The Reading / Listening - Single-use Plastics - Level 6

China has unveiled ambitious plans to drastically reduce single-use plastics by 2025. China's National Development and Reform Commission is fast-tracking a number of measures designed to slash the production and use of plastics over the next five years. It announced that by the end of 2020, non-biodegradable plastic bags will be banned in supermarkets and shopping malls in major cities. The ban will also apply to food delivery services, which use vast amounts of the plastics. Single-use plastic straws and cutlery used by food takeaway services will be banned nationwide by the end of this year. China will encourage the use of alternative materials such as non-plastic products and biodegradable shopping bags.



Single-use plastics are one of the world's biggest sources of plastic pollution. They have become a ubiquitous part of daily life and a part of our throwaway culture. The Chinese authorities set a goal of reducing the "intensity of consumption" in order to reverse our reliance on single-use plastics. Previous regulations to curb plastic use, in 2008, led to an estimated cut in plastic bag production of 67 billion bags. The United Nations said it is urgent that all countries adopt policies similar to those China is introducing. It said: "We are already unable to cope with the amount of plastic waste we generate, unless we rethink the way we manufacture, use and manage plastics."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Single-use Plastics - Level 4  or  Single-use Plastics - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3046760/china-unveils-plan-reduce-single-use-plastic-2025
  • http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-01/19/c_138718276.htm
  • https://www.motherjones.com/environment/2020/01/china-plastics-ban-straws-bags/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about single-use plastics. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       ambitious / measures / production / plastics / supermarkets / nationwide / bags /
       pollution / daily life / culture / consumption / urgent / policies / waste / manage
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. BAN: Students A strongly believe all plastics should be banned; Students B strongly believe this would be silly.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ALTERNATIVES: How necessary is it for these things to be plastic? What are the alternatives to plastic? How much better would they be? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.


Plastic...

How Necessary?

Alternatives

How Much Better?

straws

 

 

 

pens

 

 

 

cutlery

 

 

 

bottles

 

 

 

bags

 

 

 

kitchen wrap

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. BIO-DEGRADABLE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "biodegradable". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. POLLUTION: Rank these with your partner. Put the worst effects of plastic pollution at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Littered streets
  • Dirty rivers
  • Micro-plastics in food chain
  • Plastics in whales' stomachs
  • Release of toxins
  • Use of oil
  • Ocean garbage patches
  • Groundwater pollution

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. unveiled a. Greatly reduce a price, quantity, etc.
      2. drastically b. Of a substance or object capable of being broken down and returned to nature by bacteria or other living organisms.
      3. measures c. Showed or announced publicly for the first time.
      4. slash d. Of one or more things available as another possibility.
      5. biodegradable e. In a way that is likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect.
      6. vast f. A plan or course of action taken to achieve a particular purpose.
      7. alternative g. Of very great extent or quantity; immense.

    Paragraph 2

      8. sources h. Deal effectively with something difficult.
      9. ubiquitous i. A place, person, or thing from which something comes or can be obtained.
      10. set j. Appearing, or found everywhere.
      11. intensity k. Dependence on or trust in someone or something.
      12. reliance l. Of extreme force, degree or passion.
      13. curb m. Decide on.
      14. cope n. Restrain or keep in check.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. China will outlaw all single-use plastics by the year 2025.     T / F
  2. China will measure things to slash single-use plastics.     T / F
  3. Non-biodegradable plastic bags will be banned in cities by 2025.    T / F
  4. Plastic cutlery used by takeaways will be banned by the end of 2020.     T / F
  5. The article said single-use plastics are a ubiquitous part of our life.     T / F
  6. China cut plastic bag production by 67 billion in 2008.     T / F
  7. The UN said more countries should follow China's lead.     T / F
  8. The UN said we can cope with the amount of plastic waste.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. unveiled
  2. drastically
  3. slash
  4. vast
  5. alternative
  6. ubiquitous
  7. reliance
  8. curb
  9. urgent
  10. cope
  1. dependence
  2. enormous
  3. manage
  4. seriously
  5. pressing
  6. control
  7. replacement
  8. revealed
  9. omnipresent
  10. cut

