The Reading / Listening - Sun's Sounds - Level 3

What does the Sun sound like? Perhaps you have never thought about what kinds of sounds the Sun makes, but scientists have found out. Researchers from the European Space Agency, NASA and the Solar and Heliospheric Agency studied 20 years of data to listen to the Sun. They say the Sun produces a low, deep "heartbeat" sound. The scientists used a solar observatory to measure vibrations from the Sun. They translated these vibrations into different sounds. These can tell the scientists what is happening inside the Sun. They can now understand more about solar flares, chemical reactions and other phenomena that happen inside the Sun and on its surface.



The scientists explained how they created the Sun's sound. Researchers from the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab turned data from the space agencies into a "song". Dr Alex Young said: "We don't have straightforward ways to look inside the Sun. We don't have a microscope to zoom inside the Sun, so using a star or the Sun's vibrations allows us to see inside of it." Dr Young continued: "Waves are travelling and bouncing around inside the Sun, and if your eyes were sensitive enough, they could actually see this." He added: "We are finally starting to understand the layers of the Sun and the complexity. That simple sound is giving us a probe inside a star. I think that's a pretty cool thing."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Sun's Sounds - Level 0 Sun's Sounds - Level 1   or  Sun's Sounds - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.space.com/41285-listen-to-the-sun.html
  • http://www.sci-news.com/astronomy/sounds-sun-soho-06242.html
  • https://phys.org/news/2018-07-sun.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. THE SUN'S SOUNDS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about the Sun's sounds. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       Sun / sound / scientists / data / listen / heartbeat / measure / vibrations / flares /
       experiment / straightforward / microscope / vibrations / bouncing / layers / cool
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NATURE'S SOUNDS: Students A strongly believe nature's sounds are best; Students B strongly believe human-made sounds are best.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. SOUNDS LIKE: What sounds do you like and dislike from these places? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Like

Dislike

The city

 

 

The beach

 

 

Forests

 

 

Your home

 

 

Shopping malls

 

 

Mountains

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. SCIENTISTS: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "scientists". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. SOUNDS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best sounds at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • message notification
  • baby sounds
  • home-time bell
  • food cooking
  • piano
  • birdsong
  • the wind
  • running water

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. scientists a. A room or building that has a big telescope or other scientific equipment to study the stars, sky and planets.
      2. data b. Makes or creates.
      3. produces c. Facts, information and statistics collected together to check and use.
      4. solar d. Facts or situations that we are not sure why they happen.
      5. observatory e. People who is study or have expert knowledge of one or more of the natural or physical sciences.
      6. vibrations f. Anything about the Sun.
      7. phenomena g. Very, very quick movements backwards and forwards and from side to side.

    Paragraph 2

      8. agencies h. Uncomplicated and easy to do or understand.
      9. straightforward i. Easily damaged, injured, or distressed by slight changes.
      10. microscope j. A small machine used for measuring, testing, or getting information.
      11. bouncing k. A machine used for looking at very small things by zooming in on them.
      12. sensitive l. How difficult something is.
      13. complexity m. Moving quickly up, back, or away from a surface after hitting it.
      14. probe n. Departments or bodies that give a service for a government or similar organization.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said we have all wondered what the Sun sounds like.     T / F
  2. Three space agencies joined together on this research.     T / F
  3. The scientists said the Sun sounds like a heartbeat.     T / F
  4. Scientists can now know more about the inside of the Sun.     T / F
  5. The article said scientists used the Sun's sounds to make a poem.     T / F
  6. Scientists said they have a big microscope to look at the Sun.     T / F
  7. Scientists said many people could see waves bouncing around the Sun.   T / F
  8. A scientist said it was cool that we could probe inside a star.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. perhaps
  2. found out
  3. produces
  4. translated
  5. happen
  6. explained
  7. data
  8. straightforward
  9. finally
  10. pretty
  1. discovered
  2. simple
  3. changed
  4. quite
  5. maybe
  6. at last
  7. occur
  8. makes
  9. figures
  10. described

