The Reading / Listening - Bravery - Level 6

A rat has been given a distinguished award for bravery for his services to humanity. The valiant rodent is called Magawa. He was awarded a gold medal for his seven years of duty sniffing out dozens of landmines in Cambodia. He was bestowed the award by the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals charity. This is a veterinary charity based in the United Kingdom. The charity explained why Magawa was recognised for his courage. It wrote: "The PDSA...seeks to raise the status of animals in society and honour the incredible contribution they make to our lives. Magawa's dedication, skill and bravery are an extraordinary example of this and deserve the highest possible recognition."



Magawa is an African Giant Pouched Rat. He was used in the mine-clearing programme because rats are the creatures best suited to safely detect landmines. They are light and have a keen sense of smell. In his seven-year stint on the front line, Magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28 unexploded devices. He helped to clear more than 141,000 square meters of land - an area roughly the size of 20 soccer pitches. This makes him the most successful rodent in the history of landmine detection. The charity's chairman said: "This is the very first time in our 77-year history of honouring animals that we have presented a medal to a rat." Reporters tried to interview Magawa but he was unavailable for comment.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Bravery - Level 4  or  Bravery - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/rat-awarded-medal-for-sniffing-out-dozens-of-landmines/ar-BB19qqSr
  • https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2020/09/25/rat-magawa-gets-pdsa-gold-medal-detecting-landmines-cambodia/3528457001/
  • https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/12763506/rat-sniffed-out-boms-animal-george-cross/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. BRAVERY: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about bravery. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       rat / award / rodent / duty / charity / courage / status / animals / recognition / skill /
       programme / creatures / landmines / size / soccer pitch / history / interview / medal
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. MEDALS: Students A strongly believe medals are good ways of rewarding people (and rats); Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. ANIMALS: How can these creatures help us? How effective would they be? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

Help

Effectiveness

Elephants

 

 

Ants

 

 

Dolphins

 

 

Eagles

 

 

Cats

 

 

Camels

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. DUTY: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "duty". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. CHARACTERISTICS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Bravery
  • Empathy
  • Intelligence
  • Determination
  • Honesty
  • Cheerfulness
  • Punctuality
  • Loyalty

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. distinguished a. A gnawing mammal that includes rats, mice, squirrels, hamsters and porcupines.
      2. valiant b. Strength in the face of pain or grief.
      3. rodent c. Successful, authoritative, and commanding great respect.
      4. duty d. Possessing or showing courage or determination.
      5. bestowed e. A task or action that someone is required to perform.
      6. courage f. Gave or presented an honor, right, or gift.
      7. deserve g. Do something or have or show qualities worthy of reward or punishment.

    Paragraph 2

      8. suited h. A thing made or adapted for a particular purpose, especially a piece of mechanical or electronic equipment.
      9. detect i. Right, best or appropriate for a particular person, purpose, or situation.
      10. keen j. A fixed or allotted period of work.
      11. stint k. Showing high respect; great esteem.
      12. device l. Discover or identify the presence or existence of something or someone.
      13. honoring m. A verbal or written remark expressing an opinion or reaction.
      14. comment n. Highly developed.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. A rat was awarded for its services to humanity.     T / F
  2. The rat spent a total of seven months helping to clear landmines.     T / F
  3. The award was given by an animal charity based in Thailand.     T / F
  4. A charity said the rat deserved the highest possible recognition.     T / F
  5. The rat was chosen because of its ability to smell.     T / F
  6. The rat helped to find 28 landmines and 39 unexploded devices.     T / F
  7. The awarding charity first started over seven decades ago.     T / F
  8. Reporters actually interviewed the rat to get a comment.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. valiant
  2. sniffing
  3. status
  4. contribution
  5. deserve
  6. creatures
  7. detect
  8. stint
  9. honoring
  10. comment
  1. merit
  2. offering
  3. praising
  4. smelling
  5. discover
  6. standing
  7. shift
  8. statement
  9. brave
  10. animals

