The Reading / Listening - Bougainville - Level 6

The process is under way for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea have voted overwhelmingly for independence in a referendum. The vote was held on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. The vote was a non-binding referendum, which means the Papua New Guinea (PNG) government does not have to pass it into law. However, PNG gave the vote its full consent and should now consider acting on the result of the vote. Voters had two options - greater autonomy or full independence. Over 181,000 people cast their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them voted in favour of independence.



Bougainville is the largest island of the PNG chain of islands. It is geographically part of the Solomon Islands archipelago and used to be known as the Republic of North Solomons. It has a population of around 250,000 people. Bougainvilleans started a fight to achieve their independence in the 1960s. This was a decade before Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975. Bougainville was declared part of PNG in 1976. This sparked the Bougainville Civil War between 1988–1998. Over 20,000 people lost their lives in that conflict. The Prime Minister of PNG said: "I ask for some time for the people of PNG to absorb and process this result." He said his government was committed to adhering to the poll's result.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Bougainville - Level 4  or  Bougainville - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-12-11/bougainville-independence-referendum-result/11787434
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-50739203
  • https://www.smh.com.au/world/oceania/bougainville-votes-overwhelmingly-for-independence-from-png-20191211-p53iw6.html


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. INDEPENDENCE: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about independence. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       process / member / global family / nations / independence / referendum / vote / law /
       chain / archipelago / population / decade / civil war / conflict / government / result
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. MORE COUNTRIES: Students A strongly believe there should be more countries in the world; Students B strongly believe the opposite.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. NATIONS: What do you know about these nations? What would you like to know? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

What I Want To Know

PNG

 

 

NZ

 

 

UAE

 

 

UK

 

 

USA

 

 

CAF

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. COUNTRY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "country". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. NATIONHOOD: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important things about nationhood at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • currency
  • national anthem
  • border control
  • international sports teams
  • armed forces
  • foreign policy
  • passports
  • a seat at the UN

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. overwhelmingly a. Make a vote.
      2. referendum b. Very great in amount.
      3. non-binding c. The right or condition of self-government.
      4. consent d. A vote by people in a country on a single political question which has been asked of them for a direct decision.
      5. autonomy e. Permission for something to happen or agreement to do something.
      6. ballot f. An agreement or promise that does not have an obligation to fulfill that agreement or promise.
      7. cast g. A piece of paper on which people make their vote.

    Paragraph 2

      8. archipelago h. A group of islands.
      9. achieve i. Promised to follow a certain course or policy.
      10. granted j. Successfully bring about or reach a desired objective, level, or result by effort, skill, or courage.
      11. declared k. A long armed struggle or war.
      12. sparked l. Agreed to give something or allow something requested to happen.
      13. conflict m. Openly or formally asserted or announced.
      14. committed n. Provided the thing that started for a dramatic event or process.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said Bougainville would become a country next year.     T / F
  2. The referendum was two days long.     T / F
  3. PNG must now pass Bougainville's independence into law.     T / F
  4. In the vote, 98% of people voted for independence.     T / F
  5. Bougainville is part of the Solomon Islands archipelago.     T / F
  6. Bougainville has a population of a quarter of a million people.     T / F
  7. Bougainville suffered a decade-long civil war.     T / F
  8. PNG's prime minister said he would stick to the result of the poll.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. under way
  2. held
  3. consent
  4. consider
  5. ballot
  6. part
  7. archipelago
  8. granted
  9. sparked
  10. adhering
  1. island chain
  2. think about
  3. ignited
  4. conducted
  5. sticking
  6. given
  7. in progress
  8. vote
  9. region
  10. agreement

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. The process is under
  2. voted overwhelmingly for
  3. pass it into
  4. Over 181,000 people cast
  5. 98 per cent of them voted in
  6. part of the Solomon Islands
  7. Papua New Guinea was
  8. This sparked the
  9. 20,000 people lost
  10. committed to adhering to the
  1. granted independence
  2. favour
  3. poll's result
  4. their lives
  5. independence
  6. Bougainville Civil War
  7. way
  8. law
  9. archipelago
  10. their ballot

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
non-binding
options
under
favour
overwhelmingly
cast
family
consent

The process is (1) ____________ way for the possible introduction of a new member to the global (2) ____________ of nations. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea have voted (3) ____________ for independence in a referendum. The vote was held on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. The vote was a (4) ____________ referendum, which means the Papua New Guinea (PNG) government does not have to pass it into law. However, PNG gave the vote its full (5) ____________ and should now consider acting on the result of the vote. Voters had two (6) ____________ - greater autonomy or full independence. Over 181,000 people (7) ____________ their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them voted in (8) ____________ of independence.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
declared
achieve
absorb
sparked
adhering
archipelago
decade
conflict

