The Reading / Listening - Machu Picchu - Level 2

Peru's famous Machu Picchu site is getting an international airport. Work started this week on preparing the ground for the airport. A million tourists visit Machu Picchu every year. The government hopes the new airport will make it easier for tourists to get to Machu Picchu. It currently takes time by bus and train. The nearest airport is 120 kilometers away. Direct international flights will fly into the heart of the Machu Picchu area. The government says this will boost the country's tourism industry. Over 7 million passengers a year may use the airport.



The Inca people built Machu Picchu in the 15th century. It is 2,430 meters up on a peak in the Andes Mountains. It became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. Conservationists are unhappy about the new airport. They say it will damage Machu Picchu and nearby rural communities. An archaeologist said: "The airport...endangers the conservation of one of the most important historical and archaeological sites in the world." He said an airport near Machu Picchu, "will cause irreparable damage due to noise, traffic and uncontrolled urbanization".

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Machu Picchu - Level 0 Machu Picchu - Level 1   or  Machu Picchu - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.npr.org/2019/06/11/731798477/international-protests-mount-as-peru-moves-ahead-with-new-airport-near-machu-pic
  • https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/may/15/archaeologists-outraged-over-plans-for-machu-picchu-airport-chinchero
  • https://www.wbur.org/hereandnow/2019/06/11/archaeologists-protest-new-machu-picchu-airport


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Peru's famous Machu Picchu
  2. preparing the ground
  3. make it easier
  4. It currently takes
  5. The nearest airport is
  6. fly into the heart of the
  7. boost the country's tourism
  8. 7 million passengers a year
  1. Machu Picchu area
  2. time
  3. may use the airport
  4. for the airport
  5. industry
  6. site
  7. 120 kilometers away
  8. for tourists

Paragraph 2

  1. The Inca people built Machu Picchu
  2. It is 2,430 meters
  3. They say it will
  4. nearby rural
  5. one of the most
  6. historical and
  7. cause irreparable
  8. uncontrolled
  1. archaeological sites
  2. in the 15th century
  3. urbanization
  4. up on a peak
  5. communities
  6. damage
  7. important
  8. damage Machu Picchu

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Peru's famous Machu Picchu (1) ___________________ an international airport. Work started this (2) ___________________ the ground for the airport. A million tourists visit Machu Picchu every year. The government hopes the new airport will make it easier (3) ___________________ get to Machu Picchu. It currently takes time by bus and train. The nearest airport is 120 kilometers away. Direct international flights will fly (4) ___________________ of the Machu Picchu area. The government says (5) ___________________ the country's tourism industry. Over 7 million passengers a year may (6) ___________________.

The Inca people built Machu Picchu in (7) ___________________. It is 2,430 meters up (8) ___________________ in the Andes Mountains. It became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. Conservationists (9) ___________________ the new airport. They say it will damage Machu Picchu (10) ___________________ communities. An archaeologist said: "The airport...endangers the conservation of one of the (11) ___________________ and archaeological sites in the world." He said an airport near Machu Picchu, "will cause irreparable damage (12) ___________________, traffic and uncontrolled urbanization".

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Peru'sfamousMachuPicchusiteisgettinganinternationalairport.Work
startedthisweekonpreparingthegroundfortheairport.Amilliontourist
svisitMachuPicchueveryyear.Thegovernmenthopesthenewairportwi
llmakeiteasierfortouriststogettoMachuPicchu.Itcurrentlytakestimeb
ybusandtrain.Thenearestairportis120kilometersaway.Directinterna
tionalflightswillflyintotheheartoftheMachuPicchuarea.Thegovernme
ntsaysthiswillboostthecountry'stourismindustry.Over7millionpasse
ngersayearmayusetheairport.TheIncapeoplebuiltMachuPicchuinthe
15thcentury.Itis2,430metersuponapeakintheAndesMountains.Itbe
cameaUNESCOWorldHeritagesitein1983.Conservationistsareunhap
pyaboutthenewairport.TheysayitwilldamageMachuPicchuandnearb
yruralcommunities.Anarchaeologistsaid:"Theairport...endangersth
econservationofoneofthemostimportanthistoricalandarchaeological
sitesintheworld."HesaidanairportnearMachuPicchu,"willcauseirrepa
rabledamageduetonoise,trafficanduncontrolledurbanization".

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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