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. services
  2. raise
  3. the incredible
  4. dedication, skill
  5. deserve the highest
  6. creatures best suited to
  7. have a keen
  8. an area roughly the
  9. the very first time
  10. he was unavailable
  1. contribution they make
  2. size of 20 soccer pitches
  3. possible recognition
  4. for comment
  5. sense of smell
  6. and bravery
  7. in our 77-year history
  8. the status of animals
  9. safely detect landmines
  10. to humanity

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
duty
charity
incredible
bestowed
award
deserve
valiant
courage

A rat has been given a distinguished (1) _____________________ for bravery for his services to humanity. The (2) _____________________ rodent is called Magawa. He was awarded a gold medal for his seven years of (3) _____________________ sniffing out dozens of landmines in Cambodia. He was (4) _____________________ the award by the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals                                 (5) _____________________. This is a veterinary charity based in the United Kingdom. The charity explained why Magawa was recognised for his (6) _____________________. It wrote: "The PDSA...seeks to raise the status of animals in society and honour the (7) _____________________ contribution they make to our lives. Magawa's dedication, skill and bravery are an extraordinary example of this and (8) _____________________ the highest possible recognition."

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
detection
keen
clear
comment
history
creatures
roughly
stint

Magawa is an African Giant Pouched Rat. He was used in the mine-clearing programme because rats are the (9) _____________________ best suited to safely detect landmines. They are light and have a (10) _____________________ sense of smell. In his seven-year (11) _____________________ on the front line, Magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28 unexploded devices. He helped to (12) _____________________ more than 141,000 square meters of land - an area (13) _____________________ the size of 20 soccer pitches. This makes him the most successful rodent in the history of landmine (14) _____________________. The charity's chairman said: "This is the very first time in our 77-year (15) _____________________ of honouring animals that we have presented a medal to a rat." Reporters tried to interview Magawa but he was unavailable for (16) _____________________.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  a distinguished award for bravery for his ______
     a.  services to humanly
     b.  services to humanely
     c.  services to human tea
     d.  services to humanity
2)  He was awarded a gold medal for his seven ______
     a.  years of duly
     b.  years of duty
     c.  years of due tea
     d.  years of dew tea
3)  The charity explained why Magawa was recognised ______
     a.  for his courageous
     b.  for his encourage
     c.  for his courage
     d.  for his carriage
4)  It wrote: "The PDSA...seeks to raise the ______"
     a.  status of animals
     b.  statues of animals
     c.  stay test of animals
     d.  state us of animals
5)  an extraordinary example of this and deserve the highest ______
     a.  possible recognition
     b.  possibly precognition
     c.  possible re-cog nation
     d.  possibly recognition

6)  the mine-clearing programme because rats are the creatures ______
     a.  best suit it
     b.  best sue Ted
     c.  better sue Ted
     d.  best suited
7)  to safely detect landmines. They are light and have a keen ______
     a.  sense of smell
     b.  scents of smell
     c.  sensible of smell
     d.  séance of smell
8)  Magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28 ______
     a.  un explode it device
     b.  non-explode did devices
     c.  unexploded device
     d.  unexploded devices
9)  141,000 square meters of land - an area roughly the size of 20 ______
     a.  soccer pitch is
     b.  soccer pitches
     c.  soccer pitch as
     d.  soccer pitchers
10)  Reporters tried to interview Magawa but he was unavailable ______
     a.  for commented
     b.  four comment
     c.  for comment
     d.  four comments

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A rat has been given a distinguished (1) ____________________ for his services to humanity. The valiant rodent is called Magawa. He was awarded a gold medal for his seven years (2) ____________________ out dozens of landmines in Cambodia. He (3) ____________________ award by the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals charity. This is a veterinary (4) ____________________ the United Kingdom. The charity explained why Magawa was recognised for his courage. It wrote: "The PDSA...seeks to (5) ____________________ of animals in society and honour the incredible contribution they make to our lives. Magawa's dedication, skill and bravery are an extraordinary example of this and (6) ____________________ possible recognition."

