The Reading / Listening - Bread Recipe - Level 3

Researchers have found the world's oldest example of bread. A research team from the universities of Cambridge, Copenhagen and London found ancient breadcrumbs while on an archaeological dig in Jordan. The breadcrumbs were charred and burnt, which is how they survived for so long. The researchers dated the crumbs and found they were roughly 14,400 years old. This means that people in the Stone Age were baking bread. The researchers said humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than scientists thought. The people who baked the bread lived in Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C. They were hunter gather and lived thousands of years before humans settled down to become farmers.



The researchers discovered 24 burnt breadcrumbs. They analyzed them and found they were made from cereal plants such as barley, wheat and oats. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread took a long time to make. The ancient Jordanians began by grinding cereals into a fine flour. They then mixed the flour with water to make dough. After that, they baked it in the hot ashes of a fireplace or on a hot stone. The bread looked like the flat pitta bread still made across the Middle East today. Another researcher said the bread could be one reason for the agricultural revolution starting. Stone Age people realized it was easier and more convenient to farm the wheat for bread instead of gathering it from the wild.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Bread Recipe - Level 0 Bread Recipe - Level 1   or  Bread Recipe - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/archaeologists-discover-evidence-bread-baked-advent-agriculture-180969667/
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-44846874
  • https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-china-eu/forcing-china-on-trade-with-illegal-action-will-not-work-eus-malmstrom-idUSKBN1K912H


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BREAD: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about bread. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       researchers / bread / breadcrumbs / survived / Stone Age / baking / hunter-gatherers
       cereal plants / flour / dough / ashes / Middle East / agricultural revolution / the wild
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. BREAD: Students A strongly believe bread is the most important food in the world; Students B strongly believe otherwise. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. STONE AGE FOOD: What do you think Stone Age food was like? How does it compare with today's food? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Stone Age Food

Comparisons with Today

Bread

 

 

Rice

 

 

Egg dishes

 

 

Meat dishes

 

 

Fish dishes

 

 

Desserts

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. DIG: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "dig". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. BREADS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Bread roll
  • Chapatti
  • Sandwich bread
  • Rye bread
  • Pitta bread
  • Bagel
  • Nan bread
  • Baguette

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. example a. People who belonged to a group who moved around a lot and got food by fishing, killing animals and eating wild vegetables and fruit.
      2. ancient b. Very, very old.
      3. archaeological c. Continued to live or exist, even after danger or hard times.
      4. survived d. Something that is very much like all other things of its kind.
      5. roughly e. Started to live permanently somewhere.
      6. hunter-gatherers f. About the study of human history and prehistory through digging old sites and looking at the old things people find.
      7. settled down g. About; approximately.

    Paragraph 2

      8. analyzed h. A thick, soft mixture of flour and liquid, used for baking into bread or pastry.
      9. cereal i. A powder obtained by grinding wheat, and used to make bread, cakes, and pastry.
      10. flour j. A very great and wide-reaching change in the way something works or is organized.
      11. dough k. Looked at something carefully to find out new things about it.
      12. ashes l. A grain used for food, such as wheat, oats, or corn.
      13. revolution m. Involving little trouble or effort.
      14. convenient n. The powdery stuff left after the burning of something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Archaeologists found an old loaf of bread in Jordan.     T / F
  2. Breadcrumbs that archaeologists found were burnt.     T / F
  3. The breadcrumbs were over 14,000 years old.     T / F
  4. The breadcrumbs come from bread made by hunter-gatherers.     T / F
  5. Researchers say the breadcrumbs are from bread made from rice.     T / F
  6. The ancient bread probably looked like the pitta bread of today.     T / F
  7. The bread started the end of the agricultural revolution.     T / F
  8. Hunter-gatherers said gathering wild wheat was easier than farming.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. example
  2. ancient
  3. found
  4. roughly
  5. thought
  6. analyzed
  7. fine
  8. ashes
  9. reason
  10. convenient
  1. about
  2. favorable
  3. discovered
  4. examined
  5. specimen
  6. embers
  7. cause
  8. very, very old
  9. powdery
  10. believed

