The Reading / Listening - Nuclear Weapons - Level 6

Pope Francis has called on nations to end their nuclear arms race while on a tour to Japan. The Pontiff is on the first Papal visit to Japan in 38 years. He visited the only two cities ever to have been subjected to a nuclear attack - Nagasaki and Hiroshima. While speaking in Nagasaki, the Pope condemned the "unspeakable horror" of nuclear weapons. Nagasaki was the second city to suffer widespread death and destruction as it was destroyed towards the end of World War II. Francis laid a wreath and prayed at the foot of a memorial. Over 140,000 people perished in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, while 74,000 people lost their lives in the Nagasaki bombing three days later.



Pope Francis directed his words towards world leaders, who seem to be intent on building instead of reducing their nuclear arsenals. He said: "Convinced as I am that a world without nuclear weapons is possible and necessary, I ask political leaders not to forget that these weapons cannot protect us from current threats to national and international security." He condemned the amount of money spent on nuclear weapons. He said: "In a world where millions of children and families live in inhumane conditions, the money that is squandered and the fortunes made through the manufacture, upgrading, maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons, are an affront crying out to heaven."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Nuclear Weapons - Level 4  or  Nuclear Weapons - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/nov/24/pope-francis-calls-for-a-world-without-nuclear-weapons-during-nagasaki-visit
  • https://www.itv.com/news/2019-11-24/pope-francis-warns-of-perils-of-atomic-weapons-during-visit-to-nagasaki/
  • https://japantoday.com/category/national/pope-in-japan-says-world-must-rethink-reliance-on-nuke-power


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about nuclear weapons. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       nation / nuclear arms / tour / nuclear attack / horror / destruction / wreath / memorial
       words / building / nuclear arsenal / political leaders / inhumane / fortune / heaven
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. DETERRENT: Students A strongly believe nuclear weapons are a deterrent; Students B strongly believe they are not.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. INTERNATIONAL THREATS: How serious are these international threats? What can we do to reduce them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Seriousness

How To Reduce Them

Nuclear weapons

 

 

Cyber attacks

 

 

Global warming

 

 

Water shortages

 

 

Loss of biodiversity

 

 

Terrorism

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. RACE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "race". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. MONEY: Rank these with your partner. Put the best ways to use money instead of on nuclear weapons at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Fighting disease
  • Reforestation
  • Child poverty
  • Education
  • Space research
  • Hospitals
  • Clean water
  • Care for the aged

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. arms a. Expressed complete disapproval of, usually in public.
      2. subjected b. Something (especially a building, statue, etc.) made to remind people of a person or event.
      3. condemned c. Weapons and ammunition.
      4. widespread d. Caused or forced to undergo a particular experience.
      5. wreath e. Found or distributed over a large area or number of people.
      6. memorial f. Flowers, leaves, or stems arranged in a ring and used for decoration or for laying on a grave to respect the dead.
      7. perished g. Died - typically in a violent, sudden, or untimely way.

    Paragraph 2

      8. intent h. Waste something (especially money or time) in a careless and foolish way.
      9. arsenal i. Aim or purpose.
      10. convinced j. Without compassion for misery or suffering; cruel.
      11. inhumane k. Causing great and irreparable harm or damage.
      12. squandered l. A collection of weapons and military equipment stored by a country, person, or group.
      13. destructive m. An action or remark that causes anger, outrage or offense.
      14. affront n. Completely certain about something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Pope Francis visited Japan for the second time in 38 years.     T / F
  2. Pope Francis spoke in Hiroshima about the horror of nuclear weapons.     T / F
  3. Pope Francis laid a wreath at a memorial and said a prayer.     T / F
  4. The Nagasaki bombing took place three days after Hiroshima.     T / F
  5. World leaders are aiming to reduce their nuclear arsenals.     T / F
  6. Pope Francis said a nuclear weapons free world is impossible.     T / F
  7. Pope Francis said money was squandered on nuclear weapons.     T / F
  8. Pope Francis said nuclear weapons belong in front of heaven.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. called on
  2. subjected
  3. unspeakable
  4. widespread
  5. perished
  6. intent
  7. convinced
  8. inhumane
  9. squandering
  10. affront
  1. extensive
  2. set on
  3. died
  4. cruel
  5. insult
  6. put through
  7. wasting
  8. requested
  9. certain
  10. horrific

