The Reading / Listening - Autumn Leaves - Level 6

The changing of the colour of the autumn leaves is a spectacular, photogenic, natural event in many forests around the world. The myriad of golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns provides a colourful canvas that ushers in the end of summer. This year in the USA, the autumn foliage has been adversely affected by drought conditions. The vibrant colours of the leaves have been dulled by unusually dry weather. Over 80 per cent of America's northwest is undergoing extreme conditions that are not conducive to perfect foliage. The traditional autumnal beauty spots of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing severe drought, and lacklustre colours.



Dr. William Keeton, a forest ecology and forestry professor at the University of Vermont, explained why the adverse conditions were prevalent this year. He said: "It is due to a combination of factors, including good tree growth last year, mild drought and both warm days and cool nights over the last month." He added: "The colours this year are coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will probably go by fast and furiously. Largely, this is because the drought creates physiological stress for the trees." He warned: "The stress is not a good thing and may be a harbinger of things to come with climate change. In terms of fall foliage, drought can cause the leaves to die and fall off earlier."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Autumn Leaves - Level 4  or  Autumn Leaves - Level 5

Sources
  • https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/03/weather/drought-hindering-fall-foliage-saturday/index.html
  • https://www.slashgear.com/the-severe-drought-gripping-much-the-nation-is-impacting-fall-foliage-03640942/
  • https://boston.cbslocal.com/2020/10/02/new-england-fall-foliage-peak-weekend-drives-wbz-forecast/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. AUTUMN LEAVES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about autumn leaves. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       colour / autumn / photogenic / golds / foliage / drought / extreme / beauty spots /
       prevalent / growth / normal / warm days / cool nights / trees / climate change / die
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. AUTUMN: Students A strongly believe autumn is the best season; Students B strongly believe it isn't. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. NATURAL EVENTS: What do you know about these natural events? Why are they so beautiful? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What You Know

Why So Beautiful

Autumn colours    
Aurora Borealis    
Cherry blossoms    
Solar eclipse    
Rainbow    
Pods of dolphins    
MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. RED: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "red". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. MONTHS: Rank these with your partner. Put the best at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December
  • January
  • February

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. spectacular a. Beautiful in a dramatic and eye-catching way.
      2. photogenic b. Making a certain situation or outcome likely or possible.
      3. myriad c. Looking attractive in photographs or on film.
      4. canvas d. Of color - bright and striking.
      5. vibrant e. A countless or extremely great number.
      6. conducive f. An oil painting.
      7. foliage g. Plant leaves collectively.

    Paragraph 2

      8. adverse h. Relating to the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts.
      9. prevalent i. A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.
      10. combination j. Preventing success or development; harmful; unfavorable.
      11. drought k. A person or thing that announces or signals the approach of another thing.
      12. physiological l. Widespread in a particular area or at a particular time.
      13. harbinger m. With regard to the particular aspect or subject specified.
      14. in terms of n. A joining or merging of different parts of something.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. The article said there was a photo competition about autumn colours.     T / F
  2. An artist said she created a canvas to paint the autumn colours.     T / F
  3. The vibrancy of the colours has been dulled by draughts.     T / F
  4. Leaves in traditional autumnal beauty spots have lacked their lustre.     T / F
  5. A professor in autumn and fall described the adverse conditions.     T / F
  6. Good tree growth last year contributed to the duller colours this year.     T / F
  7. The colours will arrive two weeks later than usual this year.     T / F
  8. A professor said the autumn colours could be a sign of climate change.    T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. autumn
  2. myriad
  3. ushers
  4. spots
  5. lacklustre
  6. prevalent
  7. combination
  8. normal
  9. stress
  10. foliage
  1. pressure
  2. locations
  3. colourless
  4. mixture
  5. sees
  6. usual
  7. multitude
  8. leaves
  9. widespread
  10. fall

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. a spectacular, photogenic,
  2. The myriad
  3. a colourful canvas that ushers
  4. The vibrant
  5. The traditional autumnal beauty
  6. a forest ecology and
  7. the adverse conditions were
  8. mild
  9. the drought creates physiological stress
  10. In terms of fall
  1. foliage
  2. spots
  3. forestry professor
  4. of golds
  5. drought
  6. in the end of summer
  7. for the trees
  8. natural event
  9. prevalent this year
  10. colours of the leaves

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
adversely
spectacular
conditions
ushers
severe
myriad
spots
unusually

