The Reading / Listening - Stretching - Level 6

Researchers believe they have debunked a myth about the perceived importance of stretching before jogging. Hundreds of millions of joggers around the world perform static stretching exercises before going for a jog. It is a daily ritual that can be seen in parks and streets everywhere. However, researchers from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia say there is no evidence to show that stretching improves running performance or decreases the risk of injuries. Their research is published in the 'British Journal of Sports Medicine'. They say that while there is evidence that stretching can help keep ankle, knee and hip joints flexible, it won't aid performance or keep injuries at bay.



Lead researcher James Alexander conducted the research after discussions with runners about stretching. Mr Alexander is an avid jogger and often wondered what the benefits of stretching were. He told the Reuters news agency that: "Runners have certain beliefs around running injury risks, injury prevention and performance that are in contrast to current research evidence." He added: "These beliefs drive runners to continue to pursue ineffective or non-optimal strategies within their running training, whether through static stretching for injury prevention or low-load strength training for performance." He recommended a 5-10-minute session of walking or light jogging as the best warm-up.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Stretching - Level 4  or  Stretching - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-running-stretching-myth/no-evidence-stretching-prevents-running-injuries-idUSKBN1Y21ZY
  • https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-7736081/No-evidence-stretching-prevents-running-injuries.html
  • https://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2019/11/06/bjsports-2019-101169


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. STRETCHING: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about stretching. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       myth / importance / stretching / joggers / ritual / evidence / performance / hip / joint
       researcher / discussion / benefit / news agency / strategy / injury / training / warm-up
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. JOGGING: Students A strongly believe jogging is the best form of exercise; Students B strongly believe it is not.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. WARM-UPS: What do you think of these warm-ups? How good are they? What sports are they best for? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What Do You Think?

How Good Is It?

Sports?

Stretching

 

 

 

Meditation

 

 

 

Deep breathing

 

 

 

Sleep

 

 

 

Light jogging

 

 

 

Massage

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. RITUAL: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "ritual". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. EXERCISE: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • jogging
  • yoga
  • swimming
  • walking
  • housework
  • cycling
  • dancing
  • gardening

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. debunked a. Lacking in movement, action, or change.
      2. myth b. At a distance so it cannot affect or hurt you.
      3. perceived c. Uncovered the falseness of an idea, or belief.
      4. static d. Became aware or conscious of something.
      5. evidence e. A widely held but false belief or idea.
      6. joint f. The available body of facts or information indicating whether a belief is true or valid.
      7. at bay g. A distinct part of a body or limb between the places at which they are connected.

    Paragraph 2

      8. conducted h. Having or showing a keen interest in or enthusiasm for something.
      9. avid i. An acceptance that a statement is true or that something exists.
      10. belief j. Best or most favorable.
      11. in contrast k. Carried out; did.
      12. pursue l. Gentle; not too hard.
      13. optimal m. Engage in an activity or course of action.
      14. light n. The state of being different from something else.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Researchers suggest having to stretch before exercising is a myth.     T / F
  2. The article says hundreds of millions of people go jogging.     T / F
  3. Researchers say stretching can boost performance in sports.     T / F
  4. The researchers said stretching can keep injuries at bay.     T / F
  5. The lead researcher of this study is also a jogger.     T / F
  6. What runners believe about stretching contrasts with current research.    T / F
  7. The researcher said 10 seconds of walking was a great warm-up.     T / F
  8. The researcher said light jogging was the best kind of warm-up.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. debunked
  2. performed
  3. ritual
  4. evidence
  5. at bay
  6. avid
  7. pursue
  8. optimal
  9. static
  10. light
  1. away
  2. proof
  3. simple
  4. follow
  5. carried out
  6. best
  7. stationary
  8. poked holes in
  9. enthusiastic
  10. custom

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. Researchers believe they have debunked
  2. the perceived importance
  3. It is a daily
  4. decreases the risk of
  5. keep ankle, knee and hip
  6. Mr Alexander is an avid
  7. Runners have certain beliefs
  8. in contrast to current
  9. ineffective or non-
  10. walking or light jogging as the best
  1. warm-up
  2. joints flexible
  3. jogger
  4. research evidence
  5. of stretching
  6. ritual
  7. optimal strategies
  8. a myth
  9. around running
  10. injuries

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
ritual
hip
evidence
bay
myth
static
risk
streets

