The Reading / Listening - Moon Bases - Level 3

New materials could be used to make buildings on the Moon. Scientists from Holland, Italy, Norway and Spain say a new kind of concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine passed by astronauts. The scientists said there is a chemical compound in human urine called urea. This could help things stick together to make a kind of concrete. Scientists would use 3D printers to create the construction material. Three of the world's main space agencies could start using this technique to make buildings for a permanent moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the China National Space Administration are all interested in colonizing the Moon with research stations.



Using astronaut pee and moon dust could save scientists a lot of money. It costs about $10,000 to transport 0.45kg of materials from Earth to the Moon. The urine and moon dust alternative would be a much cheaper way of constructing things. A scientist said: "We have seen that a waste product, such as the urine of the personnel who occupy the moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water in the urine could be used for the mixture, together with [water] that can be obtained on the Moon, or a combination of both." Scientists say another source of water on the Moon is in the ice that exists in some areas. The scientists say they need to do more tests to find the best building material.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Moon Bases - Level 0 Moon Bases - Level 1   or  Moon Bases - Level 2

Sources
  • https://www.eurasiareview.com/27032020-astronaut-urine-to-build-moon-bases/
  • https://www.cnet.com/news/astronauts-could-use-their-own-pee-to-build-future-moon-habitats/
  • https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-03/f-sf-aut032720.php


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. MOON BASES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about moon bases. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       materials / buildings / concrete / astronauts / chemical / printers / technique / moon /
       a lot of money / transport / moon dust / waste / combination / water / building material
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. NECESSARY: Students A strongly believe moon bases are necessary; Students B strongly believe they aren't.  Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. MOON LIFE: What would these things be like of the Moon? What are the good and bad things about them? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What Life Would Be Like

Good Things

Bad Things

Cooking

 

 

 

Exercise

 

 

 

Social life

 

 

 

Hobbies

 

 

 

Work

 

 

 

Medicine

 

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. CONCRETE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "concrete". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. BUILDINGS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most important buildings to have on a moon base at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Gym
  • Hospital
  • Library
  • Restaurant
  • Hotel
  • Kitchen
  • Swimming pool
  • Hobby room

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. concrete a. The building of something.
      2. urine b. Going to a place to take over and control it.
      3. compound c. A building material made from a mixture of sand, cement, and water, that sticks stones and bricks together.
      4. construction d. Something that is made up of two or more things.
      5. main e. The yellowy water that comes out of our body after drinking.
      6. permanent f. Most important.
      7. colonizing g. Lasting or intended to last or remain unchanged for a long, long time.

    Paragraph 2

      8. save h. Of one or more things available as another possibility.
      9. alternative i. The things that come out of our body and go down the toilet.
      10. waste j. A place, person, or thing from where something comes from.
      11. personnel k. Keep something by not using it.
      12. mixture l. Be found somewhere, especially in a particular place or situation.
      13. source m. Things that are made by combining two or more things.
      14. exists n. People who work in a company or organisation.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Scientists from the US said urine could be used in concrete on the Moon. T / F
  2. The scientists said human urine contains a chemical called rine.     T / F
  3. Scientists would use 3D printers on the Moon to make concrete.     T / F
  4. A space agency in China is interested in colonizing the Moon.     T / F
  5. Using urine to make concrete would help to save money.     T / F
  6. It costs $10,000 to transport 45kg of materials to the Moon.     T / F
  7. A scientist said water from moon ice could be added to the concrete.     T / F
  8. Scientists say they have finished testing for the best building material.    T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. kind
  2. compound
  3. stick
  4. construction
  5. colonizing
  6. transport
  7. alternative
  8. personnel
  9. obtained
  10. exists
  1. occurs
  2. building
  3. substitute
  4. settling on
  5. mixture
  6. staff
  7. type
  8. got
  9. fasten
  10. take

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. New materials could be used
  2. a chemical
  3. help things stick
  4. make buildings for a permanent
  5. interested in
  6. moon
  7. a much cheaper way of constructing
  8. a combination
  9. another source
  10. scientists say they need to do
  1. compound
  2. of water
  3. dust
  4. to make buildings
  5. things
  6. moon base
  7. more tests
  8. colonizing the Moon
  9. of both
  10. together

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
compound
technique
stations
materials
main
permanent
passed
kind

