The Reading / Listening - Diet and Height - Level 6

Poor diet and nutrition may be behind an average height gap of 20cm between the tallest and shortest children in different countries. Researchers from Imperial College London conducted a global analysis of the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and adolescents around the world. This involved measuring the height and weight of millions of children and teenagers. They discovered that the world's tallest 19-year-olds, at 183.8cm, lived in the Netherlands, while the shortest, at 160.1cm, lived in East Timor. The researchers said teenagers in northwest and central Europe were the tallest in the world. On average the shortest children lived in South and South-East Asia, Latin America and East Africa.



The study was extremely comprehensive. It involved analysing data from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The researchers reported that children's height and weight varied enormously in different regions. The team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major factor behind stunted growth and a rise in childhood obesity. It said improved diets increased the average height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. Researchers attribute this to improved nutrition. The lead author of the report urged countries to adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the perils of excessive weight gain.

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Diet and Height - Level 4  or  Diet and Height - Level 5

Sources
  • https://www.bbc.com/news/health-54828544
  • https://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/207893/poor-nutrition-school-years-have-created/
  • https://www.tvnz.co.nz/one-news/world/poor-diet-may-contribute-20cm-height-gap-between-tallest-and-shortest-nations-study


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. HEIGHT: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about height. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       diet / nutrition / average / height / weight / teenagers / Europe / world / children /
       comprehensive / children / quality / growth / diets / report / healthier eating / perils
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. BMI: Students A strongly believe governments should introduce policies to get people to have a healthy BMI; Students B strongly believe otherwise. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. LOOKS: How important are these things? Why? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

How Important?

Why?

Height

 

 

Weight

 

 

Hair

 

 

Eyes

 

 

Wrinkles

 

 

Other _____

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. NUTRITION: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "nutrition". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. BEST TO BE...: Rank these with your partner. Put the best things to be at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Tall
  • Slim
  • Intelligent
  • Loving
  • Funny
  • Good at English
  • Forgiving
  • Cooperative

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. nutrition a. Organized and carried out.
      2. behind b. The process of providing or obtaining the food necessary for health and growth.
      3. conducted c. A young person in the process of developing from a child into an adult.
      4. adolescent d. Included as a necessary part or result.
      5. involved e. Responsible for an event.
      6. measuring f. A number expressing the middle value (number) in a set of data by dividing the total of all the values (numbers) by how many values (numbers) there are.
      7. average g. Finding the size, amount, or degree of something.

    Paragraph 2

      8. comprehensive h. Having a number of different types or elements.
      9. varied i. Regard something as being caused by someone or something.
      10. stunted j. Of large content or scope; wide-ranging.
      11. obesity k. Prevented from growing or developing properly.
      12. attribute l. Really tried to persuade someone to do something.
      13. urged m. The condition of being grossly fat or overweight.
      14. perils n. The dangers or difficulties that arise from a particular situation or activity.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Researchers said poor diet was behind nutrition in taller children.     T / F
  2. The researchers were from Empirical College London.     T / F
  3. The world's tallest 19-year-olds live in the Netherlands.     T / F
  4. Children in North-East Asia were the world's shortest.     T / F
  5. Researchers analysed data on 65 million children.     T / F
  6. Poor nutrition was responsible for stunted growth and obesity.     T / F
  7. Nineteen-year-old boys in China grew an average 8cm taller in 34 years. T / F
  8. Researchers encouraged policies that encouraged weight gain.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. behind
  2. conducted
  3. adolescents
  4. involved
  5. on average
  6. comprehensive
  7. varied
  8. urged
  9. adopt
  10. excessive
  1. differed
  2. necessitated
  3. wide-ranging
  4. carried out
  5. take on
  6. generally
  7. responsible for
  8. undue
  9. youngsters
  10. encouraged

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. nutrition may be behind
  2. conducted a global analysis of
  3. schoolchildren and
  4. This involved measuring
  5. On
  6. The study was extremely
  7. weight varied
  8. stunted growth and a rise
  9. urged countries to
  10. the perils of excessive weight
  1. gain
  2. the height and weight
  3. in childhood obesity
  4. adopt policies
  5. the Body Mass Index
  6. enormously
  7. adolescents
  8. average
  9. comprehensive
  10. an average height gap

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
adolescents
discovered
average
nutrition
Latin
measuring
conducted
teenagers

