The Reading / Listening - Venus Fly Traps - Level 4

Research shows how carnivorous plants started to eat meat. A study in Germany shows that small changes in genes led to some plants becoming carnivorous. This led to the development of some of nature's most creative species. Carnivorous plants developed new and clever ways to trap insects. The Venus fly trap's leaves snap shut when an insect crawls in. The pitcher plant has insides that insects cannot walk up. The sundew plant has long, sticky leaves.



A computational evolutionary biologist and a plant biologist worked on the research. They compared the genes of carnivorous plants to non-carnivorous ones. The meat-eating plants developed from the same plants 60 million years ago. A researcher said: "We were able to trace the origin of carnivorous genes back to a duplication event...many millions of years ago." Another researcher said the genes give plants the ability to sense and digest animals.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Venus Fly Traps - Level 5 or  Venus Fly Traps - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/05/how-venus-flytraps-evolved-their-taste-meat
  • https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-05/uow-tcp051420.php
  • https://www.ibtimes.com/researchers-find-how-carnivorous-plants-evolved-their-meat-eating-lifestyle-2976644


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. small changes
  2. led to some plants becoming
  3. some of nature's most
  4. developed new and clever ways
  5. The Venus fly trap's leaves snap
  6. when an insect
  7. insides that insects cannot
  8. The sundew plant has long,
  1. creative species
  2. walk up
  3. shut
  4. sticky leaves
  5. carnivorous
  6. to trap insects
  7. crawls in
  8. in genes

Paragraph 2

  1. A computational evolutionary
  2. a plant biologist worked
  3. They compared the genes
  4. meat-eating plants
  5. We were able to trace
  6. back to a duplication
  7. many millions
  8. the ability to sense and digest
  1. on the research
  2. event
  3. animals
  4. the origin
  5. of years ago
  6. developed
  7. biologist
  8. of carnivorous plants

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Research shows how carnivorous plants (1) ___________________ meat. A study in Germany shows that small changes (2) ___________________ to some plants becoming carnivorous. This led to (3) ___________________ some of nature's most creative species. Carnivorous plants developed new and clever ways (4) ___________________. The Venus fly trap's leaves snap shut when an insect crawls in. The pitcher plant (5) ___________________ insects cannot walk up. The sundew plant has (6) ___________________.

A computational evolutionary biologist and (7) ___________________ worked on the research. They (8) ___________________ of carnivorous plants to non-carnivorous ones. The meat-eating plants developed from the same plants 60 (9) ___________________. A researcher said: "We were able to trace (10) ___________________ carnivorous genes back to (11) ___________________...many millions of years ago." Another researcher said the genes give plants the ability to sense (12) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Researchshowshowcarnivorousplantsstartedtoeatmeat.AstudyinGer
manyshowsthatsmallchangesingenesledtosomeplantsbecomingcar
nivorous.Thisledtothedevelopmentofsomeofnature'smostcreatives
pecies.Carnivorousplantsdevelopednewandcleverwaystotrapinsect
s.TheVenusflytrap'sleavessnapshutwhenaninsectcrawlsin.Thepitch
erplanthasinsidesthatinsectscannotwalkup.Thesundewplanthaslon
g,stickyleaves.Acomputationalevolutionarybiologistandaplantbiolo
gistworkedontheresearch.Theycomparedthegenesofcarnivorouspla
ntstonon-carnivorousones.Themeat-eatingplantsdevelopedfromth
esameplants60millionyearsago.Aresearchersaid:"Wewereabletotra
cetheoriginofcarnivorousgenesbacktoaduplicationevent...manymill
ionsofyearsago."Anotherresearchersaidthegenesgiveplantstheabili
tytosenseanddigestanimals.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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