The Reading / Listening - Coffee or Tea - Level 3

New research suggests that our DNA helps us to decide whether we prefer coffee or tea. Researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia studied how our genes affected our taste and why we like some tastes more than others. Following the research, researchers believe they know why some of us prefer coffee while others like tea more. The researchers found that people who like more bitter tastes are more likely to drink coffee. The researchers said they found something strange in their research. People who were more sensitive to the bitter taste of caffeine were more likely to prefer coffee to tea. They were also more likely to drink more coffee than those who were not so sensitive to caffeine.



Researchers looked at data on more than 400,000 men and women in the United Kingdom. They also looked at an Australian study that compared the tastes of 1,757 twins with their siblings. The researchers said genes aren't the only factors affecting people's tastes. Other things like our changing environment, social factors or the effects of taking medicine can also turn us on or off coffee or tea. The researchers said we can learn to like coffee. Dr Liang-Dar Hwang said: "Bitter taste perception is shaped not only by genetics, but also environmental factors. Even though humans naturally dislike bitterness, we can learn to like or enjoy bitter-tasting food after being exposed to environmental factors."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Coffee or Tea - Level 0 Coffee or Tea - Level 1   or  Coffee or Tea - Level 2

Sources
  • https://tribune.com.pk/story/1848673/3-tea-coffee-answer-might-genetic/
  • https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/first-coffeeunless-you-are-genetically-disposed-prefer-tea-180970841/
  • http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/11/16/the-bitter-truth-coffee-lovers-love-of-caffeine-is-wired-in-their-dna


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. COFFEE AND TEA: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about coffee and tea. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       research / DNA / coffee / tea / genes / bitter / strange / sensitive / caffeine / taste
       data / study / twins / siblings / environment / medicine / perception / humans
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. TEA: Students A strongly believe tea is better than coffee; Students B strongly believe coffee is better than tea.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. PREFERENCES: Which do you prefer and why? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Which?

Why?

Coffee or tea

 

 

Summer or winter

 

 

Facebook or Twitter

 

 

Mountains or beach

 

 

Video or movie theater

 

 

Night or day

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. GENES: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "genes". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. DRINKS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best drinks at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • cola
  • water
  • juice
  • wine
  • tea
  • coffee
  • lemonade
  • milk

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. suggests a. Made a difference to.
      2. DNA b. Try to make someone  think that something is true.
      3. prefer c. Like better.
      4. affected d. Having a sharp, strong taste or smell; not sweet.
      5. taste e. Might happen or be true; probable.
      6. bitter f. The information that is passed from parents to children when the baby is first created.
      7. likely g. The feeling of flavor in the mouth and throat when eating or drinking something.

    Paragraph 2

      8. data h. Brothers and/or sisters.
      9. compared i. Left something uncovered so other things can affect it.
      10. twins j. The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.
      11. siblings k. Two children born at the same time to the same mother.
      12. genes l. Units of information which is transferred from a parent to babies.
      13. environment m. Facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.
      14. exposed n. Looked at what is the same and/or different two or more things.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The research was from a university in Austria.     T / F
  2. The researchers said our jeans affected whether we liked tea of coffee.   T / F
  3. People who like bitter tastes are less likely to like coffee.     T / F
  4. People who are sensitive to caffeine generally like coffee.     T / F
  5. Researchers studied the tastes of over 1,700 twins.     T / F
  6. Medicine can affect whether or not we like coffee.     T / F
  7. The researchers said we can't learn to like coffee if we dislike it.     T / F
  8. A researcher said not just genetics make us like bitter things.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. decide
  2. affected
  3. prefer
  4. strange
  5. likely
  6. data
  7. siblings
  8. perception
  9. shaped
  10. humans
  1. unusual
  2. brothers and sisters
  3. statistics
  4. choose
  5. people
  6. like better
  7. formed
  8. influenced
  9. awareness
  10. probable

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. DNA helps us to decide whether we
  2. studied how our genes affected
  3. why we like some tastes
  4. more likely
  5. those who were not so
  6. looked at data on
  7. the tastes of 1,757 twins
  8. turn us on
  9. not only by
  10. being exposed to environmental
  1. more than others
  2. genetics
  3. more than 400,000
  4. sensitive to caffeine
  5. or off coffee
  6. our taste
  7. factors
  8. prefer coffee or tea
  9. with their siblings
  10. to drink coffee

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
affected
sensitive
prefer
not
DNA
likely
bitter
others

