The Reading / Listening - Suntan Lotion - Level 6

Doctors are warning people to use suntan lotion correctly or risk serious burns or skin damage. The warning comes as much of the northern hemisphere swelters in record-breaking and deadly heatwaves. Japan has declared its heatwave a natural disaster as at least 80 people have died from heat-related conditions. The doctors say people are getting less than half the protection from the sun than they think. Their advice is to use lotion with the highest sun protection factor (SPF) possible. Many people wrongly believe SPF 15 is sufficient to block the sun's harmful UV rays. However, researchers say people need to use SPF 30 or 50 to make sure they are protected.



The doctors highlighted another problem related to our use of suntan lotion - we do not use enough of it. Apparently, we are skimping on how much lotion we apply to our skin. Professor Anthony Young said most people apply lotion too thinly and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that are at risk. He said most people only get 40 per cent of the expected protection from SPF 50 lotion because they are applying it too thinly. People need to apply at least six teaspoons (36g) to cover their body. Doctors say we need to use more than half a teaspoon to cover the face, neck and ears. They warned us not to forget to put lotion on our ears, which we often neglect and are particularly prone to burning.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Suntan Lotion - Level 4  or  Suntan Lotion - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/health-44936124
  • https://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/news/hawaii-sun-tan-lotion-ban/
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44935152


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SUNTAN LOTION: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about suntan lotion. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       warning / suntan / burns / skin damage / northern hemisphere / protection / block
       skimping / problem / skin / at risk / teaspoons / face / neck / ears / prone / burning
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. SUNTANS: Students A strongly believe suntans are totally unnecessary; Students B strongly believe otherwise.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. HEATWAVES: How are the following people at risk in heatwaves? How can we help them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How they are at risk

How we can help

Babies

 

 

Old people

 

 

Road sweepers

 

 

Asthmatics

 

 

Soldiers

 

 

School children

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. BURN: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "burn". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. SUN: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things to do when it's hot outside at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Stay inside
  • Hiking
  • Shopping
  • Sleep
  • Picnic
  • Beach
  • Swimming pool
  • Barbeque

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. burns a. Is horribly and uncomfortably hot.
      2. hemisphere b. Enough.
      3. swelters c. Injuries caused by heat, hot water, acid or flames touching the skin.
      4. condition d. A half of the earth, usually the northern half or southern half.
      5. protection e. An illness or other medical problem.
      6. sufficient f. The act of keeping something or someone safe.
      7. rays g. The lines in which light (and heat) seem to stream or come from the sun.

    Paragraph 2

      8. highlighted h. Putting or spreading (something) on a surface or on your skin.
      9. apparently i. Picked out and emphasized.
      10. skimping j. Regarded something as likely to happen.
      11. expected k. Fail to care for something properly.
      12. applying l. As far as one knows or can see.
      13. neglect m. Likely to suffer from, do, or experience something, usually something regrettable or unwelcome.
      14. prone n. Using less time or money or material on something that is necessary because you want to save something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Doctors have said suntan lotion causes skin damage.     T / F
  2. The southern hemisphere has been sweltering in record heat.     T / F
  3. People are getting half the protection they think they are.     T / F
  4. Doctors say suntan lotion with a factor 15 will block all of the sun's rays. T / F
  5. Doctors say we don't spread suntan lotion on thickly enough.     T / F
  6. Doctors say people do not put lotion on at-risk areas of the skin.     T / F
  7. People need over six teaspoons of lotion to cover their body.     T / F
  8. Most people remember to put suntan lotion on their ears.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. warning
  2. correctly
  3. conditions
  4. lotion
  5. protected
  6. related
  7. skimping
  8. spread
  9. apply
  10. prone
  1. rub
  2. safeguarded
  3. economizing
  4. illnesses
  5. susceptible
  6. properly
  7. put on
  8. cream
  9. cautioning
  10. connected