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. end their nuclear arms
  2. on the first Papal
  3. the "unspeakable horror"
  4. suffer widespread death
  5. prayed at the foot
  6. protect us
  7. He condemned the amount of money
  8. families live in
  9. the money that is
  10. ever more
  1. spent on nuclear weapons
  2. and destruction
  3. of a memorial
  4. squandered
  5. of nuclear weapons
  6. inhumane conditions
  7. visit to Japan
  8. destructive weapons
  9. from current threats
  10. race

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
condemned
memorial
race
destroyed
lost
subjected
wreath
horror

Pope Francis has called on nations to end their nuclear arms (1) ____________ while on a tour to Japan. The Pontiff is on the first Papal visit to Japan in 38 years. He visited the only two cities ever to have been (2) ____________ to a nuclear attack - Nagasaki and Hiroshima. While speaking in Nagasaki, the Pope (3) ____________ the "unspeakable (4) ____________ " of nuclear weapons. Nagasaki was the second city to suffer widespread death and destruction as it was (5) ____________ towards the end of World War II. Francis laid a (6) ____________ and prayed at the foot of a (7) ____________. Over 140,000 people perished in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, while 74,000 people (8) ____________ their lives in the Nagasaki bombing three days later.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
protect
arsenals
inhumane
affront
necessary
squandered
directed
amount

Pope Francis (9) ____________ his words towards world leaders, who seem to be intent on building instead of reducing their nuclear (10) ____________. He said: "Convinced as I am that a world without nuclear weapons is possible and (11) ____________, I ask political leaders not to forget that these weapons cannot (12) ____________ us from current threats to national and international security." He condemned the (13) ____________ of money spent on nuclear weapons. He said: "In a world where millions of children and families live in (14) ____________ conditions, the money that is (15) ____________ and the fortunes made through the manufacture, upgrading, maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons, are an (16) ____________ crying out to heaven."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Pope Francis has called on nations to end their nuclear ______
     a.  legs race
     b.  hands race
     c.  fingers race
     d.  arms race
2)  While speaking in Nagasaki, the Pope condemned the ______
     a.  unspeakable horrific
     b.  unspeakable horrifying
     c.  unspeakable horrible
     d.  unspeakable horror
3)  Nagasaki was the second city to suffer widespread death ______
     a.  end destruction
     b.  end destructive
     c.  and destruction
     d.  and destructive
4)  Francis laid a wreath and prayed at the foot ______
     a.  of a memory all
     b.  of a memorial
     c.  of a memo real
     d.  of a memorials
5)  while 74,000 people lost their lives in the ______
     a.  Nagasaki bomb in
     b.  Nagasaki bombing
     c.  Nagasaki bomber
     d.  Nagasaki booming

6) Francis directed his words towards world leaders, who seem to be ______
     a.  incensed on building
     b.  content on building
     c.  intent on building
     d.  interned on building
7)  instead of reducing their ______
     a.  nuclear spurs
     b.  nuclear arsenals
     c.  nuclear cities
     d.  nuclear towns
8)  I ask political leaders not to forget that these weapons cannot protect us from ______
     a.  current threats
     b.  currency treats
     c.  currant threats
     d.  current treats
9)  and families live in inhumane conditions, the money ______
     a.  that is skewed
     b.  that is squared
     c.  that is squawked
     d.  that is squandered
10)  maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons ______
     a.  are an affluent
     b.  are an effluent
     c.  are an affront
     d.  are a naff front

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Pope Francis has called on nations to end their nuclear (1) ___________________ on a tour to Japan. The Pontiff is on the first Papal visit to Japan in 38 years. He visited the only two cities ever to have (2) ___________________ a nuclear attack - Nagasaki and Hiroshima. While speaking in Nagasaki, the Pope condemned (3) ___________________ of nuclear weapons. Nagasaki was the second city (4) ___________________ death and destruction as it was destroyed towards the end of World War II. Francis laid a wreath and prayed at the foot (5) ___________________. Over 140,000 people perished in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, while 74,000 people (6) ___________________ in the Nagasaki bombing three days later.