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. you have never thought about
  2. a low, deep "heartbeat"
  3. They translated these vibrations
  4. understand more about solar
  5. other phenomena that happen
  6. a microscope to
  7. travelling and bouncing
  8. sensitive
  9. understand the layers
  10. I think that's a pretty
  1. of the Sun
  2. into different sounds
  3. enough
  4. inside the Sun
  5. sound
  6. cool thing
  7. what kinds of sounds
  8. around
  9. flares
  10. zoom inside

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
makes
happening
deep
surface
never
chemical
data
measure

What does the Sun sound like? Perhaps you have (1) ____________ thought about what kinds of sounds the Sun (2) ____________, but scientists have found out. Researchers from the European Space Agency, NASA and the Solar and Heliospheric Agency studied 20 years of (3) ____________ to listen to the Sun. They say the Sun produces a low, (4) ____________ "heartbeat" sound. The scientists used a solar observatory to (5) ____________ vibrations from the Sun. They translated these vibrations into different sounds. These can tell the scientists what is (6) ____________ inside the Sun. They can now understand more about solar flares, (7) ____________ reactions and other phenomena that happen inside the Sun and on its (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
agencies
finally
created
thing
allows
simple
ways
bouncing

The scientists explained how they (9) ____________ the Sun's sound. Researchers from the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab turned data from the space (10) ____________ into a "song". Dr Alex Young said: "We don't have straightforward (11) ____________ to look inside the Sun. We don't have a microscope to zoom inside the Sun, so using a star or the Sun's vibrations (12) ____________ us to see inside of it." Dr Young continued: "Waves are travelling and (13) ____________ around inside the Sun, and if your eyes were sensitive enough, they could actually see this." He added: "We are (14) ____________ starting to understand the layers of the Sun and the complexity. That (15) ____________ sound is giving us a probe inside a star. I think that's a pretty cool (16) ____________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Perhaps you have never thought about what kinds of sounds ______
     a.  a Sun makes
     b.  a Sun mates
     c.  the Sun bakes
     d.  the Sun makes
2)  They say the Sun produces a low, ______ sound
     a.  deep "heartbeat"
     b.  deep "beetroot"
     c.  deep "hart beast"
     d.  deep "hearth beast"
3)  The scientists used a solar observatory to measure ______ the Sun
     a.  vibrating from
     b.  vibe rations from
     c.  vie rations from
     d.  vibrations from
4)  They can now understand more about solar flares, ______
     a.  chemicals reactions
     b.  chemically reactions
     c.  chemical reactions
     d.  chemical reaction
5)  other phenomena that happen inside the Sun and ______
     a.  on that's surface
     b.  on its surface
     c.  on nits surface
     d.  on knits surface

6) the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab turned data from the space agencies ______
     a.  into a "song"
     b.  in to a "song"
     c.  in tour "song"
     d.  inter a "song"
7)  We don't have a microscope to zoom ______
     a.  insides the Sun
     b.  ins Ides the Sun
     c.  downside the Sun
     d.  inside the Sun
8) bouncing around inside the Sun, and if your eyes were ______...
     a.  sent a tiff enough
     b.  sense a tiff enough
     c.  sensitive enough
     d.  senses tiff enough
9)  We are finally starting to understand the layers of the Sun and ______
     a.  the complex city
     b.  the con breaks a tee
     c.  the complex a tea
     d.  the complexity
10)  That simple sound is giving us a probe inside a star. I think that's a ______
     a.  prettily cool thing
     b.  prettyish cool thing
     c.  prettiest cool thing
     d.  pretty cool thing

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

What does the Sun sound like? Perhaps (1) ___________________ thought about what (2) ___________________ the Sun makes, but scientists have found out. Researchers from the European Space Agency, NASA and the Solar and Heliospheric Agency studied 20 (3) ___________________ to listen to the Sun. They say the Sun produces a low, deep "heartbeat" sound. The scientists used a solar observatory (4) ___________________ from the Sun. They translated these vibrations into different sounds. These can tell the scientists (5) ___________________ inside the Sun. They can now understand more about solar flares, chemical reactions and other phenomena (6) ___________________ the Sun and on its surface.