The changing of the colour of the autumn leaves is a (1) _____________________, photogenic, natural event in many forests around the world. The (2) _____________________ of golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns provides a colourful canvas that (3) _____________________ in the end of summer. This year in the USA, the autumn foliage has been (4) _____________________ affected by drought conditions. The vibrant colours of the leaves have been dulled by (5) _____________________ dry weather. Over 80 per cent of America's northwest is undergoing extreme (6) _____________________ that are not conducive to perfect foliage. The traditional autumnal beauty (7) _____________________ of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing (8) _____________________ drought, and lacklustre colours.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
due
physiological
growth
terms
probably
adverse
harbinger
cool

Dr. William Keeton, a forest ecology and forestry professor at the University of Vermont, explained why the (9) _____________________ conditions were prevalent this year. He said: "It is (10) _____________________ to a combination of factors, including good tree (11) _____________________ last year, mild drought and both warm days and (12) _____________________ nights over the last month." He added: "The colours this year are coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will (13) _____________________ go by fast and furiously. Largely, this is because the drought creates (14) _____________________ stress for the trees." He warned: "The stress is not a good thing and may be a (15) _____________________ of things to come with climate change. In (16) _____________________ of fall foliage, drought can cause the leaves to die and fall off earlier."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  The changing of the colour of the autumn leaves is a spectacular, photogenic, ______
     a.  naturally event
     b.  natural events
     c.  natural event
     d.  nature all event
2)  The myriad of golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns provides ______
     a.  a colourful can vase
     b.  a colourful can vast
     c.  a colour full-can bass
     d.  a colourful canvas
3) in the USA, the autumn foliage has been adversely ______ conditions
     a.  affected by draught
     b.  affected by drought
     c.  affected by doubt
     d.  affected by debt
4)  America's northwest is undergoing extreme conditions that ______
     a.  are not conclusive
     b.  are not conducing
     c.  are not conductive
     d.  are not conducive
5)  ... and New Hampshire are experiencing severe drought, and ______
     a.  lacks lots of colours
     b.  lack lots tree colours
     c.  lacklustre colours
     d.  lack lesser colours

6)  explained why the adverse conditions ______
     a.  were prevalence
     b.  were prevalently
     c.  were prevailed
     d.  were prevalent
7)  coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will probably go by ______
     a.  fast and furious
     b.  fast and fury as
     c.  fast and furiously
     d.  fast and fury
8)  Largely, this is because the drought creates physiological ______ trees
     a.  stressful the
     b.  stress for the
     c.  stress four the
     d.  stress of the
9)  The stress is not a good thing and may be a ______ to come
     a.  harbinger off things
     b.  harbinger of thing
     c.  harbinger of things
     d.  herb bringer of things
10)  In terms of fall foliage, drought can cause the leaves to die and ______
     a.  fall off earlier
     b.  fell off earlier
     c.  fail off earlier
     d.  feel off earlier

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

The changing of the colour of the (1) ____________________ a spectacular, photogenic, natural event in many forests around the world. The (2) ____________________, reds, yellows, greens and browns provides a colourful canvas that ushers in the end of summer. This year in the USA, the autumn foliage has been (3) ____________________ drought conditions. The vibrant colours of the leaves have been dulled by unusually dry weather. Over 80 per cent of America's northwest (4) ____________________ conditions that are not (5) ____________________ foliage conditions. The traditional autumnal beauty spots of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing (6) ____________________ lacklustre colours.

Dr. William Keeton, a forest ecology and forestry professor at the University of Vermont, explained why (7) ____________________ were prevalent this year. He said: "It is due to (8) ____________________ factors, including good tree growth last year, (9) ____________________ both warm days and cool nights over the last month." He added: "The colours this year are coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will probably go by fast and furiously. Largely, this is because (10) ____________________ physiological stress for the trees." He warned: "The stress is not a good thing and may (11) ____________________ of things to come with climate change. In terms of fall foliage, drought can cause the (12) ____________________ and fall off earlier."

Comprehension questions

  1. What did the article say was a photogenic event?
  2. How many colours did the writer say there was a myriad of?
  3. How much of northwest America is being affected by extreme conditions?
  4. What did the article say extreme conditions were not conducive to?
  5. How were the colours described as being in New Hampshire?
  6. At what university does Professor William Keeton work?
  7. What happened to the trees last year that added to the lack of colour?
  8. How much earlier are the leaves changing this year?
  9. What kind of stress is happening to the trees?
  10. What did the professor say the leaves were a harbinger of?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What did the article say was a photogenic event?
a) autumn
b) green, blue and purple leaves
c) Massachusetts
d) the changing of the autumn leaves
2) How many colours did the writer say there was a myriad of?
a) four
b) five
c) seven
d) three
3) How much of northwest America is being affected by extreme conditions?
a) just under 80%
b) exactly 80%
c) over 80%
d) 88%
4) What did the article say extreme conditions were not conducive to?
a) perfect foliage
b) tree growth
c) taking photos
d) autumn
5) How were the colours described as being in New Hampshire?
a) wonderful
b) colourful
c) lacklustre
d) furiously