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. the world's oldest
  2. an archaeological
  3. people in the Stone Age
  4. They were hunter-
  5. before humans settled
  6. they were made from cereal plants
  7. they baked it in the hot
  8. pitta bread still made across
  9. it was easier and more convenient
  10. gathering it
  1. were baking bread
  2. to farm the wheat
  3. down to become farmers
  4. the Middle East today
  5. from the wild
  6. gatherers
  7. such as barley
  8. example of bread
  9. ashes of a fireplace
  10. dig in Jordan

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
dig
roughly
example
gatherers
survived
down
ancient
scientists

Researchers have found the world's oldest (1) ____________ of bread. A research team from the universities of Cambridge, Copenhagen and London found (2) ____________ breadcrumbs while on an archaeological (3) ____________ in Jordan. The breadcrumbs were charred and burnt, which is how they (4) ____________ for so long. The researchers dated the crumbs and found they were (5) ____________ 14,400 years old. This means that people in the Stone Age were baking bread. The researchers said humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than (6) ____________ thought. The people who baked the bread lived in Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C. They were hunter-(7) ____________ and lived thousands of years before humans settled (8) ____________ to become farmers.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
flat
wheat
cereals
instead
ashes
reason
analyzed
dough

The researchers discovered 24 burnt breadcrumbs. They (9) ____________ them and found they were made from cereal plants such as barley, (10) ____________ and oats. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread took a long time to make. The ancient Jordanians began by grinding (11) ____________ into a fine flour. They then mixed the flour with water to make (12) ____________. After that, they baked it in the hot (13) ____________ of a fireplace or on a hot stone. The bread looked like the (14) ____________ pitta bread still made across the Middle East today. Another researcher said the bread could be one (15) ____________ for the agricultural revolution starting. Stone Age people realized it was easier and more convenient to farm the wheat for bread (16) ____________ of gathering it from the wild.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Researchers have found the world's oldest ______ bread
     a.  exemplar of
     b.  exampled of
     c.  egg sample of
     d.  example of
2)  The breadcrumbs were charred and burnt, which is how they ______ so long
     a.  served eyed for
     b.  serve eyed for
     c.  survived for
     d.  surveyed for
3)  humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than ______
     a.  science is thought
     b.  science its thought
     c.  scion twits thought
     d.  scientists thought
4)  The people who baked the bread lived in Jordan from around 12,500 to ______
     a.  9,500 B.C.
     b.  9,500 D.C.
     c.  9,500 M.C.
     d.  9,500 V.C.
5)  ... lived thousands of years before humans settled down to ______
     a.  became farmers
     b.  beacon farmers
     c.  become farmers
     d.  beak-cone farmers

6)  They analyzed them and found they were made from ______
     a.  cereal plants
     b.  serial plants
     c.  see real plants
     d.  sear real plants
7)  Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread took a long ______
     a.  time to make
     b.  timed to make
     c.  time two make
     d.  times two make
8)  They then mixed the flour with water to ______
     a.  make do
     b.  make dough
     c.  make doubt
     d.  make dew
9)  Another researcher said the bread could be one reason for the ______
     a.  agriculturally revolution
     b.  agricultural revolutions
     c.  agricultural revolution
     d.  agriculture all revolutions
10)  Stone Age people realized it was easier and ______
     a.  amore convenient
     b.  moor convenient
     c.  mower convenient
     d.  more convenient

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Researchers have found the world's oldest example of bread. A research team (1) ___________________ of Cambridge, Copenhagen and London found ancient breadcrumbs while on (2) ___________________ in Jordan. The breadcrumbs were charred and burnt, which is (3) ___________________ for so long. The researchers dated the crumbs and found they were roughly 14,400 years old. This means that people in the Stone Age were baking bread. The researchers said (4) ___________________ bread 4,000 years earlier than scientists thought. The people who baked (5) ___________________ in Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C. They were hunter-gatherers and lived thousands of years before humans (6) ___________________ become farmers.

