The Reading / Listening - Rivers - Level 1

Humans have damaged 86 per cent of the world's rivers. Researchers looked at data on over 2,500 rivers, but none in the Arctic and Antarctica or in deserts. The scientists looked at biodiversity changes over the past 200 years. Humans have seriously damaged biodiversity in over half of rivers. There are many reasons for this. One reason is new species of fish that are in rivers. Other reasons include pollution, dams and climate change.



The worst-hit rivers are in the big cities of Europe and America. The lead researcher said rivers which have the most economic development near them, like the Mississippi River or River Thames, are the most strongly impacted. The least-impacted are in Africa and Australia. This is because of fewer factories in Africa and smaller populations around rivers in Australia. He said rivers in rich nations are totally different to how they were 200 years ago.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Rivers - Level 0 Rivers - Level 2   or  Rivers - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/feb/18/very-few-of-worlds-rivers-undamaged-by-humanity-study-finds
  • https://www.newscientist.com/article/2268348-humans-have-severely-affected-fish-biodiversity-in-half-of-all-rivers
  • https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-02-18/human-caused-climate-change-threatens-a-quarter-of-freshwater-fish


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Researchers looked
  2. scientists looked at biodiversity
  3. changes over the past
  4. Humans have seriously damaged
  5. in over half
  6. There are many reasons
  7. fish that are
  8. climate
  1. 200 years
  2. in rivers
  3. of rivers
  4. change
  5. at data
  6. biodiversity
  7. changes
  8. for this

Paragraph 2

  1. The worst-hit rivers are
  2. the lead
  3. the most economic
  4. the most strongly
  5. This is because of fewer
  6. smaller populations around
  7. rivers in rich nations
  8. how they were
  1. 200 years ago
  2. development
  3. factories in Africa
  4. are totally different
  5. rivers
  6. in the big cities
  7. researcher
  8. impacted

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Humans (1) ___________________ per cent of the world's rivers. Researchers looked (2) ___________________ over 2,500 rivers, (3) ___________________ the Arctic and Antarctica or in deserts. The scientists looked at biodiversity changes (4) ___________________ 200 years. Humans have seriously damaged biodiversity in over half of rivers. There are many (5) ___________________. One reason is new species of fish that are in rivers. Other reasons include pollution, (6) ___________________ change.

The worst-hit rivers are (7) ___________________ cities of Europe and America. The lead researcher said rivers (8) ___________________ most economic development near them, like the Mississippi River or River Thames, (9) ___________________ strongly impacted. The least-impacted are in Africa and Australia. This is (10) ___________________ factories in Africa and smaller populations (11) ___________________ Australia. He said rivers in rich nations are totally different (12) ___________________ were 200 years ago.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Humanshavedamaged86percentoftheworld'srivers.Researchersloo
kedatdataonover2,500rivers,butnoneintheArcticandAntarcticaorin
deserts.Thescientistslookedatbiodiversitychangesoverthepast200y
ears.Humanshaveseriouslydamagedbiodiversityinoverhalfofrivers.
Therearemanyreasonsforthis.Onereasonisnewspeciesoffishthatarei
nrivers.Otherreasonsincludepollution,damsandclimatechange.The
worst-hitriversareinthebigcitiesofEuropeandAmerica.Theleadres
earchersaidriverswhichhavethemosteconomicdevelopmentnearthe
m,liketheMississippiriverorRiverThames,arethemoststronglyimpact
ed.Theleast-impactedareinAfricaandAustralia.Thisisbecauseoffewe
rfactoriesinAfricaandsmallerpopulationsaroundriversinAustralia.He
saidriversinrichnationsaretotallydifferenttohowtheywere200yearsa
go.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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