The Reading / Listening - Gender Pay Gap - Level 6

There is still a long way to go before women achieve economic equality with men. Centuries, in fact. This is according to the recently-released annual Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum. It said it would take more than 200 years before women and men worldwide have economic parity. The report found many areas in which women lag far behind today. One huge area is pay. Women around the world currently earn about 20-30 per cent less on average than their male counterparts. A factor contributing to this is the scarcity of women in management positions. The WEF said: "In the workplace, women still encounter significant obstacles in taking on managerial or senior official roles."



The World Economic Forum (WEF) found that the inequalities between the sexes had closed by only a small amount in the past year, since the last report was published. Researchers found that the largest gap between the sexes was in politics. It said: "Only 23 per cent of the political gap - unchanged since last year - has been closed, and no country has yet fully closed political empowerment gaps." Other wide gaps still exist in healthcare and education opportunities. The WEF said: "The equal contribution of women and men in this process of deep economic and societal transformation is critical. More than ever, societies cannot afford to lose out on the skills, ideas and perspectives of half of humanity."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Gender Pay Gap - Level 4  or  Gender Pay Gap - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/rate-women-won-t-have-economic-parity-men-202-years-n949511
  • https://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/422002-gender-pay-gap-will-take-over-200-years-to-close-report
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/dec/18/global-gender-pay-gap-will-take-202-years-to-close-says-world-economic-forum


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. THE GENDER PAY GAP: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about the gender pay gap. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       a long way / equality / annual / 200 years / worldwide / lag behind / average / official
       forum / amount / published / politics / country / gaps / contribution / lose / humanity
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. EQUALITY: Students A strongly believe there will be equality between the sexes one day; Students B strongly believe there won't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. MEN AND WOMEN: Who are the best man and woman in these areas? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

qqqqqqq

qqqqqqq

Politics

 

 

Business

 

 

Sport

 

 

Fashion

 

 

Music

 

 

Other _____

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. GLOBAL: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "global". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. GENDER GAPS: Rank these with your partner. Put the gender gaps that need addressing most at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • healthcare
  • marriage
  • property
  • law
  • pay
  • politics
  • education
  • management positions

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. achieve a. A person or thing holding a position or performing a function that corresponds to that of a similar person or thing in another place.
      2. according to b. As stated, said or written by.
      3. parity c. Fall behind in movement, progress, or development; not keep pace with another or others.
      4. lag d. Successfully bring about or reach a desired objective, level, or result, by effort, skill, or courage.
      5. earn e. The state of being in short supply; shortage.
      6. counterpart f. The state or condition of being equal, especially regarding status or pay.
      7. scarcity g. Get or obtain money in return for labor or services.

    Paragraph 2

      8. sexes h. A total or dramatic change in form or appearance.
      9. empowerment i. The part played by a person or thing in bringing about a result or helping something to advance.
      10. contribution j. A point of view.
      11. transformation k. Males and females.
      12. critical l. The process of becoming stronger and more confident, especially in controlling one's life and claiming one's rights.
      13. perspective m. The human race; human beings collectively.
      14. humanity n. Expressing unfavorable or disapproving comments or judgments.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. It could be centuries before women achieve equal pay with men.     T / F
  2. The Global Gender-Gap Forum produced a report.     T / F
  3. Women earn around 25 per cent less than men worldwide.     T / F
  4. There is a lack of women in senior management positions.     T / F
  5. Inequalities between the sexes closed by a lot last year.     T / F
  6. Researchers found the smallest gender gap to exist in politics.     T / F
  7. The report said it was critical that women contribute equally to society.   T / F
  8. The report says society can afford to lose out on the skills of humanity.   T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. achieve
  2. annual
  3. parity
  4. lag
  5. obstacles
  6. amount
  7. gap
  8. fully
  9. critical
  10. perspectives
  1. equality
  2. barriers
  3. opinions
  4. difference
  5. yearly
  6. completely
  7. get
  8. essential
  9. number
  10. fall behind

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. There is still a long
  2. 200 years before women and men worldwide
  3. women lag
  4. encounter significant
  5. taking on managerial or
  6. inequalities
  7. Other wide gaps still
  8. societal transformation is
  9. societies cannot afford to
  10. perspectives of half
  1. lose out
  2. senior official roles
  3. between the sexes
  4. critical
  5. way to go
  6. far behind
  7. of humanity
  8. obstacles
  9. have economic parity
  10. exist

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
lag
fact
positions
average
senior
way
more
scarcity