The scientists explained (7) ___________________ the Sun's sound. Researchers from the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab (8) ___________________ the space agencies into a "song". Dr Alex Young said: "We don't have straightforward ways to look inside the Sun. We don't have a microscope to (9) ___________________ Sun, so using a star or the Sun's vibrations allows us to see inside of it." Dr Young continued: "Waves are travelling and bouncing around inside the Sun, and (10) ___________________ were sensitive enough, they could actually see this." He added: "We (11) ___________________ to understand the layers of the Sun and the complexity. That simple sound is giving us a probe inside a star. I think that's a (12) ___________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. What did the article say people might wonder about?
  2. How many space agencies studied data about the Sun?
  3. What did the scientists say the Sun sounds like?
  4. What did the scientists measure and translate?
  5. What kind of reactions did the article say scientists could understand?
  6. What did Stanford scientists turn data into?
  7. What did a scientist say he didn't have in order to look at the Sun?
  8. What are travelling and bouncing around the Sun?
  9. What did a scientist say we are finally beginning to understand?
  10. What did a scientist say we are probing into?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What did the article say people might wonder about?
a) the Sun's heat
b) when the Sun will disappear
c) the real colour of the Sun
d) how the Sun sounds
2) How many space agencies studied data about the Sun?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5
3) What did the scientists say the Sun sounds like?
a) a lion roaring
b) a forest fire
c) a steel furnace
d) a heartbeat
4) What did the scientists measure and translate?
a) the diameter of the Sun
b) solar flares
c) vibrations
d) rays
5) What kind of reactions did the article say scientists could understand?
a) hot ones
b) solar reactions
c) personal reactions
d) chemical reactions

6) What did Stanford scientists turn data into?
a) a poem
b) a flare
c) a song
d) a wave
7) What did a scientist say he didn't have in order to look at the Sun?
a) a microscope
b) the Internet
c) a magnifying glass
d) glasses
8) What are travelling and bouncing around the Sun?
a) satellites
b) asteroids
c) waves
d) chemicals
9) What did a scientist say we are finally beginning to understand?
a) space
b) the Sun's layers
c) time
d) space travel
10) What did a scientist say we are probing into?
a) a star
b) black holes
c) space travel
d) the future

Role play

Role  A – Piano
You think a piano is the best sound. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their sound. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): birdsong, the wind or food cooking.

Role  B – Birdsong
You think birdsong is the best sound. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their sound. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): a piano, the wind or food cooking.

Role  C – The Wind
You think the wind is the best sound. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their sound. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): birdsong, a piano or food cooking.

Role  D – Food cooking
You think food cooking is the best sound. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their sound. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): birdsong, the wind or a piano.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'sun'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'sounds'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • created
    • turned
    • zoom
    • allows
    • finally
    • pretty
    • perhaps
    • found
    • 20
    • low
    • these
    • happen




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Scientists record the sounds of the Sun

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'sun'?
    3. Have you ever thought about the sounds the Sun makes?
    4. What other sounds are there in the universe?
    5. Why haven't we heard the Sun before?
    6. What sounds do you think there are on the Moon?
    7. What are your favourite sounds from nature?
    8. How realistic do you think the sounds are?
    9. Do you think the Sun would sound like a ball of fire?
    10. What do you know about solar flares?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'sounds'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What are your favourite sounds?
    5. Would you like a job studying the Sun?
    6. What more would you like to know about the Sun?
    7. Would you listen to the Sun's sounds live?
    8. Would you like to listen to all the sounds of the universe?
    9. Why is the Sun so important?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    What does the Sun sound like? Perhaps you have (1) ____ thought about what kinds of sounds the Sun makes, but scientists have found (2) ____. Researchers from the European Space Agency, NASA and the Solar and Heliospheric Agency studied 20 years of data to listen to the Sun. They say the Sun (3) ____ a low, deep "heartbeat" sound. The scientists used a solar observatory to measure (4) ____ from the Sun. They translated these vibrations into different sounds. These can tell the scientists what is (5) ____ inside the Sun. They can now understand more about solar (6) ____, chemical reactions and other phenomena that happen inside the Sun and on its surface.

