The Reading / Listening - Decision Fatigue - Level 5

The quality of care you get from doctors could depend on the time of the day you visit a hospital. A study from a university in the USA found a big difference in the decision-making of physicians at different times of the day. The study concluded that our chances of getting screened for cancer were a lot higher in the morning than in the late afternoon. Researchers investigated the number of women assigned to breast cancer screening. They found that in the hour after 8am, doctors ordered screenings for 64% of women who were eligible for tests. This figure dropped to 48% at 5pm.



The researchers said the reduction in screenings as the day progressed could be due to "decision fatigue" - a mental burn-out that interrupts a person's ability to make decisions the longer they work. A researcher said his study added to, "the growing evidence that the time of the day and decision fatigue impacts patient care". Another researcher agreed, saying: "The downward trend of ordering screenings may be the result of decision fatigue, where people may be less inclined to consider a new decision after they've been making them all day." She also blamed overworked doctors.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Decision Fatigue - Level 4 or  Decision Fatigue - Level 6

Sources
  • https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-05-cancer-screening-decline-patients-doctors.html
  • https://www.marketwatch.com/story/why-it-matters-what-time-of-day-you-visit-the-doctor-2019-05-10
  • https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/overworked-doctors-administer-fewer-life-15026848


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. The quality of
  2. depend
  3. found a big
  4. at different
  5. our chances of getting
  6. in the late
  7. breast
  8. 64% of women who
  1. afternoon
  2. times of the day
  3. were eligible for tests
  4. on the time of the day
  5. cancer screening
  6. care you get
  7. screened for cancer
  8. difference

Paragraph 2

  1. as the day
  2. interrupts a person's ability
  3. the growing
  4. decision fatigue
  5. The downward
  6. may be the result
  7. less inclined to consider a
  8. She also blamed overworked
  1. of decision fatigue
  2. impacts patient care
  3. doctors
  4. to make decisions
  5. evidence
  6. new decision
  7. trend
  8. progressed

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The (1) ___________________ you get from doctors could depend on the time of the day you visit a hospital. A study from a university in the USA found a big difference in the decision-making (2) ___________________ different times of the day. The study concluded that (3) ___________________ getting screened for cancer were a lot higher in the morning than in (4) ___________________. Researchers investigated the number of (5) ___________________ breast cancer screening. They found that in the hour after 8am, doctors ordered screenings for 64% of women who were eligible for tests. This (6) ___________________ 48% at 5pm.

The researchers said (7) ___________________ screenings as the day progressed could be due to "decision fatigue" - a (8) ___________________ that interrupts a person's ability to make decisions (9) ___________________ work. A researcher said his study added to, "the growing evidence that the time of the day and decision (10) ___________________ care". Another researcher agreed, saying: "The downward (11) ___________________ screenings may be the result of decision fatigue, where people may be less inclined to consider (12) ___________________ after they've been making them all day." She also blamed overworked doctors.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Thequalityofcareyougetfromdoctorscoulddependonthetimeoftheda
yyouvisitahospital.AstudyfromauniversityintheUSAfoundabigdiffer
enceinthedecision-makingofphysiciansatdifferenttimesoftheday.Th
estudyconcludedthatourchancesofgettingscreenedforcancerwereal
othigherinthemorningthaninthelateafternoon.Researchersinvestiga
tedthenumberofwomenassignedtobreastcancerscreening.Theyfoun
dthatinthehourafter8am,doctorsorderedscreeningsfor64%ofwome
nwhowereeligiblefortests.Thisfiguredroppedto48%at5pm.Therese
archerssaidthereductioninscreeningsasthedayprogressedcouldbed
ueto"decisionfatigue"-amentalburn-outthatinterruptsaperson'sabi
litytomakedecisionsthelongertheywork.Aresearchersaidhisstudyad
dedto,"thegrowingevidencethatthetimeofthedayanddecisionfatigue
impactspatientcare".Anotherresearcheragreed,saying:"Thedownw
ardtrendoforderingscreeningsmaybetheresultofdecisionfatigue,wh
erepeoplemaybelessinclinedtoconsideranewdecisionafterthey'vebe
enmakingthemallday."Shealsoblamedoverworkeddoctors.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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