There is still a long (1) ____________ to go before women achieve economic equality with men. Centuries, in (2) ____________. This is according to the recently-released annual Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum. It said it would take (3) ____________ than 200 years before women and men worldwide have economic parity. The report found many areas in which women (4) ____________ far behind today. One huge area is pay. Women around the world currently earn about 20-30 per cent less on (5) ____________ than their male counterparts. A factor contributing to this is the (6) ____________ of women in management (7) ____________. The WEF said: "In the workplace, women still encounter significant obstacles in taking on managerial or (8) ____________ official roles."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
between
gaps
sexes
afford
political
humanity
report
process

The World Economic Forum (WEF) found that the inequalities between the (9) ____________ had closed by only a small amount in the past year, since the last (10) ____________ was published. Researchers found that the largest gap (11) ____________ the sexes was in politics. It said: "Only 23 per cent of the (12) ____________ gap - unchanged since last year - has been closed, and no country has yet fully closed political empowerment gaps." Other wide (13) ____________ still exist in healthcare and education opportunities. The WEF said: "The equal contribution of women and men in this (14) ____________ of deep economic and societal transformation is critical. More than ever, societies cannot (15) ____________ to lose out on the skills, ideas and perspectives of half of (16) ____________."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  There is still a long way to go before women achieve economic ______
     a.  equality with man
     b.  equality within men
     c.  equality with men
     d.  inequality with men
2)  it would take more than 200 years before women and men worldwide have ______
     a.  economics parity
     b.  economic purity
     c.  economics purity
     d.  economic parity
3)  The report found many areas in which women ______ today
     a.  lags far behind
     b.  lagged far behind
     c.  lagging far behind
     d.  lag far behind
4)  earn about 20-30 per cent less on average than their ______
     a.  male counter ports
     b.  male counterparts
     c.  male country parts
     d.  male country ports
5)  women still encounter significant obstacles in taking on managerial or ______
     a.  senior official rolls
     b.  senior official roles
     c.  senior official reels
     d.  senior official rails

6)  closed by only a small amount in the past year, since the last report ______
     a.  was publish
     b.  was published
     c.  was publishing
     d.  was publisher
7)  ...and no country has yet fully closed political ______
     a.  in power meant gaps
     b.  empower mint gaps
     c.  in power mint gaps
     d.  empowerment gaps
8)  Other wide gaps still exist in healthcare and ______
     a.  educational opportunities
     b.  education opportunity
     c.  education opportune cities
     d.  education opportunities
9)  women and men in this process of deep economic and societal ______
     a.  transform nation is critical
     b.  transformation is critical
     c.  transformational is critically
     d.  transformations critical
10)  societies cannot afford to lose out on the skills, ideas and perspectives of ______
     a.  halve of humanity
     b.  half of humanity
     c.  half off humanity
     d.  half of human city

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

There is still a long (1) ___________________ before women achieve economic equality with men. Centuries, in fact. This (2) ___________________ the recently-released annual Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum. It said it (3) ___________________ than 200 years before women and men worldwide have economic parity. The report found many (4) ___________________ women lag far behind today. One huge area is pay. Women around the world currently earn about 20-30 per cent (5) ___________________ than their male counterparts. A factor contributing to this is the scarcity of women in management positions. The WEF said: "In the workplace, women still encounter significant obstacles in taking on managerial or (6) ___________________."

The World Economic Forum (WEF) (7) ___________________ inequalities between the sexes had closed by only a small amount in the past year, since the (8) ___________________ published. Researchers found that the largest gap between the (9) ___________________ politics. It said: "Only 23 per cent of the political gap - unchanged since last year - has been closed, and no country (10) ___________________ closed political empowerment gaps." Other wide gaps still exist in healthcare and education opportunities. The WEF said: "The equal contribution of women and men (11) ___________________ of deep economic and societal transformation is critical. More than ever, societies cannot afford to lose out on the skills, ideas and perspectives of (12) ___________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. What is the name of the report mentioned in the article?
  2. What "huge area" did the report say women lagged far behind in?
  3. How much less do women earn than men?
  4. Where did the report say women "encounter significant obstacles"?
  5. What did the report say there are obstacles to women taking on?
  6. By how much has inequalities been reduced in the past year?
  7. By how much did the report say the political gap had been closed?
  8. How many countries have "fully closed political empowerment gaps"?
  9. In which two areas did the article say wide gaps also existed?
  10. What did the article say society can't lose out on half the perspectives of?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What is the name of the report mentioned in the article?
a) the Report on the Gap in Global Gender
b) the Gender Gap Global Report
c) the Global Gender Gap Report
d) the Report on the Global Gender Gap
2) What "huge area" did the report say women lagged far behind in?
a) pay
b) human rights
c) education
d) sports
3) How much less do women earn than men?
a) 25-30%
b) 20-30%
c) 20-35%
d) 25-35%
4) Where did the report say women "encounter significant obstacles"?
a) online
b) in the home
c) in society
d) the workplace
5) What did the report say there are obstacles to women taking on?
a) new staff
b) more work
c) senior official roles
d) promotions

