The Reading / Listening - Coffee or Tea - Level 1

Research says our DNA affects whether we prefer coffee or tea. Researchers studied how our DNA did this, and why we like some things more than others. The researchers said people who like bitter tastes are more likely to drink coffee. People who are more sensitive to the bitter taste of caffeine are more likely to prefer coffee. They were also more likely to drink more coffee than people who were not so sensitive to caffeine.



Researchers looked at data on more than 400,000 people. They also looked at the tastes of 1,757 twins and their brothers and sisters. They said other things can also affect our taste, like our environment, social factors or medicine. One researcher said: "Bitter taste...is shaped not only by [DNA], but also environmental factors. Even though humans naturally dislike bitterness, we can learn to like or enjoy bitter-tasting food."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Coffee or Tea - Level 0 Coffee or Tea - Level 2   or  Coffee or Tea - Level 3

Sources
  • https://tribune.com.pk/story/1848673/3-tea-coffee-answer-might-genetic/
  • https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/first-coffeeunless-you-are-genetically-disposed-prefer-tea-180970841/
  • http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/11/16/the-bitter-truth-coffee-lovers-love-of-caffeine-is-wired-in-their-dna


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. DNA affects whether we
  2. studied how our DNA
  3. why we like some things
  4. people who like bitter
  5. the bitter
  6. more likely to
  7. more likely to drink
  8. people who were not so
  1. prefer coffee
  2. prefer coffee or tea
  3. sensitive to caffeine
  4. more than others
  5. tastes
  6. more coffee
  7. taste of caffeine
  8. did this

Paragraph 2

  1. Researchers looked
  2. more than
  3. twins and their
  4. other things can also affect
  5. social factors or
  6. environmental
  7. Even though humans naturally
  8. enjoy bitter-
  1. our taste
  2. dislike bitterness
  3. medicine
  4. tasting food
  5. 400,000 people
  6. at data
  7. brothers and sisters
  8. factors

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Research says (1) ___________________ whether we prefer coffee or tea. Researchers (2) ___________________ DNA did this, and why we like some things (3) ___________________. The researchers said people (4) ___________________ tastes are more likely to drink coffee. People who are more sensitive to the bitter taste of caffeine (5) ___________________ to prefer coffee. They were also more likely to drink more coffee than people who were (6) ___________________ to caffeine.

Researchers looked (7) ___________________ more than 400,000 people. They also looked (8) ___________________ of 1,757 twins and their brothers and sisters. They (9) ___________________ can also affect our taste, like our environment, (10) ___________________ medicine. One researcher said: "Bitter taste...is shaped (11) ___________________ [DNA], but also environmental factors. Even though humans naturally dislike bitterness, we can learn (12) ___________________ enjoy bitter-tasting food."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

ResearchsaysourDNAaffectswhetherweprefercoffeeortea.Research
ersstudiedhowourDNAdidthis,andwhywelikesomethingsmorethano
thers.Theresearcherssaidpeoplewholikebittertastesaremorelikelyto
drinkcoffee.Peoplewhoaremoresensitivetothebittertasteofcaffeinea
remorelikelytoprefercoffee.Theywerealsomorelikelytodrinkmorecof
feethanpeoplewhowerenotsosensitivetocaffeine.Researcherslooke
datdataonmorethan400,000people.Theyalsolookedatthetastesof1,
757twinsandtheirbrothersandsisters.Theysaidotherthingscanalsoaf
fectourtaste,likeourenvironment,socialfactorsormedicine.Oneresea
rchersaid:"Bittertaste...isshapednotonlyby[DNA],butalsoenvironm
entalfactors.Eventhoughhumansnaturallydislikebitterness,wecanle
arntolikeorenjoybitter-tastingfood."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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