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. ambitious plans to drastically
  2. fast-tracking a number
  3. food delivery services, which use vast
  4. Single-use plastic straws
  5. China will encourage the use of
  6. They have become a ubiquitous
  7. part of our throwaway
  8. reverse our reliance
  9. adopt policies similar to
  10. We are already unable to cope with
  1. amounts of the plastics
  2. alternative materials
  3. those China is introducing
  4. of measures
  5. on single-use plastics
  6. the amount of plastic waste
  7. reduce single-use plastics
  8. culture
  9. part of daily life
  10. and cutlery

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
apply
tracking
alternative
announced
ambitious
banned
cutlery
slash

China has unveiled (1) ____________ plans to drastically reduce single-use plastics by 2025. China's National Development and Reform Commission is fast-(2) ____________ a number of measures designed to (3) ____________ the production and use of plastics over the next five years. It (4) ____________ that by the end of 2020, non-biodegradable plastic bags will be (5) ____________ in supermarkets and shopping malls in major cities. The ban will also (6) ____________ to food delivery services, which use vast amounts of the plastics. Single-use plastic straws and (7) ____________ used by food takeaway services will be banned nationwide by the end of this year. China will encourage the use of (8) ____________ materials such as non-plastic products and biodegradable shopping bags.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
ubiquitous
estimated
cope
sources
generate
reliance
authorities
urgent

Single-use plastics are one of the world's biggest (9) ____________ of plastic pollution. They have become a (10) ____________ part of daily life and a part of our throwaway culture. The Chinese (11) ____________ set a goal of reducing the "intensity of consumption" in order to reverse our (12) ____________ on single-use plastics. Previous regulations to curb plastic use, in 2008, led to an (13) ____________ cut in plastic bag production of 67 billion bags. The United Nations said it is (14) ____________ that all countries adopt policies similar to those China is introducing. It said: "We are already unable to (15) ____________ with the amount of plastic waste we (16) ____________, unless we rethink the way we manufacture, use and manage plastics."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  China has unveiled ambitious plans to ______ single-use plastics
     a.  drastic key reduce
     b.  drastically reduce
     c.  dress tick ally reduce
     d.  dross tick ally reduce
2)  fast-tracking a number of measures designed ______ production
     a.  to slash the
     b.  to slosh the
     c.  to slush the
     d.  to stash the
3)  plastic bags will be banned in supermarkets and shopping ______ cities
     a.  malls on major
     b.  malls in major
     c.  malls in majors
     d.  malls on majored
4)  The ban will also apply to food delivery services, which ______
     a.  use baste amounts
     b.  use haste amounts
     c.  use fast amounts
     d.  use vast amounts
5)  China will encourage the use of ______
     a.  alternatively materials
     b.  alternative material
     c.  alternative materials
     d.  alternatively material

6)  Single-use plastics are one of the world's biggest ______
     a.  sauces of plastic
     b.  sources of plastic
     c.  saucers of plastic
     d.  scorches of plastic
7)  They have become a ______
     a.  ubiquity part
     b.  ubiquity us part
     c.  ubiquitous part
     d.  ubiquitously part
8) the "intensity of consumption" in order to reverse our ______-use plastics
     a.  reliance in single
     b.  reliance on single
     c.  reliance an single
     d.  reliance un-single
9)  We are already unable to ______ amount
     a.  scope with the
     b.  copes with the
     c.  cope with the
     d.  cape with the
10)  unless we rethink the way we manufacture, ______ plastics
     a.  abuse and manage
     b.  usage and manage
     c.  user and manage
     d.  use and manage

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

China has unveiled ambitious (1) ___________________ reduce single-use plastics by 2025. China's National Development and Reform Commission is fast-tracking a number of measures (2) ___________________ the production and use of plastics over the next five years. It announced that by the end of 2020, (3) ___________________ bags will be banned in supermarkets and shopping malls in major cities. The ban will also apply to food delivery services, which (4) ___________________ of the plastics. Single-use plastic (5) ___________________ used by food takeaway services will be banned nationwide by the end of this year. China will encourage the (6) ___________________ materials such as non-plastic products and biodegradable shopping bags.

