorisleadingbyexa
    mpleinhiscountry'sausteritydrive.Hesaidhewouldacceptlessthanhal
    fthesalaryofhispredecessorwhenhetakesofficeinDecember.Thisispa
    rtofanausteritydrivetogetMexico'seconomybackontrack.MrObrador
    toldreportersonSundaythat:"Whatwewantisforthebudgettoreachev
    erybody."Thismeanshewilltakehomeasalaryofaround$5,700amont
    h.Thisisjust40percentofthesalarycurrentlyearnedbyincumbentPresi
    dentEnriquePeñaNieto.Inaddition,thepresident-electsaidnopublico
    fficialwouldbeabletoearnmorethanhewill.Hissupportersgreatlywelc
    omedhisnewausteritymeasures.MrObradorsaidhewantedtocuthissa
    laryevenfurthertoplayhispartinhelpingtheeconomy.Hestoppedata6
    0percentcutbecausehethoughtabiggercutwouldreducethequalityof
    peoplejoininghisgovernment.Manyareleavingwell-paidpositionsin
    theprivatesectortotakeupministerialpoststhathavealowsalaryceilin
    g.However,hesaidhewouldstandfirmonhiscampaignpromisetoreinin
    perksgiventohigh-levelgovernmentofficials.Hesaidtherewouldbecu
    tbacksonchauffeurs,bodyguardsandhealthinsuranceforministers.Ot
    hermeasureshewillintroducearetoturntheofficialpresidentialresiden
    ceintoaculturalcenterandtostoppensionpaymentstoformerpresiden
    ts.

    Free writing

    Write about pay cuts for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Academic writing

    Everyone should take a pay cut to help their government. Discuss.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

     

    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. PAY CUTS: Make a poster about pay cuts. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. AUSTERITY: Write a magazine article about government spending being a better way out of austerity than pay cuts. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on pay cuts. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on pay cuts. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Help Support This Web Site

    • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

    Sean Banville's Book

    Thank You