The Reading / Listening - Sand Dunes - Level 3

A city in Japan is having a problem with graffiti. However, it is not the usual type of graffiti with paint from spray cans being used to write on walls. It is graffiti in sand. Officials in the city of Tottori are asking tourists to refrain from writing messages and pictures in the sand of its giant sand dunes. The officials said the graffiti causes damage to the dunes and destroys the pleasure others get in looking at the sand. They said that more than 3,300 cases of 'sand graffiti' have occurred at the tourist hotspot in the last decade. The Mainichi newspaper said there were more than 200 cases reported last year. In January, two overseas tourists were ordered to erase a 25-metre-long message that read: 'Happy Birthday Natalie'.



The Tottori Sand Dunes are famous throughout Japan for their natural beauty. They are the largest and longest sand dunes in the country and form part of a scenic geo-coastal park on the Sea of Japan coast. The biggest dune is 50 metres high. The dunes stretch for 16 kilometres along the coast. The local government wants to improve tourists' understanding of the importance of the dunes. It will set up more signs in English, Chinese and Korean asking people to respect the dunes. More and more tourists are visiting the site each year. A spokesman said: "We are concerned about whether the rules are fully understood, but we want to continue to protect views of the beautiful sand dunes."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Sand Dunes - Level 0 Sand Dunes - Level 1   or  Sand Dunes - Level 2

Sources
  • https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20190520/p2a/00m/0na/018000c
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/may/21/against-the-grain-anger-grows-at-spike-in-sand-graffiti-by-tourists-in-japan
  • https://www.insider.com/sand-graffiti-japan-angry-at-tourists-for-writing-messages-into-dunes-2019-5


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SAND DUNES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about Sand dunes. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       city / graffiti / spray cans / tourists / sand / damage / pleasure / hotspot / overseas /
       famous / natural beauty / coast / signs / respect / views / concerned / Japan
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. CRIME: Students A strongly believe all graffiti should be a crime; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. HOTSPOTS: What are the good things and bad things about these tourist hotspots? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Good Things

Bad Things

Sand dunes

 

 

Botanical gardens

 

 

Museums

 

 

Historic ruins

 

 

Old market

 

 

Castle

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. SAND: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "sand". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. ART: Rank these with your partner. Put the best kinds of art at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • modern art
  • installation art
  • computer graphics
  • face painting
  • graffiti
  • animated cartoons
  • calligraphy
  • manga

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. type a. Put an end to something by attacking or hurting it.
      2. spray can b. A kind / sort of people or things having many things in common.
      3. refrain c. Stop oneself from doing something.
      4. destroys d. A period of ten years.
      5. pleasure e. Rub out or remove.
      6. decade f. Liquid, paint, perfume, etc. that is blown through the air in the form of tiny drops.
      7. erase g. A feeling of happy satisfaction and enjoyment.

    Paragraph 2

      8. throughout h. Extend or spread over an area.
      9. form i. Keep safe from harm or injury.
      10. coast j. Keep away from harming something.
      11. stretch k. The part of the land near the sea; the edge of the land.
      12. set up l. Start something; put things in place.
      13. respect m. In every part of a place.
      14. protect n. Create or make something so that it slowly takes shape.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A Japanese city is worried about spray can graffiti on its sand dunes.     T / F
  2. City officials want tourists to stop writing messages in the sand.     T / F
  3. There were over 3,300 cases of graffiti at the sand dunes last year.     T / F
  4. A woman called Natalie write a wedding message on the sand dunes.     T / F
  5. The article said the Tottori Sand Dunes are the longest in Asia.     T / F
  6. The biggest sand dune is 50 metres high.     T / F
  7. The city will put English, Chinese and Korean signs at the sand dunes.     T / F
  8. The city is unsure about whether people will follow rules at the dunes.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. problem
  2. refrain from
  3. destroys
  4. decade
  5. cases
  6. throughout
  7. scenic
  8. improve
  9. respect
  10. protect
  1. ruins
  2. picturesque
  3. 10 years
  4. take care of
  5. all over
  6. difficulty
  7. be mindful of
  8. incidents
  9. avoid
  10. raise