Single-use plastics are one of the world's (7) ___________________ plastic pollution. They have become a (8) ___________________ daily life and a part of our throwaway culture. The Chinese authorities set a goal of reducing the "intensity of consumption" in order to (9) ___________________ on single-use plastics. Previous regulations to curb plastic use, in 2008, led to an estimated cut in plastic bag production of 67 billion bags. The United Nations said it is (10) ___________________ countries adopt policies similar to those China is introducing. It said: "We are already (11) ___________________ with the amount of plastic (12) ___________________, unless we rethink the way we manufacture, use and manage plastics."

Comprehension questions

  1. What has China done to ambitious plans to reduce single-use plastics?
  2. What is China doing to measures to slash the production of plastic bags?
  3. By when will non-biodegradable plastic bags be banned in supermarkets?
  4. What will takeaways not be able to use besides plastic straws and bags?
  5. What is China encouraging the use of besides non-plastic products?
  6. What adjective described how much plastics are part of our life?
  7. What kind of culture did the article say single-use plastics were part of?
  8. What did China say we needed to reverse?
  9. What did the UN say it was urgent for other countries to adopt?
  10. What did the UN say we were unable to cope with?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What has China done to ambitious plans to reduce single-use plastics?
a) recycled them
b) unveiled them
c) downgraded them
d) lost them
2) What is China doing to measures to slash the production of plastic bags?
a) using a big knife
b) using an incinerator
c) ticking them quickly
d) fast-tracking them
3) By when will non-biodegradable plastic bags be banned in supermarkets?
a) by late 2021
b) by mid-century
c) by the end of 2020
d) around mid-to-late 2025
4) What will takeaways not be able to use besides plastic straws and bags?
a) single-use cutlery
b) single use tables
c) single use oil for frying
d) single use kids' toys
5) What is China encouraging the use of besides non-plastic products?
a) the Internet
b) biodegradable shopping bags
c) their feet
d) multi-purpose plastic trays

6) What adjective described how much plastics are part of our life?
a) ubiquitous
b) rambunctious
c) fictitious
d) fractious
7) What kind of culture did the article say single-use plastics were part of?
a) an ancient culture
b) a pop culture
c) a throwaway culture
d) an emerging culture
8) What did China say we needed to reverse?
a) our reliance on single-use plastics
b) climate change
c) our use of oil
d) our thinking
9) What did the UN say it was urgent for other countries to adopt?
a) stricter laws
b) bamboo products
c) laws to end the use of oil
d) policies similar to China's
10) What did the UN say we were unable to cope with?
a) change
b) global warming
c) the amount of plastic we generate
d) our throwaway culture

Role play

Role  A – Micro-Plastics in Food Chain
You think Micro-plastics in the food chain is the biggest problem with plastics. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why): plastics in whales' stomachs, ocean garbage patches or littered streets.

Role  B – Plastics in Whales' Stomachs
You think plastics in whales' stomachs is the biggest problem with plastics. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why): micro-plastics in the food chain, ocean garbage patches or littered streets.

Role  C – Ocean Garbage Patches
You think ocean garbage patches is the biggest problem with plastics. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why): plastics in whales' stomachs, micro-plastics in the food chain or littered streets.

Role  D – Littered Streets
You think littered streets is the biggest problem with plastics. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them why their problems aren't as bad. Also, tell the others which is the most manageable of these (and why): plastics in whales' stomachs, ocean garbage patches or micro-plastics in the food chain.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'single'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'plastic'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • drastically
    • number
    • slash
    • major
    • cutlery
    • alternative
    • sources
    • part
    • goal
    • curb
    • adopt
    • cope




