The Reading / Listening - Earthquakes - Level 6

It's a little hard to believe, but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in the space of a week. Most of them have been too small to feel. The largest quake was on February 24 and was a magnitude 5.6. The seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be about to erupt. Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been dormant for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption could be imminent. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the occasional tremor. However, swarms of quakes have unsettled residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number of quakes, there has been very little damage.



Iceland is situated on top of the meeting of tectonic plates deep in the earth. Tectonic plates are pieces of Earth's crust around 100km thick on which Earth's land mass sits. The plates below Iceland are continually splitting apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other at an infinitesimally slow rate. Living on a tectonic plate means seismic activity is inevitable. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his anxiety caused by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many in a row. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and powerless against nature."

Try the same news story at these easier levels:

    Earthquakes - Level 4  or  Earthquakes - Level 5

Sources
  • https://nbc-2.com/news/national-world/2021/03/04/iceland-hit-with-17000-earthquakes-in-the-past-week-a-volcanic-eruption-could-be-near1/
  • https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/04/world/europe/earthquakes-eruption-iceland.html
  • https://people.com/human-interest/iceland-18000-earthquakes-last-week-signaling-potential-eruption/


Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Please enjoy :-)



Warm-ups

1. EARTHQUAKES: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about Earthquakes. Change partners often and share your findings.
2. CHAT: In pairs / groups, talk about these topics or words from the article. What will the article say about them? What can you say about these words and your life?
       hard / earthquakes / magnitude / volcano / eruption / imminent / residents / damage
       meeting / plates / land mass / rate / inevitable / anxiety / unusual / in a row / nature
Have a chat about the topics you liked. Change topics and partners frequently.
3. VOLCANOES: Students A strongly believe volcanoes are more dangerous than earthquakes; Students B strongly believe the opposite. Change partners again and talk about your conversations.
4. GEOLOGICAL FEATURES: What do you know about these geological features? What do you want to know? Complete this table with your partner(s). Change partners often and share what you wrote.

 

What I Know

What I Want to Know

Volcanoes

 

 

Earthquakes

 

 

Deserts

 

 

Glaciers

 

 

Tsunamis

 

 

Caves

 

 

MY e-BOOK
ESL resource book with copiable worksheets and handouts - 1,000 Ideas and Activities for Language Teachers / English teachers
See a sample

5. PLATE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "plate". Share your words with your partner(s) and talk about them. Together, put the words into different categories.
6. NATURAL DISASTERS: Rank these with your partner. Put the most dangerous at the top at the top. Change partners often and share your rankings.

  • Volcanoes
  • Earthquakes
  • Floods
  • Sandstorms
  • Tsunamis
  • Wildfires
  • Hurricanes
  • Blizzards

 

Vocabulary

    Paragraph 1

      1. magnitude a. A series of similar-sized earthquakes occurring together, typically near a volcano.
      2. seismic b. (of a volcano) become active and eject lava, ash, and gases.
      3. erupt c. About to happen.
      4. dormant d. The great size or extent of something.
      5. imminent e. A slight earthquake.
      6. tremor f. Relating to earthquakes or other vibrations of the earth and its crust.
      7. swarm g. Having normal physical functions suspended or slowed down for a period of time.

    Paragraph 2

      8. tectonic h. At an extremely small rate.
      9. crust i. Certain to happen; unavoidable.
      10. land mass j. Unable to take effective action; helpless or powerless.
      11. infinitesimally k. The outermost layer of rock that covers a planet.
      12. inevitable l. A person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis.
      13. resident m. A continent or other large body of land.
      14. impotent n. Relating to the structure of the earth's crust and the large-scale processes which take place within it.

 

Before reading / listening

1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 1-8 below are true (T) or false (F).