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. use suntan lotion
  2. risk serious burns or skin
  3. the northern
  4. died from heat-
  5. sufficient to block the sun's
  6. areas of the skin that are at
  7. they are applying it too
  8. more than half
  9. put lotion on our ears, which
  10. particularly prone
  1. hemisphere
  2. we often neglect
  3. harmful UV rays
  4. thinly
  5. correctly
  6. related conditions
  7. to burning
  8. damage
  9. a teaspoon
  10. risk

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
conditions
suntan
wrongly
natural
protected
northern
rays
advice

Doctors are warning people to use (1) ____________ lotion correctly or risk serious burns or skin damage. The warning comes as much of the (2) ____________ hemisphere swelters in record-breaking and deadly heatwaves. Japan has declared its heatwave a (3) ____________ disaster as at least 80 people have died from heat-related (4) ____________. The doctors say people are getting less than half the protection from the sun than they think. Their (5) ____________ is to use lotion with the highest sun protection factor (SPF) possible. Many people (6) ____________ believe SPF 15 is sufficient to block the sun's harmful UV (7) ____________. However, researchers say people need to use SPF 30 or 50 to make sure they are (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
risk
highlighted
neglect
expected
skimping
prone
thinly
least

The doctors (9) ____________ another problem related to our use of suntan lotion - we do not use enough of it. Apparently, we are (10) ____________ on how much lotion we apply to our skin. Professor Anthony Young said most people apply lotion too (11) ____________ and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that are at (12) ____________. He said most people only get 40 per cent of the (13) ____________ protection from SPF 50 lotion because they are applying it too thinly. People need to apply at (14) ____________ six teaspoons (36g) to cover their body. Doctors say we need to use more than half a teaspoon to cover the face, neck and ears. They warned us not to forget to put lotion on our ears, which we often (15) ____________ and are particularly (16) ____________ to burning.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1) warning people to use suntan lotion correctly or risk serious ______ damage
     a.  burnt or skin
     b.  barns or skin
     c.  brims or skin
     d.  burns or skin
2)  The warning comes as much of the northern ______
     a.  hemisphere sweaters
     b.  hemisphere sweetness
     c.  hemisphere swelters
     d.  hemisphere shelters
3)  Their advice is to use lotion with the highest sun ______
     a.  protection factory
     b.  protection factor
     c.  protect shin factory
     d.  protects shin factor
4)  Many people wrongly believe SPF 15 is sufficient to block the ______ UV rays
     a.  sun's harmed full
     b.  sun's armful
     c.  sun's arm full
     d.  sun's harmful
5)  researchers say people need to use SPF 30 or 50 to make sure ______
     a.  they are protect it
     b.  they are protection
     c.  they are protected
     d.  they are protective

6)  Apparently, we are skimping on how much lotion we ______ skin
     a.  apply to our
     b.  reply to our
     c.  comply to our
     d.  imply to our
7)  people apply lotion too thinly and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that ______
     a.  are at risk
     b.  are rat risky
     c.  are at risqué
     d.  are rat risk
8)  40% of the expected protection from SPF 50 lotion because they are applying ______
     a.  it two thinly
     b.  it too thin
     c.  it too thee knee
     d.  it too tinny
9)  Doctors say we need to use more than half a teaspoon to ______
     a.  recover the face
     b.  covering the face
     c.  cover the face
     d.  covet the face
10)  forget to put lotion on our ears, which we often neglect and are particularly ______
     a.  prove to burning
     b.  prom to burning
     c.  pronto burning
     d.  prone to burning

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Doctors are warning people to use suntan lotion (1) ___________________ serious burns or skin damage. The warning comes as much of the northern (2) ___________________ record-breaking and deadly heatwaves. Japan has declared its heatwave a natural (3) ___________________ least 80 people have died from heat-related conditions. The doctors say people are getting (4) ___________________ the protection from the sun than they think. Their advice is to (5) ___________________ the highest sun protection factor (SPF) possible. Many people wrongly believe SPF 15 is sufficient to block the (6) ___________________ rays. However, researchers say people need to use SPF 30 or 50 to make sure they are protected.

