The Reading / Listening - Brainwaves - Level 5

Scientists may be able to interpret what someone is saying simply by analysing their brainwaves. This advance in neuroscience would help millions suffering from communication problems and neurological disorders. The artificial intelligence software can translate brainwaves into text. Algorithms analyse the brain activity and translates it in real time into sentences on a screen. The scientists are from the University of California. They say their algorithms have a 97 per cent translation accuracy rate. They are working hard to improve on this.



The scientists are at the early stages of machine-translating everything someone says. Their software matched frequently-repeated features of speech to parts and shapes of the mouth. These included elements of speech such as vowels, consonants and commands. The scientists used just 40 short and simple spoken sentences. The scientists said: "Although we should like the decoder to learn and exploit the regularities of the language, it remains to show how many data would be required to expand from our tiny languages to a more general form of English."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Brainwaves - Level 4 or  Brainwaves - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-52094111
  • https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/mar/30/scientists-develop-ai-that-can-turn-brain-activity-into-text
  • https://www.inverse.com/innovation/brain-to-text


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Scientists may be able
  2. what someone
  3. analysing
  4. neurological
  5. artificial
  6. translate brainwaves
  7. a 97 per cent translation accuracy
  8. They are working hard to
  1. intelligence
  2. rate
  3. disorders
  4. improve on this
  5. into text
  6. to interpret
  7. their brainwaves
  8. is saying

Paragraph 2

  1. at the early stages of machine-
  2. frequently-
  3. parts and shapes
  4. elements of speech such
  5. simple spoken
  6. exploit the regularities
  7. data would be required
  8. a more general
  1. of the language
  2. as vowels
  3. form of English
  4. of the mouth
  5. to expand
  6. translating everything
  7. sentences
  8. repeated features

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists may be (1) ___________________ what someone is saying simply by analysing their brainwaves. This advance in neuroscience would help (2) ___________________ communication problems and neurological disorders. The artificial intelligence (3) ___________________ brainwaves into text. Algorithms analyse the brain (4) ___________________ it in real time into sentences on a screen. The scientists are from the University of California. They (5) ___________________ have a 97 per cent translation accuracy rate. They are working hard to (6) ___________________.

The scientists are at the (7) ___________________ machine-translating everything someone says. Their software matched frequently-repeated features of speech to (8) ___________________ of the mouth. These included elements of speech (9) ___________________, consonants and commands. The scientists used just 40 short and simple spoken sentences. The scientists said: "Although we should (10) ___________________ to learn and exploit the regularities of the language, it (11) ___________________ how many data would be required to expand from our tiny languages to a more (12) ___________________ English."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Scientistsmaybeabletointerpretwhatsomeoneissayingsimplybyanal
ysingtheirbrainwaves.Thisadvanceinneurosciencewouldhelpmillion
ssufferingfromcommunicationproblemsandneurologicaldisorders.T
heartificialintelligencesoftwarecantranslatebrainwavesintotext.Alg
orithmsanalysethebrainactivityandtranslatesitinrealtimeintosenten
cesonascreen.ThescientistsarefromtheUniversityofCalifornia.Theys
aytheiralgorithmshavea97percenttranslationaccuracyrate.Theyare
workinghardtoimproveonthis.Thescientistsareattheearlystagesofm
achine-translatingeverythingsomeonesays.Theirsoftwarematche
dfrequently-repeatedfeaturesofspeechtopartsandshapesofthemou
th.Theseincludedelementsofspeechsuchasvowels,consonantsandco
mmands.Thescientistsusedjust40shortandsimplespokensentences.
Thescientistssaid:"Althoughweshouldlikethedecodertolearnandexp
loittheregularitiesofthelanguage,itremainstoshowhowmanydatawo
uldberequiredtoexpandfromourtinylanguagestoamoregeneralform
ofEnglish."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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