  1. Most of the earthquakes in Iceland last week could be felt.     T / F
  2. The largest of the earthquakes was 6.5 in magnitude.     T / F
  3. Volcanoes in the northeast of Iceland are set to erupt.     T / F
  4. The 18,000 earthquakes have caused very little damage.     T / F
  5. Tectonic plates are about 100km thick.     T / F
  6. Iceland is on a tectonic plate that is moving very quickly.     T / F
  7. Swarms of earthquakes made residents of Iceland's capital city worry.     T / F
  8. A Reykjavik resident said he felt impotent against nature.     T / F

2. SYNONYM MATCH: Match the following synonyms from the article.

  1. magnitude
  2. dormant
  3. imminent
  4. unsettled
  5. damage
  6. situated
  7. splitting
  8. inevitable
  9. anxiety
  10. in a row
  1. inactive
  2. breaking
  3. destruction
  4. consecutively
  5. intensity
  6. coming
  7. unavoidable
  8. worry
  9. unnerved
  10. located

3. PHRASE MATCH: (Sometimes more than one choice is possible.)

  1. It's a little hard
  2. 18,000 earthquakes in the space
  3. seismic
  4. seismologists believe an eruption
  5. swarms
  6. tectonic
  7. at an infinitesimally slow
  8. One Reykjavik resident spoke
  9. never so many in
  10. It makes you feel very small and
  1. impotent
  2. of quakes
  3. plates deep in the earth
  4. activity
  5. about his anxiety
  6. to believe
  7. a row
  8. rate
  9. of a week
  10. could be imminent

Gap fill

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
seismic
occasional
believe
imminent
despite
feel
residents
erupt

It's a little hard to (1) _____________________, but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in the space of a week. Most of them have been too small to (2) _____________________. The largest quake was on February 24 and was a magnitude 5.6. The (3) _____________________ activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be about to (4) _____________________. Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been dormant for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption could be (5) _____________________. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the (6) _____________________ tremor. However, swarms of quakes have unsettled (7) _____________________ in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say (8) _____________________ the large number of quakes, there has been very little damage.

Put these words into the spaces in the paragraph below.
crust
anxiety
rate
situated
impotent
splitting
row
inevitable

Iceland is (9) _____________________ on top of the meeting of tectonic plates deep in the earth. Tectonic plates are pieces of Earth's (10) _____________________ around 100km thick on which Earth's land mass sits. The plates below Iceland are continually (11) _____________________ apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other at an infinitesimally slow (12) _____________________. Living on a tectonic plate means seismic activity is (13) _____________________. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his (14) _____________________ caused by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many in a (15) _____________________. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and (16) _____________________ against nature."

Listening — Guess the answers. Listen to check.

1)  but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in the space ______
     a.  off a week
     b.  offer week
     c.  oft a week
     d.  of a week
2) seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be ______
     a.  about too erupt
     b.  about to erupt
     c.  about two erupt
     d.  about thru erupt
3)  Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the ______
     a.  occasionally tremor
     b.  occasional tremor
     c.  occasion all tremor
     d.  occasion a tremor
4)  However, swarms of quakes have ______
     a.  unsettle residence
     b.  a settled residence
     c.  unsettle residents
     d.  unsettled residents
5)  despite the large number of quakes, there has been ______
     a.  very little dam midge
     b.  very little damn age
     c.  very little damage
     d.  very little damn midge

6)  Iceland is situated on top of the meeting of tectonic ______ the earth
     a.  plates deeply in
     b.  plates depth in
     c.  plates deeps in
     d.  plates deep in
7)  pieces of Earth's crust around 100km thick on which Earth's ______
     a.  land mass sits
     b.  land mass its
     c.  land mass it's
     d.  land Mars sits
8)  America and Eurasia away from each other at ______ slow rate
     a.  an infinitesimal ally
     b.  an infinite similarly
     c.  an infinite simile
     d.  an infinitesimally
9)  Living on a tectonic plate means seismic ______
     a.  activities inevitable
     b.  active vista is inevitable
     c.  activity is inevitable
     d.  act nativity is inevitable
10)  for a whole week. It makes you feel very ______
     a.  small and important
     b.  small and in potent
     c.  small and imp a tent
     d.  small and impotent

Listening — Listen and fill in the gaps

It's a little (1) ____________________, but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in (2) ____________________ a week. Most of them have been too small to feel. The largest quake was on February 24 and was a magnitude 5.6. The seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be (3) ____________________. Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been dormant for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption (4) ____________________. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the occasional tremor. However, (5) ____________________ have unsettled residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number of quakes, there has been (6) ____________________.

Iceland is situated on top of the meeting of (7) ____________________ in the earth. Tectonic plates are pieces of (8) ____________________ 100km thick on which Earth's (9) ____________________. The plates below Iceland are continually splitting apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other at an infinitesimally slow rate. Living on a tectonic plate means seismic (10) ____________________. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his anxiety caused by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many (11) ____________________. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and (12) ____________________."