    The scientists explained how they created the Sun's sound. Researchers from the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab (7) ____ data from the space agencies into a "song". Dr Alex Young said: "We don't have straightforward (8) ____ to look inside the Sun. We don't have a microscope to zoom inside the Sun, so using a star or the Sun's vibrations (9) ____ us to see inside of it." Dr Young continued: "Waves are travelling and (10) ____ around inside the sun, and if your eyes were sensitive enough, they could actually see this." He added: "We are (11) ____ starting to understand the layers of the Sun and the complexity. That simple sound is giving us a probe inside a star. I think that's a pretty (12) ____ thing."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     event     (b)     ever     (c)     even     (d)     never    
    2. (a)     on     (b)     in     (c)     up     (d)     out    
    3. (a)     producer     (b)     produces     (c)     production     (d)     produce    
    4. (a)     extremities     (b)     collections     (c)     vibrations     (d)     additions    
    5. (a)     happening     (b)     happens     (c)     happened     (d)     happen    
    6. (a)     flares     (b)     fares     (c)     flaws     (d)     flairs    
    7. (a)     timed     (b)     churned     (c)     framed     (d)     turned    
    8. (a)     ways     (b)     routes     (c)     arcs     (d)     logs    
    9. (a)     flows     (b)     allows     (c)     flowers     (d)     follows    
    10. (a)     bounce     (b)     bounced     (c)     bouncing     (d)     bouncer    
    11. (a)     lastly     (b)     conclusion     (c)     finally     (d)     conclude    
    12. (a)     prettily     (b)     pretty     (c)     petty     (d)     petting

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. European Space egAncy
    2. 20 years of adta
    3. a low, deep atrebhaet sound
    4. measure brtaviinos from the Sun
    5. ecimhcal reactions
    6. inside the Sun and on its urfscae

    Paragraph 2

    1. how they ectared the Sun's sound
    2. We don't have a ocrsiocmpe
    3. nubconig around inside the sun
    4. if your eyes were nstisieve enough
    5. the Sun and the mpelcxotiy
    6. a rpboe inside a star

    Put the text back together

    (...)  Agency studied 20 years of data to listen to the Sun. They say the Sun produces a low, deep "heartbeat"
    (...)  makes, but scientists have found out. Researchers from the European Space Agency, NASA and the Solar and Heliospheric
    (...)  inside the Sun. They can now understand more about solar flares, chemical
    (...)  the Sun's vibrations allows us to see inside of it." Dr Young continued: "Waves are travelling and
    (...)  The scientists explained how they created the Sun's sound. Researchers from the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab turned
    (...)  reactions and other phenomena that happen inside the Sun and on its surface.
    (...)  sound. The scientists used a solar observatory to measure vibrations from the Sun. They translated
    (...)  these vibrations into different sounds. These can tell the scientists what is happening
    (...)  complexity. That simple sound is giving us a probe inside a star. I think that's a pretty cool thing."
    (...)  ways to look inside the Sun. We don't have a microscope to zoom inside the Sun, so using a star or
    (  1  ) What does the Sun sound like? Perhaps you have never thought about what kinds of sounds the Sun
    (...)  bouncing around inside the Sun, and if your eyes were sensitive enough, they could
    (...)  actually see this."  He added: "We are finally starting to understand the layers of the Sun and the
    (...)  data from the space agencies into a "song". Dr Alex Young said: "We don't have straightforward