New (1) ____________ could be used to make buildings on the Moon. Scientists from Holland, Italy, Norway and Spain say a new kind of concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine (2) ____________ by astronauts. The scientists said there is a chemical (3) ____________ in human urine called urea. This could help things stick together to make a (4) ____________ of concrete. Scientists would use 3D printers to create the construction material. Three of the world's (5) ____________ space agencies could start using this (6) ____________ to make buildings for a (7) ____________ moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the China National Space Administration are all interested in colonizing the Moon with research (8) ____________.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
waste
mixture
tests
save
personnel
exists
alternative
both

Using astronaut pee and moon dust could (9) ____________ scientists a lot of money. It costs about $10,000 to transport 0.45kg of materials from Earth to the Moon. The urine and moon dust (10) ____________ would be a much cheaper way of constructing things. A scientist said: "We have seen that a (11) ____________ product, such as the urine of the (12) ____________ who occupy the moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water in the urine could be used for the (13) ____________, together with [water] that can be obtained on the Moon, or a combination of (14) ____________." Scientists say another source of water on the Moon is in the ice that (15) ____________ in some areas. The scientists say they need to do more (16) ____________ to find the best building material.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  New materials could be used to make buildings ______
     a.  in the Moon
     b.  on the Moon
     c.  at the Moon
     d.  up the Moon
2)  concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine ______
     a.  past by astronauts
     b.  pasted by astronauts
     c.  parsed by astronauts
     d.  passed by astronauts
3)  The scientists said there is a chemical compound ______
     a.  in human urine
     b.  on humane urine
     c.  in humanly urine
     d.  on human urine
4)  agencies could start using this technique to make buildings for a ______
     a.  permanence moon base
     b.  permanent moon base
     c.  permanently moon base
     d.  per man ant moon base
5)  are all interested in colonizing the Moon ______
     a.  with research stations
     b.  within research stations
     c.  wither research stations
     d.  without research stations

6)  The urine and moon dust alternative would be a ______
     a.  much cheapo ways
     b.  much cheap per way
     c.  much cheaper way
     d.  much cheaper ways
7)  We have seen that a waste product, such as the urine ______
     a.  of the personal
     b.  of the personally
     c.  of the personnel
     d.  of the purse tunnel
8)  The actual water in the urine could be used ______
     a.  for then mixture
     b.  for them mixture
     c.  for they mixture
     d.  for the mixture
9)  water on the Moon is in the ice that exists ______
     a.  in some area
     b.  in some areas
     c.  in some arenas
     d.  in some auras
10)  The scientists say they need to do more tests to find the ______
     a.  best built-in material
     b.  best building material
     c.  best build in material
     d.  best bill din material

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

New (1) ___________________ used to make buildings on the Moon. Scientists from Holland, Italy, Norway and Spain say a (2) ___________________ concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine passed by astronauts. The scientists said there is (3) ___________________ in human urine called urea. This could help things stick together to make a kind of concrete. Scientists would use 3D printers (4) ___________________ construction material. Three of the world's (5) ___________________ could start using this technique to make buildings for a permanent moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the China National Space Administration (6) ___________________ in colonizing the Moon with research stations.

Using (7) ___________________ moon dust could save scientists a lot of money. It costs about $10,000 to transport 0.45kg of materials from Earth to the Moon. The urine and moon dust (8) ___________________ a much cheaper way of constructing things. A scientist said: "We have seen that a waste product, such as the urine (9) ___________________ who occupy the moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water in the urine could be used (10) ___________________, together with [water] that can be obtained on the Moon, or a (11) ___________________." Scientists say another source of water on the Moon is in the ice that exists in some areas. The scientists say they need to (12) ___________________ to find the best building material.

Comprehension questions

  1. How many countries are the scientists from?
  2. What did scientists mix the urine with on the Moon?
  3. What would scientists use to create the construction material?
  4. How many space agencies are interested in colonizing the Moon?
  5. What kind of stations do the space agencies want to put on the Moon?
  6. What could astronaut pee and moon dust save?
  7. How much material can be transported to the Moon for $10,000?
  8. Who said a waste product could be used to make the concrete?
  9. What is another source of water on the Moon?
  10. What do the scientists need to do more of?