Researchers believe they have debunked a (1) ____________ about the perceived importance of stretching before jogging. Hundreds of millions of joggers around the world perform (2) ____________ stretching exercises before going for a jog. It is a daily (3) ____________ that can be seen in parks and (4) ____________ everywhere. However, researchers from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia say there is no (5) ____________ to show that stretching improves running performance or decreases the (6) ____________ of injuries. Their research is published in the 'British Journal of Sports Medicine'. They say that while there is evidence that stretching can help keep ankle, knee and (7) ____________ joints flexible, it won't aid performance or keep injuries at (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
benefits
prevention
light
contrast
conducted
training
beliefs
pursue

Lead researcher James Alexander (9) ____________ the research after discussions with runners about stretching. Mr Alexander is an avid jogger and often wondered what the (10) ____________ of stretching were. He told the Reuters news agency that: "Runners have certain (11) ____________ around running injury risks, injury prevention and performance that are in (12) ____________ to current research evidence." He added: "These beliefs drive runners to continue to (13) ____________ ineffective or non-optimal strategies within their running training, whether through static stretching for injury (14) ____________ or low-load strength (15) ____________ for performance." He recommended a 5-10-minute session of walking or (16) ____________ jogging as the best warm-up.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Researchers believe they have ______
     a.  debunked a myth
     b.  debunked a miss
     c.  debunked amiss
     d.  debunked a moth
2) researchers from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia say there ______
     a.  is non evidence
     b.  is no evidence
     c.  is know evident
     d.  is no evident
3)  show that stretching improves running performance or ______
     a.  decrease is the risk
     b.  decreases the risky
     c.  decreases the risk
     d.  decrease the risk
4)  evidence that stretching can help keep ankle, knee and ______
     a.  hip joint flexible
     b.  hip joints flexibly
     c.  hip joints flexible
     d.  hippy joints flexible
5)  it won't aid performance or keep ______
     a.  injuries abbey
     b.  injuries abyss
     c.  injuries a bay
     d.  injuries at bay

6)  Lead researcher James Alexander conducted the research after ______
     a.  discussions wither runners
     b.  discussions with a runners
     c.  discussions with runners
     d.  discussions within runners
7) running injury risks, injury prevention and performance that ______
     a.  are on contrast
     b.  are of contrast
     c.  are in contrast
     d.  are at contrast
8)  drive runners to continue to pursue ineffective or ______
     a.  noon-optimal strategies
     b.  nine optimal strategies
     c.  none-optimal strategies
     d.  non-optimal strategies
9)  whether through static stretching for injury prevention or ______ training
     a.  low-load strength
     b.  slow-load strength
     c.  allow-load strength
     d.  flow-load strength
10)  He recommended a 5-10-minute session of walking ______
     a.  or alight jogging
     b.  or light jogging
     c.  or slight jogging
     d.  or flight jogging

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Researchers believe they have (1) ___________________ about the perceived importance of stretching before jogging. Hundreds of millions of joggers around the (2) ___________________ stretching exercises before going for a jog. It is (3) ___________________ that can be seen in parks and streets everywhere. However, researchers from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia say there (4) ___________________ to show that stretching improves running performance or decreases the risk of injuries. Their research (5) ___________________ the 'British Journal of Sports Medicine'. They say that while there is evidence that stretching can help keep ankle, knee and (6) ___________________, it won't aid performance or keep injuries at bay.

Lead researcher James Alexander (7) ___________________ after discussions with runners about stretching. Mr Alexander is an avid jogger and often wondered what (8) ___________________ stretching were. He told the Reuters news agency that: "Runners have certain beliefs around running injury risks, (9) ___________________ performance that are in contrast to current research evidence." He added: "These beliefs drive runners to (10) ___________________ ineffective or non-optimal strategies within their running training, whether (11) ___________________ for injury prevention or low-load strength training for performance." He recommended a 5-10-minute session of walking (12) ___________________ as the best warm-up.

Comprehension questions

  1. What did researchers say they have done to a myth?
  2. How many joggers perform static stretching exercises?
  3. How often does a jogging ritual take places in parks and streets?
  4. What can stretching do to hip joints?
  5. What does a researcher say stretching won't keep at bay?
  6. What kind of jogger is James Alexander?
  7. What did James Alexander often wonder about?
  8. What are runners' beliefs about stretching in contrast to?
  9. What kind of strategies did Mr Alexander say runners pursued?
  10. What did James Alexander say light jogging was?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What did researchers say they have done to a myth?
a) researched it
b) heightened it
c) added to it
d) debunked it
2) How many joggers perform static stretching exercises?
a) millions of hundreds
b) hundreds of millions
c) thousands of billions
d) hundreds of thousands
3) How often does a jogging ritual take places in parks and streets?
a) every other day
b) twice daily
c) daily
d) hourly
4) What can stretching do to hip joints?
a) keep them flexible
b) strain them
c) damage them
d) hurt them