New research suggests that our (1) ____________ helps us to decide whether we prefer coffee or tea. Researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia studied how our genes (2) ____________ our taste and why we like some tastes more than (3) ____________. Following the research, researchers believe they know why some of us (4) ____________ coffee while others like tea more. The researchers found that people who like more (5) ____________ tastes are more likely to drink coffee. The researchers said they found something strange in their research. People who were more (6) ____________ to the bitter taste of caffeine were more likely to prefer coffee to tea. They were also more (7) ____________ to drink more coffee than those who were (8) ____________ so sensitive to caffeine.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
learn
tastes
dislike
data
exposed
effects
shaped
factors

Researchers looked at (9) ____________ on more than 400,000 men and women in the United Kingdom. They also looked at an Australian study that compared the (10) ____________ of 1,757 twins with their siblings. The researchers said genes aren't the only (11) ____________ affecting people's tastes. Other things like our changing environment, social factors or the (12) ____________ of taking medicine can also turn us on or off coffee or tea. The researchers said we can (13) ____________ to like coffee. Dr Liang-Dar Hwang said: "Bitter taste perception is (14) ____________ not only by genetics, but also environmental factors. Even though humans naturally (15) ____________ bitterness, we can learn to like or enjoy bitter-tasting food after being (16) ____________ to environmental factors."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  New research suggests that our DNA helps us to decide whether ______ or tea
     a.  we prefers coffee
     b.  we preference coffee
     c.  we prefer coffee
     d.  we preferred coffee
2)  studied how our genes affected our taste and why we like ______
     a.  some tasty more
     b.  some tasted more
     c.  some tastes more
     d.  some tasters more
3)  Following the research, researchers believe ______
     a.  they know which
     b.  they know why
     c.  they know whey
     d.  they know wry
4)  The researchers said they found something strange ______
     a.  in their researches
     b.  in their researcher
     c.  in their researched
     d.  in their research
5)  They were also more likely to drink more coffee than those who were ______
     a.  not such sensitively
     b.  not so sensitivity
     c.  not such sensitive
     d.  not so sensitive

6) 400,000 men and women in the United Kingdom. They also looked at an ______
     a.  Australian studied
     b.  Australian studying
     c.  Australian study
     d.  Australian studies
7)  ... of 1,757 twins with their siblings. The researchers said genes aren't ______
     a.  the only factories
     b.  the only fractals
     c.  the only factors
     d.  the only factions
8)  social factors or the effects of taking medicine can also turn us on ______
     a.  or of coffee
     b.  or off coffee
     c.  or off coffee
     d.  awe off coffee
9)  Dr Liang-Dar Hwang said: "Bitter taste perception is shaped not ______"
     a.  only by genetics
     b.  only buy geneticists
     c.  only by genetic
     d.  only buy genetics
10) learn to like or enjoy bitter-tasting food after being exposed to ______
     a.  environmentally factors
     b.  environmentalism factors
     c.  environmentalist factors
     d.  environmental factors

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

New research (1) ___________________ DNA helps us to decide whether we prefer coffee or tea. Researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia studied how our (2) ___________________ taste and why we like some tastes more than others. Following the research, researchers believe they know why (3) ___________________ prefer coffee while others like tea more. The researchers found that people who like more bitter tastes are (4) ___________________ drink coffee. The researchers said they found something strange in their research. People who were (5) ___________________ the bitter taste of caffeine were more likely to prefer coffee to tea. They were also (6) ___________________ drink more coffee than those who were not so sensitive to caffeine.

Researchers looked (7) ___________________ more than 400,000 men and women in the United Kingdom. They also looked at an Australian study that compared the tastes of 1,757 twins (8) ___________________. The researchers said genes aren't the only factors affecting people's tastes. Other things like our changing environment, (9) ___________________ the effects of taking medicine can also turn (10) ___________________ off coffee or tea. The researchers said we can learn to like coffee. Dr Liang-Dar Hwang said: "Bitter taste perception is (11) ___________________ by genetics, but also environmental factors. Even though humans naturally dislike bitterness, we can learn to (12) ___________________ bitter-tasting food after being exposed to environmental factors."