6) At what university does Professor William Keeton work?
a) New Hampshire
b) Vermont
c) Maine
d) Rhode Island
7) What happened to the trees last year that added to the lack of colour?
a) they became diseased
b) they died
c) they shrank
d) they grew
8) How much earlier are the leaves changing this year?
a) two weeks
b) three weeks
c) 10 days
d) about a month
9) What kind of stress is happening to the trees?
a) psychological stress
b) philosophical stress
c) physiological stress
d) philological stress
10) What did the professor say the leaves were a harbinger of?
a) things to go
b) things to come
c) things to grow
d) things to fall

Role play

Role  A – August
You think August is the best month. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their months. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): September, October or November.
Role  B – September
You think September is the best month. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their months. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): August, October or November.
Role  C – October
You think October is the best month. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their months. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): September, August or November.
Role  D – November
You think November is the best month. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their months. Also, tell the others which is the worst of these (and why): September, October or August.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'autumn'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'leaves'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • spectacular
    • golds
    • adversely
    • unusually
    • beauty
    • severe
    • prevalent
    • due
    • mild
    • fast
    • stress
    • die




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Autumn Leaves

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'autumn'?
    3. What do you think of autumn?
    4. What is your favourite season?
    5. What do you think of the autumn foliage?
    6. Has your area been affected by any adverse weather?
    7. How important are forests?
    8. Do you have a favourite forest?
    9. What is your favourite tree?
    10. What is your favourite beauty spot?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'leaves'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you think of the foliage in your country's forests?
    5. What do you know about forestry?
    6. What would it be like to work in forestry?
    7. How do the autumn leaves make you feel?
    8. What stresses do trees feel?
    9. What do you think of climate change?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the professor?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    The changing of the colour of the autumn leaves is a spectacular, (1) ____, natural event in many forests around the world. The (2) ____ of golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns provides a colourful canvas that ushers (3) ____ the end of summer. This year in the USA, the autumn foliage has been adversely affected by drought conditions. The (4) ____ colours of the leaves have been dulled by unusually dry weather. Over 80 per cent of America's northwest is (5) ____ extreme conditions that are not conducive to perfect foliage. The traditional autumnal beauty spots of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing severe drought, and (6) ____ colours.

    Dr. William Keeton, a forest ecology and forestry professor at the University of Vermont, explained why the adverse conditions were (7) ____ this year. He said: "It is due to a combination (8) ____ factors, including good tree growth last year, mild drought and both warm days and cool nights over the last month." He added: "The colours this year are coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will probably go (9) ____ fast and furiously. Largely, this is because the drought creates physiological (10) ____ for the trees." He warned: "The stress is not a good thing and may be a (11) ____ of things to come with climate change. In (12) ____ of fall foliage, drought can cause the leaves to die and fall off earlier."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     photoshoot     (b)     photosynthesis     (c)     photograph     (d)     photogenic    
    2. (a)     myrrh     (b)     myself     (c)     myopic     (d)     myriad    
    3. (a)     down     (b)     in     (c)     up     (d)     out    
    4. (a)     vibration     (b)     vibrancy     (c)     vibrant     (d)     vibrato    
    5. (a)     overcoming     (b)     incoming     (c)     undergoing     (d)     outgoing    
    6. (a)     lacklustre     (b)     fast-track     (c)     shockproof     (d)     rainsoaked    
    7. (a)     sentiment     (b)     prevalent     (c)     infused     (d)     planted    
    8. (a)     of     (b)     to     (c)     at     (d)     as    
    9. (a)     up     (b)     by     (c)     off     (d)     on    
    10. (a)     anxiety     (b)     worry     (c)     stress     (d)     concern    
    11. (a)     harbour     (b)     barber     (c)     harbinger     (d)     barbaric    
    12. (a)     tomes     (b)     teams     (c)     tames     (d)     terms

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. ntcehgioop, natural event
    2. The ydrami of golds
    3. The rantbvi colours
    4. conditions that are not oidcucevn
    5. experiencing severe hdutrgo
    6. lecrakslut colours

    Paragraph 2

    1. the aerevsd conditions
    2. enlvtprae this year
    3. a combination of arsctfo
    4. ilsilaocyhpgo stress for the trees
    5. a gihabrren of things to come
    6. In terms of fall fialoeg