Magawa is an African Giant Pouched Rat. He was used in the mine-clearing programme because rats are the (7) ____________________ to safely detect landmines. They are light and have a (8) ____________________ smell. In his seven-year stint on (9) ____________________, Magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28 unexploded devices. He helped to clear more than 141,000 square meters of land - an (10) ____________________ size of 20 soccer pitches. This makes him the most successful rodent in the history of landmine detection. The charity's chairman said: "This is the (11) ____________________ in our 77-year history of honouring animals that we have presented a medal to a rat." Reporters tried to interview Magawa but he was (12) ____________________.

Comprehension questions

  1. What is the name of the rodent?
  2. What kind of medal did the rat win?
  3. Where is the charity that gave the award based?
  4. What does the charity want to raise the status of?
  5. What did the charity say the rat deserved?
  6. What do rats have a keen sense of?
  7. How many landmines did the rat help to detect?
  8. How many square metres did the rat help to clear of landmines?
  9. How old is the charity?
  10. What was the rat unavailable to do?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  What is the name of the rodent?
a) Mowgli
b) Magawa
c) Maga
d) Mega
2) What kind of medal did the rat win?
a) a heart-shaped medal
b) a cyber-medal
c) an edible medal
d) a gold medal
3) Where is the charity that gave the award based?
a) France
b) Thailand
c) the UK
d) Canada
4) What does the charity want to raise the status of?
a) animals
b) landmines
c) victims
d) Cambodia
5) What did the charity say the rat deserved?
a) a year off
b) the highest possible recognition
c) free food for life
d) lots more medals

6) What do rats have a keen sense of?
a) smell
b) taste
c) sight
d) danger
7) How many landmines did the rat help to detect?
a) 49
b) 32
c) 39
d) 28
8) How many square metres did the rat help to clear of landmines?
a) 141,000
b) 147,000
c) 149,000
d) 140,000
9) How old is the charity?
a) 74 years old
b) 79 years old
c) 70 years old
d) 77 years old
10) What was the rat unavailable to do?
a) pose for photos
b) sniff a landmine
c) comment
d) accept his medal

Role play

Role  A – Bravery
You think bravery is the most important characteristic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their characteristics. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): empathy, intelligence or honesty.

Role  B – Empathy
You think empathy is the most important characteristic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their characteristics. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): bravery, intelligence or honesty.

Role  C – Intelligence
You think intelligence is the most important characteristic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their characteristics. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): empathy, bravery or honesty.

Role  D – Honesty
You think honesty is the most important characteristic. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their characteristics. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): empathy, intelligence or bravery.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'rat'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'brave'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • services
    • duty
    • based
    • raise
    • incredible
    • deserve
    • used
    • keen
    • 39
    • 20
    • 77
    • tried




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Bravery

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'rat'?
    3. What is your idea of bravery?
    4. Have you ever received a reward?
    5. What is the bravest thing you have ever done?
    6. What's the bravest thing you've ever heard of?
    7. What do you think of the rat getting an award?
    8. What do you know about landmines in Cambodia?
    9. How important is it that animals help us?
    10. What other animals do we need to recognise?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'bravery'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. Who is the bravest person you know?
    5. What do you think of rats?
    6. How dangerous are landmines?
    7. What other things could rats help us do?
    8. What three adjectives best describe this story?
    9. How important is it to be brave?
    10. What questions would you like to ask Magawa?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    A rat has been given a distinguished award for (1) ____ for his services to humanity. The valiant rodent is called Magawa. He was awarded a gold medal for his seven years of (2) ____ sniffing out dozens of landmines in Cambodia. He was (3) ____ the award by the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals charity. This is a veterinary charity based in the United Kingdom. The charity explained why Magawa was (4) ____ for his courage. It wrote: "The PDSA...seeks to raise the status of animals in society and honour the incredible contribution they (5) ____ to our lives. Magawa's dedication, skill and bravery are an extraordinary example of this and (6) ____ the highest possible recognition."