6) By how much has inequalities been reduced in the past year?
a) 10%
b) a small amount
c) a lot
d) no one knows
7) By how much did the report say the political gap had been closed?
a) 20%
b) 21%
c) 22%
d) 23%
8) How many countries have "fully closed political empowerment gaps"?
a) one
b) none
c) 23
d) 72
9) In which two areas did the article say wide gaps also existed?
a) sports and leisure
b) healthcare and education
c) technology and the Internet
d) house and home
10) What did the article say society can't lose out on half the perspectives of?
a) humanity
b) professors
c) experts
d) reports

Role play

Role  A – Pay
You think pay is the most important gender gap to be reduced. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as pressing to reduce. Also, tell the others which is the last of these that need addressing (and why): politics, education or sport.

Role  B – Politics
You think politics is the most important gender gap to be reduced. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as pressing to reduce. Also, tell the others which is the last of these that need addressing (and why): pay, education or sport.

Role  C – Education
You think education is the most important gender gap to be reduced. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as pressing to reduce. Also, tell the others which is the last of these that need addressing (and why): politics, pay or sport.

Role  D – Sport
You think sport is the most important gender gap to be reduced. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their things aren't as pressing to reduce. Also, tell the others which is the last of these that need addressing (and why): politics, pay or education.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'gender'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'pay'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • between
    • published
    • politics
    • fully
    • process
    • half
    • way
    • 200
    • lag
    • earn
    • factor
    • taking




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Woman to catch up with men's pay in 200 years

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'gender'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Why will it take 200 years for women to achieve equality?
    5. Why do women lag behind men in so many areas?
    6. What inequality between the sexes exists in your country?
    7. Should companies be fined for paying women less?
    8. Are men or women better managers?
    9. What obstacles do women encounter in the workplace?
    10. Would you prefer a male or female manager?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'pay'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Why is the gender gap closing so slowly?
    5. Do men or women make better politicians?
    6. How angry should women be at the inequality?
    7. In what way would societies be better if equality was achieved?
    8. What would society be life if men were less equal?
    9. What countries do you know of that are unequal?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    There is still a long (1) ____ to go before women achieve economic equality with men. Centuries, in fact. This is according (2) ____ the recently-released annual Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum. It said it would take more than 200 years (3) ____ women and men worldwide have economic parity. The report found many areas in which women (4) ____ far behind today. One huge area is pay. Women around the world currently (5) ____ about 20-30 per cent less on average than their male counterparts. A factor contributing to this is the scarcity of women in management positions. The WEF said: "In the workplace, women still encounter significant obstacles (6) ____ taking on managerial or senior official roles."

    The World Economic Forum (WEF) found that the inequalities between the sexes had closed (7) ____ only a small amount in the past year, (8) ____ the last report was published. Researchers found that the largest gap between the sexes was in politics. It said: "Only 23 per cent of the political gap - unchanged since last year - has been closed, and no country has yet (9) ____ closed political empowerment gaps." Other wide gaps still exist in healthcare and education opportunities. The WEF said: "The (10) ____ contribution of women and men in this process of deep economic and societal transformation is (11) ____. More than ever, societies cannot afford to lose (12) ____ on the skills, ideas and perspectives of half of humanity."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     whey     (b)     weigh     (c)     wait     (d)     way    
    2. (a)     of     (b)     by     (c)     at     (d)     to    
    3. (a)     post     (b)     before     (c)     pre     (d)     after    
    4. (a)     sag     (b)     wag     (c)     lag     (d)     bag    
    5. (a)     earn     (b)     yearn     (c)     learn     (d)     fern    
    6. (a)     in     (b)     on     (c)     at     (d)     by    
    7. (a)     in     (b)     on     (c)     at     (d)     by    
    8. (a)     since     (b)     from     (c)     for     (d)     as    
    9. (a)     full-time     (b)     fully     (c)     fuller     (d)     full    
    10. (a)     equals     (b)     equality     (c)     equal     (d)     equalize    
    11. (a)     criticize     (b)     criticism     (c)     critical     (d)     critique    
    12. (a)     up     (b)     out     (c)     off     (d)     on

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. achieve economic qityauel with men
    2. aalnnu Global Gender Gap Report
    3. economic prytai
    4. their male unparrtocest
    5. the irccatsy of women in management
    6. women still encounter significant seslbcota

