The Reading / Listening - Moon Bases - Level 2

New materials could make buildings on the Moon. Scientists in Europe say a new kind of concrete could be made with moon dust and urine from astronauts. There is a chemical in human urine called urea. This helps things stick together and could help to make concrete. Scientists could use 3D printers to make the material. Space agencies could start using this material to make buildings for a permanent moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the China National Space Administration are all interested in building research stations on the Moon.



Astronaut pee and moon dust could save a lot of money. It costs about $10,000 to take 0.45kg of materials to the Moon. The urine and moon dust would be a cheaper way of building things. A scientist said: "A waste product, such as the urine of the personnel who occupy the moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water in the urine could be used for the mixture, together with [water] that can be obtained on the Moon." Scientists say there is ice on the Moon. The scientists say they need to do more tests to find the best building material.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Moon Bases - Level 0 Moon Bases - Level 1   or  Moon Bases - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.eurasiareview.com/27032020-astronaut-urine-to-build-moon-bases/
  • https://www.cnet.com/news/astronauts-could-use-their-own-pee-to-build-future-moon-habitats/
  • https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/f-sf-aut032720.php


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. make buildings
  2. a new kind of
  3. could be made
  4. urine from
  5. This helps things stick
  6. Scientists could
  7. Space
  8. research
  1. astronauts
  2. agencies
  3. stations
  4. use 3D printers
  5. with moon dust
  6. on the Moon
  7. together
  8. concrete

Paragraph 2

  1. save a lot
  2. take 0.45kg of materials
  3. a cheaper way of
  4. personnel who occupy
  5. The actual water in the urine
  6. Scientists say there is ice
  7. scientists say they need to
  8. find the best building
  1. to the Moon
  2. the moon bases
  3. material
  4. on the Moon
  5. building things
  6. do more tests
  7. of money
  8. could be used

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

New materials (1) ___________________ on the Moon. Scientists in Europe say a new (2) ___________________ could be made with moon dust and urine from astronauts. There is a chemical in human urine called urea. This helps (3) ___________________ and could help to make concrete. Scientists could use 3D printers to make the material. Space agencies (4) ___________________ this material to make buildings (5) ___________________ moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the China National Space Administration (6) ___________________ in building research stations on the Moon.

Astronaut pee and moon dust could (7) ___________________ of money. It costs about $10,000 to take 0.45kg of materials to the Moon. The urine and moon dust would (8) ___________________ way of building things. A scientist said: "A waste product, such as the urine of the personnel (9) ___________________ moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water in the urine could be used (10) ___________________, together with [water] that can be obtained on the Moon." Scientists say there (11) ___________________ the Moon. The scientists say (12) ___________________ do more tests to find the best building material.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

NewmaterialscouldmakebuildingsontheMoon.ScientistsinEuropesa
yanewkindofconcretecouldbemadewithmoondustandurinefromastr
onauts.Thereisachemicalinhumanurinecalledurea.Thishelpsthingss
ticktogetherandcouldhelptomakeconcrete.Scientistscoulduse3Dpri
nterstomakethematerial.Spaceagenciescouldstartusingthismateria
ltomakebuildingsforapermanentmoonbase.NASA,theEuropeanSpa
ceAgency(ESA)andtheChinaNationalSpaceAdministrationareallinte
restedinbuildingresearchstationsontheMoon.Astronautpeeandmoo
ndustcouldsavealotofmoney.Itcostsabout$10,000totake0.45kgofm
aterialstotheMoon.Theurineandmoondustwouldbeacheaperwayofb
uildingthings.Ascientistsaid:"Awasteproduct,suchastheurineofthep
ersonnelwhooccupythemoonbases,couldbeused."Sheadded:"Thea
ctualwaterintheurinecouldbeusedforthemixture,togetherwith[wate
r]thatcanbeobtainedontheMoon."ScientistssaythereisiceontheMoo
n.Thescientistssaytheyneedtodomoreteststofindthebestbuildingma
terial.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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