Pope Francis (7) ___________________ towards world leaders, who seem to be (8) ___________________ instead of reducing their nuclear arsenals. He said: "Convinced as I am that a world without nuclear weapons is possible and necessary, I ask political leaders not to forget that these weapons cannot protect us (9) ___________________ to national and international security." He condemned the amount of money spent on nuclear weapons. He said: "In a world where millions of children and families (10) ___________________ conditions, the money that is squandered and (11) ___________________ through the manufacture, upgrading, maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons, are an affront crying (12) ___________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. What did Pope Francis call on nations to end?
  2. When was the last time a Pope visited Japan?
  3. In which city did Pope Francis condemn an "unspeakable horror"?
  4. Where did Pope Francis pray?
  5. How long after Hiroshima was Nagasaki bombed?
  6. Who did Pope Francis direct his words towards?
  7. What did Francis say nuclear weapons could not protect us from?
  8. Who did Francis say lived in inhumane conditions?
  9. What did Pope Francis say about money used for nuclear weapons?
  10. What did Francis call the manufacture and sale of weapons?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What did Pope Francis call on nations to end?
a) conflict
b) the nuclear arms race
c) war
d) craziness
2) When was the last time a Pope visited Japan?
a) 32 years ago
b) 34 years ago
c) 36 years ago
d) 38 years ago
3) In which city did Pope Francis condemn an "unspeakable horror"?
a) Nagasaki
b) Tokyo
c) Hiroshima
d) Kyoto
4) Where did Pope Francis pray?
a) in a temple
b) at a shrine
c) at a memorial
d) at a church
5) How long after Hiroshima was Nagasaki bombed?
a) 4 days
b) 3 days
c) 5 days
d) 2 days

6) Who did Pope Francis direct his words towards?
a) weapons manufacturers
b) survivors
c) world leaders
d) children
7) What did Francis say nuclear weapons could not protect us from?
a) geopolitics
b) each other
c) crazy leaders
d) threats to our security
8) Who did Francis say lived in inhumane conditions?
a) millions of children and families
b) survivors
c) most of us
d) all of us
9) What did Pope Francis say about money used for nuclear weapons?
a) it was squandered
b) it was immoral
c) it was sad
d) it was an investment
10) What did Francis call the manufacture and sale of weapons?
a) affluent
b) an affront
c) an affray
d) affable

Role play

Role  A – Fighting Diseases
You think fighting diseases is the best thing to spend government money on. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least necessary of these (and why): education, space research or caring for the aged.

Role  B – Education
You think education is the best thing to spend government money on. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least necessary of these (and why): fighting diseases, space research or caring for the aged.

Role  C – Space Research
You think space research is the best thing to spend government money on. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least necessary of these (and why): education, fighting diseases or caring for the aged.

Role  D – Care For The Aged
You think caring for the aged is the best thing to spend government money on. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least necessary of these (and why): education, space research or fighting diseases.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'nuclear'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'weapon'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • called
    • 38
    • speaking
    • widespread
    • end
    • three
    • intent
    • political
    • current
    • spent
    • fortunes
    • heaven




