The Reading / Listening - Diet and Height - Level 5

Poor diet may be behind an average height gap of 20cm between the world's tallest and shortest children. Researchers from a London college conducted an analysis of the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and teenagers around the world. This involved looking at the height and weight of millions of youngsters. The world's tallest teenagers were 183.8cm and lived in the Netherlands; the shortest, at 160.1cm, lived in East Timor. Teenagers in Europe were the tallest. On average the shortest children lived in Asia, Latin America and East Africa.



The comprehensive study involved analysing data from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The children's height and weight varied greatly. The team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major factor behind stunted growth and childhood obesity. It said improved diets increased the height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. The lead author of the report suggested countries adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the dangers of excessive weight gain.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Diet and Height - Level 4 or  Diet and Height - Level 6

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/health-54828544
  • https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/207893/poor-nutrition-school-years-have-created/
  • https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/world/poor-diet-may-contribute-20cm-height-gap-between-tallest-and-shortest-nations-study


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. poor
  2. an average height
  3. conducted
  4. teenagers
  5. This involved looking
  6. millions of
  7. On
  8. Latin
  1. around the world
  2. average
  3. America
  4. at the height
  5. youngsters
  6. diet
  7. gap of 20cm
  8. an analysis

Paragraph 2

  1. The comprehensive study involved
  2. height and weight varied
  3. a lack of quality
  4. a major factor behind stunted
  5. childhood
  6. policies that encouraged
  7. be aware of
  8. excessive weight
  1. food
  2. the dangers
  3. obesity
  4. gain
  5. growth
  6. analysing data
  7. healthier eating
  8. greatly

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Poor diet may be behind (1) ___________________ gap of 20cm between the world's tallest and shortest children. Researchers from a London college (2) ___________________ of the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and teenagers around the world. This involved looking at the (3) ___________________ of millions of youngsters. The world's (4) ___________________ 183.8cm and lived in the Netherlands; the shortest, at 160.1cm, lived in East Timor. Teenagers in Europe were the tallest. (5) ___________________ shortest children lived in Asia, (6) ___________________ East Africa.

The comprehensive study (7) ___________________ from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The children's height and (8) ___________________. The team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was (9) ___________________ behind stunted growth and childhood obesity. It said improved (10) ___________________ height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. The (11) ___________________ the report suggested countries adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the dangers of (12) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Poordietmaybebehindanaverageheightgapof20cmbetweentheworl
d'stallestandshortestchildren.ResearchersfromaLondoncollegecond
uctedananalysisoftheBodyMassIndex(BMI)ofschoolchildrenandtee
nagersaroundtheworld.Thisinvolvedlookingattheheightandweightof
millionsofyoungsters.Theworld'stallestteenagerswere183.8cmandli
vedintheNetherlands;theshortest,at160.1cm,livedinEastTimor.Tee
nagersinEuropewerethetallest.Onaveragetheshortestchildrenlivedi
nAsia,LatinAmericaandEastAfrica.Thecomprehensivestudyinvolved
analysingdatafrom65millionchildrenagedfiveto19yearsoldin193cou
ntries.Thechildren'sheightandweightvariedgreatly.Theteamwarned
thatalackofqualityfoodandnutritionwasamajorfactorbehindstunted
growthandchildhoodobesity.Itsaidimproveddietsincreasedtheheigh
tofchildreninChina.Nineteen-year-oldboystherewere8cmtallerin20
19thanin1985.Theleadauthorofthereportsuggestedcountriesadopt
policiesthatencouragedhealthiereating,buttobeawareofthedangers
ofexcessiveweightgain.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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