5) What does a researcher say stretching won't keep at bay?
a) swimming
b) ships
c) injuries
d) running

6) What kind of jogger is James Alexander?
a) a beginner
b) an avid one
c) a fast one
d) a champion jogger
7) What did James Alexander often wonder about?
a) the benefits of exercise
b) the benefits of warm-ups
c) the benefits of jogging
d) the benefits of stretching
8) What are runners' beliefs about stretching in contrast to?
a) current research
b) not stretching
c) yoga
d) massages
9) What kind of strategies did Mr Alexander say runners pursued?
a) well-planned strategies
b) high-risk strategies
c) non-optimal strategies
d) interesting strategies

10) What did James Alexander say light jogging was?
a) fun
b) the best warm-up
c) the best cool-down
d) essential

Role play

Role  A – Jogging
You think jogging is the best form of exercise. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their forms of exercise. Also, tell the others which is the least useful form of exercise of these (and why): yoga, dancing or housework.

Role  B – Yoga
You think yoga is the best form of exercise. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their forms of exercise. Also, tell the others which is the least useful form of exercise of these (and why): jogging, dancing or housework.

Role  C – Dancing
You think dancing is the best form of exercise. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their forms of exercise. Also, tell the others which is the least useful form of exercise of these (and why): yoga, jogging or housework.

Role  D – Housework
You think housework is the best form of exercise. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their forms of exercise. Also, tell the others which is the least useful form of exercise of these (and why): yoga, dancing or jogging.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'stretching'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'jogging'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • myth
    • perform
    • ritual
    • no
    • published
    • bay
    • discussions
    • avid
    • certain
    • beliefs
    • low
    • best




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Stretching

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'stretching'?
    3. What do you think of stretching?
    4. What do you think of jogging?
    5. Why is jogging so popular?
    6. What do you think when you see joggers?
    7. How can people improve their running performance?
    8. How can we avoid injury while exercising?
    9. What injuries have you had?
    10. What do you do to keep injuries or illness at bay?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'jogging'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How important is stretching?
    5. Who is stretching important for?
    6. What is the best form of exercise?
    7. What exercise do you do?
    8. What stretching exercises do you like and dislike?
    9. How can we get more people to exercise?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a sports trainer?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Researchers believe they have (1) ____ a myth about the perceived importance of stretching before jogging. Hundreds of millions of joggers around the world perform (2) ____ stretching exercises before going for a jog. It is a daily (3) ____ that can be seen in parks and streets everywhere. However, researchers from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia say there is no evidence to show that stretching improves running performance or decreases the (4) ____ of injuries. Their research is published in the 'British Journal of Sports Medicine'. They say that while there is evidence that stretching can help keep ankle, knee and hip joints (5) ____, it won't aid performance or keep injuries at (6) ____.

    Lead researcher James Alexander (7) ____ the research after discussions with runners about stretching. Mr Alexander is an (8) ____ jogger and often wondered what the benefits of stretching were. He told the Reuters news agency that: "Runners have (9) ____ beliefs around running injury risks, injury prevention and performance that are (10) ____ contrast to current research evidence." He added: "These beliefs drive runners to continue to pursue ineffective or non-optimal strategies within their running training, whether through static stretching for injury prevention or low-(11) ____ strength training for performance." He recommended a 5-10-minute (12) ____ of walking or light jogging as the best warm-up.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     debarked     (b)     debutant     (c)     debunked     (d)     debited    
    2. (a)     static     (b)     elastic     (c)     plastic     (d)     stoic    
    3. (a)     ritual     (b)     virtual     (c)     habitual     (d)     vital    
    4. (a)     risk     (b)     risky     (c)     risqué     (d)     risible    
    5. (a)     agreeable     (b)     compliant     (c)     bendable     (d)     flexible    
    6. (a)     bay     (b)     inlet     (c)     cove     (d)     gulf    
    7. (a)     conducted     (b)     traded     (c)     embarked     (d)     engulfed    
    8. (a)     ovary     (b)     aviary     (c)     void     (d)     avid    
    9. (a)     certain     (b)     sure     (c)     course     (d)     destined    
    10. (a)     of     (b)     in     (c)     by     (d)     at    
    11. (a)     goad     (b)     load     (c)     road     (d)     toad    
    12. (a)     session     (b)     track     (c)     aerobic     (d)     active

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. they have ueneddkb a myth
    2. the ireceevpd importance of stretching
    3. perform taisct stretching exercises
    4. It is a daily itraul
    5. there is no nciedvee to show that
    6. keep ankle, knee and hip joints eeilbfxl