    Put the words in the right order

    1. the   makes   .   kinds   sounds   Sun   of   What
    2. these   vibrations   into   different   sounds   .   They   translated
    3. happening   .   the   scientists   can   is   what   tell   These
    4. can   about   solar   now   They   understand   flares   .   more
    5. phenomena   the   happen   that   Sun   .   inside   Other
    6. Scientists   sound   .   explained   created   the   Sun's   they   how
    7. look   have   don't   to   ways   straightforward   We   inside   .
    8. sun   .   and   bouncing   around   Travelling   the   inside
    9. starting   layers   .   We   finally   understand   to   the   are
    10. us   simple   That   is   a   probe   .   sound   giving

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    What does the Sun sound like? Perhaps you have ever / never thought about what kinds of sounds the Sun makes / make, but scientists have found out. Researchers from the European Space Agency, NASA and the Solar and Heliospheric Agency studying / studied 20 years of data to listen at / to the Sun. They say the Sun produces a low, deep / depth "heartbeat" sound. The scientists used a solar observatory for / to measure vibrations from the Sun. They translated these / them vibrations into different sounds. These can tell the scientists what is / be happening inside the Sun. They can now understand more about solar flairs / flares, chemical reactions and other phenomena that happen inside the Sun and on its / that's surface.

    The scientists explanation / explained how they created the Sun's sound. Researchers from the Stanford Experimental Physics Lab turned data / date from the space agencies into / onto a "song". Dr Alex Young said: "We don't have straightforward way / ways to look inside the Sun. We don't have a microscope to / for zoom inside the Sun, so using a star or the Sun's vibrations allows us to see inside at / of it." Dr Young continued: "Waves are travelling and pouncing / bouncing around inside the Sun, and if your eyes were sensitive enough, they could actually / actual see this." He added: "We are finally / final starting to understand the layers of the Sun and the complexity. That simple sound is giving us a prove / probe inside a star. I think that's a pretty cool thing."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    W h_t d__ s t h_ S_n s__ n d l_k_? P_r h_p s y__ h_v_ n_v_r t h__ g h t _b__ t w h_t k_n d s _f s__ n d s t h_ S_n m_k_s , b_t s c__ n t_s t s h_v_ f__ n d __ t . R_s__ r c h_r s f r_m t h_ E_r_p__ n S p_c_ A g_n c y , N A S A _n d t h_ S_l_r _n d H_l__ s p h_r_c A g_n c y s t_d__ d 2 0 y__ r s _f d_t_ t_ l_s t_n t_ t h_ S_n . T h_y s_y t h_ S_n p r_d_c_s _ l_w , d__ p " h__ r t b__ t " s__ n d . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s _s_d _ s_l_r _b s_r v_t_r y t_ m__ s_r_ v_b r_t__ n s f r_m t h_ S_n . T h_y t r_n s l_t_d t h_s_ v_b r_t__ n s _n t_ d_f f_r_n t s__ n d s . T h_s_ c_n t_l l t h_ s c__ n t_s t s w h_t _s h_p p_n_n g _n s_d_ t h_ S_n . T h_y c_n n_w _n d_r s t_n d m_r_ _b__ t s_l_r f l_r_s , c h_m_c_l r__ c t__ n s _n d _t h_r p h_n_m_n_ t h_t h_p p_n _n s_d_ t h_ S_n _n d _n _t s s_r f_c_.