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Single-use Plastics

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'plastic'?
    3. What do you think of plastic?
    4. How many of the things you have are made of plastic?
    5. What do you think of China's plans?
    6. How can you reduce the amount of plastic you use?
    7. Should all supermarkets ban plastic bags?
    8. How bad are plastic straws and cutlery?
    9. What happens to all the plastic we throw away?
    10. What harm does plastic trash do to the environment?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'bags'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Can we live without plastic?
    5. How much of a throwaway culture do we live in?
    6. Why do we consume so much stuff these days?
    7. What will happen if we do not cut down on plastic?
    8. How can we re-use a plastic bottle, straw and cutlery?
    9. Would it be easy for you to rethink your use of plastic?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a plastic manufacturer?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    China has unveiled ambitious plans to (1) ____ reduce single-use plastics by 2025. China's National Development and Reform Commission is fast-tracking a number of measures designed to (2) ____ the production and use of plastics over the next five years. It announced that by the end of 2020, non-biodegradable plastic bags will be (3) ____ in supermarkets and shopping malls in major cities. The ban will also (4) ____ to food delivery services, which use vast amounts of the plastics. Single-use plastic straws and (5) ____ used by food takeaway services will be banned nationwide by the end of this year. China will encourage the use of (6) ____ materials such as non-plastic products and biodegradable shopping bags.

    Single-use plastics are one of the world's biggest (7) ____ of plastic pollution. They have become a (8) ____ part of daily life and a part of our throwaway culture. The Chinese authorities set a goal of reducing the "intensity of consumption" in order to (9) ____ our reliance on single-use plastics. Previous regulations to (10) ____ plastic use, in 2008, led to an estimated cut in plastic bag production of 67 billion bags. The United Nations said it is (11) ____ that all countries adopt policies similar to those China is introducing. It said: "We are already unable to (12) ____ with the amount of plastic waste we generate, unless we rethink the way we manufacture, use and manage plastics."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     caustically     (b)     drastically     (c)     critically     (d)     dually    
    2. (a)     stash     (b)     slash     (c)     slosh     (d)     swash    
    3. (a)     band     (b)     bond     (c)     binned     (d)     banned    
    4. (a)     reply     (b)     apply     (c)     supply     (d)     comply    
    5. (a)     pottery     (b)     cutlery     (c)     sorcery     (d)     jewellery    
    6. (a)     choosing     (b)     option     (c)     alternative     (d)     selects    
    7. (a)     sachets     (b)     saucers     (c)     sauces     (d)     sources    
    8. (a)     ubiquitous     (b)     epoch     (c)     opposition     (d)     yearning    
    9. (a)     verse     (b)     reverse     (c)     server     (d)     reserve    
    10. (a)     base     (b)     drag     (c)     curb     (d)     task    
    11. (a)     cogent     (b)     regent     (c)     urgent     (d)     diligent    
    12. (a)     dope     (b)     cope     (c)     mope     (d)     nope

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. China has unveiled siiamobtu plans
    2. diclatlrysa reduce single-use plastics
    3. fast-tracking a number of euasrmse
    4. earbdoldaebgi plastic bags
    5. plastic straws and ltuycer
    6. the use of tiaantvelre materials

    Paragraph 2

    1. the world's biggest coserus of plastic
    2. a itisbuuuoq part of daily life
    3. the netyitnis of consumption
    4. our ecilnrae on single-use plastics
    5. iuslgotraen to curb plastic use
    6. rethink the way we menutacufar

    Put the text back together

    (...)  of plastics over the next five years. It announced that by the end of 2020, non-biodegradable plastic
    (...)  cutlery used by food takeaway services will be banned nationwide by the end of this year. China will encourage the use
    (...)  Single-use plastics are one of the world's biggest sources of plastic pollution. They have become a ubiquitous
    (...)  we rethink the way we manufacture, use and manage plastics."
    (...)  of alternative materials such as non-plastic products and biodegradable shopping bags.
    (...)  of consumption" in order to reverse our reliance on single-use plastics. Previous regulations to
    1  ) China has unveiled ambitious plans to drastically reduce single-use plastics by 2025. China's National Development and
    (...)  are already unable to cope with the amount of plastic waste we generate, unless
    (...)  Reform Commission is fast-tracking a number of measures designed to slash the production and use
    (...)  curb plastic use, in 2008, led to an estimated cut in plastic bag production of 67 billion bags. The United Nations
    (...)  delivery services, which use vast amounts of the plastics. Single-use plastic straws and
    (...)  bags will be banned in supermarkets and shopping malls in major cities. The ban will also apply to food
    (...)  said it is urgent that all countries adopt policies similar to those China is introducing. It said: "We
    (...)  part of daily life and a part of our throwaway culture. The Chinese authorities set a goal of reducing the "intensity