Bougainville is the largest island of the PNG chain of islands. It is geographically part of the Solomon Islands (9) ____________ and used to be known as the Republic of North Solomons. It has a population of around 250,000 people. Bougainvilleans started a fight to (10) ____________ their independence in the 1960s. This was a (11) ____________ before Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975. Bougainville was (12) ____________ part of PNG in 1976. This (13) ____________ the Bougainville Civil War between 1988–1998. Over 20,000 people lost their lives in that (14) ____________. The Prime Minister of PNG said: "I ask for some time for the people of PNG to (15) ____________ and process this result." He said his government was committed to (16) ____________ to the poll's result.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  the possible introduction of a new member to the ______ nations
     a.  globe all family of
     b.  glow ball family of
     c.  globule family of
     d.  global family of
2)  The vote was a non-______
     a.  binding referendum
     b.  bind in referendum
     c.  bind din referendum
     d.  bine din referendum
3)  PNG gave the vote its full consent and should now consider ______ result
     a.  acting off the
     b.  acting on the
     c.  acting once the
     d.  acting only the
4)  Voters had two options - greater autonomy or ______
     a.  full independently
     b.  full independent
     c.  full independence
     d.  full in deep-end dance
5)  Over 181,000 people cast their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them ______
     a.  voted on favour
     b.  voted in favour
     c.  voted off favour
     d.  voted at favour

6)  Bougainville is the largest island of the PNG ______
     a.  chair of islands
     b.  chain of islands
     c.  grain of islands
     d.  churn of islands
7)  It is geographically part of the Solomon ______
     a.  Islands archipelago
     b.  Islands arpeggio
     c.  Islands arch lumbago
     d.  Islands are key peel ago
8)  This was a decade before Papua New Guinea was ______
     a.  grant it independence
     b.  grand tide independence
     c.  granted independence
     d.  grant Ted independence
9)  Over 20,000 people lost their lives ______
     a.  in that conflict
     b.  in that conflicts
     c.  in that conflicting
     d.  in that conflicted
10)  I ask for some time for the people of PNG to absorb and ______
     a.  pro cyst this result
     b.  protest this result
     c.  prose test this result
     d.  process this result

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The process (1) ___________________ for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea (2) ___________________ for independence in a referendum. The vote was held on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. The vote (3) ___________________ referendum, which means the Papua New Guinea (PNG) government does not have (4) ___________________ into law. However, PNG gave the vote its full consent and should now consider acting on the result of the vote. Voters had two options - greater (5) ___________________ independence. Over 181,000 people cast their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them voted (6) ___________________ independence.

Bougainville is the largest island of the PNG (7) ___________________. It is geographically part of the Solomon Islands (8) ___________________ to be known as the Republic of North Solomons. It has a population of around 250,000 people. Bougainvilleans started a fight to achieve their independence in the 1960s. This was (9) ___________________ Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975. Bougainville was (10) ___________________ PNG in 1976. This sparked the Bougainville Civil War between 1988–1998. Over 20,000 people (11) ___________________ in that conflict. The Prime Minister of PNG said: "I ask for some time for the people of PNG to absorb and process this result." He said his government was committed (12) ___________________ the poll's result.

Comprehension questions

  1. What did the article say Bougainville might become a member of?
  2. How long was the referendum?
  3. Why doesn't PNG have to pass the vote's result into law?
  4. What choice did people have besides full independence?
  5. What percentage of people in the referendum voted for independence?
  6. What archipelago is Bougainville a part of?
  7. What is the population of Bougainville?
  8. When did Papua New Guinea get its independence?
  9. What happened between 1988-1998?
  10. What does the PNG leader need to process the result of the vote?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What did the article say Bougainville might become a member of?
a) the UN
b) a global trade pact
c) the global family of nations
d) the WHO
2) How long was the referendum?
a) about two weeks
b) about a week
c) 10 days
d) 48 hours
3) Why doesn't PNG have to pass the vote's result into law?
a) the vote was non-binding
b) it is a part of the UN
c) PNG is a country
d) it doesn't recognise the vote
4) What choice did people have besides full independence?
a) no independence
b) greater autonomy
c) open borders
d) control of borders
5) What percentage of people in the referendum voted for independence?
a) 68%
b) 78%
c) 88%
d) 98%

