The Reading / Listening - Autumn Leaves - Level 5

The changing colours of autumn leaves is a spectacular natural event in forests worldwide. The golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns are a colourful canvas that sees in the end of summer. This year in the USA, the foliage has been affected by drought conditions. This has dulled the vibrant colours of the leaves. Over 80 per cent of America's northwest has had weather not conducive to perfect foliage. The traditional autumnal beauty spots of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing drought and lacklustre colours.



A forest and ecology professor at the University of Vermont explained why this year has been so bad. He said it was a combination of factors, including good tree growth, mild drought, warm days and cool nights over the last month. He added that the colours came two weeks earlier than normal, "and will probably go by fast and furiously". He said the drought creates "physiological stress for the trees". He warned: "The stress is not a good thing and may be a harbinger of things to come with climate change. In terms of fall foliage, drought can cause the leaves to die."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Autumn Leaves - Level 4 or  Autumn Leaves - Level 6

Sources
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/03/weather/drought-hindering-fall-foliage-saturday/index.html
  • https://www.slashgear.com/the-severe-drought-gripping-much-the-nation-is-impacting-fall-foliage-03640942/
  • https://boston.cbslocal.com/2020/10/02/new-england-fall-foliage-peak-weekend-drives-wbz-forecast/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. a spectacular natural
  2. a colourful
  3. sees in the
  4. affected by
  5. dulled
  6. weather not conducive
  7. The traditional autumnal beauty
  8. lacklustre
  1. to perfect foliage
  2. end of summer
  3. colours
  4. spots
  5. drought conditions
  6. canvas
  7. the vibrant colours
  8. event

Paragraph 2

  1. A forest and ecology
  2. why this year has
  3. it was a combination
  4. mild
  5. physiological
  6. a harbinger
  7. In terms
  8. drought can cause
  1. of fall foliage
  2. drought
  3. the leaves to die
  4. of things to come
  5. been so bad
  6. stress
  7. professor
  8. of factors

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The changing colours of autumn leaves (1) ___________________ natural event in forests worldwide. The golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns are a colourful (2) ___________________ in the end of summer. This year in the USA, (3) ___________________ been affected (4) ___________________. This has dulled the vibrant colours of the leaves. Over 80 per cent of America's northwest has had weather (5) ___________________ perfect foliage. The traditional autumnal beauty spots of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing drought (6) ___________________.

A (7) ___________________ professor at the University of Vermont explained why this year has been so bad. He said it was (8) ___________________ factors, including good tree growth, mild drought, warm days (9) ___________________ over the last month. He added that the colours came two weeks earlier than normal, "and will probably go by (10) ___________________". He said the drought creates "physiological stress for the trees". He warned: "The stress is not a good thing and may be (11) ___________________ things to come with climate change. In terms (12) ___________________, drought can cause the leaves to die."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Thechangingcoloursofautumnleavesisaspectacularnaturaleventinfo
restsworldwide.Thegolds,reds,yellows,greensandbrownsareacolou
rfulcanvasthatseesintheendofsummer.ThisyearintheUSA,thefoliag
ehasbeenaffectedbydroughtconditions.Thishasdulledthevibrantcol
oursoftheleaves.Over80percentofAmerica'snorthwesthashadweath
ernotconducivetoperfectfoliage.Thetraditionalautumnalbeautyspot
sofMassachusetts,Maine,RhodeIslandandNewHampshireareexperie
ncingdroughtandlacklustrecolours.Aforestandecologyprofessoratth
eUniversityofVermontexplainedwhythisyearhasbeensobad.Hesaidit
wasacombinationoffactors,includinggoodtreegrowth,milddrought,
warmdaysandcoolnightsoverthelastmonth.Headdedthatthecolours
cametwoweeksearlierthannormal,"andwillprobablygobyfastandfuri
ously".Hesaidthedroughtcreates"physiologicalstressforthetrees".H
ewarned:"Thestressisnotagoodthingandmaybeaharbingerofthingst
ocomewithclimatechange.Intermsoffallfoliage,droughtcancausethe
leavestodie."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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