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Nuclear Weapons

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'nuclear'?
    3. What do you think of nuclear weapons?
    4. What do you think of the Pope's message?
    5. What do you know about Hiroshima and Nagasaki?
    6. Why do countries have or want nuclear weapons?
    7. What do you think of the countries with nuclear weapons?
    8. Will nuclear weapons be used again?
    9. What countries should never have nuclear weapons?
    10. How can we best honour the victims of Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'weapon'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Are nuclear weapons a deterrent?
    5. Should all countries be able to arm themselves with nuclear weapons?
    6. What are the biggest threats to international security?
    7. What happens if terrorists get nuclear weapons?
    8. What happens if a nuclear weapons site is hacked?
    9. Should money spent on nuclear arms help the poor instead?
    10. What questions would you like to ask nuclear-armed countries?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Pope Francis has called on nations to end their nuclear arms (1) ____ while on a tour to Japan. The Pontiff is on the first Papal visit to Japan in 38 years. He visited the only two cities ever to have been (2) ____ to a nuclear attack - Nagasaki and Hiroshima. While speaking in Nagasaki, the Pope (3) ____ the "unspeakable horror" of nuclear weapons. Nagasaki was the second city to suffer (4) ____ death and destruction as it was destroyed towards the end of World War II. Francis laid a wreath and prayed at the (5) ____ of a memorial. Over 140,000 people (6) ____ in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, while 74,000 people lost their lives in the Nagasaki bombing three days later.

    Pope Francis directed his words towards world leaders, who seem to be (7) ____ on building instead of reducing their nuclear (8) ____. He said: "Convinced as I am that a world without nuclear weapons is possible and necessary, I ask political leaders not to forget that these weapons cannot protect us from current (9) ____ to national and international security." He condemned the amount of money spent on nuclear weapons. He said: "In a world where millions of children and families live in (10) ____ conditions, the money that is (11) ____ and the fortunes made through the manufacture, upgrading, maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons, are an affront crying (12) ____ to heaven."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     tournament     (b)     challenge     (c)     contest     (d)     race    
    2. (a)     abject     (b)     injected     (c)     object     (d)     subjected    
    3. (a)     condoned     (b)     condemned     (c)     commanded     (d)     combined    
    4. (a)     widely     (b)     widen     (c)     widespread     (d)     width    
    5. (a)     foot     (b)     toe     (c)     knee     (d)     calf    
    6. (a)     perished     (b)     grated     (c)     cautioned     (d)     struck    
    7. (a)     content     (b)     indent     (c)     invent     (d)     intent    
    8. (a)     arsenals     (b)     spurs     (c)     orients     (d)     palaces    
    9. (a)     threatens     (b)     threats     (c)     treats     (d)     treaties    
    10. (a)     humanistic     (b)     humanly     (c)     inhumane     (d)     humanity    
    11. (a)     squanders     (b)     squander     (c)     squandered     (d)     squandering    
    12. (a)     of     (b)     out     (c)     in     (d)     down

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. eutsedcjb to a nuclear attack
    2. eddomnecn the unspeakable horror
    3. widespread death and tditscneuor
    4. Francis laid a wehart
    5. at the foot of a mmariloe
    6. Over 140,000 people eirdheps

    Paragraph 2

    1. reducing their nuclear lsanaser
    2. protect us from current atstehr
    3. families live in unieahnm conditions
    4. the money that is uneqdedars
    5. ever more svrteueicdt weapons
    6. an ftanorf crying out to heaven

    Put the text back together

    (...)  threats to national and international security." He condemned the amount of money spent on nuclear
    1  ) Pope Francis has called on nations to end their nuclear arms race while on a tour to Japan. The Pontiff is on
    (...)  and destruction as it was destroyed towards the end of World War II. Francis laid a
    (...)  weapons. He said: "In a world where millions of children and families live in inhumane
    (...)  to a nuclear attack - Nagasaki and Hiroshima. While speaking in Nagasaki, the Pope condemned the "unspeakable
    (...)  Pope Francis directed his words towards world leaders, who seem to be intent on building instead
    (...)  wreath and prayed at the foot of a memorial.  Over 140,000 people perished in Hiroshima
    (...)  of reducing their nuclear arsenals. He said: "Convinced as I am that a world without nuclear weapons is possible
    (...)  and necessary, I ask political leaders not to forget that these weapons cannot protect us from current
    (...)  horror" of nuclear weapons. Nagasaki was the second city to suffer widespread death
    (...)  the first Papal visit to Japan in 38 years. He visited the only two cities ever to have been subjected
    (...)  on August 6, 1945, while 74,000 people lost their lives in the Nagasaki bombing three days later.
    (...)  upgrading, maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons, are an affront crying out to heaven."
    (...)  conditions, the money that is squandered and the fortunes made through the manufacture,