6) What archipelago is Bougainville a part of?
a) the Philippines
b) the Solomon Islands
c) the Trobriand Islands
d) the South Pacific islands
7) What is the population of Bougainville?
a) around 250,000
b) around 500,000
c) around 750,000
d) around a million
8) When did Papua New Guinea get its independence?
a) 1970
b) 1968
c) 1975
d) 1988
9) What happened between 1988-1998?
a) mass migration
b) street protests
c) international talks
d) the Bougainville Civil War
10) What does the PNG leader need to process the result of the vote?
a) time
b) money
c) meetings
d) support

Role play

Role  A – Passports
You think issuing passports is the most important part of being a country. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a seat at the UN, national sports teams or border control.

Role  B – A Seat At The UN
You think a seat at the UN is the most important part of being a country. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): passports, national sports teams or border control.

Role  C – National Sports Teams
You think having national sports teams is the most important part of being a country. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a seat at the UN, passports or border control.

Role  D – Border Control
You think border control is the most important part of being a country. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least important of these (and why): a seat at the UN, national sports teams or passports.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'independence'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'country'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • under
    • held
    • means
    • pass
    • full
    • cast
    • largest
    • known
    • around
    • decade
    • sparked
    • result




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Bougainville

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'independence'?
    3. What do you know about Papua New Guinea?
    4. What do you know about your country's independence?
    5. What regions of the world should get their independence?
    6. Why do countries not want to grant independence to their regions?
    7. Can the world have too many countries?
    8. Would independence for more regions bring peace?
    9. Should Papua New Guinea give independence to Bougainville?
    10. What advice do you have for the people of Bougainville?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'vote'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about Bougainville?
    5. What regions are fighting for independence today?
    6. What are the reasons for not giving a region independence?
    7. Which is better - independence or greater autonomy?
    8. Would you fight for independence?
    9. What was the biggest struggle for independence in history?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Bougainville's leader?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The process is (1) ____ way for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea have voted overwhelmingly (2) ____ independence in a referendum. The vote was (3) ____ on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. The vote was a non-binding referendum, which (4) ____ the Papua New Guinea (PNG) government does not have to pass it into law. However, PNG gave the vote its full (5) ____ and should now consider acting on the result of the vote. Voters had two options - greater autonomy or full independence. Over 181,000 people (6) ____ their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them voted in favour of independence.

    Bougainville is the largest island of the PNG (7) ____ of islands. It is geographically part of the Solomon Islands (8) ____ and used to be known as the Republic of North Solomons. It has a population of around 250,000 people. Bougainvilleans started a fight to achieve their independence in the 1960s. This was a (9) ____ before Papua New Guinea was granted independence in 1975. Bougainville was declared part of PNG in 1976. This (10) ____ the Bougainville Civil War between 1988–1998. Over 20,000 people lost their lives in (11) ____ conflict. The Prime Minister of PNG said: "I ask for some time for the people of PNG to absorb and process this result." He said his government was committed to (12) ____ to the poll's result.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     about     (b)     under     (c)     over     (d)     through    
    2. (a)     that     (b)     for     (c)     toward     (d)     over    
    3. (a)     handled     (b)     touched     (c)     grasped     (d)     held    
    4. (a)     meaning     (b)     means     (c)     meant     (d)     mean    
    5. (a)     indent     (b)     repent     (c)     invent     (d)     consent    
    6. (a)     vast     (b)     mast     (c)     cast     (d)     last    
    7. (a)     chain     (b)     link     (c)     lock     (d)     shackle    
    8. (a)     arpeggio     (b)     archangel     (c)     archipelago     (d)     archery    
    9. (a)     timing     (b)     timeline     (c)     century     (d)     decade    
    10. (a)     sparked     (b)     spanked     (c)     sparkled     (d)     specked    
    11. (a)     that     (b)     what     (c)     then     (d)     there    
    12. (a)     adhering     (b)     gluing     (c)     fastening     (d)     pasting

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. voted mnhlwrilyoveeg for independence
    2. a non-binding reeuefndrm
    3. PNG gave the vote its full cntseon
    4. greater motyouan
    5. Over 181,000 people cast their ollbat
    6. voted in vafuro of independence

    Paragraph 2

    1. part of the Solomon Islands erioaglpcha
    2. This was a edcade before
    3. Bougainville was aeldcedr part of PNG
    4. sroabb and process this result
    5. He said his government was mdemcotti
    6. agdehinr to the poll's result