The doctors highlighted another problem (7) ___________________ use of suntan lotion - we do not use enough of it. Apparently, we are skimping on how much lotion (8) ___________________ our skin. Professor Anthony Young said most people apply lotion too thinly and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that (9) ___________________. He said most people only get 40 per cent of the expected protection from SPF 50 lotion because they are applying (10) ___________________. People need to apply at least six teaspoons (36g) to cover their body. Doctors say we need to use more than (11) ___________________ to cover the face, neck and ears. They warned us not to forget to put lotion on our ears, which (12) ___________________ and are particularly prone to burning.

Comprehension questions

  1. What could people burn if they don't use suntan lotion properly?
  2. Where is there record-breaking temperatures?
  3. How much less protection are people getting than they think they are?
  4. What sun protection factor do people incorrectly believe is enough?
  5. What SPF do researchers say we need?
  6. What additional problem did doctors describe?
  7. How do most people do wrong when applying suntan lotion?
  8. How many teaspoons of suntan lotion do we need to cover our body?
  9. How much suntan lotion do we need to cover our face, neck and ears?
  10. What did doctors say was prone to burning?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What could people burn if they don't use suntan lotion properly?
a) their head
b) their skin
c) their hands
d) their feet
2)  Where is there record-breaking temperatures?
a) the Indian Ocean
b) the Sahara Desert
c) near the equator
d) the northern hemisphere
3) How much less protection are people getting than they think they are?
a) half
b) a quarter
c) three-quarters
d) a third
4) What sun protection factor do people incorrectly believe is enough?
a) 1
b) 10
c) 15
d) 20
5) What SPF do researchers say we need?
a) 15-20
b) 30-50
c) 20-30
d) 50-100

6) What additional problem did doctors describe?
a) not using enough suntan lotion
b) global warming
c) the ozone layer
d) skin cancer
7) What do most people do wrong when applying suntan lotion?
a) use cheap suntan lotion
b) use old suntan lotion
c) use it too thinly
d) use too much
8) How many teaspoons of suntan lotion do we need to cover our body?
a) more than 6
b) more than 7
c) more than 8
d) more than 9
9) How much suntan lotion do we need to cover our face, neck and ears?
a) half a teaspoon
b) half a tablespoon
c) half a dessertspoon
d) one tablespoon
10) What did doctors say was prone to burning?
a) our scalp
b) our cheeks
c) our nose
d) our ears

Role play

Role  A – Picnic
You think having a picnic is the best thing to do when it's hot. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these of these (and why): going to the beach, going shopping or staying at home.

Role  B – Beach
You think going to the beach is the best thing to do when it's hot. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these of these (and why): having a picnic, going shopping or staying at home.

Role  C – Shopping
You think going shopping is the best thing to do when it's hot. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these of these (and why): going to the beach, having a picnic or staying at home.

Role  D – Stay at Home
You think staying at home is the best thing to do when it's hot. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these of these (and why): going to the beach, going shopping or having a picnic.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'sun'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'tan'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • use
    • much
    • skin
    • only
    • more
    • prone
    • serious
    • natural
    • half
    • highest
    • believe
    • 30




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Doctors warn over application of suntan lotion

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'suntan'?
    3. What do you think of suntans?
    4. Why do people want to get a suntan?
    5. Is a tan healthy looking?
    6. What do you think of suntan lotion?
    7. What do you do in a heatwave?
    8. How dangerous is being in the sun?
    9. What do you know about the sun's UV rays?
    10. Are people who live in sunny countries happier?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'lotion'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What are the bad things about suntans?
    5. What can you do for sunburn?
    6. What else could we use instead of suntan lotion?
    7. What do you know about suntan lotion and the environment?
    8. What would happen if the world gets warmer?
    9. Do you prefer the heat or the cold?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the doctors?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Doctors are (1) ____ people to use suntan lotion correctly or (2) ____ serious burns or skin damage. The warning comes as much of the (3) ____ hemisphere swelters in record-breaking and deadly heatwaves. Japan has declared its heatwave a natural disaster as at least 80 people have died from heat-related (4) ____. The doctors say people are getting less than half the protection from the sun than they think. Their advice is to use lotion with the highest sun protection (5) ____ (SPF) possible. Many people wrongly believe SPF 15 is sufficient to block the sun's harmful UV (6) ____. However, researchers say people need to use SPF 30 or 50 to make sure they are protected.