Comprehension questions

  1. What university are the researchers from?
  2. What did researchers study the effect of genes on?
  3. What people prefer coffee?
  4. What did the article say the researchers found?
  5. What did the article say some people were more sensitive to?
  6. How many people's data did researchers look at in the UK?
  7. What did the researchers compare the tastes of twins to?
  8. What can taking medicine do?
  9. What is bitter shape perception not only shaped by?
  10. What did the researchers say people can learn to like?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What university are the researchers from?
a) Princeton
b) Kingston
c) Princessland
d) Queensland
2) What did researchers study the effect of genes on?
a) our DNA
b) our tastes
c) milk coffee
d) black tea
3) What people prefer coffee?
a) people who hate tea
b) people who hate caffeine
c) baristas
d) people who like bitter tastes
4) What did the article say the researchers found?
a) coffee beans
b) tea leaves
c) something strange
d) caffeine sticks
5) What did the article say some people were more sensitive to?
a) Starbucks
b) lattes
c) milk
d) caffeine

6) How many people's data did researchers look at in the UK?
a) just over 400,000
b) exactly 400,000
c) over 400,000
d) about 400,000
7) What did the researchers compare the tastes of twins to?
a) their siblings
b) their parents
c) their friends
d) their children
8) What can taking medicine do?
a) give us side effects
b) make us better
c) turn us on or off coffee
d) change our taste
9) What is bitter shape perception not only shaped by?
a) shapes
b) genetics
c) caffeine
d) cafes
10) What did the researchers say people can learn to like?
a) bitter-tasting food
b) hot drinks
c) cold drinks
d) soda

Role play

Role  A – Tea
You think tea is the best drink. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their drinks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): coffee, cola or water.

Role  B – Coffee
You think coffee is the best drink. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their drinks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): tea, cola or water.

Role  C – Cola
You think cola is the best drink. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their drinks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): coffee, tea or water.

Role  D – Water
You think water is the best drink. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their drinks. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): coffee, cola or tea.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'coffee'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'tea'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • data
    • twins
    • taking
    • learn
    • shaped
    • food
    • whether
    • affected
    • following
    • found
    • something
    • not




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - DNA could decide whether you like coffee or tea

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'coffee'?
    3. What do you know about coffee?
    4. What does DNA do?
    5. How have your tastes changed?
    6. Do you prefer coffee or tea?
    7. Do you prefer hot or cold drinks?
    8. What bitter food and drinks do you like?
    9. What would you like to drink right now?
    10. What do you know about caffeine?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'tea'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about tea?
    5. Do you have a favourite cafe?
    6. How healthy is coffee?
    7. How healthy is tea?
    8. Should you have sugar in tea and coffee?
    9. Could you learn to like a food you hate?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    New research (1) ____ that our DNA helps us to decide whether we prefer coffee or tea. Researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia studied how our genes (2) ____ our taste and why we like some tastes more than others. Following the research, researchers (3) ____ they know why some of us prefer coffee while others like tea more. The researchers found that people who like more bitter tastes are more (4) ____ to drink coffee. The researchers said they found something strange in their research. People who were more sensitive (5) ____ the bitter taste of caffeine were more likely to prefer coffee to tea. They were also more likely to drink more coffee than those who were not (6) ____ sensitive to caffeine.

    Researchers looked at data (7) ____ more than 400,000 men and women in the United Kingdom. They also looked at an Australian study that compared the tastes of 1,757 twins (8) ____ their siblings. The researchers said genes aren't the only factors affecting people's tastes. Other things like our changing environment, social factors or the effects of taking medicine can also (9) ____ us on or off coffee or tea. The researchers said we can learn to like coffee. Dr Liang-Dar Hwang said: "Bitter taste perception is shaped not (10) ____ by genetics, but also environmental factors. Even though humans (11) ____ dislike bitterness, we can learn to like or enjoy bitter-tasting food after (12) ____ exposed to environmental factors."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     suggestive     (b)     suggestions     (c)     suggests     (d)     suggest    
    2. (a)     affected     (b)     reflected     (c)     infected     (d)     effected    
    3. (a)     believe     (b)     belief     (c)     beliefs     (d)     believer    
    4. (a)     likely     (b)     liken     (c)     likes     (d)     likelihood    
    5. (a)     of     (b)     by     (c)     at     (d)     to    
    6. (a)     sow     (b)     such     (c)     soon     (d)     so    
    7. (a)     on     (b)     in     (c)     at     (d)     of    
    8. (a)     by     (b)     on     (c)     at     (d)     with    
    9. (a)     turn     (b)     spin     (c)     twist     (d)     revolve    
    10. (a)     alone     (b)     only     (c)     sole     (d)     independent    
    11. (a)     natural     (b)     naturally     (c)     naturalize     (d)     naturalism    
    12. (a)     being     (b)     be     (c)     been     (d)     boing

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. decide whether we rpfeer coffee or tea
    2. how our genes tdefceaf our taste
    3. scerresrhae believe they know why
    4. they found something gaestnr
    5. more illeyk to
    6. so netseisiv to caffeine

    Paragraph 2

    1. oacepdmr the tastes
    2. 1,757 twins with their nsigbsil
    3. the effects of taking cdeiimen
    4. shaped not only by egtescin
    5. humans lutlyraan dislike bitterness
    6. being exoespd to environmental factors