    Magawa is an African Giant Pouched Rat. He was used in the mine-clearing programme because rats are the creatures best (7) ____ to safely detect landmines. They are light and have a (8) ____ sense of smell. In his seven-year stint on the front line, Magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28 unexploded devices. He helped to clear more than 141,000 square meters of land - an area (9) ____ the size of 20 soccer pitches. This (10) ____ him the most successful rodent in the history of landmine detection. The charity's chairman said: "This is the (11) ____ first time in our 77-year history of honoring animals that we have presented a medal to a rat." Reporters tried to interview Magawa but he was unavailable for (12) ____.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     bravado     (b)     bravery     (c)     bribery     (d)     brevity    
    2. (a)     duly     (b)     duty     (c)     jury     (d)     fury    
    3. (a)     widowed     (b)     browsed     (c)     avowed     (d)     bestowed    
    4. (a)     sighted     (b)     comprehended     (c)     seen     (d)     recognised    
    5. (a)     have     (b)     make     (c)     do     (d)     take    
    6. (a)     conserve     (b)     deserve     (c)     reserve     (d)     serve    
    7. (a)     booted     (b)     clothed     (c)     suited     (d)     costumed    
    8. (a)     keep     (b)     keel     (c)     keen     (d)     keyed    
    9. (a)     violently     (b)     regionally     (c)     forcibly     (d)     roughly    
    10. (a)     makes     (b)     tales     (c)     takes     (d)     fakes    
    11. (a)     very     (b)     real     (c)     total     (d)     too    
    12. (a)     post     (b)     say     (c)     comment     (d)     speech

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. given a ensiguihistdd award for bravery
    2. The tnlavia rodent is called Magawa
    3. He was edseobwt the award
    4. recognised for his auerogc
    5. an natarrdoixeyr example
    6. desreve the highest possible recognition

    Paragraph 2

    1. rats are the uaeectsrr
    2. best suited to safely etetcd landmines
    3. 28 xepdudlneo devices
    4. the size of 20 soccer shpicet
    5. our 77-year history of hnrnoiog animals
    6. ealiaulvban for comment

    Put the text back together

    (...)  society and honour the incredible contribution they make to our lives. Magawa's dedication, skill
    (...)  and bravery are an extraordinary example of this and deserve the highest possible recognition."
    (...)  charity. This is a veterinary charity based in the United Kingdom. The charity explained
    (...)  of landmines in Cambodia. He was bestowed the award by the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals
    (...)  detection. The charity's chairman said: "This is the very first time in our 77-year history of honouring animals that we have
    (...)  presented a medal to a rat." Reporters tried to interview Magawa but he was unavailable for comment.
    (...)  unexploded devices. He helped to clear more than 141,000 square meters of land - an area
    1  ) A rat has been given a distinguished award for bravery for his services to humanity. The valiant
    (...)  creatures best suited to safely detect landmines. They are light and have a keen sense
    (...)  Magawa is an African Giant Pouched Rat. He was used in the mine-clearing programme because rats are the
    (...)  rodent is called Magawa. He was awarded a gold medal for his seven years of duty sniffing out dozens
    (...)  roughly the size of 20 soccer pitches. This makes him the most successful rodent in the history of landmine
    (...)  why Magawa was recognised for his courage. It wrote: "The PDSA...seeks to raise the status of animals in
    (...)  of smell. In his seven-year stint on the front line, Magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28

