The Reading / Listening - River Nile Dam - Level 5

A dam in Ethiopia is increasing regional tensions. Talks between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan over a dam across the Blue Nile in Ethiopia broke down on Monday. There are fears that filling the dam could lead to armed conflict. Ethiopia needs the dam to supply electricity to its rural areas. It will be Africa's largest hydroelectric dam, and is two-thirds finished. Egypt views the dam as an "existential threat". It is worried the dam will reduce its water supplies. Most of Egypt's water comes from the Nile. This is important during times of drought.



The Blue Nile originates in natural springs in Ethiopia. It supplies the majority of the River Nile's water. The Blue Nile merges with the White Nile near Khartoum in Sudan and becomes the River Nile from the point of confluence. Ethiopia calls the dam an "existential necessity". Ethiopia says the dam is essential, because nearly half the country's population has no electricity. Egypt said it could share electricity with Ethiopia instead of the dam being used. An Egyptian politician said: "One nation's need for electricity is pinned to another nation's need for water."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    River Nile Dam - Level 4 or  River Nile Dam - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/egypt-ethiopia-nile-dam-sudan-conflict-war-al-sisi-a9620041.html
  • https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-02124-8
  • https://www.arabnews.com/node/1705251/middle-east


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. A dam in Ethiopia is increasing
  2. filling the dam could lead
  3. supply electricity to
  4. It will be Africa's largest hydroelectric
  5. Egypt views the dam as an
  6. the dam will reduce its
  7. Most of Egypt's water comes
  8. This is important during
  1. water supplies
  2. its rural areas
  3. from the Nile
  4. to armed conflict
  5. times of drought
  6. dam
  7. regional tensions
  8. "existential threat"

Paragraph 2

  1. natural
  2. It supplies the majority
  3. The Blue Nile merges
  4. from the point of
  5. Ethiopia calls the dam an
  6. instead of the dam
  7. One nation's need for
  8. another nation's need
  1. electricity
  2. with the White Nile
  3. being used
  4. "existential necessity"
  5. for water
  6. confluence
  7. springs
  8. of the River Nile's water

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A dam in Ethiopia (1) ___________________ tensions. Talks between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan over a dam across the Blue Nile in Ethiopia (2) ___________________ Monday. There are fears that filling the dam could lead (3) ___________________. Ethiopia needs the dam to supply electricity to (4) ___________________. It will be Africa's largest hydroelectric dam, and is two-thirds finished. Egypt views the dam as (5) ___________________. It is worried the dam will reduce its water supplies. Most of Egypt's water comes from the Nile. This is important during (6) ___________________.

The Blue Nile (7) ___________________ springs in Ethiopia. It supplies (8) ___________________ the River Nile's water. The Blue Nile merges with the White Nile near Khartoum in Sudan and becomes the River Nile from the (9) ___________________. Ethiopia calls the dam (10) ___________________. Ethiopia says the dam is essential, because nearly half the country's population has no electricity. Egypt said it could share electricity with Ethiopia instead of the (11) ___________________. An Egyptian politician said: "One nation's need for electricity (12) ___________________ another nation's need for water."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

AdaminEthiopiaisincreasingregionaltensions.TalksbetweenEthiopia
,EgyptandSudanoveradamacrosstheBlueNileinEthiopiabrokedowno
nMonday.Therearefearsthatfillingthedamcouldleadtoarmedconflict.
Ethiopianeedsthedamtosupplyelectricitytoitsruralareas.ItwillbeAfrica'
slargesthydroelectricdam,andistwo-thirdsfinished.Egyptviewsth
edamasan"existentialthreat".Itisworriedthedamwillreduceitswaters
upplies.MostofEgypt'swatercomesfromtheNile.Thisisimportantduri
ngtimesofdrought.TheBlueNileoriginatesinnaturalspringsinEthiopia
.ItsuppliesthemajorityoftheRiverNile'swater.TheBlueNilemergeswit
htheWhiteNilenearKhartouminSudanandbecomestheRiverNilefrom
thepointofconfluence.Ethiopiacallsthedaman"existentialnecessity".
Ethiopiasaysthedamisessential,becausenearlyhalfthecountry'spop
ulationhasnoelectricity.EgyptsaiditcouldshareelectricitywithEthiopi
ainsteadofthedambeingused.AnEgyptianpoliticiansaid:"Onenation'
sneedforelectricityispinnedtoanothernation'sneedforwater."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

Help Support This Web Site

  • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

Sean Banville's Book

Thank You