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. A city in Japan is having
  2. paint from
  3. asking tourists to refrain
  4. destroys the pleasure
  5. at the tourist
  6. famous throughout
  7. form part of a scenic geo-
  8. The dunes stretch for 16 kilometres
  9. It will set up more
  10. concerned about whether the rules
  1. hotspot
  2. others get
  3. signs in English
  4. Japan
  5. from writing messages
  6. coastal park
  7. a problem with graffiti
  8. are fully understood
  9. spray cans
  10. along the coast

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
walls
occurred
read
problem
cases
refrain
type
pleasure

A city in Japan is having a (1) ____________ with graffiti. However, it is not the usual (2) ____________ of graffiti with paint from spray cans being used to write on (3) ____________. It is graffiti in sand. Officials in the city of Tottori are asking tourists to (4) ____________ from writing messages and pictures in the sand of its giant sand dunes. The officials said the graffiti causes damage to the dunes and destroys the (5) ____________ others get in looking at the sand. They said that more than 3,300 cases of 'sand graffiti' have (6) ____________ at the tourist hotspot in the last decade. The Mainichi newspaper said there were more than 200 (7) ____________ reported last year. In January, two overseas tourists were ordered to erase a 25-metre-long message that (8) ____________: 'Happy Birthday Natalie'.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
stretch
signs
rules
throughout
views
scenic
coast
site

The Tottori Sand Dunes are famous (9) ____________ Japan for their natural beauty. They are the largest and longest sand dunes in the country and form part of a (10) ____________ geo-coastal park on the Sea of Japan coast. The biggest dune is 50 metres high. The dunes (11) ____________ for 16 kilometres along the (12) ____________. The local government wants to improve tourists' understanding of the importance of the dunes. It will set up more (13) ____________ in English, Chinese and Korean asking people to respect the dunes. More and more tourists are visiting the (14) ____________ each year. A spokesman said: "We are concerned about whether the (15) ____________ are fully understood, but we want to continue to protect (16) ____________ of the beautiful sand dunes."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  it is not the usual type of graffiti with paint ______
     a.  from spry cans
     b.  from spy cans
     c.  from splay cans
     d.  from spray cans
2)  Officials in the city of Tottori are asking tourists to ______ messages
     a.  riff rain from writing
     b.  reef rain from writing
     c.  ref rain from writing
     d.  refrain from writing
3)  graffiti causes damage to the dunes and destroys the ______ get
     a.  pleasure others
     b.  pleasures others
     c.  pleasured others
     d.  pleasurable others
4)  3,300 cases of 'sand graffiti' have occurred at the tourist hotspot in ______
     a.  the last decadence
     b.  the last decade
     c.  the last decadent
     d.  the last decant
5)  In January, two overseas tourists were ordered ______ 25-metre-long message
     a.  to erasure a
     b.  two erase a
     c.  to earache a
     d.  to arise a

6)  The Tottori Sand Dunes are famous throughout Japan for ______
     a.  their naturally beauty
     b.  them natural beauty
     c.  their nature all beauty
     d.  their natural beauty
7)  the largest and longest sand dunes in the country and form ______ geo-coastal park
     a.  part off the sea nick
     b.  par tough a scenic
     c.  part of a scenic
     d.  part offer sea nick
8)  The dunes stretch for 16 kilometres ______
     a.  along the cast
     b.  all on the cost
     c.  a long their coats
     d.  along the coast
9)  set up more signs in English, Chinese and Korean asking people ______ dunes
     a.  to respect the
     b.  tour aspect the
     c.  tor as pact the
     d.  tore specked the
10)  whether the rules are fully understood, but we want to continue ______
     a.  to protect abuse
     b.  to protect views
     c.  to protect choose
     d.  to protect use

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A city in Japan is having a (1) ___________________. However, it is not the usual type of graffiti with paint from spray cans being used to (2) ___________________. It is graffiti in sand. Officials in the city of Tottori are asking tourists (3) ___________________ writing messages and pictures in the sand of its giant sand dunes. The officials said the graffiti causes damage to the (4) ___________________ the pleasure others get in looking at the sand. They said that more than 3,300 cases of 'sand graffiti' have occurred at the (5) ___________________ the last decade. The Mainichi newspaper said there were more than 200 cases reported last year. In January, two overseas tourists were (6) ___________________ a 25-metre-long message that read: 'Happy Birthday Natalie'.