Multiple choice quiz

1) How many countries are the scientists from?
a) 6
b) 3
c) 4
d) 2
2) What did scientists mix the urine with on the Moon?
a) moon dust
b) rocks
c) chemicals
d) water
3) What would scientists use to create the construction material?
a) 3D printers
b) a concrete mixer
c) a shovel
d) computers
4) How many space agencies are interested in colonizing the Moon?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) 5
5) What kind of stations do the space agencies want to put on the Moon?
a) gas stations
b) health stations
c) train stations
d) research stations

6) What could astronaut pee and moon dust save?
a) the environment
b) money
c) time
d) energy
7) How much material can be transported to the Moon for $10,000?
a) 0.45kg
b) 0.54kg
c) 0.4kg
d) 0.5kg
8) Who said a waste product could be used to make the concrete?
a) an astronaut
b) a printer maker
c) a scientist
d) a concrete expert
9) What is another source of water on the Moon?
a) underground reservoirs
b) clouds
c) rivers
d) ice
10) What do the scientists need to do more of?
a) tests
b) exercise
c) plan
d) build

Role play

Role  A – Gym
You think a gym is the most important thing to have on a moon base. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): library, swimming pool or hotel.

Role  B – Library
You think a library is the most important thing to have on a moon base. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): gym, swimming pool or hotel.

Role  C – Swimming Pool
You think a swimming pool is the most important thing to have on a moon base. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): library, gym or hotel.

Role  D – Hotel
You think a hotel is the most important thing to have on a moon base. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least useful of these (and why): library, swimming pool or gym.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'moon'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'base'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • passed
    • compound
    • stick
    • 3D
    • start
    • research
    • save
    • much
    • waste
    • added
    • obtained
    • find




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Moon Bases

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'moon'?
    3. What do you think of the new idea?
    4. Would you like to live on a moon base?
    5. Do you think concrete made with pee would smell?
    6. Why do scientists want to build moon bases?
    7. What would you do on the Moon?
    8. What do you know about NASA?
    9. What challenges are there with building on the Moon?
    10. What other things could be used to make concrete on the Moon?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'base'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think water on the Moon is like?
    5. What would a moon town be like?
    6. What kind of people become astronauts?
    7. What do astronauts do every day?
    8. What three things would you take to a moon base?
    9. What buildings do you think will be on the Moon one day?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the scientists?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    New materials could be used to (1) ____ buildings on the Moon. Scientists from Holland, Italy, Norway and Spain say a new (2) ____ of concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine passed by astronauts. The scientists said there is a chemical compound (3) ____ human urine called urea. This could help things stick together to make a kind of concrete. Scientists would use 3D printers to create the construction (4) ____. Three of the world's main space agencies could start using this technique to make buildings (5) ____ a permanent moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the China National Space Administration are all interested in colonizing the Moon (6) ____ research stations.

    Using astronaut pee and moon (7) ____ could save scientists a lot of money. It costs about $10,000 to transport 0.45kg of materials from Earth to the Moon. The urine and moon dust alternative would (8) ____ a much cheaper way of constructing things. A scientist said: "We have seen that a (9) ____ product, such as the urine of the personnel who occupy the moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water in the urine could be used for the mixture, (10) ____ with [water] that can be obtained on the Moon, or a combination of both." Scientists say another source of water on the Moon is in the ice that (11) ____ in some areas. The scientists say they need to do more tests to find (12) ____ best building material.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     make     (b)     making     (c)     made     (d)     makes    
    2. (a)     kindred     (b)     kindly     (c)     kind     (d)     kinds    
    3. (a)     at     (b)     by     (c)     in     (d)     of    
    4. (a)     moot     (b)     mental     (c)     martial     (d)     material    
    5. (a)     for     (b)     so     (c)     which     (d)     each    
    6. (a)     to     (b)     with     (c)     up     (d)     so    
    7. (a)     dusted     (b)     dusting     (c)     dusty     (d)     dust    
    8. (a)     do     (b)     be     (c)     fix     (d)     stick    
    9. (a)     rubbish     (b)     garbage     (c)     waste     (d)     trash    
    10. (a)     plus     (b)     together     (c)     group     (d)     same    
    11. (a)     execs     (b)     excites     (c)     exits     (d)     exists    
    12. (a)     a     (b)     the     (c)     whole     (d)     all

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. a new kind of necoterc
    2. the iuren passed by astronauts
    3. there is a cecmhial compound
    4. create the nucstoirtcno material
    5. using this tiequcneh to make buildings
    6. ozinclnigo the Moon

    Paragraph 2

    1. save iesitnscst a lot of money
    2. the lnopensre who occupy the moon bases
    3. inucntogstcr things
    4. a wstea product
    5. a otbnaomiinc of both
    6. another orsecu of water on the Moon