    Put the words in the right order

    1. to   end   nations   Called   on   their   nuclear   arms   .
    2. Pope   unspeakable   horror   condemned   of   the   The   weapons   .
    3. widespread   to   second   city   death   .   The   suffer
    4. destroyed   end   of   was   WWII   .   towards   the   It
    5. their   lost   in   bombing   .   lives   the   People   Nagasaki
    6. be   Leaders   on   building   .   seem   intent   who   to
    7. world   possible   .   nuclear   without   A   is   weapons
    8. cannot   from   us   protect   weapons   current   threats   .   These
    9. amount   of   nuclear   weapons   .   The   money   spent   on
    10. an   heaven   .   crying   to   out   are   Weapons   affront

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Pope Francis has called on nation / nations to end their nuclear arms race while on a tour / tourism to Japan. The Pontiff is on the first Papal visit to Japan in 38 years. He visited the only two cities ever / even to have been subjected / objected to a nuclear attack - Nagasaki and Hiroshima. While speaking in Nagasaki, the Pope condemned the "unspeakable horror" of nuclear weapons. Nagasaki was the second city to suffer width / widespread death and destruction / destroy as it was destroyed towards the end of World War II. Francis laid a wealth / wreath and prayed at the foot / knee of a memorial.  Over 140,000 people impoverished / perished in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, while 74,000 people lost their lives in the Nagasaki bombing / bomber three days later.

    Pope Francis directed his words towards world leaders, who seem to be content / intent on building instead of reduction / reducing their nuclear arsenals. He said: "Convinced as I am / be that a world without nuclear weapons is possible and necessary, I ask political leaders not to forget that these / them weapons cannot protect us from current / currency threats to national and international security." He condoned / condemned the amount of money spent on nuclear weapons. He said: "In a world where millions of children and families live in / to inhumane conditions, the money that is squandered and the fortunes made / did through the manufacture, upgrading, maintenance and sale of / at ever more destructive weapons, are an affront crying out / in to heaven."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    P_p_ F r_n c_s h_s c_l l_d _n n_t__ n s t_ _n d t h__ r n_c l__ r _r m s r_c_ w h_l_ _n _ t__ r t_ J_p_n . T h_ P_n t_f f _s _n t h_ f_r s t P_p_l v_s_t t_ J_p_n _n 3 8 y__ r s . H_ v_s_t_d t h_ _n l y t w_ c_t__ s _v_r t_ h_v_ b__ n s_b j_c t_d t_ _ n_c l__ r _t t_c k - N_g_s_k_ _n d H_r_s h_m_. W h_l_ s p__ k_n g _n N_g_s_k_, t h_ P_p_ c_n d_m n_d t h_ "_n s p__ k_b l_ h_r r_r " _f n_c l__ r w__ p_n s . N_g_s_k_ w_s t h_ s_c_n d c_t y t_ s_f f_r w_d_s p r__ d d__ t h _n d d_s t r_c t__ n _s _t w_s d_s t r_y_d t_w_r d s t h_ _n d _f W_r l d W_r I I . F r_n c_s l__ d _ w r__ t h _n d p r_y_d _t t h_ f__ t _f _ m_m_r__ l . O v_r 1 4 0 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_ p_r_s h_d _n H_r_s h_m_ _n A_g_s t 6 , 1 9 4 5 , w h_l_ 7 4 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_ l_s t t h__ r l_v_s _n t h_ N_g_s_k_ b_m b_n g t h r__ d_y s l_t_r .