    The doctors highlighted another problem (7) ____ to our use of suntan lotion - we do not use enough of it. Apparently, we are (8) ____ on how much lotion we apply to our skin. Professor Anthony Young said most people apply lotion too thinly and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that are (9) ____ risk. He said most people only get 40 per cent of the expected protection from SPF 50 lotion because they are (10) ____ it too thinly. People need to apply at least six teaspoons (36g) to cover their body. Doctors say we need to use more than half a teaspoon to cover the face, neck and ears. They warned us not to forget to put lotion on our ears, which we often (11) ____ and are particularly (12) ____ to burning.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     waning     (b)     warning     (c)     warring     (d)     wasting    
    2. (a)     risks     (b)     risk     (c)     risqué     (d)     risky    
    3. (a)     norther     (b)     northerly     (c)     north     (d)     northern    
    4. (a)     condition     (b)     conditions     (c)     conditional     (d)     conditionals    
    5. (a)     factual     (b)     faction     (c)     factory     (d)     factor    
    6. (a)     bays     (b)     lays     (c)     rays     (d)     ways    
    7. (a)     related     (b)     relatives     (c)     relatively     (d)     relations    
    8. (a)     scrumming     (b)     scamming     (c)     skimping     (d)     scampering    
    9. (a)     as     (b)     of     (c)     to     (d)     at    
    10. (a)     applying     (b)     complying     (c)     replying     (d)     supplying    
    11. (a)     neglect     (b)     regret     (c)     perfect     (d)     inspect    
    12. (a)     prone     (b)     prune     (c)     preen     (d)     plume

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. risk ouiesrs burns
    2. the northern miseephhre
    3. dreldace its heatwave a natural disaster
    4. heat-dltaere conditions
    5. efnufsitci to block the sun's harmful UV rays
    6. make sure they are oetretcdp

    Paragraph 2

    1. The doctors higieghldht another problem
    2. we are iknpmgsi on how much
    3. they are algppniy it too thinly
    4. half a oanpeots
    5. on our ears, which we often tegnelc
    6. iutraalplcyr prone to burning

    Put the text back together

    (...)  heatwave a natural disaster as at least 80 people have died from heat-related conditions. The doctors say people are
    (...)  lotion with the highest sun protection factor (SPF) possible. Many people wrongly believe
    (...)  of it. Apparently, we are skimping on how much lotion we apply to our skin. Professor Anthony Young said most people apply
    (...)  on our ears, which we often neglect and are particularly prone to burning.
    (...)  getting less than half the protection from the sun than they think. Their advice is to use
    (...)  half a teaspoon to cover the face, neck and ears. They warned us not to forget to put lotion
    (...)  least six teaspoons (36g) to cover their body. Doctors say we need to use more than
    1  ) Doctors are warning people to use suntan lotion correctly or risk serious burns or skin damage. The warning comes
    (...)  lotion too thinly and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that are at risk. He said most people only get 40 per cent of the expected
    (...)  The doctors highlighted another problem related to our use of suntan lotion - we do not use enough
    (...)  protection from SPF 50 lotion because they are applying it too thinly. People need to apply at
    (...)  as much of the northern hemisphere swelters in record-breaking and deadly heatwaves. Japan has declared its
    (...)  SPF 15 is sufficient to block the sun's harmful UV rays. However, researchers say
    (...)  people need to use SPF 30 or 50 to make sure they are protected.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. to   are   lotion   correctly   .   use   suntan   people   Doctors   warning
    2. its   has   natural   Japan   declared   a   disaster   .   heatwave
    3. less   getting   are   the   than   protection   .   half   People
    4. 15   sufficient   .   wrongly   believe   is   people   SPF   Many
    5. use   need   say   to   people   SPF   30   .   Researchers
    6. of   to   related   Another   our   lotion   .   problem   use
    7. much   How   lotion   we   apply   skin   .   to   our
    8. that   are   at   the   risk   .   Areas   skin   of
    9. at   least   need   People   apply   to   six   teaspoons   .
    10. ears   .   Forget   to   put   lotion   our   on