    Put the words in the right order

    1. to   plans   drastically   plastics   .   reduce   single-use   Ambitious
    2. to   designed   of   production   .   number   slash   A   measures
    3. plastic   bags  Non-biodegradable  banned   be  supermarkets  .   in  will
    4. cutlery   by   used   food   services   .   and   takeaway   Straws
    5. China   encourage   the   will   of   materials   .   alternative   use
    6. of   pollution   .   of   world's   sources   the   biggest   One
    7. They   part   a   ubiquitous   of   have   become   life   .
    8. is   countries   adopt   that   It   all   urgent   policies   .
    9. waste   .   amount   the   Unable   of   cope   with   to
    10. way   we   rethink   we   plastics   .   the   Unless   manufacture

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    China has unveiled ambitious / ambitions plans to drastically reduce single-use plastics by 2025. China's National Development and Reform Commission is fast-tracking a number / numeral of measures designed to slosh / slash the production and use of plastics over / under the next five years. It announced that by the end of 2020, non-biodegradable plastic bags will be banned / binned in supermarkets and shopping malls in major cities. The ban will also apply / reply to food delivery services, which use fast / vast amounts of the plastics. Single-use plastic straws and cutlery users / used by food takeaway services will be banned nationwide by the end of that / this year. China will encourage the use of alternative / alternatively materials such as non-plastic products and biodegradable shopping bags.

    Single-use plastics are one / two of the world's biggest sources / sauces of plastic pollution. They have become a ubiquity / ubiquitous part of daily life and a part of our throwaway cultured / culture. The Chinese authorities set a goal of reducing the "intensity of consumption" in order to reserve / reverse our reliance on single-use plastics. Previous regulations to carb / curb plastic use, in 2008, led to an estimated cut in plastic bag production of 67 billion bags. The United Nations said it is urgency / urgent that all countries adopt policies similarly / similar to those China is introducing. It said: "We are already unable to cope / cop with the amount of plastic waste we generate, unless we rethink the weigh / way we manufacture, use and manage plastics."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    C h_n_ h_s _n v__ l_d _m b_t___s p l_n s t_ d r_s t_c_l l y r_d_c_ s_n g l_-_s_ p l_s t_c s b y 2 0 2 5 . C h_n_' s N_t__ n_l D_v_l_p m_n t _n d R_f_r m C_m m_s s__ n _s f_s t - t r_c k_n g _ n_m b_r _f m__ s_r_s d_s_g n_d t_ s l_s h t h_ p r_d_c t__ n _n d _s_ _f p l_s t_c s _v_r t h_ n_x t f_v_ y__ r s . I t _n n__ n c_d t h_t b y t h_ _n d _f 2 0 2 0 , n_n - b__ d_g r_d_b l_ p l_s t_c b_g s w_l l b_ b_n n_d _n s_p_r m_r k_t s _n d s h_p p_n g m_l l s _n m_j_r c_t__ s . T h_ b_n w_l l _l s_ _p p l y t_ f__ d d_l_v_r y s_r v_c_s , w h_c h _s_ v_s t _m__ n t s _f t h_ p l_s t_c s . S_n g l_-_s_ p l_s t_c s t r_w s _n d c_t l_r y _s_d b y f__ d t_k__ w_y s_r v_c_s w_l l b_ b_n n_d n_t__ n w_d_ b y t h_ _n d _f t h_s y__ r . C h_n_ w_l l _n c__ r_g_ t h_ _s_ _f _l t_r n_t_v_ m_t_r__ l s s_c h _s n_n - p l_s t_c p r_d_c t s _n d b__ d_g r_d_b l_ s h_p p_n g b_g s .