    P_p_ F r_n c_s d_r_c t_d h_s w_r d s t_w_r d s w_r l d l__ d_r s , w h_ s__ m t_ b_ _n t_n t _n b__ l d_n g _n s t__ d _f r_d_c_n g t h__ r n_c l__ r _r s_n_l s . H_ s__ d : " C_n v_n c_d _s I _m t h_t _ w_r l d w_t h__ t n_c l__ r w__ p_n s _s p_s s_b l_ _n d n_c_s s_r y , I _s k p_l_t_c_l l__ d_r s n_t t_ f_r g_t t h_t t h_s_ w__ p_n s c_n n_t p r_t_c t _s f r_m c_r r_n t t h r__ t s t_ n_t__ n_l _n d _n t_r n_t__ n_l s_c_r_t y . " H_ c_n d_m n_d t h_ _m__ n t _f m_n_y s p_n t _n n_c l__ r w__ p_n s . H_ s__ d : " I n _ w_r l d w h_r_ m_l l__ n s _f c h_l d r_n _n d f_m_l__ s l_v_ _n _n h_m_n_ c_n d_t__ n s , t h_ m_n_y t h_t _s s q__ n d_r_d _n d t h_ f_r t_n_s m_d_ t h r__ g h t h_ m_n_f_c t_r_, _p g r_d_n g , m__ n t_n_n c_ _n d s_l_ _f _v_r m_r_ d_s t r_c t_v_ w__ p_n s , _r_ _n _f f r_n t c r y_n g __ t t_ h__ v_n . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    pope francis has called on nations to end their nuclear arms race while on a tour to japan the pontiff is on the first papal visit to japan in 38 years he visited the only two cities ever to have been subjected to a nuclear attack nagasaki and hiroshima while speaking in nagasaki the pope condemned the unspeakable horror of nuclear weapons nagasaki was the second city to suffer widespread death and destruction as it was destroyed towards the end of world war ii francis laid a wreath and prayed at the foot of a memorial over 140000 people perished in hiroshima on august 6 1945 while 74000 people lost their lives in the nagasaki bombing three days later

    pope francis directed his words towards world leaders who seem to be intent on building instead of reducing their nuclear arsenals he said convinced as i am that a world without nuclear weapons is possible and necessary i ask political leaders not to forget that these weapons cannot protect us from current threats to national and international security he condemned the amount of money spent on nuclear weapons he said in a world where millions of children and families live in inhumane conditions the money that is squandered and the fortunes made through the manufacture upgrading maintenance and sale of ever more destructive weapons are an affront crying out to heaven

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    PopeFrancishascalledonnationstoendtheirnucleararmsracewhileon
    atourtoJapan.ThePontiffisonthefirstPapalvisittoJapanin38years.He
    visitedtheonlytwocitiesevertohavebeensubjectedtoanuclearattack-
    NagasakiandHiroshima.WhilespeakinginNagasaki,thePopecondem
    nedthe"unspeakablehorror"ofnuclearweapons.Nagasakiwasthesec
    ondcitytosufferwidespreaddeathanddestructionasitwasdestroyedto
    wardstheendofWorldWarII.Francislaidawreathandprayedatthefoot
    ofamemorial.Over140,000peopleperishedinHiroshimaonAugust6,1
    945,while74,000peoplelosttheirlivesintheNagasakibombingthreeda
    yslater.PopeFrancisdirectedhiswordstowardsworldleaders,whosee
    mtobeintentonbuildinginsteadofreducingtheirnucleararsenals.Hesa
    id:"ConvincedasIamthataworldwithoutnuclearweaponsispossiblean
    dnecessary,Iaskpoliticalleadersnottoforgetthattheseweaponscanno
    tprotectusfromcurrentthreatstonationalandinternationalsecurity."H
    econdemnedtheamountofmoneyspentonnuclearweapons.Hesaid:"I
    naworldwheremillionsofchildrenandfamiliesliveininhumaneconditio
    ns,themoneythatissquanderedandthefortunesmadethroughthema
    nufacture,upgrading,maintenanceandsaleofevermoredestructivew
    eapons,areanaffrontcryingouttoheaven."

    Free writing

    Write about nuclear weapons for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Nuclear weapons are a deterrent and therefore a good defence. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. NUCLEAR WEAPONS: Make a poster about nuclear weapons. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. DESTRUCTION: Write a magazine article about the requirement of all countries to destroy their nuclear weapons. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on nuclear weapons. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can achieve nuclear disarmament. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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