The researchers discovered 24 burnt breadcrumbs. They analyzed them and found they were made (7) ___________________ such as barley, wheat and oats. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread (8) ___________________ time to make. The ancient Jordanians began by grinding cereals into a fine flour. They then mixed the flour with water (9) ___________________. After that, they baked it in the hot ashes of a fireplace or on (10) ___________________. The bread looked like the flat pitta bread still made across the Middle East today. Another researcher said the bread could (11) ___________________ for the agricultural revolution starting. Stone Age people realized it was easier and more convenient to farm the wheat for bread instead (12) ___________________ from the wild.

Comprehension questions

  1. How many universities did the researchers come from?
  2. In what country were breadcrumbs found?
  3. How old were the breadcrumbs?
  4. Why did the breadcrumbs survive for so long?
  5. What kind of people were the people who made the bread?
  6. How many breadcrumbs did the researchers find?
  7. What did the people grind into a fine flour?
  8. What did the people bake the bread on?
  9. What did researchers say bread could have caused the beginning of?
  10. Where did the ancient people gather wheat from?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How many universities did the researchers come from?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 18
d) 7
2) In what country were breadcrumbs found?
a) Turkey
b) France
c) Syria
d) Jordan
3) How old were the breadcrumbs?
a) roughly 14,400 years old
b) 10,000 years old
c) over 30,000 years old
d) 72,736 years old
4) Why did the breadcrumbs survive for so long?
a) they were in a museum
b) they were fossilized
c) they were burnt and charred
d) they were trapped in amber
5) What kind of people were the people who made the bread?
a) farmers
b) hunter-gatherers
c) kings and queens
d) bakers

6) How many breadcrumbs did the researchers find?
a) 20
b) 22
c) 24
d) 26
7) What did the people grind into a fine flour?
a) rye
b) rice
c) ancient weeds
d) cereal plants
8) What did the people bake the bread on?
a) a hot stone
b) a pizza oven
c) a baking tray
d) hot sand
9) What did researchers say bread could have caused the beginning of?
a) the agricultural revolution
b) bakeries
c) sandwiches
d) obesity
10) Where did the ancient people gather wheat from?
a) a shop
b) the wild
c) a bakery
d) a farm

Role play

Role  A – Pitta Bread
You think pitta bread is the best kind of bread. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds of bread. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): baguette, bread roll or sandwich bread.

Role  B – Baguette
You think baguette is the best kind of bread. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds of bread. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): pitta bread, bread roll or sandwich bread.

Role  C – Bread Roll
You think bread roll is the best kind of bread. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds of bread. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): baguette, pitta bread or sandwich bread.

Role  D – Sandwich Bread
You think sandwich bread is the best kind of bread. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds of bread. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): baguette, bread roll or pitta bread.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'bread'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'recipe'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • analyzed
    • lead
    • began
    • hot
    • reason
    • instead
    • example
    • dig
    • long
    • humans
    • who
    • thousands




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - World's oldest bread recipe found

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'bread'?
    3. What do you think of bread?
    4. How useful is bread?
    5. How healthy is bread?
    6. Was Stone Age food healthier than the food we eat today?
    7. What else did Stone Age people eat?
    8. Would you like to go to a Stone Age restaurant?
    9. How did society change when we became farmers?
    10. What kind of bread do you like?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'recipe'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What else can we use cereals for?
    5. What else can we use flour for?
    6. How do you make bread?
    7. Is flat bread or risen bread best?
    8. Which is better - bread or rice?
    9. What would life be like without bread?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Researchers have found the world's (1) ____ example of bread. A research team from the universities of Cambridge, Copenhagen and London found ancient breadcrumbs (2) ____ on an archaeological dig in Jordan. The breadcrumbs were charred and (3) ____, which is how they survived for so long. The researchers dated the crumbs and found they were roughly 14,400 years old. This means that people (4) ____ the Stone Age were baking bread. The researchers said humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than scientists (5) ____. The people who baked the bread lived in Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C. They were hunter-gatherers and lived thousands of years before humans settled (6) ____ to become farmers.