Poor diet and (1) _____________________ may be behind an average height gap of 20cm between the tallest and shortest children in different countries. Researchers from Imperial College London (2) _____________________ a global analysis of the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and (3) _____________________ around the world. This involved (4) _____________________ the height and weight of millions of children and teenagers. They (5) _____________________ that the world's tallest 19-year-olds, at 183.8cm, lived in the Netherlands, while the shortest, at 160.1cm, lived in East Timor. The researchers said (6) _____________________ in northwest and central Europe were the tallest in the world. On (7) _____________________ the shortest children lived in South and South-East Asia, (8) _____________________ America and East Africa.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
diets
factor
excessive
extremely
attribute
varied
adopt
obesity

The study was (9) _____________________ comprehensive. It involved analysing data from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The researchers reported that children's height and weight (10) _____________________ enormously in different regions. The team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major (11) _____________________ behind stunted growth and a rise in childhood (12) _____________________. It said improved (13) _____________________ increased the average height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. Researchers (14) _____________________ this to improved nutrition. The lead author of the report urged countries to (15) _____________________ policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the perils of (16) _____________________ weight gain.

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  Poor diet and nutrition may be behind an average height ______
     a.  gape of 20cm
     b.  cap of 20cm
     c.  clap of 20cm
     d.  gap of 20cm
2)  Researchers from Imperial College London conducted ______
     a.  a globe all analysis
     b.  a global analyses
     c.  a global analysis
     d.  a globally analysis
3)  the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren ______
     a.  and adolescence
     b.  and adolescent
     c.  and adolescents
     d.  and idol ascents
4)  lived in East Timor. The researchers said teenagers in northwest ______
     a.  and centrally Europe
     b.  and central Europe
     c.  and centralised Europe
     d.  and centrality Europe
5)  On average the shortest children lived in South and South-East Asia, ______
     a.  Latin America
     b.  Latino America
     c.  Latins America
     d.  Late in America

6)  The study was extremely comprehensive. It ______
     a.  involved analysing datum
     b.  involved analysing day tar
     c.  involved analysing date a
     d.  involved analysing data
7)  The researchers reported that children's height and ______
     a.  weight variant enormously
     b.  weight variety enormously
     c.  weight vary it enormously
     d.  weight varied enormously
8) a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major factor ______
     a.  beyond stunted growth
     b.  behest stunted growth
     c.  behold stunted growth
     d.  behind stunted growth
9) 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. Researchers attribute this ______
     a.  to improved nutrition
     b.  to improve nutrition
     c.  to improved nutritious
     d.  to improves nutrition
10) countries to adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware ______
     a.  of the pearls
     b.  of the petals
     c.  of the perils
     d.  of the berries

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Poor diet and nutrition may be behind (1) ____________________ gap of 20cm between the tallest and shortest children in different countries. Researchers from Imperial College London (2) ____________________ analysis of the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and adolescents around the world. This (3) ____________________ height and weight of millions of children and teenagers. They discovered that the world's tallest 19-year-olds, at 183.8cm, lived in the Netherlands, (4) ____________________, at 160.1cm, lived in East Timor. The researchers said teenagers in (5) ____________________ Europe were the tallest in the world. (6) ____________________ shortest children lived in South and South-East Asia, Latin America and East Africa.

The study (7) ____________________. It involved analysing data from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The researchers reported that children's height and weight (8) ____________________ different regions. The team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major factor (9) ____________________ and a rise (10) ____________________. It said improved diets increased the average height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. Researchers (11) ____________________ improved nutrition. The lead author of the report urged countries to adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the (12) ____________________ weight gain.

Comprehension questions

  1. What two things did the article saw were behind the height gap?
  2. What is the name of the London college that conducted the research?
  3. What is the abbreviation for the index the researchers analysed?
  4. How tall were 19-year-old boys in the Netherlands?
  5. In which part of Africa did the article say children were short?
  6. How many children's data did the researchers look at?
  7. What did the researchers say about children's height in different regions?
  8. What was stunted in children because of a lack of quality food?
  9. How much taller were 19-year-old boys in China in 2019 than in 1985?
  10. What did the article warn against the perils of?