    Put the text back together

    (...)  only factors affecting people's tastes. Other things like our changing environment, social factors
    (...)  were more sensitive to the bitter taste of caffeine were more likely to prefer coffee to tea. They
    (...)  at an Australian study that compared the tastes of 1,757 twins with their siblings. The researchers said genes aren't the
    (...)  were also more likely to drink more coffee than those who were not so sensitive to caffeine.
    (...)  University of Queensland in Australia studied how our genes affected our taste and why we like some
    1  ) New research suggests that our DNA helps us to decide whether we prefer coffee or tea. Researchers from the
    (...)  Researchers looked at data on more than 400,000 men and women in the United Kingdom. They also looked
    (...)  genetics, but also environmental factors. Even though humans naturally dislike bitterness, we can learn to like or enjoy bitter-
    (...)  tasting food after being exposed to environmental factors."
    (...)  drink coffee. The researchers said they found something strange in their research. People who
    (...)  or the effects of taking medicine can also turn us on or off coffee or tea. The researchers said we can learn
    (...)  tastes more than others. Following the research, researchers believe they know why some of
    (...)  to like coffee. Dr Liang-Dar Hwang said: "Bitter taste perception is shaped not only by
    (...)  us prefer coffee while others like tea more. The researchers found that people who like more bitter tastes are more likely to

    Put the words in the right order

    1. decide   helps   we   prefer   us   DNA   whether   coffee   .
    2. more   Why   like   than   some   we   tastes   others   .
    3. prefer   of   know   some   coffee   .   why   They   us
    4. likely   They   also   were   to   drink   more   .   more
    5. so   caffeine   .   who   sensitive   Those   were   not   to
    6. on   Researchers   looked   at   data   more   400,000   .   than
    7. looked   an   also   study   .   They   at   Australian
    8. or   Turn   us   off   on   or   tea   .   coffee
    9. is   Taste   only   by   not   perception   shaped   genetics   .
    10. can   like   to   We   learn   bitter-tasting   food   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    New research suggests / suggestions that our DNA helps us to decide whether we preference / prefer coffee or tea. Researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia studied how our jeans / genes affected our taste and why we like some tastes / tasty more than others. Following the research, researchers believe / belief they know why some of us prefer coffee while others like tea more / many. The researchers found that people who like more bitter tastes are more liked / likely to drink coffee. The researchers said they found something strange on / in their research. People who were more sensitive to the bitter taste of caffeine was / were more likely to prefer coffee to tea. They were also more likely to drink more coffee than them / those who were not so sensitive to caffeine.

    Researchers looked at / that data on more than 400,000 men and women in the United Kingdom. They also looking / looked at an Australian study that comparison / compared the tastes of 1,757 twins with their siblings / sobbing. The researchers said genes aren't the only factor / factors affecting people's tastes. Other things like our / hour changing environment, social factors or the effects of taking medicine can also twist / turn us on or off coffee or tea. The researchers said we can learn to like coffee. Dr Liang-Dar Hwang said: "Bitter taste perception is shaped not only at / by genetics, but also environmental factors. Even though / through humans naturally dislike bitterness, we can learn to like or enjoy bitter-tasting food after being exposed / exposure to environmental factors."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    N_w r_s__ r c h s_g g_s t s t h_t __ r D N A h_l p s _s t_ d_c_d_ w h_t h_r w_ p r_f_r c_f f__ _r t__ . R_s__ r c h_r s f r_m t h_ U n_v_r s_t y _f Q___n s l_n d _n A_s t r_l__ s t_d__ d h_w __ r g_n_s _f f_c t_d __ r t_s t_ _n d w h y w_ l_k_ s_m_ t_s t_s m_r_ t h_n _t h_r s . F_l l_w_n g t h_ r_s__ r c h , r_s__ r c h_r s b_l__ v_ t h_y k n_w w h y s_m_ _f _s p r_f_r c_f f__ w h_l_ _t h_r s l_k_ t__ m_r_. T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s f__ n d t h_t p__ p l_ w h_ l_k_ m_r_ b_t t_r t_s t_s _r_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ d r_n k c_f f__ . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s__ d t h_y f__ n d s_m_t h_n g s t r_n g_ _n t h__ r r_s__ r c h . P__ p l_ w h_ w_r_ m_r_ s_n s_t_v_ t_ t h_ b_t t_r t_s t_ _f c_f f__ n_ w_r_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ p r_f_r c_f f__ t_ t__ . T h_y w_r_ _l s_ m_r_ l_k_l y t_ d r_n k m_r_ c_f f__ t h_n t h_s_ w h_ w_r_ n_t s_ s_n s_t_v_ t_ c_f f__ n_.

