The Reading / Listening - Rivers - Level 2

A study shows that humans have damaged 86 per cent of the world's rivers. The study is from a university in France. Researchers examined data on over 2,500 of the world's rivers. They did not look at rivers in the Arctic and Antarctica or in deserts. The scientists looked at changes to biodiversity over the past 200 years. Biodiversity in over half of rivers has been seriously damaged by humans. There are many reasons for this damage. A big reason is the new species of fish are in rivers. Other reasons include pollution, dams, overfishing, farming and climate change.



The worst-hit rivers are in western Europe and North America. These regions have big, rich towns and cities. The lead researcher said: "Rivers which have the most economic development around them, like the Mississippi River, are the most strongly impacted." London's River Thames is one of the worst-affected in the study. The least-impacted rivers are in Africa and Australia. The researcher said this is because of less industrialisation in Africa and low populations around rivers in Australia. He said rivers in rich nations are completely different to how they were 200 years ago.

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Rivers - Level 0 Rivers - Level 1   or  Rivers - Level 3

Sources
  • https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/feb/18/very-few-of-worlds-rivers-undamaged-by-humanity-study-finds
  • https://www.newscientist.com/article/2268348-humans-have-severely-affected-fish-biodiversity-in-half-of-all-rivers
  • https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-02-18/human-caused-climate-change-threatens-a-quarter-of-freshwater-fish


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. Researchers examined
  2. rivers in the
  3. The scientists looked
  4. biodiversity over the
  5. seriously damaged
  6. There are many reasons
  7. new species of fish that are
  8. farming and climate
  1. for this damage
  2. past 200 years
  3. change
  4. data
  5. in rivers
  6. Arctic
  7. by humans
  8. at changes

Paragraph 2

  1. The worst-hit rivers are
  2. big, rich towns
  3. one of the worst-affected in the
  4. The least-
  5. less industrialisation in
  6. low
  7. rivers in rich nations are
  8. how they were
  1. and cities
  2. Africa
  3. 200 years ago
  4. study
  5. completely different
  6. impacted rivers
  7. populations
  8. in western Europe

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

A (1) ___________________ humans have damaged 86 per cent of the world's rivers. The (2) ___________________ a university in France. Researchers examined data on over 2,500 of the world's rivers. They did not (3) ___________________ in the Arctic and Antarctica or in deserts. The scientists looked at changes to biodiversity (4) ___________________ 200 years. Biodiversity in over half of rivers has been seriously damaged by humans. There are (5) ___________________ this damage. A big reason is the new species of fish that are in rivers. Other reasons include pollution, dams, overfishing, farming (6) ___________________.

The worst-hit rivers are in western Europe and North America. These (7) ___________________, rich towns and cities. The lead researcher said: "Rivers which have (6) ___________________ development around them, like the Mississippi River, are the (7) ___________________." London's River Thames is one of the worst-affected in the study. The least-impacted rivers are in Africa and Australia. The researcher said (10) ___________________ of less industrialisation in Africa and low populations (11) ___________________ Australia. He said rivers in rich nations are completely different to how they were (12) ___________________.

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Astudyshowsthathumanshavedamaged86percentoftheworld'sriver
s.ThestudyisfromauniversityinFrance.Researchersexamineddataon
over2,500oftheworld'srivers.TheydidnotlookatriversintheArcticand
Antarcticaorindeserts.Thescientistslookedatchangestobiodiversityo
verthepast200years.Biodiversityinoverhalfofrivershasbeenseriousl
ydamagedbyhumans.Therearemanyreasonsforthisdamage.Abigrea
sonisthenewspeciesoffishthatareinrivers.Otherreasonsincludepollu
tion,dams,overfishing,farmingandclimatechange.Theworst-hitrive
rsareinwesternEuropeandNorthAmerica.Theseregionshavebig,richt
ownsandcities.Theleadresearchersaid:"Riverswhichhavethemostec
onomicdevelopmentaroundthem,liketheMississippiriver,arethemos
tstronglyimpacted."London'sRiverThamesisoneoftheworst-affecte
dinthestudy.Theleast-impactedriversareinAfricaandAustralia.Ther
esearchersaidthisisbecauseoflessindustrialisationinAfricaandlowpo
pulationsaroundriversinAustralia.Hesaidriversinrichnationsarecom
pletelydifferenttohowtheywere200yearsago.

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

Help Support This Web Site

  • Please consider helping Breaking News English.com

Sean Banville's Book

Thank You