Multiple choice quiz

1) What two things did the article saw were behind the height gap?
a) milk and fish
b) exercise and meat
c) poor diet and nutrition
d) nutrition and exercise
2) What is the name of the London college that conducted the research?
a) Imperial
b) Empirical
c) the Height College
d) Nutrition Global
3) What is the abbreviation for the index the researchers analysed?
a) BMI
b) WHO
c) CGI
d) WHI
4) How tall were 19-year-old boys in the Netherlands?
a) 182.3cm
b) 183.8cm
c) 188.3cm
d) 183.2cm
5) In which part of Africa did the article say children were short?
a) the Congo Delta
b) the Maghreb
c) Madagascar
d) East Africa

6) How many children's data did the researchers look at?
a) 68 million
b) 65 million
c) 63 million
d) 62 million
7) What did the researchers say about children's height in different regions?
a) it varied enormously
b) it changed a lot
c) there were ups and downs
d) it needed to grow
8) What was stunted in children because of a lack of quality food?
a) intelligence
b) weight
c) growth
d) age
9) How much taller were 19-year-old boys in China in 2019 than in 1985?
a) 5cm
b) 6cm
c) 7cm
d) 8cm
10) What did the article warn against the perils of?
a) excessive weight gain
b) meat
c) calories
d) too much fast food

Role play

Role  A – Tall
You think being tall is the best thing to be. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): being slim, being intelligent or being loving.

Role  B – Slim
You think being slim is the best thing to be. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): being tall, being intelligent or being loving.

Role  C – Intelligent
You think being intelligent is the best thing to be. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): being slim, being tall or being loving.

Role  D – Loving
You think being loving is the best thing to be. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their things. Also, tell the others which is the least desirable of these (and why): being slim, being intelligent or being tall.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'height'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'weight'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • poor
    • global
    • measuring
    • discovered
    • central
    • Latin
    • data
    • varied
    • lack
    • rise
    • 8
    • aware




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Diet and Height

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'height'?
    3. How good or bad is your diet?
    4. How happy are you with your weight and height?
    5. What do you know about the Body Mass Index?
    6. What do you know about nutrition?
    7. What height and weight would you like to be?
    8. Do you think nutrition is better now than in the past?
    9. What are the benefits of being tall?
    10. What are the benefits of being short?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'weight'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. How much taller do you think humans can grow to be?
    5. Have you ever been on a diet?
    6. What policies should governments adopt to encourage healthier eating?
    7. What is your government doing about obesity in your country?
    8. What advice do you have for someone who is overweight?
    9. What are the dangers of being obese?
    10. What questions would you like to ask the researchers?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    Poor diet and nutrition may be (1) ____ an average height gap of 20cm between the tallest and shortest children in (2) ____ countries. Researchers from Imperial College London conducted a global analysis of the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and (3) ____ around the world. This involved (4) ____ the height and weight of millions of children and teenagers. They discovered that the world's tallest 19-year-olds, at 183.8cm, lived in the Netherlands, (5) ____ the shortest, at 160.1cm, lived in East Timor. The researchers said teenagers in northwest and central Europe were the tallest in the world. (6) ____ average the shortest children lived in South and South-East Asia, Latin America and East Africa.

    The study was extremely comprehensive. It involved analysing (7) ____ from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The researchers reported that children's height and weight (8) ____ enormously in different regions. The team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major (9) ____ behind stunted growth and a rise in childhood (10) ____. It said improved diets increased the average height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. Researchers (11) ____ this to improved nutrition. The lead author of the report urged countries to adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the (12) ____ of excessive weight gain.

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     beginning     (b)     behest     (c)     before     (d)     behind    
    2. (a)     difference     (b)     differential     (c)     differ     (d)     different    
    3. (a)     adolescence     (b)     adolescents     (c)     adolescent     (d)     idols    
    4. (a)     measured     (b)     measures     (c)     measuring     (d)     measure    
    5. (a)     while     (b)     whichever     (c)     whomsoever     (d)     which    
    6. (a)     On     (b)     In     (c)     An     (d)     To    
    7. (a)     statistic     (b)     numeral     (c)     informative     (d)     data    
    8. (a)     varied     (b)     wary     (c)     aired     (d)     differ    
    9. (a)     factored     (b)     factor     (c)     factory     (d)     facts    
    10. (a)     obese     (b)     obedience     (c)     obesity     (d)     obey    
    11. (a)     attitude     (b)     altitude     (c)     attribute     (d)     attrition    
    12. (a)     pearls     (b)     perils     (c)     pails     (d)     pores

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. Poor diet and nnoirtuit
    2. an veaareg height gap of 20cm
    3. conducted a global yaasnisl
    4. schoolchildren and oatsesnlcde
    5. mainguser the height and weight
    6. in thswronet and central Europe

    Paragraph 2

    1. The study was xmrteleey comprehensive
    2. It lnoivedv analysing data
    3. height and weight reivad enormously
    4. a rise in childhood tboyise
    5. Researchers tertbuiat this to improved
    6. the perils of isesexevc weight gain