    Put the words in the right order

    1. distinguished   rat   award   .   given   a   A   been   has
    2. of   medal   gold   years   his   for   A   duty   .
    3. Cambodia   .   out   dozens   of   Sniffing   in   landmines
    4. charity   UK   .   This   a   in   based   the   is
    5. to   incredible   The   they   our   lives   .   contribution   make
    6. used   mine-clearing   was   programme   .   He   in   the
    7. to   The   detect   safely   landmines   .   suited   creatures   best
    8. pitches   .   An   20   size   the   soccer   of   area
    9. makes   This   the   rodent   .   him   successful   most
    10. medal   We   to   a   rat   .   a   presented   have

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    A rat has been given a distinguished / distinguish award for bravery for his services to humanity. The vacuum / valiant rodent is called Magawa. He was awarded a gold medal for his seven years of duty / duly sniffing out dozens of landmines in Cambodia. He was / has bestowed the award by the People's Dispensary for Sick Animals charity. This is a veterinary charity basted / based in the United Kingdom. The charity explained why / what Magawa was recognised for his entourage / courage. It wrote: "The PDSA...seeks to rise / raise the status of animals in society and honour the incredible contribution they make / did to our lives. Magawa's dedication, skill and bravery are an extraordinary specimen / example of this and deserve the highest possible recognition."

    Magawa is an African Giant Pouched Rat. He was use / used in the mine-clearing programme because rats are the creatures / creature best suited / clothed to safely detect landmines. They are light and have a acute / keen sense of smell. In his seven-year stint on the back / front line, Magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28 unexploded devices. He helped to clear more than 141,000 square meters of land - an area rough / roughly the size of 20 soccer pitches. This means / makes him the most successful rodent in the history / historian of landmine detection. The charity's chairman said: "This is the very first / last time in our 77-year history of honouring animals that we have presented a medal of / to a rat." Reporters tried to interview Magawa but he was unavailable for post / comment.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    A r_t h_s b__ n g_v_n _ d_s t_n g__ s h_d _w_r d f_r b r_v_r y f_r h_s s_r v_c_s t_ h_m_n_t y . T h_ v_l__ n t r_d_n t _s c_l l_d M_g_w_. H_ w_s _w_r d_d _ g_l d m_d_l f_r h_s s_v_n y__ r s _f d_t y s n_f f_n g __ t d_z_n s _f l_n d m_n_s _n C_m b_d__ . H_ w_s b_s t_w_d t h_ _w_r d b y t h_ P__ p l_' s D_s p_n s_r y f_r S_c k A n_m_l s c h_r_t y . T h_s _s _ v_t_r_n_r y c h_r_t y b_s_d _n t h_ U n_t_d K_n g d_m . T h_ c h_r_t y _x p l__ n_d w h y M_g_w_ w_s r_c_g n_s_d f_r h_s c__ r_g_. I t w r_t_: " T h_ P D S A . . . s__ k s t_ r__ s_ t h_ s t_t_s _f _n_m_l s _n s_c__ t y _n d h_n__ r t h_ _n c r_d_b l_ c_n t r_b_t__ n t h_y m_k_ t_ __ r l_v_s . M_g_w_' s d_d_c_t__ n , s k_l l _n d b r_v_r y _r_ _n _x t r__ r d_n_r y _x_m p l_ _f t h_s _n d d_s_r v_ t h_ h_g h_s t p_s s_b l_ r_c_g n_t__ n . "