The Tottori Sand Dunes are famous throughout Japan (7) ___________________ beauty. They are the largest and longest sand dunes in the country and (8) ___________________ a scenic geo-coastal park on the Sea of Japan coast. The biggest dune is 50 metres high. The dunes stretch for 16 kilometres (9) ___________________. The local government wants to improve tourists' understanding of the importance of the dunes. It will set (10) ___________________ in English, Chinese and Korean asking people to respect the dunes. More and more tourists are visiting the site each year. A spokesman said: "We (11) ___________________ whether the rules are fully understood, but we want to continue (12) ___________________ of the beautiful sand dunes."

Comprehension questions

  1. What kind of paint did the article say is not being used for graffiti?
  2. What did the article say the graffiti destroys the pleasure of?
  3. How many graffiti cases have the dunes seen in the past decade?
  4. How long was a message that was written on the dunes?
  5. What was the message written on the sand dunes?
  6. What do the sand dunes form part of?
  7. How high is the biggest sand dune?
  8. In what three languages will the city put signs up?
  9. How many tourists are visiting the site each year?
  10. What are officials worried that tourists will not follow?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What kind of paint did the article say is not being used for graffiti?
a) oil paint
b) blue paint
c) sandy paint
d) spray can paint
2) What did the article say the graffiti destroys the pleasure of?
a) picnics
b) people looking at the sand
c) hiking
d) sunbathing
3) How many graffiti cases have the dunes seen in the past decade?
a) just fewer than 3,300
b) exactly 3,000
c) round 3,300
d) over 3,300
4) How long was a message that was written on the dunes?
a) 250 metres
b) 2.5 metres
c) 25 metres
d) 205 metres
5) What was the message written on the sand dunes?
a) I Love You Nathalie
b) Good Luck Nathalie
c) Happy Wedding Nathalie
d) Happy Birthday Nathalie

6) What do the sand dunes form part of?
a) a large bay
b) an exhibition
c) a geo-coastal park
d) a peninsular
7) How high is the biggest sand dune?
a) 50 metres
b) 45 meters
c) 55 metres
d) 75 metres
8) In what three languages will the city put signs up?
a) English, Japanese and Korean
b) English, Chinese and Spanish
c) English, Chinese and Korean
d) French, Chinese and Korean
9) How many tourists are visiting the site each year?
a) hundreds of thousands
b) more and more
c) fewer and fewer
d) millions
10) What are officials worried that tourists will not follow?
a) rules
b) camels
c) each other
d) a walking path

Role play

Role  A – Graffiti
You think graffiti is the best kind of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): calligraphy, manga or cartoons.

Role  B – Calligraphy
You think calligraphy is the best kind of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): graffiti, manga or cartoons.

Role  C – Manga
You think manga is the best kind of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): calligraphy, graffiti or cartoons.

Role  D – Cartoons
You think cartoons are the best kind of art. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their kinds. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): calligraphy, manga or graffiti.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'sand'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'graffiti'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • throughout
    • coast
    • local
    • respect
    • rules
    • protect
    • city
    • paint
    • giant
    • pleasure
    • decade
    • 25




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Japanese city asks tourists to stop 'sand graffiti'

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'sand'?
    3. What do you know about sand dunes?
    4. What do you think of graffiti?
    5. What do you think of people who do graffiti?
    6. How might making designs in sand dunes damage them?
    7. Should people who do graffiti be punished?
    8. What kinds of graffiti are there in your town?
    9. How can we educate people to respect nature more?
    10. What advice do you have for the city officials?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'graffiti'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Do you think graffiti is art?
    5. What natural beauty is your country famous for?
    6. Is tourism a good thing?
    7. Do signs with rules make a tourist site less attractive?
    8. What are the problems of having too many tourists?
    9. How can people protect natural sites from damage?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the city officials?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A city in Japan is having (1) ____ problem with graffiti. However, it is not the usual type of graffiti with paint from (2) ____ cans being used to write on walls. It is graffiti in sand. Officials in the city of Tottori are asking tourists to (3) ____ from writing messages and pictures in the sand of its giant sand dunes. The officials said the graffiti causes damage to the dunes and destroys the (4) ____ others get in looking at the sand. They said that more than 3,300 (5) ____ of 'sand graffiti' have occurred at the tourist hotspot in the last decade. The Mainichi newspaper said there were more than 200 cases (6) ____ last year. In January, two overseas tourists were ordered to erase a 25-metre-long message that read: 'Happy Birthday Natalie'.