    The researchers discovered 24 burnt breadcrumbs. They analyzed (7) ____ and found they were made from cereal plants such (8) ____ barley, wheat and oats. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread took a long time to make. The ancient Jordanians began (9) ____ grinding cereals into a fine flour. They then mixed the flour with water to make dough. After that, they baked it in the hot ashes of a fireplace (10) ____ on a hot stone. The bread looked like the flat pitta bread still made across the Middle East today. Another researcher said the bread could be (11) ____ reason for the agricultural revolution starting. Stone Age people realized it was easier and more convenient to farm the wheat for bread (12) ____ of gathering it from the wild.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     olden     (b)     older     (c)     oldish     (d)     oldest    
    2. (a)     whiling     (b)     whatsoever     (c)     whichever     (d)     while    
    3. (a)     burning     (b)     burnt     (c)     burns     (d)     burn    
    4. (a)     at     (b)     on     (c)     in     (d)     to    
    5. (a)     think     (b)     thinks     (c)     thought     (d)     thinking    
    6. (a)     down     (b)     over     (c)     up     (d)     on    
    7. (a)     it     (b)     them     (c)     they     (d)     their    
    8. (a)     as     (b)     was     (c)     has     (d)     that's    
    9. (a)     by     (b)     of     (c)     at     (d)     on    
    10. (a)     not     (b)     nor     (c)     or     (d)     ore    
    11. (a)     major     (b)     big     (c)     one     (d)     that    
    12. (a)     steadying     (b)     stead     (c)     steady     (d)     instead

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. the world's oldest lxmaeep of bread
    2. ennacit breadcrumbs
    3. how they vvesurid for so long
    4. they were hoyrglu 14,400 years old
    5. They were hunter-trsrehage
    6. before humans seteltd down to become farmers

    Paragraph 2

    1. They anzdlyae them
    2. they were made from clerea plants
    3. into a fine ulofr
    4. with water to make dhugo
    5. the agricultural lintooervu
    6. it was easier and more nnneevoitc

    Put the text back together

    (...)  baked the bread lived in Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C. They were hunter-gatherers and lived
    (...) Researchers have found the world's oldest example of bread. A research team from the universities of Cambridge, Copenhagen
    (...)  reason for the agricultural revolution starting. Stone Age people realized it was easier and more
    (...)  and London found ancient breadcrumbs while on an archaeological dig in Jordan. The breadcrumbs were charred
    (...)  said humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than scientists thought. The people who
    (...)  to make. The ancient Jordanians began by grinding cereals into a fine flour. They then mixed the flour with water to make
    (...)  as barley, wheat and oats. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread took a long time
    (...)  convenient to farm the wheat for bread instead of gathering it from the wild.
    (...)  were roughly 14,400 years old. This means that people in the Stone Age were baking bread. The researchers
    (...)  dough. After that, they baked it in the hot ashes of a fireplace or on a hot stone. The bread looked like the flat pitta bread still
    (...)  thousands of years before humans settled down to become farmers.
    (...)  and burnt, which is how they survived for so long. The researchers dated the crumbs and found they
    (...)  made across the Middle East today. Another researcher said the bread could be one
    (...)  The researchers discovered 24 burnt breadcrumbs. They analyzed them and found they were made from cereal plants such