    M_g_w_ _s _n A f r_c_n G__ n t P__ c h_d R_t . H_ w_s _s_d _n t h_ m_n_- c l__ r_n g p r_g r_m m_ b_c__ s_ r_t s _r_ t h_ c r__ t_r_s b_s t s__ t_d t_ s_f_l y d_t_c t l_n d m_n_s . T h_y _r_ l_g h t _n d h_v_ _ k__ n s_n s_ _f s m_l l . I n h_s s_v_n - y__ r s t_n t _n t h_ f r_n t l_n_, M_g_w_ h_l p_d t_ d_t_c t 3 9 l_n d m_n_s _n d 2 8 _n_x p l_d_d d_v_c_s . H_ h_l p_d t_ c l__ r m_r_ t h_n 1 4 1 , 0 0 0 s q__ r_ m_t_r s _f l_n d - _n _r__ r__ g h l y t h_ s_z_ _f 2 0 s_c c_r p_t c h_s . T h_s m_k_s h_m t h_ m_s t s_c c_s s f_l r_d_n t _n t h_ h_s t_r y _f l_n d m_n_ d_t_c t__ n . T h_ c h_r_t y ' s c h__ r m_n s__ d : " T h_s _s t h_ v_r y f_r s t t_m_ _n __ r 7 7 - y__ r h_s t_r y _f h_n_r_n g _n_m_l s t h_t w_ h_v_ p r_s_n t_d _ m_d_l t_ _ r_t . " R_p_r t_r s t r__ d t_ _n t_r v__ w M_g_w_ b_t h_ w_s _n_v__ l_b l_ f_r c_m m_n t .

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    a rat has been given a distinguished award for bravery for his services to humanity the valiant rodent is called magawa he was awarded a gold medal for his seven years of duty sniffing out dozens of landmines in cambodia he was bestowed the award by the peoples dispensary for sick animals charity this is a veterinary charity based in the united kingdom the charity explained why magawa was recognised for his courage it wrote the pdsaseeks to raise the status of animals in society and honour the incredible contribution they make to our lives magawas dedication skill and bravery are an extraordinary example of this and deserve the highest possible recognition

    magawa is an african giant pouched rat he was used in the mineclearing programme because rats are the creatures best suited to safely detect landmines they are light and have a keen sense of smell in his sevenyear stint on the front line magawa helped to detect 39 landmines and 28 unexploded devices he helped to clear more than 141000 square meters of land  an area roughly the size of 20 soccer pitches this makes him the most successful rodent in the history of landmine detection the charitys chairman said this is the very first time in our 77year history of honouring animals that we have presented a medal to a rat reporters tried to interview magawa but he was unavailable for comment

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Arathasbeengivenadistinguishedawardforbraveryforhisservicestoh
    umanity.ThevaliantrodentiscalledMagawa.Hewasawardedagoldme
    dalforhissevenyearsofdutysniffingoutdozensoflandminesinCambodi
    a.HewasbestowedtheawardbythePeople'sDispensaryforSickAnimal
    scharity.ThisisaveterinarycharitybasedintheUnitedKingdom.Thech
    arityexplainedwhyMagawawasrecognisedforhiscourage.Itwrote:"T
    hePDSA...seekstoraisethestatusofanimalsinsocietyandhonourthein
    crediblecontributiontheymaketoourlives.Magawa'sdedication,skilla
    ndbraveryareanextraordinaryexampleofthisanddeservethehighest
    possiblerecognition."MagawaisanAfricanGiantPouchedRat.Hewasu
    sedinthemine-clearingprogrammebecauseratsarethecreaturesbest
    suitedtosafelydetectlandmines.Theyarelightandhaveakeensenseof
    smell.Inhisseven-yearstintonthefrontline,Magawahelpedtodetect3
    9landminesand28unexplodeddevices.Hehelpedtoclearmorethan141,0
    00squaremetersofland-anarearoughlythesizeof20soccerpitches
    .Thismakeshimthemostsuccessfulrodentinthehistoryoflandminedet
    ection.Thecharity'schairmansaid:"Thisistheveryfirsttimeinour77-
    yearhistoryofhonouringanimalsthatwehavepresentedamedaltoarat
    ."ReporterstriedtointerviewMagawabuthewasunavailableforcomme
    nt.

    Free writing

    Write about bravery for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    We should give more medals to animals. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. BRAVERY: Make a poster about bravery. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. MEDALS: Write a magazine article about giving more medals to animals. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on bravery. Ask him/her three questions about it. Give him/her three of your ideas on what bravery is. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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