    R_s__ r c h_r s l__ k_d _t d_t_ _n m_r_ t h_n 4 0 0 , 0 0 0 m_n _n d w_m_n _n t h_ U n_t_d K_n g d_m . T h_y _l s_ l__ k_d _t _n A_s t r_l__ n s t_d y t h_t c_m p_r_d t h_ t_s t_s _f 1 , 7 5 7 t w_n s w_t h t h__ r s_b l_n g s . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s__ d g_n_s _r_n ' t t h_ _n l y f_c t_r s _f f_c t_n g p__ p l_' s t_s t_s . O t h_r t h_n g s l_k_ __ r c h_n g_n g _n v_r_n m_n t , s_c__ l f_c t_r s _r t h_ _f f_c t s _f t_k_n g m_d_c_n_ c_n _l s_ t_r n _s _n _r _f f c_f f__ _r t__ . T h_ r_s__ r c h_r s s__ d w_ c_n l__ r n t_ l_k_ c_f f__ . D r L__ n g - D_r H w_n g s__ d : " B_t t_r t_s t_ p_r c_p t__ n _s s h_p_d n_t _n l y b y g_n_t_c s , b_t _l s_ _n v_r_n m_n t_l f_c t_r s . E v_n t h__ g h h_m_n s n_t_r_l l y d_s l_k_ b_t t_r n_s s , w_ c_n l__ r n t_ l_k_ _r _n j_y b_t t_r - t_s t_n g f__ d _f t_r b__ n g _x p_s_d t_ _n v_r_n m_n t_l f_c t_r s . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    new research suggests that our dna helps us to decide whether we prefer coffee or tea researchers from the university of queensland in australia studied how our genes affected our taste and why we like some tastes more than others following the research researchers believe they know why some of us prefer coffee while others like tea more the researchers found that people who like more bitter tastes are more likely to drink coffee the researchers said they found something strange in their research people who were more sensitive to the bitter taste of caffeine were more likely to prefer coffee to tea they were also more likely to drink more coffee than those who were not so sensitive to caffeine

    researchers looked at data on more than 400000 men and women in the united kingdom they also looked at an australian study that compared the tastes of 1757 twins with their siblings the researchers said genes arent the only factors affecting peoples tastes other things like our changing environment social factors or the effects of taking medicine can also turn us on or off coffee or tea the researchers said we can learn to like coffee dr liangdar hwang said bitter taste perception is shaped not only by genetics but also environmental factors even though humans naturally dislike bitterness we can learn to like or enjoy bittertasting food after being exposed to environmental factors"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    NewresearchsuggeststhatourDNAhelpsustodecidewhetherweprefer
    coffeeortea.ResearchersfromtheUniversityofQueenslandinAustralia
    studiedhowourgenesaffectedourtasteandwhywelikesometastesmor
    ethanothers.Followingtheresearch,researchersbelievetheyknowwh
    ysomeofusprefercoffeewhileothersliketeamore.Theresearchersfou
    ndthatpeoplewholikemorebittertastesaremorelikelytodrinkcoffee.T
    heresearcherssaidtheyfoundsomethingstrangeintheirresearch.Peo
    plewhoweremoresensitivetothebittertasteofcaffeineweremorelikely
    toprefercoffeetotea.Theywerealsomorelikelytodrinkmorecoffeetha
    nthosewhowerenotsosensitivetocaffeine.Researcherslookedatdata
    onmorethan400,000menandwomenintheUnitedKingdom.Theyalsol
    ookedatanAustralianstudythatcomparedthetastesof1,757twinswith
    theirsiblings.Theresearcherssaidgenesaren'ttheonlyfactorsaffectin
    gpeople'stastes.Otherthingslikeourchangingenvironment,socialfact
    orsortheeffectsoftakingmedicinecanalsoturnusonoroffcoffeeortea.T
    heresearcherssaidwecanlearntolikecoffee.DrLiang-DarHwangsai
    d:"Bittertasteperceptionisshapednotonlybygenetics,butalsoenviron
    mentalfactors.Eventhoughhumansnaturallydislikebitterness,wecan
    learntolikeorenjoybitter-tastingfoodafterbeingexposedtoenvironm
    entalfactors."

    Free writing

    Write about coffee and tea for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    We can learn to like any taste of food in the world. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. COFFEE AND TEA: Make a poster about coffee and tea. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. TASTE: Write a magazine article about everyone being taught to like any food taste in the world. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on coffee and tea. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your opinions on tea and coffee. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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