    Put the text back together

    (...)  The study was extremely comprehensive. It involved analysing data from 65 million children
    (...)  lived in East Timor. The researchers said teenagers in northwest and central Europe were the tallest in the world. On
    (...)  factor behind stunted growth and a rise in childhood obesity. It said improved diets
    (...)  average the shortest children lived in South and South-East Asia, Latin America and East Africa.
    (...)  analysis of the Body Mass Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and adolescents around the world. This involved
    (...)  attribute this to improved nutrition. The lead author of the report urged countries to adopt
    (...)  measuring the height and weight of millions of children and teenagers. They discovered that the world's tallest
    (...)  aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The researchers reported that children's height and weight varied
    (...)  enormously in different regions. The team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major
    (...)  policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the perils of excessive weight gain.
    (...)  shortest children in different countries. Researchers from Imperial College London conducted a global
    (...)  19-year-olds, at 183.8cm, lived in the Netherlands, while the shortest, at 160.1cm,
    (...)  increased the average height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985. Researchers
    1  ) Poor diet and nutrition may be behind an average height gap of 20cm between the tallest and

    Put the words in the right order

    1. tallest   shortest   children   different   The   countries   .   in   and
    2. A   global   Index   .   of   analysis   Body   Mass   the
    3. involved   weight   .   the   and   measuring   height   This
    4. 19-year-olds   the   The   tallest   in   Netherlands   .   lived   world's
    5. the   Europe   central   were   tallest   .   Teenagers   in
    6. analysing   65   involved   children   .   data   million   It   from
    7. enormously   different   regions   .   weight   in   and   varied   Height
    8. was   stunted   major   a   growth   .   Nutrition   factor   behind
    9. Increased   the   height   China   .   of   children   average   in
    10. Aware   of   perils   weight   of   gain   .   the   excessive

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    Poor diet / dietary and nutrition may be behind an average height gap of 20cm between the tallest and shortest children in different countries. Researchers from Imperial College London contracted / conducted a global analysis of the Body Mass / Mess Index (BMI) of schoolchildren and adolescence / adolescents around the world. This involved / convoluted measuring the height and weigh / weight of millions of children and teenagers. They discovered / discovering that the world's tallest 19-year-olds, at 183.8cm, lived in the Netherlands, while the shortest, at 160.1cm, lived in East Timor. The researchers said teenager / teenagers in northwest and central Europe were the tallest in the world. On / In average the shortest children lived in South to / and South-East Asia, Latin America and East Africa.

    The study was extreme / extremely comprehensive. It involved analysing data from 65 million children aged / aging five to 19 years old in 193 countries. The researchers reported / reporting that children's height and weight varied / variety enormously in different regions. The team waned / warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a majority / major factor behind stunted growth and a rise in childhood obesity. It said improved diets increased the averages / average height of children in China. Nineteen-year-old boys there were 8cm taller / tallest in 2019 than in 1985. Researchers attribute this to improved nutritious / nutrition. The lead author of the report urged countries to adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating, but to be aware of the perils of excessive weight again / gain.

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    P__r  d__t  _nd  n_tr_t__n  m_y  b_  b_h_nd  _n  _v_r_g_  h__ght  g_p  _f  20cm  b_tw__n  th_  t_ll_st  _nd  sh_rt_st  ch_ldr_n  _n  d_ff_r_nt  c__ntr__s.  R_s__rch_rs  fr_m  _mp_r__l  C_ll_g_  L_nd_n  c_nd_ct_d  _  gl_b_l  _n_lys_s  _f  th_  B_dy  M_ss  _nd_x  (BM_)  _f  sch__lch_ldr_n  _nd  _d_l_sc_nts  _r__nd  th_  w_rld.  Th_s  _nv_lv_d  m__s_r_ng  th_  h__ght  _nd  w__ght  _f  m_ll__ns  _f  ch_ldr_n  _nd  t__n_g_rs.  Th_y  d_sc_v_r_d  th_t  th_  w_rld's  t_ll_st  19-y__r-_lds,  _t  183.8cm,  l_v_d  _n  th_  N_th_rl_nds,  wh_l_  th_  sh_rt_st,  _t  160.1cm,  l_v_d  _n  __st  T_m_r.  Th_  r_s__rch_rs  s__d  t__n_g_rs  _n  n_rthw_st  _nd  c_ntr_l  __r_p_  w_r_  th_  t_ll_st  _n  th_  w_rld.  _n  _v_r_g_  th_  sh_rt_st  ch_ldr_n  l_v_d  _n  S__th  _nd  S__th-__st  _s__,  L_t_n  _m_r_c_  _nd  __st  _fr_c_.