Comprehension questions

  1. How many of the 18,000 earthquakes were too small to feel?
  2. What was the magnitude of the largest earthquake?
  3. How long have volcanoes in southwest Iceland been dormant?
  4. What is the collective noun for earthquakes or tremors?
  5. How thick are tectonic plates?
  6. What is being pushed away from North America?
  7. What does the article say living on a tectonic plate means?
  8. What did a Reykjavik resident feel about the 18,000 quakes?
  9. What has the Reykjavik not experienced before?
  10. What did the resident say he felt impotent against?




Multiple choice quiz

1)  How many of the 18,000 earthquakes were too small to feel?
a) all of them
b) most of them
c) about half
d) a few dozen
2)  What was the magnitude of the largest earthquake?
a) 6.5
b) 5.6
c) 6.6
d) 6.6
3)  How long have volcanoes in southwest Iceland been dormant?
a) just under 800 years
b) about 800 years
c) exactly 800 years
d) over 800 years
4)  What is the collective noun for earthquakes or tremors?
a) a flock
b) a swarm
c) a murder
d) a school
5)  How thick are tectonic plates?
a) around 100km
b) 1,000km
c) between one and ten kilometres
d) about 500 metres

6)  What is being pushed away from North America?
a) Eurasia
b) South America
c) the Arctic
d) Africa
7)  What does the article say living on a tectonic plate means?
a) earthquake-proof houses
b) shifting sands
c) lava flows
d) seismic activity
8)  What did a Reykjavik resident feel about the 18,000 quakes?
a) sadness
b) excitement
c) anxiety
d) shock
9)  What has the Reykjavik resident not experienced before?
a) a volcano
b) anxiety
c) seismic activity
d) so many quakes in a row
10)  What did the resident say he felt impotent against?
a) lava flows
b) nature
c) earthquakes
d) change

Role play

Role  A – Volcanoes
You think volcanoes are the most dangerous natural disasters. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their disasters. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): earthquakes, tsunamis or hurricanes.

Role  B – Earthquakes
You think earthquakes are the most dangerous natural disasters. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their disasters. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): volcanoes, tsunamis or hurricanes.

Role  C – Tsunamis
You think tsunamis are the most dangerous natural disasters. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their disasters. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): earthquakes, volcanoes or hurricanes.

Role  D – Hurricanes
You think hurricanes are the most dangerous natural disasters. Tell the others three reasons why. Tell them what is wrong with their disasters. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): earthquakes, tsunamis or volcanoes.

After reading / listening

1. WORD SEARCH: Look in your dictionary / computer to find collocates, other meanings, information, synonyms … for the words...

'earthquake'

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • and 'Earth'.

  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • ________________
  • • Share your findings with your partners.

    • Make questions using the words you found.

    • Ask your partner / group your questions.

    2. ARTICLE QUESTIONS: Look back at the article and write down some questions you would like to ask the class about the text.

    •Share your questions with other classmates / groups. •Ask your partner / group your questions.

    3. GAP FILL: In pairs / groups, compare your answers to this exercise. Check your answers. Talk about the words from the activity. Were they new, interesting, worth learning…?

    4. VOCABULARY: Circle any words you do not understand. In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings.

    5. TEST EACH OTHER: Look at the words below. With your partner, try to recall how they were used in the text:

    • believe
    • feel
    • erupt
    • imminent
    • swarms
    • damage
    • top
    • below
    • slow
    • means
    • row
    • nature




    Student survey

    Write five GOOD questions about this topic in the table. Do this in pairs. Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. When you have finished, interview other students. Write down their answers.

    (Please look at page 12 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

    Discussion - Earthquakes

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    1. What did you think when you read the headline?
    2. What images are in your mind when you hear the word 'earthquake'?
    3. What do you know about earthquakes?
    4. What do you think of earthquakes?
    5. What do you know about Iceland?
    6. Have you ever experienced an earthquake?
    7. What should you do in an earthquake?
    8. What do you know about volcanoes?
    9. Would you move if you lived near a volcano?
    10. Is a volcano or earthquake more dangerous?

