The Reading / Listening - Breast Cancer - Level 2

Doctors have a new tool to diagnose breast cancer. It is called Google Health. The tool uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) to find anything abnormal in breast tissue. Researchers trained an AI program to find abnormalities. It read lots of results from X-rays over the past few years. Doctors currently use X-rays to detect breast cancer. Google Health will help doctors to read X-rays more accurately. The current system is that two doctors agree on whether or not an X-ray shows cancer. If they cannot agree, they ask a third doctor. Google Health will do this more quickly.



Researchers from Google Health worked with experts from a London university to design the program. They input X-rays from more than 91,000 women in the UK and USA into its software. This then produced an algorithm. In hospital tests, the algorithm did better at reading X-rays than six doctors. Google Health said: "Our team is really proud of these research findings, which suggest that we are on our way to developing a tool that can help doctors spot breast cancer with greater accuracy." The World Cancer Research Fund said two million new cases of breast cancer were reported in 2019.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Breast Cancer - Level 0 Breast Cancer - Level 1   or  Breast Cancer - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/health-50857759
  • https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-019-1799-6
  • https://time.com/5754183/google-ai-mammograms-breast-cancer/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. a new tool to
  2. find anything
  3. Researchers trained
  4. over the past
  5. help doctors to read
  6. whether or not an X-ray
  7. If they cannot
  8. Google Health will do this
  1. an AI program
  2. shows cancer
  3. more quickly
  4. X-rays
  5. agree
  6. diagnose breast cancer
  7. few years
  8. abnormal

Paragraph 2

  1. experts from a
  2. This then produced an
  3. the algorithm did better
  4. Our team is really
  5. we are on our way to
  6. help doctors
  7. two million new cases of
  8. reported
  1. spot breast cancer
  2. in 2019
  3. London university
  4. breast cancer
  5. proud
  6. at reading X-rays
  7. developing a tool
  8. algorithm

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Doctors have a (1) ___________________ diagnose breast cancer. It is called Google Health. The tool uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) to find (2) ___________________ breast tissue. Researchers trained an AI program to find abnormalities. It read (3) ___________________ from X-rays over the past few years. Doctors currently use X-rays to detect breast cancer. Google Health (4) ___________________ to read X-rays more accurately. The current system is that two doctors (5) ___________________ or not an X-ray shows cancer. If they cannot agree, they ask (6) ___________________. Google Health will do this more quickly.

Researchers from Google Health worked (7) ___________________ a London university to design the program. They input X-rays from more than 91,000 women in the UK and USA (8) ___________________. This then produced an algorithm. In hospital tests, the algorithm did (9) ___________________ X-rays than six doctors. Google Health said: "Our team is really proud of these research findings, which suggest that we are (10) ___________________ to developing a tool that can help doctors spot breast cancer (11) ___________________." The World Cancer Research Fund said two (12) ___________________ of breast cancer were reported in 2019.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Doctorshaveanewtooltodiagnosebreastcancer.ItiscalledGoogleHeal
th.ThetoolusesArtificialIntelligence(AI)tofindanythingabnormalinbr
easttissue.ResearcherstrainedanAIprogramtofindabnormalities.Itr
eadlotsofresultsfromX-raysoverthepastfewyears.Doctorscurrently
useX-raystodetectbreastcancer.GoogleHealthwillhelpdoctorstorea
dX-raysmoreaccurately.Thecurrentsystemisthattwodoctorsagree
onwhetherornotanX-rayshowscancer.Iftheycannotagree,theyaskat
hirddoctor.GoogleHealthwilldothismorequickly.ResearchersfromGo
ogleHealthworkedwithexpertsfromaLondonuniversitytodesignthepr
ogram.TheyinputX-raysfrommorethan91,000womenintheUKandU
SAintoitssoftware.Thisthenproducedanalgorithm.Inhospitaltests,th
ealgorithmdidbetteratreadingX-raysthansixdoctors.GoogleHealt
hsaid:"Ourteamisreallyproudoftheseresearchfindings,whichsugges
tthatweareonourwaytodevelopingatoolthatcanhelpdoctorsspotbrea
stcancerwithgreateraccuracy."TheWorldCancerResearchFundsaidt
womillionnewcasesofbreastcancerwerereportedin2019.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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