    Th_  st_dy  w_s  _xtr_m_ly  c_mpr_h_ns_v_.  _t  _nv_lv_d  _n_lys_ng  d_t_  fr_m  65  m_ll__n  ch_ldr_n  _g_d  f_v_  t_  19  y__rs  _ld  _n  193  c__ntr__s.  Th_  r_s__rch_rs  r_p_rt_d  th_t  ch_ldr_n's  h__ght  _nd  w__ght  v_r__d  _n_rm__sly  _n  d_ff_r_nt  r_g__ns.  Th_  t__m  w_rn_d  th_t  _  l_ck  _f  q__l_ty  f__d  _nd  n_tr_t__n  w_s  _  m_j_r  f_ct_r  b_h_nd  st_nt_d  gr_wth  _nd  _  r_s_  _n  ch_ldh__d  _b_s_ty.  _t  s__d  _mpr_v_d  d__ts  _ncr__s_d  th_  _v_r_g_  h__ght  _f  ch_ldr_n  _n  Ch_n_.  N_n_t__n-y__r-_ld  b_ys  th_r_  w_r_  8cm  t_ll_r  _n  2019  th_n  _n  1985.  R_s__rch_rs  _ttr_b_t_  th_s  t_  _mpr_v_d  n_tr_t__n.  Th_  l__d  __th_r  _f  th_  r_p_rt  _rg_d  c__ntr__s  t_  _d_pt  p_l_c__s  th_t  _nc__r_g_d  h__lth__r  __t_ng,  b_t  t_  b_  _w_r_  _f  th_  p_r_ls  _f  _xc_ss_v_  w__ght  g__n.

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    poor diet and nutrition may be behind an average height gap of 20cm between the tallest and shortest children in different countries researchers from imperial college london conducted a global analysis of the body mass index bmi of schoolchildren and adolescents around the world this involved measuring the height and weight of millions of children and teenagers they discovered that the worlds tallest 19yearolds at 1838cm lived in the netherlands while the shortest at 1601cm lived in east timor the researchers said teenagers in northwest and central europe were the tallest in the world on average the shortest children lived in south and southeast asia latin america and east africa

    the study was extremely comprehensive it involved analysing data from 65 million children aged five to 19 years old in 193 countries the researchers reported that childrens height and weight varied enormously in different regions the team warned that a lack of quality food and nutrition was a major factor behind stunted growth and a rise in childhood obesity it said improved diets increased the average height of children in china nineteenyearold boys there were 8cm taller in 2019 than in 1985 researchers attribute this to improved nutrition the lead author of the report urged countries to adopt policies that encouraged healthier eating but to be aware of the perils of excessive weight gain

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    Poordietandnutritionmaybebehindanaverageheightgapof20cmbet
    weenthetallestandshortestchildrenindifferentcountries.Researcher
    sfromImperialCollegeLondonconductedaglobalanalysisoftheBodyM
    assIndex(BMI)ofschoolchildrenandadolescentsaroundtheworld.Thi
    sinvolvedmeasuringtheheightandweightofmillionsofchildrenandtee
    nagers.Theydiscoveredthattheworld'stallest19-year-olds,at183.8c
    m,livedintheNetherlands,whiletheshortest,at160.1cm,livedinEastTi
    mor.TheresearcherssaidteenagersinnorthwestandcentralEuropewe
    rethetallestintheworld.OnaveragetheshortestchildrenlivedinSoutha
    ndSouth-EastAsia,LatinAmericaandEastAfrica.Thestudywasextre
    melycomprehensive.Itinvolvedanalysingdatafrom65millionchildren
    agedfiveto19yearsoldin193countries.Theresearchersreportedthatc
    hildren'sheightandweightvariedenormouslyindifferentregions.Thet
    eamwarnedthatalackofqualityfoodandnutritionwasamajorfactorbeh
    indstuntedgrowthandariseinchildhoodobesity.Itsaidimproveddietsi
    ncreasedtheaverageheightofchildreninChina.Nineteen-year-oldbo
    ystherewere8cmtallerin2019thanin1985.Researchersattributethist
    oimprovednutrition.Theleadauthorofthereporturgedcountriestoado
    ptpoliciesthatencouragedhealthiereating,buttobeawareoftheperilso
    fexcessiveweightgain.

    Free writing

    Write about diet and height for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    It is the government's responsibility to ensure all children are well fed. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. DIET AND HEIGHT: Make a poster about diet and height. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. GOVERNMENT: Write a magazine article about the government making laws to ensure children have the correct diet. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on diet and height. Ask him/her three questions about diet and height. Give him/her three of your ideas. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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