    Put the words in the right order

    1. oldest   of   bread   .   the   example   world's   Researchers   found
    2. archaeological   Jordan   .   While   dig   on   an   in
    3. burnt,   they   The   breadcrumbs   is   which   how   survived   .
    4. bread   4,000   years   scientists   than   thought   .   earlier   Making
    5. before   become   settled   Years   down   to   farmers   .   humans
    6. researchers   breadcrumbs   .   The   24   burnt   discovered
    7. flour   .   Jordanians   fine   began   into   by   cereals   grinding
    8. in   ashes   .   hot   that,   it   baked   After   they
    9. starting   .   agricultural   reason   One   for   the   revolution
    10. to   It   was   farm   wheat   .   the   more   convenient

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Researchers have found the world's oldest exemplar / example of bread. A research team from the universities of / for Cambridge, Copenhagen and London found ancient breadcrumbs while on an archaeological dig / digger in Jordan. The breadcrumbs were charred and burning / burnt, which is how they survived for so length / long. The researchers dated the crumbs and found they were roughly 14,400 years old. This meaning / means that people in the Stone Age were baking / baked bread. The researchers said humans were making bread 4,000 years earlier than scientists thought / taught. The people who baked the bread lived in / on Jordan from around 12,500 to 9,500 B.C. They were hunter-gatherers and lived thousands of years before humans settled up / down to become farmers.

    The researchers discovered / discovery 24 burnt breadcrumbs. They analyzed them and found they were made from serial / cereal plants such as barley, wheat and oat / oats. Lead researcher, Dr Amaia Otaegui, said the bread took a long time for / to make. The ancient Jordanians began by grinding cereals into a fine / finely flour. They then mixed the flour with water to make dough. After that, they baked them / it in the hot ashes of a fireplace or on a hot stone. The bread looked like the flat pitta bread still made across / cross the Middle East today. Another researcher said the bread could be one reason / reasoning for the agricultural revolution starting. Stone Age people realized it was easier and more convenience / convenient to farm the wheat for bread instead of gathering / gather it from the wild.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    R_s__ r c h_r s h_v_ f__ n d t h_ w_r l d ' s _l d_s t _x_m p l_ _f b r__ d . A r_s__ r c h t__ m f r_m t h_ _n_v_r s_t__ s _f C_m b r_d g_, C_p_n h_g_n _n d L_n d_n f__ n d _n c__ n t b r__ d c r_m b s w h_l_ _n _n _r c h___l_g_c_l d_g _n J_r d_n . T h_ b r__ d c r_m b s w_r_ c h_r r_d _n d b_r n t , w h_c h _s h_w t h_y s_r v_v_d f_r s_ l_n g . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s d_t_d t h_ c r_m b s _n d f__ n d t h_y w_r_ r__ g h l y 1 4 , 4 0 0 y__ r s _l d . T h_s m__ n s t h_t p__ p l_ _n t h_ S t_n_ A g_ w_r_ b_k_n g b r__ d . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s__ d h_m_n s w_r_ m_k_n g b r__ d 4 , 0 0 0 y__ r s __ r l__ r t h_n s c__ n t_s t s t h__ g h t . T h_ p__ p l_ w h_ b_k_d t h_ b r__ d l_v_d _n J_r d_n f r_m _r__ n d 1 2 , 5 0 0 t_ 9 , 5 0 0 B . C . T h_y w_r_ h_n t_r - g_t h_r_r s _n d l_v_d t h__ s_n d s _f y__ r s b_f_r_ h_m_n s s_t t l_d d_w n t_ b_c_m_ f_r m_r s .