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    1. Did you like reading this article? Why/not?
    2. What do you think of when you hear the word 'Earth'?
    3. What do you think about what you read?
    4. What do you know about the earth's crust?
    5. What might Earth look like if the plates keep moving?
    6. When was the last time you were anxious?
    7. What would you do if there were earthquakes for a week?
    8. What advice do you have for people in Iceland?
    9. What do you think of the power of nature?
    10. What questions would you like to ask a volcano expert?

    Discussion — Write your own questions

    STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

    (a) ________________

    (b) ________________

    (c) ________________

    (d) ________________

    (e) ________________

    STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

    (f) ________________

    (g) ________________

    (h) ________________

    (i) ________________

    (j) ________________





    Language — Cloze (Gap-fill)

    It's a little hard to (1) ____, but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in the (2) ____ of a week. Most of them have been too small to feel. The largest quake was on February 24 and was a (3) ____ 5.6. The seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be about to (4) ____. Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been (5) ____ for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption could be imminent. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the occasional tremor. However, swarms of quakes have (6) ____ residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number of quakes, there has been very little damage.

    Iceland is situated on top of the meeting of tectonic (7) ____ deep in the earth. Tectonic plates are pieces of Earth's crust around 100km thick on which Earth's land mass sits. The plates below Iceland are continually (8) ____ apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other at an infinitesimally slow rate. Living on a tectonic plate means seismic activity is (9) ____. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his (10) ____ caused by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many in a (11) ____. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and (12) ____ against nature."

    Which of these words go in the above text?

    1. (a)     believe     (b)     belief     (c)     believer     (d)     believes    
    2. (a)     spatial     (b)     species     (c)     space     (d)     spate    
    3. (a)     multitude     (b)     miniscule     (c)     magnitude     (d)     metabolic    
    4. (a)     corrupt     (b)     rapture     (c)     disrupt     (d)     erupt    
    5. (a)     dominant     (b)     diminutive     (c)     dormant     (d)     dismount    
    6. (a)     forlorn     (b)     unsettled     (c)     faulted     (d)     managed    
    7. (a)     bowls     (b)     plates     (c)     dishes     (d)     saucers    
    8. (a)     sitting     (b)     splitting     (c)     splatting     (d)     spotting    
    9. (a)     frosty     (b)     foldable     (c)     inevitable     (d)     utopian    
    10. (a)     anxiolytic     (b)     anxiously     (c)     anxious     (d)     anxiety    
    11. (a)     mow     (b)     bow     (c)     low     (d)     row    
    12. (a)     redolent     (b)     important     (c)     encouragement     (d)     impotent

    Spelling

    Paragraph 1

    1. sieicms activity
    2. rotmand for over 800 years
    3. an eruption could be mieinnmt
    4. swsarm of quakes
    5. riseetdns in the capital city
    6. ieeptsd the large number

    Paragraph 2

    1. oitctcne plates
    2. nutlycaolin splitting apart
    3. at an iafiyimlinsetln slow rate
    4. activity is vibetaeiln
    5. yaxitne caused by the 18,000 recent quakes
    6. you feel very small and tmnpotei

    Put the text back together

    (...)  week. Most of them have been too small to feel. The largest quake was on February 24 and was a
    (...)  resident spoke about his anxiety caused by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes
    1  ) It's a little hard to believe, but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in the space of a
    (...)  pieces of Earth's crust around 100km thick on which Earth's land mass sits. The plates below Iceland are continually splitting
    (...)  a day for a whole week. It makes you feel very small and impotent against nature."
    (...)  tremor. However, swarms of quakes have unsettled residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists
    (...)  before, but never so many in a row. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours
    (...)  magnitude 5.6. The seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be about
    (...)  rate. Living on a tectonic plate means seismic activity is inevitable. One Reykjavik
    (...)  to erupt. Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been dormant for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an
    (...)  Iceland is situated on top of the meeting of tectonic plates deep in the earth. Tectonic plates are
    (...)  eruption could be imminent. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the occasional
    (...)  apart and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other at an infinitesimally slow
    (...)  say despite the large number of quakes, there has been very little damage.