    Paragraph 2

    1. Alexander is an advi jogger
    2. Runners have certain efisble
    3. in ostcrant to current research
    4. ineffective or non-optimal stteegasri
    5. stretching for injury tvronenepi
    6. a 5-10-minute einssos of walking

    Put the text back together

    1  ) Researchers believe they have debunked a myth about the perceived importance of stretching
    (...)  before jogging. Hundreds of millions of joggers around the world perform static stretching exercises before
    (...)  help keep ankle, knee and hip joints flexible, it won't aid performance or keep injuries at bay.
    (...)  from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia say there is no evidence to show that stretching
    (...)  through static stretching for injury prevention or low-load strength training for performance." He
    (...)  going for a jog. It is a daily ritual that can be seen in parks and streets everywhere. However, researchers
    (...)  published in the 'British Journal of Sports Medicine'. They say that while there is evidence that stretching can
    (...)  contrast to current research evidence." He added: "These beliefs drive runners to continue
    (...)  Lead researcher James Alexander conducted the research after discussions with runners
    (...)  recommended a 5-10-minute session of walking or light jogging as the best warm-up.
    (...)  about stretching. Mr Alexander is an avid jogger and often wondered what the benefits of stretching were. He told
    (...)  to pursue ineffective or non-optimal strategies within their running training, whether
    (...)  the Reuters news agency that: "Runners have certain beliefs around running injury risks, injury prevention and performance that are in
    (...)  improves running performance or decreases the risk of injuries. Their research is

    Put the words in the right order

    1. debunked   a   have   believe   myth   .   they   Researchers
    2. world   .   of   millions   of   joggers   the   Hundreds   around
    3. daily   parks   .   seen   ritual   is   in   A   that
    4. is   can   joints   .   help   that   stretching   evidence   There
    5. injuries   or   keep   performance   at   bay   .   Aid
    6. conducted  discussions  Alexander  the  with   runners  .  research  after
    7. benefits   stretching   Wondered   were   .   the   of   what
    8. injury   certain   risks   .   around   Runners   beliefs   running   have
    9. drive   to   He   beliefs   runners   continue   .   said   these
    10. a   of   recommended   walking   .   5-10-minute   He   session

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Researchers believe they have debunked a mythical / myth about the perceived importance / important of stretching before jogging. Hundreds of millions of joggers around the world perform statistic / static stretching exercises before going for a jog. It is a daily ritual / virtual that can be seen in parks and streets somewhere / everywhere. However, researchers from La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia say there is no evidence to / for show that stretching reproves / improves running performance or decreases the risk / risky of injuries. Their research is published in the 'British Journal of Sports Medicine'. They say that while / which there is evidence that stretching can help keep ankle, knee and hip joints flexible, it won't aid performance or keep injuries in / at bay.

    Lead researcher James Alexander conducted a / the research after discussions with runners / runs about stretching. Mr Alexander is an avoid / avid jogger and often wondered what the benefits of stretching were. He told the Reuters news agency that: "Runners have certainly / certain beliefs around running injury risks, injury precaution / prevention and performance that are in contrast of / to current research evidence." He added: "These beliefs drive runners to continue to pursue / peruse ineffective or non-optimal strategies within their running training, weather / whether through static stretching for injury prevention or low-load strength training for performance." He recommendation / recommended a 5-10-minute session of walking or light / lit jogging as the best warm-up.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    R_s__ r c h_r s b_l__ v_ t h_y h_v_ d_b_n k_d _ m y t h _b__ t t h_ p_r c__ v_d _m p_r t_n c_ _f s t r_t c h_n g b_f_r_ j_g g_n g . H_n d r_d s _f m_l l__ n s _f j_g g_r s _r__ n d t h_ w_r l d p_r f_r m s t_t_c s t r_t c h_n g _x_r c_s_s b_f_r_ g__ n g f_r _ j_g . I t _s _ d__ l y r_t__ l t h_t c_n b_ s__ n _n p_r k s _n d s t r__ t s _v_r y w h_r_. H_w_v_r , r_s__ r c h_r s f r_m L_ T r_b_ U n_v_r s_t y _n M_l b__ r n_, A_s t r_l__ s_y t h_r_ _s n_ _v_d_n c_ t_ s h_w t h_t s t r_t c h_n g _m p r_v_s r_n n_n g p_r f_r m_n c_ _r d_c r__ s_s t h_ r_s k _f _n j_r__ s . T h__ r r_s__ r c h _s p_b l_s h_d _n t h_ ' B r_t_s h J__ r n_l _f S p_r t s M_d_c_n_' . T h_y s_y t h_t w h_l_ t h_r_ _s _v_d_n c_ t h_t s t r_t c h_n g c_n h_l p k__ p _n k l_, k n__ _n d h_p j__ n t s f l_x_b l_, _t w_n ' t __ d p_r f_r m_n c_ _r k__ p _n j_r__ s _t b_y .