    Put the text back together

    1  )  New materials could be used to make buildings on the Moon. Scientists from Holland, Italy,
    (...)  China National Space Administration are all interested in colonizing the Moon with research stations.
    (...)  using this technique to make buildings for a permanent moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the
    (...)  urea. This could help things stick together to make a kind of concrete. Scientists would use 3D
    (...)  of both." Scientists say another source of water on the Moon is in the ice that exists in some
    (...)  the moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water in the urine could be used for the
    (...)  printers to create the construction material. Three of the world's main space agencies could start
    (...)  Using astronaut pee and moon dust could save scientists a lot of money. It costs about $10,000 to
    (...)  Norway and Spain say a new kind of concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine passed
    (...)  areas. The scientists say they need to do more tests to find the best building material.
    (...)  way of constructing things. A scientist said: "We have seen that a waste product, such as the urine of the personnel who occupy
    (...)  by astronauts. The scientists said there is a chemical compound in human urine called
    (...)  mixture, together with [water] that can be obtained on the Moon, or a combination
    (...)  transport 0.45kg of materials from Earth to the Moon. The urine and moon dust alternative would be a much cheaper

    Put the words in the right order

    1. materials   New   to   buildings   .   used   could   make   be
    2. be   A   concrete   of   made   .   new   kind   could
    3. is   in   human   urine   .   chemical   compound   a   There
    4. agencies   this   using   could   start   Space   technique   .
    5. moon   colonizing   in   with   the   research   Interested   stations   .
    6. scientists   Dust   money   .   save   could   lot   a   of
    7. moon   The   occupy   personnel   the   who   bases   .
    8. could   Actual   the   urine   used   .   water   in   be
    9. that   the   In   exists   ice   areas   .   some   in
    10. find   material   .   to   the   More   tests   best   building

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    New materials could be used to make building / buildings on the Moon. Scientists from Holland, Italy, Norway and Spain say a new kind / kinds of concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine past / passed by astronauts. The scientists said there is a chemical combine / compound in human urine called urea. This could help things stuck / stick together to make a kind of concrete. Scientists would use 3D printers for / to create the construction material. Three of the world's mane / main space agencies could start using this technique / technical to make buildings for a permanent / permanence moon base. NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the China National Space Administration are all interested on / in colonizing the Moon with research stations.

    Using astronaut pee and moon dusty / dust could save scientists a lot of money. It costs about $10,000 to transport 0.45kg of / off materials from Earth to the Moon. The urine and moon dust alternatively / alternative would be a much cheaper way of construction / constructing things. A scientist said: "We have seen that a waste / haste product, such as the urine of the personnel / personal who occupy the moon bases, could be used." She added: "The actual water on / in the urine could be used for the mixture, together with [water] that can be / have obtained on the Moon, or a combination of both." Scientists say another source / sauce of water on the Moon is in the ice that exists in some areas. The scientists say they need to do more tests / test to find the best building material.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    N_w m_t_r__ l s c__ l d b_ _s_d t_ m_k_ b__ l d_n g s _n t h_ M__ n . S c__ n t_s t s f r_m H_l l_n d , I t_l y , N_r w_y _n d S p__ n s_y _ n_w k_n d _f c_n c r_t_ c__ l d b_ m_d_ w_t h m__ n d_s t _n d t h_ _r_n_ p_s s_d b y _s t r_n__ t s . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s s__ d t h_r_ _s _ c h_m_c_l c_m p__ n d _n h_m_n _r_n_ c_l l_d _r__ . T h_s c__ l d h_l p t h_n g s s t_c k t_g_t h_r t_ m_k_ _ k_n d _f c_n c r_t_. S c__ n t_s t s w__ l d _s_ 3 D p r_n t_r s t_ c r__ t_ t h_ c_n s t r_c t__ n m_t_r__ l . T h r__ _f t h_ w_r l d ' s m__ n s p_c_ _n d_s t r__ s c__ l d s t_r t _s_n g t h_s t_c h n_q__ t_ m_k_ b__ l d_n g s f_r _ p_r m_n_n t m__ n b_s_. N A S A , t h_ E_r_p__ n S p_c_ A g_n c y ( E S A ) _n d t h_ C h_n_ N_t__ n_l S p_c_ A d m_n_s t r_t__ n _r_ _l l _n t_r_s t_d _n c_l_n_z_n g t h_ m__ n w_t h r_s__ r c h s t_t__ n s .