    The Tottori Sand Dunes are famous (7) ____ Japan for their natural beauty. They are the largest and longest sand dunes in the country and form part (8) ____ a scenic geo-coastal park on the Sea of Japan coast. The biggest dune is 50 metres high. The dunes stretch for 16 kilometres (9) ____ the coast. The local government wants to improve tourists' understanding of the importance of the dunes. It will set (10) ____ more signs in English, Chinese and Korean asking people to respect the dunes. More and more tourists are visiting the site each year. A spokesman said: "We are concerned (11) ____ whether the rules are fully understood, but we want to continue to protect (12) ____ of the beautiful sand dunes."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     a     (b)     an     (c)     the     (d)     all    
    2. (a)     spray     (b)     spraying     (c)     sprays     (d)     sprayed    
    3. (a)     refrain     (b)     regain     (c)     retrain     (d)     remain    
    4. (a)     pleasure     (b)     happy     (c)     nice     (d)     funny    
    5. (a)     boxes     (b)     cases     (c)     bags     (d)     containers    
    6. (a)     reporting     (b)     reports     (c)     reporter     (d)     reported    
    7. (a)     thorough     (b)     though     (c)     throughout     (d)     through    
    8. (a)     for     (b)     at     (c)     in     (d)     of    
    9. (a)     along     (b)     longing     (c)     longs     (d)     longer    
    10. (a)     up     (b)     in     (c)     on     (d)     as    
    11. (a)     on     (b)     about     (c)     for     (d)     if    
    12. (a)     view     (b)     viewer     (c)     views     (d)     viewed

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. it is not the lasuu type of graffiti
    2. the ueepaslr others get
    3. 3,300 cases of 'sand graffiti' have roudrecc
    4. at the tourist thpotos
    5. two evosaers tourists
    6. a 25-metre-long sgesmea

    Paragraph 2

    1. famous gttouruohh Japan
    2. natural butyae
    3. part of a scnice geo-coastal park
    4. evpoirm tourists' understanding
    5. asking people to eptresc the dunes
    6. rotptec views of the beautiful sand dunes

    Put the text back together

    (...)  newspaper said there were more than 200 cases reported last year. In January, two overseas
    (...)  damage to the dunes and destroys the pleasure others get in looking at the sand. They said that more than
    (...)  longest sand dunes in the country and form part of a scenic geo-coastal park on the Sea of Japan
    (...)  understood, but we want to continue to protect views of the beautiful sand dunes."
    (...)  from writing messages and pictures in the sand of its giant sand dunes. The officials said the graffiti causes
    (...)  in English, Chinese and Korean asking people to respect the dunes. More and more tourists are
    (...)  coast. The biggest dune is 50 metres high. The dunes stretch for 16 kilometres along the coast. The local
    (...)  3,300 cases of 'sand graffiti' have occurred at the tourist hotspot in the last decade. The Mainichi
    (...)  cans being used to write on walls. It is graffiti in sand. Officials in the city of Tottori are asking tourists to refrain
    1  ) A city in Japan is having a problem with graffiti. However, it is not the usual type of graffiti with paint from spray
    (...)  visiting the site each year. A spokesman said: "We are concerned about whether the rules are fully
    (...)  tourists were ordered to erase a 25-metre-long message that read: 'Happy Birthday Natalie'.
    (...)  The Tottori Sand Dunes are famous throughout Japan for their natural beauty. They are the largest and
    (...)  government wants to improve tourists' understanding of the importance of the dunes. It will set up more signs