    L__ d r_s__ r c h_r J_m_s A l_x_n d_r c_n d_c t_d t h_ r_s__ r c h _f t_r d_s c_s s__ n s w_t h r_n n_r s _b__ t s t r_t c h_n g . M r A l_x_n d_r _s _n _v_d j_g g_r _n d _f t_n w_n d_r_d w h_t t h_ b_n_f_t s _f s t r_t c h_n g w_r_. H_ t_l d t h_ R__ t_r s n_w s _g_n c y t h_t : " R_n n_r s h_v_ c_r t__ n b_l__ f s _r__ n d r_n n_n g _n j_r y r_s k s , _n j_r y p r_v_n t__ n _n d p_r f_r m_n c_ t h_t _r_ _n c_n t r_s t t_ c_r r_n t r_s__ r c h _v_d_n c_. " H_ _d d_d : " T h_s_ b_l__ f s d r_v_ r_n n_r s t_ c_n t_n__ t_ p_r s__ _n_f f_c t_v_ _r n_n -_p t_m_l s t r_t_g__ s w_t h_n t h__ r r_n n_n g t r__ n_n g , w h_t h_r t h r__ g h s t_t_c s t r_t c h_n g f_r _n j_r y p r_v_n t__ n _r l_w - l__ d s t r_n g t h t r__ n_n g f_r p_r f_r m_n c_. " H_ r_c_m m_n d_d _ 5 - 1 0 - m_n_t_ s_s s__ n _f w_l k_n g _r l_g h t j_g g_n g _s t h_ b_s t w_r m -_p .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    researchers believe they have debunked a myth about the perceived importance of stretching before jogging hundreds of millions of joggers around the world perform static stretching exercises before going for a jog it is a daily ritual that can be seen in parks and streets everywhere however researchers from la trobe university in melbourne australia say there is no evidence to show that stretching improves running performance or decreases the risk of injuries their research is published in the british journal of sports medicine they say that while there is evidence that stretching can help keep ankle knee and hip joints flexible it wont aid performance or keep injuries at bay

    lead researcher james alexander conducted the research after discussions with runners about stretching mr alexander is an avid jogger and often wondered what the benefits of stretching were he told the reuters news agency that runners have certain beliefs around running injury risks injury prevention and performance that are in contrast to current research evidence he added these beliefs drive runners to continue to pursue ineffective or nonoptimal strategies within their running training whether through static stretching for injury prevention or lowload strength training for performance he recommended a 510minute session of walking or light jogging as the best warmup.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Researchersbelievetheyhavedebunkedamythabouttheperceivedim
    portanceofstretchingbeforejogging.Hundredsofmillionsofjoggersar
    oundtheworldperformstaticstretchingexercisesbeforegoingforajog.
    Itisadailyritualthatcanbeseeninparksandstreetseverywhere.Howev
    er,researchersfromLaTrobeUniversityinMelbourne,Australiasayther
    eisnoevidencetoshowthatstretchingimprovesrunningperformanceo
    rdecreasestheriskofinjuries.Theirresearchispublishedinthe'BritishJo
    urnalofSportsMedicine'.Theysaythatwhilethereisevidencethatstretc
    hingcanhelpkeepankle,kneeandhipjointsflexible,itwon'taidperform
    anceorkeepinjuriesatbay.LeadresearcherJamesAlexanderconducte
    dtheresearchafterdiscussionswithrunnersaboutstretching.MrAlexa
    nderisanavidjoggerandoftenwonderedwhatthebenefitsofstretching
    were.HetoldtheReutersnewsagencythat:"Runnershavecertainbelief
    saroundrunninginjuryrisks,injurypreventionandperformancethatar
    eincontrasttocurrentresearchevidence."Headded:"Thesebeliefsdriv
    erunnerstocontinuetopursueineffectiveornon-optimalstrategieswit
    hintheirrunningtraining,whetherthroughstaticstretchingforinjurypr
    eventionorlow-loadstrengthtrainingforperformance."Herecommen
    deda5-10-minutesessionofwalkingorlightjoggingasthebestwarm-
    up.

    Free writing

    Write about stretching for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Stretching is the best warm-up to do before running. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. STRETCHING: Make a poster about stretching. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. JOGGING: Write a magazine article about jogging being better than any other form of exercise. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on stretching. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on stretching. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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