    S_n g l_-_s_ p l_s t_c s _r_ _n_ _f t h_ w_r l d ' s b_g g_s t s__ r c_s _f p l_s t_c p_l l_t__ n . T h_y h_v_ b_c_m_ _ _b_q__ t__ s p_r t _f d__ l y l_f_ _n d _ p_r t _f __ r t h r_w_w_y c_l t_r_. T h_ C h_n_s_ __ t h_r_t__ s s_t _ g__ l _f r_d_c_n g t h_ "_n t_n s_t y _f c_n s_m p t__ n " _n _r d_r t_ r_v_r s_ __ r r_l__ n c_ _n s_n g l_-_s_ p l_s t_c s . P r_v___s r_g_l_t__ n s t_ c_r b p l_s t_c _s_, _n 2 0 0 8 , l_d t_ _n _s t_m_t_d c_t _n p l_s t_c b_g p r_d_c t__ n _f 6 7 b_l l__ n b_g s . T h_ U n_t_d N_t__ n s s__ d _t _s _r g_n t t h_t _l l c__ n t r__ s _d_p t p_l_c__ s s_m_l_r t_ t h_s_ C h_n_ _s _n t r_d_c_n g . I t s__ d : " W_ _r_ _l r__ d y _n_b l_ t_ c_p_ w_t h t h_ _m__ n t _f p l_s t_c w_s t_ w_ g_n_r_t_, _n l_s s w_ r_t h_n k t h_ w_y w_ m_n_f_c t_r_, _s_ _n d m_n_g_ p l_s t_c s . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    china has unveiled ambitious plans to drastically reduce singleuse plastics by 2025 chinas national development and reform commission is fasttracking a number of measures designed to slash the production and use of plastics over the next five years it announced that by the end of 2020 nonbiodegradable plastic bags will be banned in supermarkets and shopping malls in major cities the ban will also apply to food delivery services which use vast amounts of the plastics singleuse plastic straws and cutlery used by food takeaway services will be banned nationwide by the end of this year china will encourage the use of alternative materials such as nonplastic products and biodegradable shopping bags

    singleuse plastics are one of the worlds biggest sources of plastic pollution they have become a ubiquitous part of daily life and a part of our throwaway culture the chinese authorities set a goal of reducing the intensity of consumption in order to reverse our reliance on singleuse plastics previous regulations to curb plastic use in 2008 led to an estimated cut in plastic bag production of 67 billion bags the united nations said it is urgent that all countries adopt policies similar to those china is introducing it said we are already unable to cope with the amount of plastic waste we generate unless we rethink the way we manufacture use and manage plastics

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Chinahasunveiledambitiousplanstodrasticallyreducesingle-usepla
    sticsby2025.China'sNationalDevelopmentandReformCommissionis
    fast-trackinganumberofmeasuresdesignedtoslashtheproductiona
    nduseofplasticsoverthenextfiveyears.Itannouncedthatbytheendof2
    020,non-biodegradableplasticbagswillbebannedinsupermarketsan
    dshoppingmallsinmajorcities.Thebanwillalsoapplytofooddeliveryser
    vices,whichusevastamountsoftheplastics.Single-useplasticstrawsa
    ndcutleryusedbyfoodtakeawayserviceswillbebannednationwidebyt
    heendofthisyear.Chinawillencouragetheuseofalternativematerialss
    uchasnon-plasticproductsandbiodegradableshoppingbags.Single-
    useplasticsareoneoftheworld'sbiggestsourcesofplasticpollution.The
    yhavebecomeaubiquitouspartofdailylifeandapartofourthrowawaycu
    lture.TheChineseauthoritiessetagoalofreducingthe"intensityofcons
    umption"inordertoreverseourrelianceonsingle-useplastics.Previo
    usregulationstocurbplasticuse,in2008,ledtoanestimatedcutinplasti
    cbagproductionof67billionbags.TheUnitedNationssaiditisurgentthat
    allcountriesadoptpoliciessimilartothoseChinaisintroducing.Itsaid:"
    Wearealreadyunabletocopewiththeamountofplasticwastewegenera
    te,unlesswerethinkthewaywemanufacture,useandmanageplastics.
    "

    Free writing

    Write about single-use plastics for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    All countries should ban all plastics. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. SINGLE-USE PLASTICS: Make a poster about single-use plastics. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. BAN: Write a magazine article about banning all plastics worldwide. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on single-use plastics. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can cut our use of all plastics. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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