    Put the words in the right order

    1. small   to   of   them   Most   too   feel   .   are
    2. Iceland   in   A   is   volcano   about   to   erupt   .
    3. believe   an   eruption   Seismologists   be   could   imminent   .
    4. of   quakes   unsettled   Swarms   in   residents   have   the   capital   .
    5. there   Scientists   been   has   say   very   little   damage   .
    6. on   situated   Iceland   top   is   tectonic   of   plates   .
    7. below   The   are   Iceland   plates   continually   splitting   apart   .
    8. plates   mean   seismic   Tectonic   is   activity   inevitable   .
    9. caused   His   the   by   anxiety   18,000   recent   quakes   .
    10. is   unusual   to   feel   the   It   Earth   shake   .

    Circle the correct word (20 pairs)

    It's a little hard to belief / believe, but Iceland has experienced 18,000 earthquakes in the spaces / space of a week. Most of them have been too small to feel. The largest quake was on February 24 and was a multitude / magnitude 5.6. The seismic activity suggestive / suggests that a volcano in the southwest of Iceland may be about to abrupt / erupt. Volcanoes in southwestern Iceland have been dormant / remnant for over 800 years, but seismologists believe an eruption could be / have imminent. Iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the occasionally / occasional tremor. However, swarms of quakes have unsettled residence / residents in the capital city Reykjavik. Scientists say despite the large number / numeral of quakes, there has been very little damage.

    Iceland is situated / situation on top of the meeting of tectonic plates depth / deep in the earth. Tectonic plates are pieces of Earth's crusty / crust around 100km thick on which Earth's land massive / mass sits. The plates below Iceland are continually splitting apart / part and pushing North America and Eurasia away from each other on / at an infinitesimally slow rate. Living on a tectonic plate means seismic activity is inevitable. One Reykjavik resident spoke about his anxiety caused of / by the 18,000 recent quakes. He said: "I have experienced earthquakes before, but never so many in a row / low. It is very unusual to feel the Earth shake 24 hours a day for a wholly / whole week. It makes you feel very small and impotent / impotency against nature."

    Talk about the connection between each pair of words in italics, and why the correct word is correct.

    Insert the vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

    _t's  _  l_ttl_  h_rd  t_  b_l__v_,  b_t  _c_l_nd  h_s  _xp_r__nc_d  18,000  __rthq__k_s  _n  th_  sp_c_  _f  _  w__k.  M_st  _f  th_m  h_v_  b__n  t__  sm_ll  t_  f__l.  Th_  l_rg_st  q__k_  w_s  _n  F_br__ry  24  _nd  w_s  _  m_gn_t_d_  5.6.  Th_  s__sm_c  _ct_v_ty  s_gg_sts  th_t  _  v_lc_n_  _n  th_  s__thw_st  _f  _c_l_nd  m_y  b_  _b__t  t_  _r_pt.  V_lc_n__s  _n  s__thw_st_rn  _c_l_nd  h_v_  b__n  d_rm_nt  f_r  _v_r  800  y__rs,  b_t  s__sm_l_g_sts  b_l__v_  _n  _r_pt__n  c__ld  b_  _mm_n_nt.  _c_l_nd  _s  _  v_lc_n_c  _sl_nd  _nd  _s  _s_d  t_  th_  _cc_s__n_l  tr_m_r.  H_w_v_r,  sw_rms  _f  q__k_s  h_v_  _ns_ttl_d  r_s_d_nts  _n  th_  c_p_t_l  c_ty  R_ykj_v_k.  Sc__nt_sts  s_y  d_sp_t_  th_  l_rg_  n_mb_r  _f  q__k_s,  th_r_  h_s  b__n  v_ry  l_ttl_  d_m_g_.

    _c_l_nd  _s  s_t__t_d  _n  t_p  _f  th_  m__t_ng  _f  t_ct_n_c  pl_t_s  d__p  _n  th_  __rth.  T_ct_n_c  pl_t_s  _r_  p__c_s  _f  __rth's  cr_st  _r__nd  100km  th_ck  _n  wh_ch  __rth's  l_nd  m_ss  s_ts.  Th_  pl_t_s  b_l_w  _c_l_nd  _r_  c_nt_n__lly  spl_tt_ng  _p_rt  _nd  p_sh_ng  N_rth  _m_r_c_  _nd  __r_s__  _w_y  fr_m  __ch  _th_r  _t  _n  _nf_n_t_s_m_lly  sl_w  r_t_.  L_v_ng  _n  _  t_ct_n_c  pl_t_  m__ns  s__sm_c  _ct_v_ty  _s  _n_v_t_bl_.  _n_  R_ykj_v_k  r_s_d_nt  sp_k_  _b__t  h_s  _nx__ty  c__s_d  by  th_  18,000  r_c_nt  q__k_s.  H_  s__d:  "_  h_v_  _xp_r__nc_d  __rthq__k_s  b_f_r_,  b_t  n_v_r  s_  m_ny  _n  _  r_w.  _t  _s  v_ry  _n_s__l  t_  f__l  th_  __rth  sh_k_  24  h__rs  _  d_y  f_r  _  wh_l_  w__k.  _t  m_k_s  y__  f__l  v_ry  sm_ll  _nd  _mp_t_nt  _g__nst  n_t_r_."