    T h_ s c__ n t_s t s _x p l__ n_d h_w t h_y c r__ t_d t h_ S_n ' s s__ n d . R_s__ r c h_r s f r_m t h_ S t_n f_r d E x p_r_m_n t_l P h y s_c s L_b t_r n_d d_t_ f r_m t h_ s p_c_ _g_n c__ s _n t_ _ " s_n g " . D r A l_x Y__ n g s__ d : " W_ d_n ' t h_v_ s t r__ g h t f_r w_r d w_y s t_ l__ k _n s_d_ t h_ S_n . W_ d_n ' t h_v_ _ m_c r_s c_p_ t_ z__ m _n s_d_ t h_ S_n , s_ _s_n g _ s t_r _r t h_ S_n ' s v_b r_t__ n s _l l_w s _s t_ s__ _n s_d_ _f _t . " D r Y__ n g c_n t_n__ d : " W_v_s _r_ t r_v_l l_n g _n d b__ n c_n g _r__ n d _n s_d_ t h_ s_n , _n d _f y__ r _y_s w_r_ s_n s_t_v_ _n__ g h , t h_y c__ l d _c t__ l l y s__ t h_s . " H_ _d d_d : " W_ _r_ f_n_l l y s t_r t_n g t_ _n d_r s t_n d t h_ l_y_r s _f t h_ S_n _n d t h_ c_m p l_x_t y . T h_t s_m p l_ s__ n d _s g_v_n g _s _ p r_b_ _n s_d_ _ s t_r . I t h_n k t h_t ' s _ p r_t t y c__ l t h_n g . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    what does the sun sound like perhaps you have never thought about what kinds of sounds the sun makes but scientists have found out researchers from the european space agency nasa and the solar and heliospheric agency studied 20 years of data to listen to the sun they say the sun produces a low deep heartbeat sound the scientists used a solar observatory to measure vibrations from the sun they translated these vibrations into different sounds these can tell the scientists what is happening inside the sun they can now understand more about solar flares chemical reactions and other phenomena that happen inside the sun and on its surface

    the scientists explained how they created the suns sound researchers from the stanford experimental physics lab turned data from the space agencies into a song dr alex young said we dont have straightforward ways to look inside the sun we dont have a microscope to zoom inside the sun so using a star or the suns vibrations allows us to see inside of it dr young continued waves are travelling and bouncing around inside the sun and if your eyes were sensitive enough they could actually see this  he added we are finally starting to understand the layers of the sun and the complexity that simple sound is giving us a probe inside a star i think thats a pretty cool thing"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    WhatdoestheSunsoundlike?Perhapsyouhaveneverthoughtaboutwh
    atkindsofsoundstheSunmakes,butscientistshavefoundout.Researc
    hersfromtheEuropeanSpaceAgency,NASAandtheSolarandHeliosph
    ericAgencystudied20yearsofdatatolistentotheSun.TheysaytheSunp
    roducesalow,deep"heartbeat"sound.Thescientistsusedasolarobser
    vatorytomeasurevibrationsfromtheSun.Theytranslatedthesevibrati
    onsintodifferentsounds.Thesecantellthescientistswhatishappeningi
    nsidetheSun.Theycannowunderstandmoreaboutsolarflares,chemic
    alreactionsandotherphenomenathathappeninsidetheSunandonitss
    urface.ThescientistsexplainedhowtheycreatedtheSun'ssound.Rese
    archersfromtheStanfordExperimentalPhysicsLabturneddatafromth
    espaceagenciesintoa"song".DrAlexYoungsaid:"Wedon'thavestraigh
    tforwardwaystolookinsidetheSun.Wedon'thaveamicroscopetozoom
    insidetheSun,sousingastarortheSun'svibrationsallowsustoseeinsid
    eofit."DrYoungcontinued:"Wavesaretravellingandbouncingaroundi
    nsidetheSun,andifyoureyesweresensitiveenough,theycouldactually
    seethis."Headded:"Wearefinallystartingtounderstandthelayersofth
    eSunandthecomplexity.Thatsimplesoundisgivingusaprobeinsideast
    ar.Ithinkthat'saprettycoolthing."

    Free writing

    Write about sound of the Sun for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    We need to listen to the sounds of nature more. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. THE SUN'S SOUNDS: Make a poster about the Sun's sounds. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. NATURE SOUNDS: Write a magazine article about studying the sounds of nature. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on the Sun's sounds. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on the Sun's sounds. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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