    Put the words in the right order

    1. city   problem   graffiti   .   having   a   A   is   with
    2. cans   on   to   used   being   write   walls   .   Spray
    3. messages   .   from   Asking   writing   to   refrain   tourists
    4. sand   .   the   others   get   looking   in   at   Pleasure
    5. to   were   erase   Tourists   25-metre-long   ordered   message   .   a
    6. beauty   .   for   Japan   their   natural   throughout   Famous
    7. wants  government   understanding  .  tourists'  local   The   to  improve
    8. set   signs   It   will   more   English   .   in   up
    9. rules   the   whether   are   fully   understood   .   Concerned   about
    10. the   views   sand   of   the   beautiful   dunes   .   Protect

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A city in Japan is having a problem within / with graffiti. However, it is not the usual type / typing of graffiti with paint from spray cans been / being used to write on walls. It is graffiti in sand / sandy. Officials in the city of Tottori are asking tourists to refrain / retrain from writing messages and pictures in the sand of its giant sand dunes. The officials said the graffiti causes damaged / damage to the dunes and destroys the pleasure others get on / in looking at the sand. They said that more than 3,300 cases / boxes of 'sand graffiti' have occurred at the tourist hotspot in the last decade / decide. The Mainichi newspaper said there were more than 200 cases reported last year. In January, two overseas tourists were ordered to raise / erase a 25-metre-long message that read: 'Happy Birthday Natalie'.

    The Tottori Sand Dunes are famously / famous throughout Japan for their natural beauty. They are the largely / largest and longest sand dunes in the country and form partner / part of a scenic geo-coastal park on the Sea of Japan coast. The biggest dune is 50 metres high. The dunes scratch / stretch for 16 kilometres along the coast / cost. The local government wants to improve tourists' understanding of the important / importance of the dunes. It will set up / in more signs in English, Chinese and Korean asking people to respect the dunes. More and more tourists are visit / visiting the site each year. A spokesman said: "We are concerned / cornered about whether the rules are fully understood, but we want to continue to protect views / view of the beautiful sand dunes."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A c_t y _n J_p_n _s h_v_n g _ p r_b l_m w_t h g r_f f_t_. H_w_v_r , _t _s n_t t h_ _s__ l t y p_ _f g r_f f_t_ w_t h p__ n t f r_m s p r_y c_n s b__ n g _s_d t_ w r_t_ _n w_l l s . I t _s g r_f f_t_ _n s_n d . O f f_c__ l s _n t h_ c_t y _f T_t t_r_ _r_ _s k_n g t__ r_s t s t_ r_f r__ n f r_m w r_t_n g m_s s_g_s _n d p_c t_r_s _n t h_ s_n d _f _t s g__ n t s_n d d_n_s . T h_ _f f_c__ l s s__ d t h_ g r_f f_t_ c__ s_s d_m_g_ t_ t h_ d_n_s _n d d_s t r_y s t h_ p l__ s_r_ _t h_r s g_t _n l__ k_n g _t t h_ s_n d . T h_y s__ d t h_t m_r_ t h_n 3 , 3 0 0 c_s_s _f ' s_n d g r_f f_t_' h_v_ _c c_r r_d _t t h_ t__ r_s t h_t s p_t _n t h_ l_s t d_c_d_. T h_ M__ n_c h_ n_w s p_p_r s__ d t h_r_ w_r_ m_r_ t h_n 2 0 0 c_s_s r_p_r t_d l_s t y__ r . I n J_n__ r y , t w_ _v_r s__ s t__ r_s t s w_r_ _r d_r_d t_ _r_s_ _ 2 5 - m_t r_- l_n g m_s s_g_ t h_t r__ d : ' H_p p y B_r t h d_y N_t_l__ ' .