    Punctuate the text and add capitals

    its a little hard to believe but iceland has experienced 18000 earthquakes in the space of a week most of them have been too small to feel the largest quake was on february 24 and was a magnitude 56 the seismic activity suggests that a volcano in the southwest of iceland may be about to erupt volcanoes in southwestern iceland have been dormant for over 800 years but seismologists believe an eruption could be imminent iceland is a volcanic island and is used to the occasional tremor however swarms of quakes have unsettled residents in the capital city reykjavik scientists say despite the large number of quakes there has been very little damage

    iceland is situated on top of the meeting of tectonic plates deep in the earth tectonic plates are pieces of earths crust around 100km thick on which earths land mass sits the plates below iceland are continually splitting apart and pushing north america and eurasia away from each other at an infinitesimally slow rate living on a tectonic plate means seismic activity is inevitable one reykjavik resident spoke about his anxiety caused by the 18000 recent quakes he said i have experienced earthquakes before but never so many in a row it is very unusual to feel the earth shake 24 hours a day for a whole week it makes you feel very small and impotent against nature

    Put a slash (/) where the spaces are

    It'salittlehardtobelieve,butIcelandhasexperienced18,000earthquak
    esinthespaceofaweek.Mostofthemhavebeentoosmalltofeel.Thelarg
    estquakewasonFebruary24andwasamagnitude5.6.Theseismicactivi
    tysuggeststhatavolcanointhesouthwestofIcelandmaybeabouttoeru
    pt.VolcanoesinsouthwesternIcelandhavebeendormantforover800y
    ears,butseismologistsbelieveaneruptioncouldbeimminent.Icelandis
    avolcanicislandandisusedtotheoccasionaltremor.However,swarmso
    fquakeshaveunsettledresidentsinthecapitalcityReykjavik.Scientists
    saydespitethelargenumberofquakes,therehasbeenverylittledamag
    e.Icelandissituatedontopofthemeetingoftectonicplatesdeepintheea
    rth.TectonicplatesarepiecesofEarth'scrustaround100kmthickonwhi
    chEarth'slandmasssits.TheplatesbelowIcelandarecontinuallysplittin
    gapartandpushingNorthAmericaandEurasiaawayfromeachotherata
    ninfinitesimallyslowrate.Livingonatectonicplatemeansseismicactivi
    tyisinevitable.OneReykjavikresidentspokeabouthisanxietycausedb
    ythe18,000recentquakes.Hesaid:"Ihaveexperiencedearthquakesb
    efore,butneversomanyinarow.ItisveryunusualtofeeltheEarthshake
    24hoursadayforawholeweek.Itmakesyoufeelverysmallandpowerles
    sagainstnature."

    Free writing

    Write about earthquakes for 10 minutes. Comment on your partner’s paper.

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    Academic writing

    People should not live in earthquake-prone areas. Discuss.

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    Homework

    1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google's search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
    2. INTERNET: Search the Internet and find out more about this news story. Share what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
    3. EARTHQUAKES: Make a poster about earthquakes. Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Did you all have similar things?
    4. RELOCATION: Write a magazine article about relocating people who live in earthquake-prone areas. Include imaginary interviews with people who are for and against this.
    Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Write down any new words and expressions you hear from your partner(s).
    5. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
    6. LETTER: Write a letter to an expert on earthquakes. Ask him/her three questions about them. Give him/her three of your ideas on how to live with them. Read your letter to your partner(s) in your next lesson. Your partner(s) will answer your questions.

    Answers

    (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.)

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