    Paragraph 2

    1. inequalities between the seexs
    2. since the last report was bepuhsdil
    3. education tpotiurnoispe
    4. The equal cnborinttiou of women and men
    5. societal transformation is aticcilr
    6. ideas and vpireestcesp

    Put the text back together

    1  )There is still a long way to go before women achieve economic equality with men. Centuries, in fact. This is according
    (...)  economic and societal transformation is critical. More than ever, societies cannot afford to lose
    (...)  counterparts. A factor contributing to this is the scarcity of women in management positions. The WEF said: "In the workplace,
    (...)  to the recently-released annual Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum. It said it would
    (...)  closed, and no country has yet fully closed political empowerment gaps." Other wide gaps still exist in healthcare and education
    (...)  between the sexes was in politics. It said: "Only 23 per cent of the political gap - unchanged since last year - has been
    (...)  The World Economic Forum (WEF) found that the inequalities between the sexes had closed
    (...)  take more than 200 years before women and men worldwide have economic
    (...)  out on the skills, ideas and perspectives of half of humanity."
    (...)  the world currently earn about 20-30 per cent less on average than their male
    (...)  by only a small amount in the past year, since the last report was published. Researchers found that the largest gap
    (...)  women still encounter significant obstacles in taking on managerial or senior official roles."
    (...)  parity. The report found many areas in which women lag far behind today. One huge area is pay. Women around
    (...)  opportunities. The WEF said: "The equal contribution of women and men in this process of deep

    Put the words in the right order

    1. to   way   is   There   go   .   a   still   long
    2. it   said   years   .   It   over   would   200   take
    3. in   which   lag   Areas   today   .   behind   women   far
    4. of   The   scarcity   in   positions   .   management   women
    5. the   obstacles   .   women   In   still   significant   workplace,   encounter
    6. the   largest   sexes   was   gap   between   politics   .   The
    7. gaps   .   country   closed   No   political   yet   has   fully
    8. still   exist   healthcare   .   in   gaps   wide   Other
    9. process   .   this   in   of   The   women   contribution   equal
    10. out   afford   lose   skills   .   Societies   cannot   on   to

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    There is still a long / length way to go before women achieve economic equality with men. Centuries, in factually / fact. This is accordance / according to the recently-released annual Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum. It said it would take more than 200 years before / prior women and men worldwide have economic parity / purity. The report found many areas in which women sag / lag far behind today. One huge area is pay. Women around the world currently earn / earning about 20-30 per cent less on average than their male counterparts / counterpoints. A factor contributing to this is the scarce / scarcity of women in management positions. The WEF said: "In the workplace, women still encounter significant obstacles in / on taking on managerial or senior official roles."

    The World Economic Forum (WEF) found that the inequalities divide / between the sexes had closed by / at only a small amount in the past year, since the / a last report was published. Researchers found that the largest gap between the sexes was on / in politics. It said: "Only 23 per cent of the political gap - unchanged since / for last year - has been closed, and no country has yet / let fully closed political empowerment gaps." Other wide gaps still existence / exist in healthcare and education opportunities. The WEF said: "The equal contribution of women and men in / at this process of deep economic and societal transformation is critical. More than never / ever, societies cannot afford to lose out on the skills, ideas and perspectives of half / halve of humanity."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    T h_r_ _s s t_l l _ l_n g w_y t_ g_ b_f_r_ w_m_n _c h__ v_ _c_n_m_c _q__ l_t y w_t h m_n . C_n t_r__ s , _n f_c t . T h_s _s _c c_r d_n g t_ t h_ r_c_n t l y - r_l__ s_d _n n__ l G l_b_l G_n d_r G_p R_p_r t f r_m t h_ W_r l d E c_n_m_c F_r_m . I t s__ d _t w__ l d t_k_ m_r_ t h_n 2 0 0 y__ r s b_f_r_ w_m_n _n d m_n w_r l d w_d_ h_v_ _c_n_m_c p_r_t y . T h_ r_p_r t f__ n d m_n y _r__ s _n w h_c h w_m_n _r_ l_g f_r b_h_n d t_d_y . O n_ h_g_ _r__ _s p_y . W_m_n _r__ n d t h_ w_r l d c_r r_n t l y __ r n _b__ t 2 0 - 3 0 p_r c_n t l_s s _n _v_r_g_ t h_n t h__ r m_l_ c__ n t_r p_r t s . A f_c t_r c_n t r_b_t_n g t_ t h_s _s t h_ s c_r c_t y _f w_m_n _n m_n_g_m_n t p_s_t__ n s . T h_ W E F s__ d : " I n t h_ w_r k p l_c_, w_m_n s t_l l _n c__ n t_r s_g n_f_c_n t _b s t_c l_s _n t_k_n g _n m_n_g_r__ l _r s_n__ r _f f_c__ l r_l_s . "