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Doctors are warning / waning people to use suntan lotion correctly or risk serious burns or skin damage. The warning comes as many / much of the northern hemisphere swelters / sweaters in record-breaking and deadly heatwaves. Japan has declaration / declared its heatwave a natural disaster as at least 80 people have died from heat-related condition /conditions. The doctors say people are getting less / fewer than half the protection from the sun than they think. Their advice / advise is to use lotion with the highest sun protection factor (SPF) possibility / possible. Many people wrongly believe SPF 15 is sufficient / sufficiently to block the sun's harmful UV rays. However, researchers say people need to use SPF 30 or 50 to make sure they are / be protected.

    The doctors highlighted another problem relation / related to our use of suntan lotion - we do not use enough of / for it. Apparently, we are skimping on how much lotion we reply / apply to our skin. Professor Anthony Young said most people apply lotion too thin / thinly and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that are at risk / risky. He said most people only get 40 per cent of the expected / expectation protection from SPF 50 lotion because they are applying it too thinly. People need to apply at least six teaspoons (36g) to cover / covet their body. Doctors say we need to use more than half the / a teaspoon to cover the face, neck and ears. They warned us not to forget to put lotion on our ears, which we often regret / neglect and are particularly prone / prove to burning.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    D_c t_r s _r_ w_r n_n g p__ p l_ t_ _s_ s_n t_n l_t__ n c_r r_c t l y _r r_s k s_r___s b_r n s _r s k_n d_m_g_. T h_ w_r n_n g c_m_s _s m_c h _f t h_ n_r t h_r n h_m_s p h_r_ s w_l t_r s _n r_c_r d - b r__ k_n g _n d d__ d l y h__ t w_v_s . J_p_n h_s d_c l_r_d _t s h__ t w_v_ _ n_t_r_l d_s_s t_r _s _t l__ s t 8 0 p__ p l_ h_v_ d__ d f r_m h__ t - r_l_t_d c_n d_t__ n s . T h_ d_c t_r s s_y p__ p l_ _r_ g_t t_n g l_s s t h_n h_l f t h_ p r_t_c t__ n f r_m t h_ s_n t h_n t h_y t h_n k . T h__ r _d v_c_ _s t_ _s_ l_t__ n w_t h t h_ h_g h_s t s_n p r_t_c t__ n f_c t_r ( S P F ) p_s s_b l_. M_n y p__ p l_ w r_n g l y b_l__ v_ S P F 1 5 _s s_f f_c__ n t t_ b l_c k t h_ s_n ' s h_r m f_l U V r_y s . H_w_v_r , r_s__ r c h_r s s_y p__ p l_ n__ d t_ _s_ S P F 3 0 _r 5 0 t_ m_k_ s_r_ t h_y _r_ p r_t_c t_d .