    U s_n g _s t r_n__ t p__ _n d m__ n d_s t c__ l d s_v_ s c__ n t_s t s _ l_t _f m_n_y . I t c_s t s _b__ t $ 1 0 , 0 0 0 t_ t r_n s p_r t 0 . 4 5 k g _f m_t_r__ l s f r_m E_r t h t_ t h_ M__ n . T h_ _r_n_ _n d m__ n d_s t _l t_r n_t_v_ w__ l d b_ _ m_c h c h__ p_r w_y _f c_n s t r_c t_n g t h_n g s . A s c__ n t_s t s__ d : " W_ h_v_ s__ n t h_t _ w_s t_ p r_d_c t , s_c h _s t h_ _r_n_ _f t h_ p_r s_n n_l w h_ _c c_p y t h_ m__ n b_s_s , c__ l d b_ _s_d . " S h_ _d d_d : " T h_ _c t__ l w_t_r _n t h_ _r_n_ c__ l d b_ _s_d f_r t h_ m_x t_r_, t_g_t h_r w_t h [ w_t_r ] t h_t c_n b_ _b t__ n_d _n t h_ M__ n , _r _ c_m b_n_t__ n _f b_t h . " S c__ n t_s t s s_y _n_t h_r s__ r c_ _f w_t_r _n t h_ M__ n _s _n t h_ _c_ t h_t _x_s t s _n s_m_ _r__ s . T h_ s c__ n t_s t s s_y t h_y n__ d t_ d_ m_r_ t_s t s t_ f_n d t h_ b_s t b__ l d_n g m_t_r__ l .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    new materials could be used to make buildings on the moon scientists from holland italy norway and spain say a new kind of concrete could be made with moon dust and the urine passed by astronauts the scientists said there is a chemical compound in human urine called urea this could help things stick together to make a kind of concrete scientists would use 3d printers to create the construction material three of the worlds main space agencies could start using this technique to make buildings for a permanent moon base nasa the european space agency esa and the china national space administration are all interested in colonizing the Moon with research stations

    using astronaut pee and moon dust could save scientists a lot of money it costs about 10000 to transport 045kg of materials from earth to the moon the urine and moon dust alternative would be a much cheaper way of constructing things a scientist said we have seen that a waste product such as the urine of the personnel who occupy the moon bases could be used she added the actual water in the urine could be used for the mixture together with water that can be obtained on the moon or a combination of both scientists say another source of water on the moon is in the ice that exists in some areas the scientists say they need to do more tests to find the best building material

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    NewmaterialscouldbeusedtomakebuildingsontheMoon.Scientistsfro
    mHolland,Italy,NorwayandSpainsayanewkindofconcretecouldbema
    dewithmoondustandtheurinepassedbyastronauts.Thescientistssaid
    thereisachemicalcompoundinhumanurinecalledurea.Thiscouldhelpt
    hingssticktogethertomakeakindofconcrete.Scientistswoulduse3Dpr
    interstocreatetheconstructionmaterial.Threeoftheworld'smainspac
    eagenciescouldstartusingthistechniquetomakebuildingsforaperma
    nentmoonbase.NASA,theEuropeanSpaceAgency(ESA)andtheChina
    NationalSpaceAdministrationareallinterestedincolonizingtheMoonw
    ithresearchstations.Usingastronautpeeandmoondustcouldsavescie
    ntistsalotofmoney.Itcostsabout$10,000totransport0.45kgofmateri
    alsfromEarthtotheMoon.Theurineandmoondustalternativewouldbe
    amuchcheaperwayofconstructingthings.Ascientistsaid:"Wehavesee
    nthatawasteproduct,suchastheurineofthepersonnelwhooccupythe
    moonbases,couldbeused."Sheadded:"Theactualwaterintheurineco
    uldbeusedforthemixture,togetherwith[water]thatcanbeobtainedon
    theMoon,oracombinationofboth."Scientistssayanothersourceofwat
    erontheMoonisintheicethatexistsinsomeareas.Thescientistssaythey
    needtodomoreteststofindthebestbuildingmaterial.

    Free writing

    Write about moon bases for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    Moon bases will be very, very, very important in the future. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. THE MOON: Make a poster about the Moon. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. MOON BASES: Write a magazine article about the importance of building moon bases. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on moon bases. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on moon bases. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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