    Put the text back together

    (...)  acting on the result of the vote. Voters had two options - greater autonomy or full independence. Over 181,000 people
    (...)  nations. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea have voted overwhelmingly
    (...)  government does not have to pass it into law. However, PNG gave the vote its full consent and should now consider
    (...)  granted independence in 1975. Bougainville was declared part of PNG in 1976. This sparked the Bougainville Civil War
    (...)  the 7th of December. The vote was a non-binding referendum, which means the Papua New Guinea (PNG)
    (...)  Bougainville is the largest island of the PNG chain of islands. It is geographically part of the Solomon Islands
    (...)  of PNG said: "I ask for some time for the people of PNG to absorb and process this
    (...)  archipelago and used to be known as the Republic of North Solomons. It has a population of around 250,000 people. Bougainvilleans started
    (...)  cast their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them voted in favour of independence.
    (...)  for independence in a referendum. The vote was held on the island between the 23rd of November and
    (...)  a fight to achieve their independence in the 1960s. This was a decade before Papua New Guinea was
    (...)  result." He said his government was committed to adhering to the poll's result.
    (...)  between 1988–1998. Over 20,000 people lost their lives in that conflict. The Prime Minister
    1  ) The process is under way for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of

    Put the words in the right order

    1. possible   a   new   member   .   of   introduction   The
    2. for   in   overwhelmingly   independence   Voted   referendum   .   a
    3. pass   not   have   does   to   The   it   .   government
    4. consent   .   the   full   vote   its   gave   PNG   However,
    5. favour   .   Nearly   in   them   cent   per   voted   of   98
    6. geographically   is   Islands   .   the   It   part   Solomon   of
    7. a   250,000   population   of   has   people   .   It   around
    8. decade   granted   before   A   was   PNG   independence   .
    9. in   Over   that   lives   conflict   .   20,000   their   lost
    10. government   adhering   the   to   His   poll   .   committed   to

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The process is under / over way for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nationals / nations. The people of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea have voted overwhelmingly for independence on / in a referendum. The vote was held / handled on the island between the 23rd of November and the 7th of December. The vote was a non-binding referendum, which meaning / means the Papua New Guinea (PNG) government does not have to pass it onto / into law. However, PNG gave the vote its full consensus / consent and should now consider acting on / in the result of the vote. Voters had two captions / options - greater autonomy or full independence. Over 181,000 people vast / cast their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them voted in favour of independence.

    Bougainville is the largest island of the PNG shackle / chain of islands. It is geographically party / part of the Solomon Islands archipelago / arpeggio and used to be known / knowing as the Republic of North Solomons. It has a population of around 250,000 people. Bougainvilleans started a fright / fight to achieve their independence in the 1960s. This was a decade / century before Papua New Guinea was gained / granted independence in 1975. Bougainville was declared part of PNG in 1976. This sparked the Bougainville Civil War between 1988–1998. Over 20,000 people lost their lives in that conundrum / conflict. The Prime Minister of PNG said: "I ask for some time for the people of PNG to absorb / osmosis and process this result." He said his government was committed to pasting / adhering to the poll's result.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    T h_ p r_c_s s _s _n d_r w_y f_r t h_ p_s s_b l_ _n t r_d_c t__ n _f _ n_w m_m b_r t_ t h_ g l_b_l f_m_l y _f n_t__ n s . T h_ p__ p l_ _f B__ g__ n v_l l_ _n P_p__ N_w G__ n__ h_v_ v_t_d _v_r w h_l m_n g l y f_r _n d_p_n d_n c_ _n _ r_f_r_n d_m . T h_ v_t_ w_s h_l d _n t h_ _s l_n d b_t w__ n t h_ 2 3 r d _f N_v_m b_r _n d t h_ 7 t h _f D_c_m b_r . T h_ v_t_ w_s _ n_n - b_n d_n g r_f_r_n d_m , w h_c h m__ n s t h_ P_p__ N_w G__ n__ ( P N G ) g_v_r n m_n t d__ s n_t h_v_ t_ p_s s _t _n t_ l_w . H_w_v_r , P N G g_v_ t h_ v_t_ _t s f_l l c_n s_n t _n d s h__ l d n_w c_n s_d_r _c t_n g _n t h_ r_s_l t _f t h_ v_t_. V_t_r s h_d t w_ _p t__ n s - g r__ t_r __ t_n_m y _r f_l l _n d_p_n d_n c_. O v_r 1 8 1 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_ c_s t t h__ r b_l l_t _n d n__ r l y 9 8 p_r c_n t _f t h_m v_t_d _n f_v__ r _f _n d_p_n d_n c_.

