The Reading / Listening - Black Holes - Level 5

Astronomers have taken the first ever image of a black hole. It is in a distant galaxy called M87, 500 million trillion km from Earth. That number is a five followed by twenty zeroes. Scientists say the black hole has a diameter of 40 billion km and is three million times larger than Earth. The lead astronomer said: "What we see is larger than the size of our entire Solar System. It has a mass 6.5 billion times that of the Sun....It is an absolute monster - the heavyweight champion of black holes in the Universe." He added that it was one of the heaviest black holes in space.



The image was captured by a network of eight telescopes called the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). No single telescope is powerful enough to record the image. The EHT telescopes are located on volcanoes in Hawaii and Mexico, mountains in the USA and Spain, a desert in Chile, and in Antarctica. A team of 200 scientists used the telescopes to scan the M87 galaxy over 10 days. The data was stored on hundreds of hard drives and processed to produce the image. It is now a landmark in space exploration. A professor called it "an extraordinary scientific feat".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Black Holes - Level 4 or  Black Holes - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-47873592
  • https://www.sciencenews.org/article/black-hole-first-picture-event-horizon-telescope
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2019/04/10/world/black-hole-photo-scn/index.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. It is in a distant
  2. a five followed
  3. a diameter
  4. larger than the size of our entire
  5. It has a mass 6.5 billion times
  6. It is an
  7. the heavyweight
  8. it was one of the
  1. absolute monster
  2. Solar System
  3. heaviest black holes
  4. of 40 billion km
  5. by twenty zeroes
  6. champion
  7. galaxy called M87
  8. that of the Sun

Paragraph 2

  1. a network
  2. No single telescope is
  3. telescopes are located
  4. a desert
  5. scan the M87 galaxy
  6. stored on hundreds of
  7. a landmark in space
  8. an extraordinary scientific
  1. powerful enough
  2. exploration
  3. over 10 days
  4. feat
  5. on volcanoes
  6. of eight telescopes
  7. in Chile
  8. hard drives

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Astronomers have taken the (1) ___________________ of a black hole. It is in a distant galaxy called M87, (2) ___________________ km from Earth. That number is a (3) ___________________ twenty zeroes. Scientists say the black hole has a diameter of 40 billion km and is three million times larger than Earth. The lead astronomer said: "What we see is larger than the size (4) ___________________ Solar System. It has a mass 6.5 billion times that of the Sun....It is (5) ___________________ - the heavyweight champion of black holes in the Universe." He added that it was one (6) ___________________ black holes in space.

The image was (7) ___________________ network of eight telescopes called the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT). No single telescope (8) ___________________ to record the image. The EHT telescopes are located on volcanoes in Hawaii and Mexico, mountains in the USA and Spain, (9) ___________________ Chile, and in Antarctica. A team of 200 scientists used the telescopes to scan the M87 (10) ___________________ days. The data was stored (11) ___________________ hard drives and processed to produce the image. It is now (12) ___________________ space exploration. A professor called it "an extraordinary scientific feat".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Astronomershavetakenthefirsteverimageofablackhole.Itisinadistan
tgalaxycalledM87,500milliontrillionkmfromEarth.Thatnumberisafiv
efollowedbytwentyzeroes.Scientistssaytheblackholehasadiametero
f40billionkmandisthreemilliontimeslargerthanEarth.Theleadastron
omersaid:"WhatweseeislargerthanthesizeofourentireSolarSystem.
Ithasamass6.5billiontimesthatoftheSun....Itisanabsolutemonster-
theheavyweightchampionofblackholesintheUniverse."Headdedthat
itwasoneoftheheaviestblackholesinspace.Theimagewascapturedby
anetworkofeighttelescopescalledtheEventHorizonTelescope(EHT).
Nosingletelescopeispowerfulenoughtorecordtheimage.TheEHTteles
copesarelocatedonvolcanoesinHawaiiandMexico,mountainsintheUS
AandSpain,adesertinChile,andinAntarctica.Ateamof200scientistsus
edthetelescopestoscantheM87galaxyover10days.Thedatawasstore
donhundredsofharddrivesandprocessedtoproducetheimage.Itisno
walandmarkinspaceexploration.Aprofessorcalledit"anextraordinary
scientificfeat".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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