The Reading / Listening - Black Holes - Level 4

Astronomers took the first ever image of a black hole. It is in a distant galaxy 500 million trillion km away. That is a five followed by twenty zeroes. The black hole is 40 billion km across and is three million times bigger than Earth. An astronomer said it was larger than our solar system. It is 6.5 billion times bigger than the Sun. He called it, "an absolute monster" and "the heavyweight champion of black holes in the Universe".



A network of eight telescopes captured the image. No single telescope is powerful enough to do this. The telescopes are located on volcanoes, mountains and deserts around the world. One is in Antarctica. A team of 200 scientists used the telescopes to scan the galaxy over 10 days. The data was stored on hundreds of hard drives. The image is now a landmark in space exploration. A professor called it "an extraordinary scientific feat".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Black Holes - Level 5 or  Black Holes - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47873592
  • https://www.sciencenews.org/article/black-hole-first-picture-event-horizon-telescope
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/10/world/black-hole-photo-scn/index.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. It is in a distant
  2. a five followed
  3. The black hole is 40 billion km
  4. three million times bigger than
  5. larger than our solar
  6. It is 6.5 billion times
  7. an absolute
  8. the heavyweight
  1. bigger than the Sun
  2. across
  3. by twenty zeroes
  4. champion
  5. Earth
  6. galaxy
  7. system
  8. monster

Paragraph 2

  1. No single telescope is
  2. The telescopes are located
  3. mountains and
  4. A team of
  5. used the telescopes to
  6. stored on hundreds
  7. a landmark in space
  8. an extraordinary scientific
  1. of hard drives
  2. 200 scientists
  3. feat
  4. on volcanoes
  5. deserts
  6. exploration
  7. powerful enough
  8. scan the galaxy

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Astronomers (1) ___________________ ever image of a black hole. It is in a distant galaxy 500 million trillion km away. That is (2) ___________________ by twenty zeroes. The black hole is 40 billion km (3) ___________________ three million times bigger than Earth. An astronomer said it was larger than (4) ___________________. It is 6.5 billion times bigger than the Sun. He called it, "(5) ___________________" and "the heavyweight champion of black holes (6) ___________________".

A network of eight telescopes (7) ___________________. No single telescope is (8) ___________________ do this. The telescopes are located on volcanoes, mountains (9) ___________________ the world. One is in Antarctica. A team of 200 scientists used the (10) ___________________ the galaxy over 10 days. The (11) ___________________ on hundreds of hard drives. The image is (12) ___________________ in space exploration. A professor called it "an extraordinary scientific feat".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Astronomerstookthefirsteverimageofablackhole.Itisinadistantgalax
y500milliontrillionkmaway.Thatisafivefollowedbytwentyzeroes.The
blackholeis40billionkmacrossandisthreemilliontimesbiggerthanEart
h.Anastronomersaiditwaslargerthanoursolarsystem.Itis6.5billionti
mesbiggerthantheSun.Hecalledit,"anabsolutemonster"and"thehea
vyweightchampionofblackholesintheUniverse".Anetworkofeighttele
scopescapturedtheimage.Nosingletelescopeispowerfulenoughtodot
his.Thetelescopesarelocatedonvolcanoes,mountainsanddesertsaro
undtheworld.OneisinAntarctica.Ateamof200scientistsusedthetelesc
opestoscanthegalaxyover10days.Thedatawasstoredonhundredsofh
arddrives.Theimageisnowalandmarkinspaceexploration.Aprofessor
calledit"anextraordinaryscientificfeat".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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