    B__ g__ n v_l l_ _s t h_ l_r g_s t _s l_n d _f t h_ P N G c h__ n _f _s l_n d s . I t _s g__ g r_p h_c_l l y p_r t _f t h_ S_l_m_n I s l_n d s _r c h_p_l_g_ _n d _s_d t_ b_ k n_w n _s t h_ R_p_b l_c _f N_r t h S_l_m_n s . I t h_s _ p_p_l_t__ n _f _r__ n d 2 5 0 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_. B__ g__ n v_l l__ n s s t_r t_d _ f_g h t t_ _c h__ v_ t h__ r _n d_p_n d_n c_ _n t h_ 1 9 6 0 s . T h_s w_s _ d_c_d_ b_f_r_ P_p__ N_w G__ n__ w_s g r_n t_d _n d_p_n d_n c_ _n 1 9 7 5 . B__ g__ n v_l l_ w_s d_c l_r_d p_r t _f P N G _n 1 9 7 6 . T h_s s p_r k_d t h_ B__ g__ n v_l l_ C_v_l W_r b_t w__ n 1 9 8 8 – 1 9 9 8 . O v_r 2 0 , 0 0 0 p__ p l_ l_s t t h__ r l_v_s _n t h_t c_n f l_c t . T h_ P r_m_ M_n_s t_r _f P N G s__ d : " I _s k f_r s_m_ t_m_ f_r t h_ p__ p l_ _f P N G t_ _b s_r b _n d p r_c_s s t h_s r_s_l t . " H_ s__ d h_s g_v_r n m_n t w_s c_m m_t t_d t_ _d h_r_n g t_ t h_ p_l l ' s r_s_l t .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the process is under way for the possible introduction of a new member to the global family of nations the people of bougainville in papua new guinea have voted overwhelmingly for independence in a referendum the vote was held on the island between the 23rd of november and the 7th of december the vote was a nonbinding referendum which means the papua new guinea png government does not have to pass it into law however png gave the vote its full consent and should now consider acting on the result of the vote voters had two options  greater autonomy or full independence over 181000 people cast their ballot and nearly 98 per cent of them voted in favour of independence

    bougainville is the largest island of the png chain of islands it is geographically part of the solomon islands archipelago and used to be known as the republic of north solomons it has a population of around 250000 people bougainvilleans started a fight to achieve their independence in the 1960s this was a decade before papua new guinea was granted independence in 1975 bougainville was declared part of png in 1976 this sparked the bougainville civil war between 19881998 over 20000 people lost their lives in that conflict the prime minister of png said i ask for some time for the people of png to absorb and process this result he said his government was committed to adhering to the polls result.

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Theprocessisunderwayforthepossibleintroductionofanewmemberto
    theglobalfamilyofnations.ThepeopleofBougainvilleinPapuaNewGuin
    eahavevotedoverwhelminglyforindependenceinareferendum.Thev
    otewasheldontheislandbetweenthe23rdofNovemberandthe7thofDe
    cember.Thevotewasanon-bindingreferendum,whichmeansthePa
    puaNewGuinea(PNG)governmentdoesnothavetopassitintolaw.How
    ever,PNGgavethevoteitsfullconsentandshouldnowconsideractingon
    theresultofthevote.Votershadtwooptions-greaterautonomyorfulli
    ndependence.Over181,000peoplecasttheirballotandnearly98perce
    ntofthemvotedinfavourofindependence.Bougainvilleisthelargestisla
    ndofthePNGchainofislands.ItisgeographicallypartoftheSolomonIsla
    ndsarchipelagoandusedtobeknownastheRepublicofNorthSolomons.
    Ithasapopulationofaround250,000people.Bougainvilleansstartedafi
    ghttoachievetheirindependenceinthe1960s.Thiswasadecadebefore
    PapuaNewGuineawasgrantedindependencein1975.Bougainvillewas
    declaredpartofPNGin1976.ThissparkedtheBougainvilleCivilWarbet
    ween1988–1998.Over20,000peoplelosttheirlivesinthatconflict.T
    hePrimeMinisterofPNGsaid:"IaskforsometimeforthepeopleofPNGto
    absorbandprocessthisresult."Hesaidhisgovernmentwascommittedt
    oadheringtothepoll'sresult.

    Free writing

    Write about Bougainville for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    More regions in the world should get their independence. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. INDEPENDENCE: Make a poster about independence. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. NEW COUNTRIES: Write a magazine article about creating more new countries. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on independence. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on what new regions should get their independence. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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