    T h_ d_c t_r s h_g h l_g h t_d _n_t h_r p r_b l_m r_l_t_d t_ __ r _s_ _f s_n t_n l_t__ n - w_ d_ n_t _s_ _n__ g h _f _t . A p p_r_n t l y , w_ _r_ s k_m p_n g _n h_w m_c h l_t__ n w_ _p p l y t_ __ r s k_n . P r_f_s s_r A n t h_n y Y__ n g s__ d m_s t p__ p l_ _p p l y l_t__ n t__ t h_n l y _n d _f t_n d_ n_t s p r__ d _t _n _r__ s _f t h_ s k_n t h_t _r_ _t r_s k . H_ s__ d m_s t p__ p l_ _n l y g_t 4 0 p_r c_n t _f t h_ _x p_c t_d p r_t_c t__ n f r_m S P F 5 0 l_t__ n b_c__ s_ t h_y _r_ _p p l y_n g _t t__ t h_n l y . P__ p l_ n__ d t_ _p p l y _t l__ s t s_x t__ s p__ n s ( 3 6 g ) t_ c_v_r t h__ r b_d y . D_c t_r s s_y w_ n__ d t_ _s_ m_r_ t h_n h_l f _ t__ s p__ n t_ c_v_r t h_ f_c_, n_c k _n d __ r s . T h_y w_r n_d _s n_t t_ f_r g_t t_ p_t l_t__ n _n __ r __ r s , w h_c h w_ _f t_n n_g l_c t _n d _r_ p_r t_c_l_r l y p r_n_ t_ b_r n_n g .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    doctors are warning people to use suntan lotion correctly or risk serious burns or skin damage the warning comes as much of the northern hemisphere swelters in recordbreaking and deadly heatwaves japan has declared its heatwave a natural disaster as at least 80 people have died from heatrelated conditions the doctors say people are getting less than half the protection from the sun than they think their advice is to use lotion with the highest sun protection factor spf possible many people wrongly believe spf 15 is sufficient to block the suns harmful uv rays however researchers say people need to use spf 30 or 50 to make sure they are protected

    the doctors highlighted another problem related to our use of suntan lotion  we do not use enough of it apparently we are skimping on how much lotion we apply to our skin professor anthony young said most people apply lotion too thinly and often do not spread it on areas of the skin that are at risk he said most people only get 40 per cent of the expected protection from spf 50 lotion because they are applying it too thinly people need to apply at least six teaspoons 36g to cover their body doctors say we need to use more than half a teaspoon to cover the face neck and ears they warned us not to forget to put lotion on our ears which we often neglect and are particularly prone to burning

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Doctorsarewarningpeopletousesuntanlotioncorrectlyorriskseriousb
    urnsorskindamage.Thewarningcomesasmuchofthenorthernhemisp
    heresweltersinrecord-breakinganddeadlyheatwaves.Japanhasdecl
    areditsheatwaveanaturaldisasterasatleast80peoplehavediedfromh
    eat-relatedconditions.Thedoctorssaypeoplearegettinglessthanhal
    ftheprotectionfromthesunthantheythink.Theiradviceistouselotionwi
    ththehighestsunprotectionfactor(SPF)possible.Manypeoplewrongly
    believeSPF15issufficienttoblockthesun'sharmfulUVrays.However,r
    esearcherssaypeopleneedtouseSPF30or50tomakesuretheyareprot
    ected.Thedoctorshighlightedanotherproblemrelatedtoouruseofsunt
    anlotion-wedonotuseenoughofit.Apparently,weareskimpingonho
    wmuchlotionweapplytoourskin.ProfessorAnthonyYoungsaidmostpe
    opleapplylotiontoothinlyandoftendonotspreaditonareasoftheskinth
    atareatrisk.Hesaidmostpeopleonlyget40percentoftheexpectedprot
    ectionfromSPF50lotionbecausetheyareapplyingittoothinly.Peoplen
    eedtoapplyatleastsixteaspoons(36g)tocovertheirbody.Doctorssay
    weneedtousemorethanhalfateaspoontocovertheface,neckandears.
    Theywarnedusnottoforgettoputlotiononourears,whichweoftennegle
    ctandareparticularlypronetoburning.

    Free writing

    Write about suntan lotion for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Sun tans are unnecessary and unhealthy. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SUNTAN LOTION: Make a poster about suntan lotion. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. SUN TAN: Write a magazine article about sun tans and how we should avoid getting them. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on suntan lotion. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can protect ourselves from the sun. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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