    Put the text back together

    (...)  forests around the world. The myriad of golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns provides a colourful
    (...)  why the adverse conditions were prevalent this year. He said: "It is due to a combination of factors, including good tree
    (...)  coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will probably go by fast and furiously. Largely, this is
    (...)  a good thing and may be a harbinger of things to come with climate change. In terms
    (...)  canvas that ushers in the end of summer. This year in the USA, the autumn foliage has been adversely
    (...)  spots of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing severe drought, and lacklustre colours.
    1  ) The changing of the colour of the autumn leaves is a spectacular, photogenic, natural event in many
    (...)  growth last year, mild drought and both warm days and cool nights over the last month." He added: "The colours this year are
    (...)  Dr. William Keeton, a forest ecology and forestry professor at the University of Vermont, explained
    (...)  dry weather.  Over 80 per cent of America's northwest is undergoing extreme
    (...)  because the drought creates physiological stress for the trees." He warned: "The stress is not
    (...)  conditions that are not conducive to perfect foliage. The traditional autumnal beauty
    (...)  of fall foliage, drought can cause the leaves to die and fall off earlier."
    (...)  affected by drought conditions. The vibrant colours of the leaves have been dulled by unusually

    Put the words in the right order

    1. the   colour   autumn   leaves   .   The   of   changing   of
    2. in   colourful   that   canvas   A   the   end   .   ushers
    3. has   adversely   conditions   .   Foliage   been   affected   by   drought
    4. that   Conditions   to   not   perfect   conducive   are   foliage
    5. autumnal   traditional   Massachusetts   .   beauty   spots   of   The
    6. adverse   prevalent   year   .   this   conditions   the   Why   were
    7. is   of   to   due   combination   It   a   factors   .
    8. creates   physiological   trees   .   Drought   the   stress   for
    9. of   to   things   be   May   come   .   harbinger   a
    10. to   Drought   can   the   cause   die   .   leaves

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    The changing of the colour of / off the autumn leaves is a spectacular, photogenic, natural event in many forests around the world. The myriad / myrtle of golds, reds, yellows, greens and browns provides a colourful canvas that ushers / etches in the end of summer. This year in the USA, the autumn foliage / foil has been adversely affected by draught / drought conditions. The vibrant colours of the leaves have been dulled / doled by unusually dry weather.  Over 80 per cent of America's northwest is underwent / undergoing extreme conditions that are not conduction / conducive toperfect foliage. The traditional autumnal beautify / beauty spots of Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island and New Hampshire are experiencing severe / several drought, and lacklustre colours.

    Dr. William Keeton, a forest ecology and forestry professor at the University of Vermont, explained why the converse / adverse conditions were prevalence / prevalent this year. He said: "It is dew / due to a combination of factors, including good tree growth / grown last year, mild drought and both warm days and cool nights over the last month." He added: "The colours this year are going / coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will probably go by fast and furious / furiously. Largely, this is because the drought creates physiological / psychology stress for the trees." He warned: "The stress is not a good thing and may be a bargain / harbinger of things to come with climate change. In terms / teams of fall foliage, drought can cause the leaves to die and fall / fail off earlier."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    T h_ c h_n g_n g _f t h_ c_l__ r _f t h_ __ t_m n l__ v_s _s _ s p_c t_c_l_r , p h_t_g_n_c , n_t_r_l _v_n t _n m_n y f_r_s t s _r__ n d t h_ w_r l d . T h_ m y r__ d _f g_l d s , r_d s , y_l l_w s , g r__ n s _n d b r_w n s p r_v_d_ _ c_l__ r f_l c_n v_s t h_t _s h_r s _n t h_ _n d _f s_m m_r . T h_s y__ r _n t h_ U S A , t h_ __ t_m n f_l__ g_ h_s b__ n _d v_r s_l y _f f_c t_d b y d r__ g h t c_n d_t__ n s . T h_ v_b r_n t c_l__ r s _f t h_ l__ v_s h_v_ b__ n d_l l_d b y _n_s__ l l y d r y w__ t h_r . O v_r 8 0 p_r c_n t _f A m_r_c_' s n_r t h w_s t _s _n d_r g__ n g _x t r_m_ c_n d_t__ n s t h_t _r_ n_t c_n d_c_v_ t_ p_r f_c t f_l__ g_ . T h_ t r_d_t__ n_l __ t_m n_l b___t y s p_t s _f M_s s_c h_s_t t s , M__ n_, R h_d_ I s l_n d _n d N_w H_m p s h_r_ _r_ _x p_r__ n c_n g s_v_r_ d r__ g h t , _n d l_c k l_s t r_ c_l__ r s .