    T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s d_s c_v_r_d 2 4 b_r n t b r__ d c r_m b s . T h_y _n_l y z_d t h_m _n d f__ n d t h_y w_r_ m_d_ f r_m c_r__ l p l_n t s s_c h _s b_r l_y , w h__ t _n d __ t s . L__ d r_s__ r c h_r , D r A m___ O t__ g__ , s__ d t h_ b r__ d t__ k _ l_n g t_m_ t_ m_k_. T h_ _n c__ n t J_r d_n__ n s b_g_n b y g r_n d_n g c_r__ l s _n t_ _ f_n_ f l__ r . T h_y t h_n m_x_d t h_ f l__ r w_t h w_t_r t_ m_k_ d__ g h . A f t_r t h_t , t h_y b_k_d _t _n t h_ h_t _s h_s _f _ f_r_p l_c_ _r _n _ h_t s t_n_. T h_ b r__ d l__ k_d l_k_ t h_ f l_t p_t t_ b r__ d s t_l l m_d_ _c r_s s t h_ M_d d l_ E_s t t_d_y . A n_t h_r r_s__ r c h_r s__ d t h_ b r__ d c__ l d b_ _n_ r__ s_n f_r t h_ _g r_c_l t_r_l r_v_l_t__ n s t_r t_n g . S t_n_ A g_ p__ p l_ r__ l_z_d _t w_s __ s__ r _n d m_r_ c_n v_n__ n t t_ f_r m t h_ w h__ t f_r b r__ d _n s t__ d _f g_t h_r_n g _t f r_m t h_ w_l d .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    researchers have found the worlds oldest example of bread a research team from the universities of cambridge copenhagen and london found ancient breadcrumbs while on an archaeological dig in jordan the breadcrumbs were charred and burnt which is how they survived for so long the researchers dated the crumbs and found they were roughly 14400 years old this means that people in the stone age were baking bread the researchers said humans were making bread 4000 years earlier than scientists thought the people who baked the bread lived in jordan from around 12500 to 9500 bc they were hunter gatherers and lived thousands of years before humans settled down to become farmers

    the researchers discovered 24 burnt breadcrumbs they analyzed them and found they were made from cereal plants such as barley wheat and oats lead researcher dr amaia otaegui said the bread took a long time to make the ancient jordanians began by grinding cereals into a fine flour they then mixed the flour with water to make dough after that they baked it in the hot ashes of a fireplace or on a hot stone the bread looked like the flat pitta bread still made across the middle east today another researcher said the bread could be one reason for the agricultural revolution starting stone age people realized it was easier and more convenient to farm the wheat for bread instead of gathering it from the wild.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Researchershavefoundtheworld'soldestexampleofbread.Aresearcht
    eamfromtheuniversitiesofCambridge,CopenhagenandLondonfound
    ancientbreadcrumbswhileonanarchaeologicaldiginJordan.Thebread
    crumbswerecharredandburnt,whichishowtheysurvivedforsolong.Th
    eresearchersdatedthecrumbsandfoundtheywereroughly14,400yea
    rsold.ThismeansthatpeopleintheStoneAgewerebakingbread.Theres
    earcherssaidhumansweremakingbread4,000yearsearlierthanscient
    iststhought.ThepeoplewhobakedthebreadlivedinJordanfromaround
    12,500to9,500B.C.Theywerehuntergatherandlivedthousandsofyea
    rsbeforehumanssettleddowntobecomefarmers.Theresearchersdisc
    overed24burntbreadcrumbs.Theyanalyzedthemandfoundtheywere
    madefromcerealplantssuchasbarley,wheatandoats.Leadresearcher
    ,DrAmaiaOtaegui,saidthebreadtookalongtimetomake.TheancientJo
    rdaniansbeganbygrindingcerealsintoafineflour.Theythenmixedthefl
    ourwithwatertomakedough.Afterthat,theybakeditinthehotashesofa
    fireplaceoronahotstone.Thebreadlookedliketheflatpittabreadstillma
    deacrosstheMiddleEasttoday.Anotherresearchersaidthebreadcould
    beonereasonfortheagriculturalrevolutionstarting.StoneAgepeopler
    ealizeditwaseasierandmoreconvenienttofarmthewheatforbreadinst
    eadofgatheringitfromthewild.

    Free writing

    Write about bread recipe for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Bread is the greatest food on Earth. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. BREAD: Make a poster about bread. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. OLD RECIPES: Write a magazine article about food from ancient recipes being healthier than the food we eat today. Include imaginary interviews with people who believe this and with people who don't.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on bread. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your opinions on bread. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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