The Reading / Listening - Saturn - Level 5

Astronomers say Saturn is now the planet with the most moons. It has overtaken Jupiter as the "king of the moons". The astronomers found 20 new moons orbiting Saturn, which brings the planet's total to 82. Jupiter has 79 celestial bodies. Each of the newly-discovered moons is at least 5km in diameter. Seventeen of them orbit Saturn backwards and take over three years to complete one orbit of Saturn. The astronomers found the moons using a powerful telescope in Hawaii. The research team will now look for moons that are a kilometer in diameter.



Lead astronomer Dr Scott Sheppard commented on the origins of the moons. He said: "We don't think they formed with the planet. We think they were captured by the planet in the past." He thinks Saturn sucked in a mixture of gas and dust to form the moons. He added: "We think these moons interacted with that gas and dust. These were comets or asteroids that happened to be passing by.... We think these are the last remnants of what formed Saturn." The moons will be named in a competition after giants from Gallic, Inuit and Norse mythology.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Saturn - Level 4 or  Saturn - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-49962134
  • https://www.space.com/saturn-20-newfound-moons-naming-contest.html
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2019/10/07/saturn-moons-20-new-moons-planet-now-has-more-moons-than-jupiter/3902220002/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. the planet with the
  2. It has overtaken Jupiter as the
  3. astronomers found 20 new moons
  4. Jupiter has 79
  5. three years to complete
  6. using a powerful
  7. The research team will now
  8. a kilometer
  1. celestial bodies
  2. telescope
  3. in diameter
  4. look for moons
  5. orbiting Saturn
  6. most moons
  7. one orbit of Saturn
  8. "king of the moons"

Paragraph 2

  1. the origins
  2. they were captured by the
  3. Saturn sucked in a mixture
  4. these moons interacted with
  5. asteroids that happened to
  6. the last remnants of what
  7. The moons will be named
  8. Inuit and Norse
  1. be passing by
  2. mythology
  3. planet in the past
  4. of gas and dust
  5. in a competition
  6. that gas and dust
  7. of the moons
  8. formed Saturn

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Astronomers say Saturn is now the planet with the most moons. (1) ___________________ Jupiter as the "king of the moons". The astronomers found 20 (2) ___________________ Saturn, which brings the planet's total to 82. Jupiter has (3) ___________________. Each of the newly-discovered moons is at least 5km in diameter. Seventeen of them orbit Saturn (4) ___________________ over three years to complete one orbit of Saturn. The astronomers found the moons (5) ___________________ telescope in Hawaii. The research team will now look for moons that are a (6) ___________________.

Lead astronomer Dr Scott Sheppard commented (7) ___________________ of the moons. He said: "We don't think they formed with the planet. We think they (8) ___________________ the planet in the past." He thinks Saturn sucked in a (9) ___________________ and dust to form the moons. He added: "We think these moons interacted with that gas and dust. These were (10) ___________________ that happened to be passing by.... We think these are the (11) ___________________ what formed Saturn." The moons will be named (12) ___________________ after giants from Gallic, Inuit and Norse mythology.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

AstronomerssaySaturnisnowtheplanetwiththemostmoons.Ithasove
rtakenJupiterasthe"kingofthemoons".Theastronomersfound20new
moonsorbitingSaturn,whichbringstheplanet'stotalto82.Jupiterhas7
9celestialbodies.Eachofthenewly-discoveredmoonsisatleast5kmi
ndiameter.SeventeenofthemorbitSaturnbackwardsandtakeoverthr
eeyearstocompleteoneorbitofSaturn.Theastronomersfoundthemoo
nsusingapowerfultelescopeinHawaii.Theresearchteamwillnowlookf
ormoonsthatareakilometerindiameter.LeadastronomerDrScottShe
ppardcommentedontheoriginsofthemoons.Hesaid:"Wedon'tthinkth
eyformedwiththeplanet.Wethinktheywerecapturedbytheplanetinth
epast."HethinksSaturnsuckedinamixtureofgasanddusttoformthem
oons.Headded:"Wethinkthesemoonsinteractedwiththatgasanddust
.Thesewerecometsorasteroidsthathappenedtobepassingby....Weth
inkthesearethelastremnantsofwhatformedSaturn."Themoonswillbe
namedinacompetitionaftergiantsfromGallic,InuitandNorsemytholo
gy.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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