The Reading / Listening - Earthquakes - Level 5

Unbelievably, Iceland has had 18,000 earthquakes in the space of a week. Most were too small to feel. The largest quake was a magnitude 5.6. This seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may erupt soon. Volcanoes in that area have been dormant for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption could be imminent. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to tremors. However, the recent quakes have unsettled residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number of quakes, there has been little damage.



Iceland is situated on top of tectonic plates that are deep in the earth. These are pieces of Earth's crust around 100km thick. Earth's land mass sits on them. The plates below Iceland are splitting apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his anxiety caused by the recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many in a row. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and powerless against nature."

Try the same news story at these levels:

    Earthquakes - Level 4 or  Earthquakes - Level 6

Sources
  • https://nbc-2.com/news/national-world/2021/03/04/iceland-hit-with-17000-earthquakes-in-the-past-week-a-volcanic-eruption-could-be-near1/
  • https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/04/world/europe/earthquakes-eruption-iceland.html
  • https://people.com/human-interest/iceland-18000-earthquakes-last-week-signaling-potential-eruption/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Phrase Matching

Paragraph 1

  1. 18,000 earthquakes in the
  2. Most were too small
  3. The largest quake was a
  4. Volcanoes in that area have been
  5. an eruption could
  6. the recent quakes have
  7. despite the large number
  8. there has been little
  1. unsettled residents
  2. dormant
  3. damage
  4. to feel
  5. of quakes
  6. space of a week
  7. be imminent
  8. magnitude 5.6

Paragraph 2

  1. Iceland is situated on top
  2. deep in the
  3. These are pieces of
  4. Earth's land mass sits
  5. The plates below Iceland
  6. One Reykjavik resident spoke
  7. so many
  8. powerless against
  1. nature
  2. on them
  3. are splitting apart
  4. earth
  5. in a row
  6. of tectonic plates
  7. about his anxiety
  8. Earth's crust

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

Unbelievably, Iceland has had 18,000 earthquakes in (1) ___________________ a week. Most were too small to feel. The largest quake (2) ___________________ 5.6. This seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may erupt soon. Volcanoes in that area have (3) ___________________ over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption (4) ___________________. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to tremors. However, the recent quakes (5) ___________________ in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number of quakes, there has (6) ___________________.

Iceland (7) ___________________ top of tectonic plates that are deep in the earth. These are pieces of Earth's crust around 100km thick. Earth's (8) ___________________ on them. The plates below Iceland are (9) ___________________ pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his (10) ___________________ the recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many (11) ___________________. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and (12) ___________________."

Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

Unbelievably,Icelandhashad18,000earthquakesinthespaceofaweek
.Mostweretoosmalltofeel.Thelargestquakewasamagnitude5.6.Thiss
eismicactivitysuggeststhatavolcanointhesouthwestofIcelandmayer
uptsoon.Volcanoesinthatareahavebeendormantforover800years,b
utseismologistsbelieveaneruptioncouldbeimminent.Icelandisavolca
nicislandandisusedtotremors.However,therecentquakeshaveunsett
ledresidentsinthecapitalcityReykjavik.Scientistssaydespitethelarge
numberofquakes,therehasbeenlittledamage.Icelandissituatedonto
poftectonicplatesthataredeepintheearth.ThesearepiecesofEarth'scr
ustaround100kmthick.Earth'slandmasssitsonthem.Theplatesbelow
IcelandaresplittingapartandpushingNorthAmericaandEurasiaawayf
romeachother.OneReykjavikresidentspokeabouthisanxietycausedb
ytherecentquakes.Hesaid:"Ihaveexperiencedearthquakesbefore,b
utneversomanyinarow.ItisveryunusualtofeeltheEarthshake24hours
adayforawholeweek.Itmakesyoufeelverysmallandpowerlessagainst
nature."

Student survey

Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

(Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

Discussion — Write your own questions

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

(a) ________________

(b) ________________

(c) ________________

(d) ________________

(e) ________________

(f) ________________

(g) ________________

(h) ________________

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

(i) ________________

(j) ________________

(k) ________________

(l) ________________

(m) ________________

(n) ________________

(o) ________________

(p) ________________





Free writing

Write about this topic for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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Answers

(Please check your answers against the article above.

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