    D r . W_l l__ m K__ t_n , _ F_r_s t E c_l_g y _n d F_r_s t r y P r_f_s s_r _t t h_ U n_v_r s_t y _f V_r m_n t , _x p l__ n_d w h y t h_ _d v_r s_ c_n d_t__ n s w_r_ p r_v_l_n t t h_s y__ r . H_ s__ d : " I t _s d__ t_ _ c_m b_n_t__ n _f f_c t_r s , _n c l_d_n g g__ d t r__ g r_w t h l_s t y__ r , m_l d d r__ g h t _n d b_t h w_r m d_y s _n d c__ l n_g h t s _v_r t h_ l_s t m_n t h . " H_ _d d_d : " T h_ c_l__ r s t h_s y__ r _r_ c_m_n g _b__ t t w_ w__ k s __ r l__ r t h_n n_r m_l _n d w_l l p r_b_b l y g_ b y f_s t _n d f_r___s l y . L_r g_l y , t h_s _s b_c__ s_ t h_ d r__ g h t c r__ t_s p h y s__ l_g_c_l s t r_s s f_r t h_ t r__ s . " H_ w_r n_d : " T h_ s t r_s s _s n_t _ g__ d t h_n g _n d m_y b_ _ h_r b_n g_r _f t h_n g s t_ c_m_ w_t h c l_m_t_ c h_n g_. I n t_r m s _f f_l l f_l__ g_, d r__ g h t c_n c__ s_ t h_ l__ v_s t_ d__ _n d f_l l _f f __ r l__ r . "

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    the changing of the colour of the autumn leaves is a spectacular photogenic natural event in many forests around the world the myriad of golds reds yellows greens and browns provides a colourful canvas that ushers in the end of summer this year in the usa the autumn foliage has been adversely affected by drought conditions the vibrant colours of the leaves have been dulled by unusually dry weather  over 80 per cent of americas northwest is undergoing extreme conditions that are not conducive to perfect foliage the traditional autumnal beauty spots of massachusetts maine rhode island and new hampshire are experiencing severe drought and lacklustre colours

    dr william keeton a forest ecology and forestry professor at the university of vermont explained why the adverse conditions were prevalent this year he said it is due to a combination of factors including good tree growth last year mild drought and both warm days and cool nights over the last month he added the colours this year are coming about two weeks earlier than normal and will probably go by fast and furiously largely this is because the drought creates physiological stress for the trees he warned the stress is not a good thing and may be a harbinger of things to come with climate change in terms of fall foliage drought can cause the leaves to die and fall off earlier

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Thechangingofthecolouroftheautumnleavesisaspectacular,photoge
    nic,naturaleventinmanyforestsaroundtheworld.Themyriadofgolds,r
    eds,yellows,greensandbrownsprovideacolourfulcanvasthatushersin
    theendofsummer.ThisyearintheUSA,theautumnfoliagehasbeenadv
    erselyaffectedbydroughtconditions.Thevibrantcoloursoftheleavesh
    avebeendulledbyunusuallydryweather.Over80percentofAmerica'sn
    orthwestisundergoingextremeconditionsthatarenotconducivetoperf
    ectfoliage.ThetraditionalautumnalbeautyspotsofMassachusetts,Mai
    ne,RhodeIslandandNewHampshireareexperiencingseveredrought,
    andlacklustrecolours.Dr.WilliamKeeton,aForestEcologyandForestry
    ProfessorattheUniversityofVermont,explainedwhytheadversecondi
    tionswereprevalentthisyear.Hesaid:"Itisduetoacombinationoffactor
    s,includinggoodtreegrowthlastyear,milddroughtandbothwarmdays
    andcoolnightsoverthelastmonth."Headded:"Thecoloursthisyearare
    comingabouttwoweeksearlierthannormalandwillprobablygobyfasta
    ndfuriously.Largely,thisisbecausethedroughtcreatesphysiologicalst
    ressforthetrees."Hewarned:"Thestressisnotagoodthingandmaybea
    harbingerofthingstocomewithclimatechange.Intermsoffallfoliage,d
    roughtcancausetheleavestodieandfalloffearlier."

    Free writing

    Write about autumn leaves for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    The autumn foliage is nature's most beautiful event. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. AUTUMN LEAVES: Make a poster about autumn leaves. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. CLIMATE CHANGE: Write a magazine article about spending more money to protect trees from climate change. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on autumn leaves. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how we can enjoy them. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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