    T h_ T_t t_r_ S_n d D_n_s _r_ f_m__ s t h r__ g h__ t J_p_n f_r t h__ r n_t_r_l b___t y . T h_y _r_ t h_ l_r g_s t _n d l_n g_s t s_n d d_n_s _n t h_ c__ n t r y _n d f_r m p_r t _f _ s c_n_c g__ - c__ s t_l p_r k _n t h_ S__ _f J_p_n c__ s t . T h_ b_g g_s t d_n_ _s 5 0 m_t r_s h_g h . T h_ d_n_s s t r_t c h f_r 1 6 k_l_m_t r_s _l_n g t h_ c__ s t . T h_ l_c_l g_v_r n m_n t w_n t s t_ _m p r_v_ t__ r_s t s ' _n d_r s t_n d_n g _f t h_ _m p_r t_n c_ _f t h_ d_n_s . I t w_l l s_t _p m_r_ s_g n s _n E n g l_s h , C h_n_s_ _n d K_r__ n _s k_n g p__ p l_ t_ r_s p_c t t h_ d_n_s . M_r_ _n d m_r_ t__ r_s t s _r_ v_s_t_n g t h_ s_t_ __ c h y__ r . A s p_k_s m_n s__ d : " W_ _r_ c_n c_r n_d _b__ t w h_t h_r t h_ r_l_s _r_ f_l l y _n d_r s t__ d , b_t w_ w_n t t_ c_n t_n__ t_ p r_t_c t v__ w s _f t h_ b___t_f_l s_n d d_n_s . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a city in japan is having a problem with graffiti however it is not the usual type of graffiti with paint from spray cans being used to write on walls it is graffiti in sand officials in the city of tottori are asking tourists to refrain from writing messages and pictures in the sand of its giant sand dunes the officials said the graffiti causes damage to the dunes and destroys the pleasure others get in looking at the sand they said that more than 3300 cases of sand graffiti have occurred at the tourist hotspot in the last decade the mainichi newspaper said there were more than 200 cases reported last year in january two overseas tourists were ordered to erase a 25metrelong message that read happy birthday natalie

    the tottori sand dunes are famous throughout japan for their natural beauty they are the largest and longest sand dunes in the country and form part of a scenic geocoastal park on the sea of japan coast the biggest dune is 50 metres high the dunes stretch for 16 kilometres along the coast the local government wants to improve tourists understanding of the importance of the dunes it will set up more signs in english chinese and korean asking people to respect the dunes more and more tourists are visiting the site each year a spokesman said we are concerned about whether the rules are fully understood but we want to continue to protect views of the beautiful sand dunes"

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    AcityinJapanishavingaproblemwithgraffiti.However,itisnottheusual
    typeofgraffitiwithpaintfromspraycansbeingusedtowriteonwalls.Itis
    graffitiinsand.OfficialsinthecityofTottoriareaskingtouriststorefrainfr
    omwritingmessagesandpicturesinthesandofitsgiantsanddunes.The
    officialssaidthegraffiticausesdamagetothedunesanddestroystheple
    asureothersgetinlookingatthesand.Theysaidthatmorethan3,300cas
    esof'sandgraffiti'haveoccurredatthetouristhotspotinthelastdecade.
    TheMainichinewspapersaidthereweremorethan200casesreportedla
    styear.InJanuary,twooverseastouristswereorderedtoerasea25-met
    re-longmessagethatread:'HappyBirthdayNatalie'.TheTottoriSandD
    unesarefamousthroughoutJapanfortheirnaturalbeauty.Theyarethel
    argestandlongestsanddunesinthecountryandformpartofascenicgeo
    -coastalparkontheSeaofJapancoast.Thebiggestduneis50metreshi
    gh.Thedunesstretchfor16kilometresalongthecoast.Thelocalgovern
    mentwantstoimprovetourists'understandingoftheimportanceofthed
    unes.ItwillsetupmoresignsinEnglish,ChineseandKoreanaskingpeopl
    etorespectthedunes.Moreandmoretouristsarevisitingthesiteeachye
    ar.Aspokesmansaid:"Weareconcernedaboutwhethertherulesarefull
    yunderstood,butwewanttocontinuetoprotectviewsofthebeautifulsa
    nddunes."

    Free writing

    Write about Tottori sand dunes for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Over-tourism is a big problem and should be reversed. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SAND DUNES: Make a poster about sand dunes. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. OVER-TOURISM: Write a magazine article about over-tourism and having to control tourist numbers. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on sand dunes. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to keep sand dunes clean and free from graffiti and rubbish. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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