The Reading / Listening - Water on the Moon - Level 5

Scientists have breathtaking news that there is water on the Moon. The Moon may hold water in more places and in larger amounts than they thought. The scientists are from NASA. They analyzed two studies in detail and confirmed the presence of water molecules on the side of the Moon we can see. Ice was thought to exist on the dark side of the Moon, which is blocked from sunlight*. However, NASA said it found water on the sunlit parts of the Moon. It says it found a third of a litre of water in one area. This was not enough to form ice as the molecules were trapped in rock.



This discovery could be a game-changer in paving the way to explore space. It could mean the building of permanent bases on the Moon because there could be a sustainable source of drinking water. This could make rocket fuel one day. NASA explained the significance of the discovery. It said: "Water is extremely critical for deep space exploration. It's a resource of direct value for our astronauts. Any time we don't need to pack water for our trip, we have an opportunity to take other useful items with us." Astronauts could take heavier materials to do bigger scientific experiments.

* Error: There is no dark side of the Moon. The side we cannot see actually does get sunlight.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Water on the Moon - Level 4 or  Water on the Moon - Level 6

Sources
  • https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/scientists-moon-holds-more-water-than-ever-thought/5637832.html
  • https://www.npr.org/2020/10/26/927869069/water-on-the-moon-nasa-confirms-water-molecules-on-our-neighbors-sunny-surface
  • https://www.sciencenews.org/article/water-moon-sun-sofia-telescope


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Scientists have breathtaking
  2. in more places and in larger
  3. They analyzed two studies
  4. on the dark side
  5. it found water on the sunlit
  6. it found a third of
  7. This was not enough to
  8. the molecules were
  1. in detail
  2. form ice
  3. parts of the Moon
  4. trapped in rock
  5. amounts
  6. of the Moon
  7. news
  8. a litre of water

Paragraph 2

  1. This discovery could be
  2. paving the way
  3. the building of permanent
  4. a sustainable source
  5. Water is extremely
  6. an opportunity to take
  7. Astronauts could
  8. do bigger scientific
  1. other useful items
  2. bases
  3. experiments
  4. critical
  5. to explore space
  6. take heavier materials
  7. of drinking water
  8. a game-changer

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Scientists have breathtaking (1) ___________________ is water on the Moon. The Moon may hold water in more places and in larger amounts (2) ___________________. The scientists are from NASA. They analyzed two studies in detail and (3) ___________________ of water molecules on the side of the Moon we can see. Ice was thought (4) ___________________ the dark side of the Moon, which is blocked from sunlight. However, NASA said it found water on the (5) ___________________ the Moon. It says it found a third of a litre of water in one area. This was not enough to form ice as the molecules were (6) ___________________.

This discovery could be a game-changer in (7) ___________________ to explore space. It could mean the building (8) ___________________ on the Moon because there could be a sustainable source of drinking water. This could make (9) ___________________ day. NASA explained the significance of the discovery. It said: "Water is (10) ___________________ deep space exploration. It's a resource (11) ___________________ for our astronauts. Any time we don't need to pack water for our trip, we have an opportunity to take (12) ___________________ with us." Astronauts could take heavier materials to do bigger scientific experiments.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

ScientistshavebreathtakingnewsthatthereiswaterontheMoon.TheM
oonmayholdwaterinmoreplacesandinlargeramountsthantheythoug
ht.ThescientistsarefromNASA.Theyanalyzedtwostudiesindetailandc
onfirmedthepresenceofwatermoleculesonthesideoftheMoonwecans
ee.IcewasthoughttoexistonthedarksideoftheMoon,whichisblockedfr
omsunlight.However,NASAsaiditfoundwateronthesunlitpartsofthe
Moon.Itsaysitfoundathirdofalitreofwaterinonearea.Thiswasnotenou
ghtoformiceasthemoleculesweretrappedinrock.Thisdiscoverycould
beagame-changerinpavingthewaytoexplorespace.Itcouldmeanth
ebuildingofpermanentbasesontheMoonbecausetherecouldbeasusta
inablesourceofdrinkingwater.Thiscouldmakerocketfueloneday.NAS
Aexplainedthesignificanceofthediscovery.Itsaid:"Waterisextremely
criticalfordeepspaceexploration.It'saresourceofdirectvalueforouras
tronauts.Anytimewedon'tneedtopackwaterforourtrip,wehaveanopp
ortunitytotakeotherusefulitemswithus."Astronautscouldtakeheavie
rmaterialstodobiggerscientificexperiments.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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