    T h_ W_r l d E c_n_m_c F_r_m ( W E F ) f__ n d t h_t t h_ _n_q__ l_t__ s b_t w__ n t h_ s_x_s h_d c l_s_d b y _n l y _ s m_l l _m__ n t _n t h_ p_s t y__ r , s_n c_ t h_ l_s t r_p_r t w_s p_b l_s h_d . R_s__ r c h_r s f__ n d t h_t t h_ l_r g_s t g_p b_t w__ n t h_ s_x_s w_s _n p_l_t_c s . I t s__ d : " O n l y 2 3 p_r c_n t _f t h_ p_l_t_c_l g_p - _n c h_n g_d s_n c_ l_s t y__ r - h_s b__ n c l_s_d , _n d n_ c__ n t r y h_s y_t f_l l y c l_s_d p_l_t_c_l _m p_w_r m_n t g_p s . " O t h_r w_d_ g_p s s t_l l _x_s t _n h__ l t h c_r_ _n d _d_c_t__ n _p p_r t_n_t__ s . T h_ W E F s__ d : " T h_ _q__ l c_n t r_b_t__ n _f w_m_n _n d m_n _n t h_s p r_c_s s _f d__ p _c_n_m_c _n d s_c__ t_l t r_n s f_r m_t__ n _s c r_t_c_l . M_r_ t h_n _v_r , s_c__ t__ s c_n n_t _f f_r d t_ l_s_ __ t _n t h_ s k_l l s , _d__ s _n d p_r s p_c t_v_s _f h_l f _f h_m_n_t y . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    there is still a long way to go before women achieve economic equality with men centuries in fact this is according to the recentlyreleased annual global gender gap report from the world economic forum it said it would take more than 200 years before women and men worldwide have economic parity the report found many areas in which women lag far behind today one huge area is pay women around the world currently earn about 2030 per cent less on average than their male counterparts a factor contributing to this is the scarcity of women in management positions the wef said in the workplace women still encounter significant obstacles in taking on managerial or senior official roles

    the world economic forum wef found that the inequalities between the sexes had closed by only a small amount in the past year since the last report was published researchers found that the largest gap between the sexes was in politics it said only 23 per cent of the political gap  unchanged since last year  has been closed and no country has yet fully closed political empowerment gaps other wide gaps still exist in healthcare and education opportunities the wef said the equal contribution of women and men in this process of deep economic and societal transformation is critical more than ever societies cannot afford to lose out on the skills ideas and perspectives of half of humanity"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Thereisstillalongwaytogobeforewomenachieveeconomicequalitywit
    hmen.Centuries,infact.Thisisaccordingtotherecently-releasedann
    ualGlobalGenderGapReportfromtheWorldEconomicForum.Itsaiditw
    ouldtakemorethan200yearsbeforewomenandmenworldwidehaveec
    onomicparity.Thereportfoundmanyareasinwhichwomenlagfarbehin
    dtoday.Onehugeareaispay.Womenaroundtheworldcurrentlyearnab
    out20-30percentlessonaveragethantheirmalecounterparts.Afacto
    rcontributingtothisisthescarcityofwomeninmanagementpositions.T
    heWEFsaid:"Intheworkplace,womenstillencountersignificantobstac
    lesintakingonmanagerialorseniorofficialroles."TheWorldEconomicF
    orum(WEF)foundthattheinequalitiesbetweenthesexeshadclosedby
    onlyasmallamountinthepastyear,sincethelastreportwaspublished.R
    esearchersfoundthatthelargestgapbetweenthesexeswasinpolitics.I
    tsaid:"Only23percentofthepoliticalgap-unchangedsincelastyear-ha
    sbeenclosed,andnocountryhasyetfullyclosedpoliticalempowerment
    gaps."Otherwidegapsstillexistinhealthcareandeducationopportuniti
    es.TheWEFsaid:"Theequalcontributionofwomenandmeninthisproce
    ssofdeepeconomicandsocietaltransformationiscritical.Morethaneve
    r,societiescannotaffordtoloseoutontheskills,ideasandperspectiveso
    fhalfofhumanity."

    Free writing

    Write about gender pay gap for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Companies and governments should be fined if there is inequality. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. THE GENDER PAY GAP: Make a poster about the gender pay gap. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. EQUALITY: Write a magazine article about the world being a better place if there is total equality between the sexes. Include imaginary interviews with people who believe this and with those who do not believe it.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on the gender pay gap. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to create greater equality between the sexes. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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